Canadian Rock Star Bryan Adams celebratess his Birthday today and being a big fan of his back in the 80’s (I think I had most of his 7″ Singles at one point, as well as his albums on vinyl) So I thought I would mark the occasion with a few rocking tunes courtesy of YouTube.
The 5th of November marks the anniversary of the failed Gunpowder plot of 1605, in which Guy Fawkes, Thomas Wintour, Robrert Catesby and ten other people unsuccessfully tried to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London in order to restore Catholic rule to England.
Guy Fawkes was born on 13 April 1570 and was educated in York. His father died when he was eight years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes later converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the Eighty Years’ War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformers. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England but was unsuccessful.
Whilst in Spain he met Thomas Wintour, with whom he returned to England, and Upon their return, Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there.
Unfortunately, Prompted by the receipt of an anonymous letter, the authorities searched Westminster Palace during the early hours of 5 November, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives. Over the next few days, he was questioned and tortured, and was found guilty of High Treason and sentenced to be Hanged. However Immediately before his execution on 31 January 1606, Fawkes jumped from the scaffold where he was to be hanged and broke his neck.
Despite being only one of 13 conspirators, Fawkes is the individual most associated with the failed Plot, and On 5 November 1605 Londoners were encouraged to celebrate the King’s escape from assassination by lighting bonfires, “always provided that ‘this testemony of joy be carefully done without any danger or disorder'”. An Act of Parliament was also passed, which designated each 5 November as a day of thanksgiving for “the joyful day of deliverance” and this day has been commemorated ever since by the lighting of Bonfires & Spectacular Firework Displays