Currently Two research teams are performing experiments at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research near Geneva, to try and prove the existence of The Higgs boson (sometimes nicknamed the “God particle” and are hoping that the particle, if it exists, can help explain many mysteries of the universe.
In order to conduct their experiments, They are using the $10 billion (£6.4 bn) Large Hadron Collider , situated under the Swiss-French border, a 17-mile (27-kilometer) tunnel where high energy beams of protons are sent crashing into each other at incredible speeds.
Experiments were also performed at Fermilab’s Tevatron until its closure in late 2011. Some theories suggest that any mechanism capable of generating the masses of elementary particles must be visible at energies below 1.4 TeV 1 (1 TeV=1 teraelectron volt = 1.60217646 × 10-7 joules) therefore, the LHC is expected to be able to provide experimental evidence of the existence or non-existence of the Higgs boson
The Higgs Boson is a hypothetical massive elementary particle that is predicted to exist by the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. The Higgs boson is an integral part of the theoretical Higgs mechanism. If shown to exist, it would help explain why other particles can have mass. It is the only predicted elementary particle that has not yet been observed in particle physics experiments, and is named after a British physicist named Peter Higgs who among others theorized the particle’s existence more than 40 years ago in order to explain why atoms, and everything else in the universe, have weight.
Theory has it that as the universe cooled after the Big Bang, an invisible force known as the Higgs field formed.This field permeates the cosmos and is made up of countless numbers of tiny particles – or Higgs bosons, and as other particles pass through it, they pick up mass.
If shown to exist, the Higgs mechanism would also explain why the W and Z bosons, which mediate weak interactions, are massive whereas the related photon, which mediates electromagnetism, is massless. The Higgs boson is expected to be in a class of particles known as scalar bosons. (Bosons are particles with integer spin, and scalar bosons have spin 0.)
Theories that do not need the Higgs boson also exist and would be considered if the existence of the Higgs Boson was ruled out. They are described as Higgsless models.
Although the signal doesn’t meet strict scientific standards for a ‘full scientific discovery’, it’s still enough for researchers at CERN’S Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to predict a discovery next year. This latest data has generated much buzz among scientists and although it would be an enormous scientific breakthrough for the physics world if the Higgs boson was found, officials at CERN have ruled out making any such announcement this year.