Amnesty International’s Human Rights Day

10 December 2011 is Amnesty International’s  Human Rights Day. They are continually campaigning to protect people wherever justice, fairness, freedom and truth are denied. They also work on many other issues Such as campaigning for Women’s Human Rights, Bringing an end to poverty, standing in defiance against all those who try to suppress the growing movement of people standing up for their rights.They also call for an end to human rights violations perpetrated by governments in the name of national security, and insist that those responsible must be held accountable.

They also aim to bring about a fair and effective asylum system. and are attempting to achieve that goal in a number of ways ,namely, carrying out research into aspects of asylum policy and practice, developing proposals for improving those policies and practices, and then promoting our proposals with the government, members of parliament and other influential audiences.

Amnesty International also opposes the death penalty because it is a violation of two fundamental human rights, as laid down in Articles 3 and 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: these being, the right to life, and the right not to be tortured or subject to any cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment. It is irrevocable and can be inflicted on the innocent and has never been shown to deter crime more effectively than other punishments.

The date was chosen to honour the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the new United Nations. The formal establishment of Human Rights Day occurred at the 317th Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on 4 December 1950, when the General Assembly declared resolution 423(V), inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the day as they saw fit.   The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition, it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. Many governmental and nongovernmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organisations.   A recent theme has been the ongoing struggle against poverty, taking it as a human rights issue. Several statements were released on that occasion, including the one issued by 37 United Nations Special Procedures mandate holders.

The 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights occurred on 10 December 2008, and the UN Secretary-General launched a year-long campaign leading up to this anniversary. Because the UDHR holds the world record as the most translated document (with more than 360 language versions available), organizations around the globe used the year to focus on helping people everywhere learn about their rights.