Classic English novelist Jane Austen sadly passed away 18 July 1817. Born 16 December 1775, Her works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism, biting irony and social commentary have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics. Austen lived her entire life as part of a close-knit family located on the lower fringes of the English landed gentry. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to her development as a professional writer. Her artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years into her thirties.
During this period, she experimented with various literary forms, including the epistolary novel which she then abandoned, and wrote and extensively revised three major novels and began a fourth.From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma(1816), she achieved success as a published writer. She wrote two additional novels,Northanger Abbey and Persuasion, both published posthumously in 1818, and began a third, which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it.Austen’s works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century realism. Her plots, though fundamentally comic. highlight the dependence of women on marriage to secure social standing and economic security. Her work brought her little personal fame and only a few positive reviews during her lifetime, but the publication in 1869 of her nephew’s A Memoir of Jane Austen introduced her to a wider public, and by the 1940s she had become widely accepted in academia as a great English writer. The second half of the 20th century saw a proliferation of Austen scholarship and the emergence of a Janeite fan culture.
Jack Irons, American singer and musician (The Wallflowers, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Pearl Jam, and Eleven was born 18 July 1962. Formed in Los Angeles in 1983. The Peppers’ musical style is a mix of funk, alternative rock, hard rock and punk rock. The band’s influences include Defunkt, Parliament-Funkadelic, Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Gang of Four, Bob Marley, Big Boys, Sly and the Family Stone, Ohio Players, Queen, Stevie Wonder, Elvis Presley, The Beatles, The Beach Boys, Black Flag, Ornette Coleman, Led Zeppelin, Bad Brains, Fugazi, Fishbone, Marvin Gaye, Billie Holiday, Santana, Elvis Costello, The Stooges, The Clash, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Devo, and Miles Davis. Live, they incorporate many aspects of jam rock due to the improvised nature of much of their performances. Currently, the band consists of founding members Anthony Kiedis (vocals) and Michael “Flea” Balzary (bass), longtime drummer Chad Smith, and guitarist Josh Klinghoffer, who joined in late 2009, following the departure of John Frusciante. The Red Hot Chili Peppers have won seven Grammy Awards and sold over 80 million albums worldwide. In 2012 they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The band’s original line-up featured guitarist Hillel Slovak and Jack Irons, alongside Kiedis and Flea. Cliff Martinez was the drummer for the first two records (Irons played on the third), and guitarist Jack Sherman played on the first. Slovak performed on two albums Freaky Styley (1985) and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan (1987); but died of a heroin overdose in 1988, resulting in drummer Irons’ departure. Parliament-Funkadelic guitarist DeWayne McKnight was brought in but he was replaced by John Frusciante in 1988. Former Dead Kennedys drummer D.H. Peligro was brought in to replace Irons but was soon replaced by Chad Smith that same year. The line-up of Flea, Kiedis, Frusciante and Smith was the longest-lasting, and recorded five studio albums starting with 1989′s Mother’s Milk.In 1990, the group released the album Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991), which became the band’s first commercial success. Frusciante left abruptly in 1992, in the middle of the album tour. so they recruited guitarist Arik Marshall to complete the tour, Kiedis, Flea, and Smith employed Jesse Tobias who was replaced by Dave Navarro of Jane’s Addiction for their subsequent album, One Hot Minute (1995).
Although commercially successful, the album failed to match the critical or popular acclaim of Blood Sugar Sex Magik. Navarro left the band in 1998 and Frusciante, rejoined the band that same year at Flea’s request. The reunited quartet returned to the studio to record Californication(1999), which became the band’s biggest commercial success with 15 million copies worldwide. That album was followed three years later by By the Way(2002), and then four years later by the double album Stadium Arcadium (2006), their first number one album in America. After a world tour, the group went on an extended hiatus. Frusciante announced he was amicably leaving the band to focus on his solo career. Josh Klinghoffer, who had worked both as a sideman for the band on their Stadium Arcadium tour and on Frusciante’s solo projects, joined as lead guitarist in 2009 and the band spent the next year and a half recording their tenth studio album, I’m with You, which was released in 2011 and topped the charts in 18 different countries.
Today is Nelson Mandela International Day (or Mandela Day) which is an annual international day to celebrate the birthday of South African politician, President of South Africa and Nobel Prize laureate Nelson Mandela, who was born 18th July 1918. It was officially declared by the United Nations in November 2009, with the first UN Mandela Day held on 18 July 2010.
However, other groups began celebrating Mandela Day on 18 July 2009.On 27 April 2009, the 46664 concerts and the Nelson Mandela Foundation invited the global community to join them in support of an official Mandela Day. Mandela Day is not meant as a public holiday, but as a day to honour the legacy of Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s former President, and his values, through volunteering and community service.
Mandela Day is a global call to action that celebrates the idea that each individual has the power to transform the world, the ability to make an impact.The Mandela Day campaign message is:”Nelson Mandela has fought for social justice for 67 years. We’re asking you to start with 67 minutes.””We would be honoured if such a day can serve to bring together people around the world to fight poverty and promote peace and reconciliation,” according to a statement issued on Mandela’s behalf.To mark the first global celebration of Mandela Day on 18 July 2009, Mandela’s 91st birthday, a series of educational, art exhibit, fund-raising and volunteer events leading up to a concert at Radio City Music Hall on 18 July were organized by the 46664 concerts and the Nelson Mandela Foundation.in November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly formally declared 18 July to be “Nelson Mandela International Day
Britain’s ongoing heatwave recently claimed is fourth victim after a male swimmer disappeared in Malvern quarry lake recently and Last wee, the body of Russell O’eill, 17, was found at the same water and the Body of Damian Southall, 20, was alsorecovered by divers after he vanished in River Severn in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, yesterday. The South of England expected to enjo hottest temperatures Tempeature willreach 32C in London – beating 29.7recorded on July 7. The Hottest July day on record was 36.5C in Wisley, Surrey, in 2006. TheUK will be hotter than Rio de Janeiro and the Met Office issues heatwave warning amid health fears in high Rescue teams are searching a waters at a disused quarry for a missing man, less than a week after a teenager drowned in the same water.The man is believed to have become th fourth victim of the current heatwave, after he disappeared in the five-metre deep water at Gullet Quarry near Malvern, Worcestershire, yesterday afternoon.A week ago the body of Russell O’Neill, 17, was found at the quarry, but despite warnings, locals returned to swim in the lake less than 24 hours The missing male swimmer may have become the fifth person to die at the quarry in 20 years.West Midlands Ambulance service said it was involved in a search for the man and locals reported seeing helicopters and diving teams in the area. The body of a man who vanished while cooling off in the River Severn has also been recovered from the water. Damian Southall, 20, from Wombourne in the West Midlands, disappeared recently while taking a dip in the water with friends in Bridgnorth, Shropshire.Police confirmed Mr Southall’s body has been found .
The tragic death comes after a 17-year-old footballer drowned in a quarry in Worcestershire and a 14-year-old girl was pulled from the sea in South Wales. Youth footballer Russell O’Neil, 17, also drowned on Saturday at Gullet Quarry in Worcestershire, while the body of Hollie McClymont, 14, from Glasgow, who went missing on Sunday, was pulled from the sea near Fontygary in south Wales on Wednesday.A West Mercia Police spokesman said: ‘We can confirm a member of our dive team recovered a body .’The family have asked us to confirm it is the body of 20-year-old Damian Southall, a beloved son.’This is a tragic occurrence, where the family are distraught and very emotional. Our job is to make sure it never happens again. This looks an ideal spot, but the water is extremely dangerous. Due to the treacherous undercurrents and debris in the water. We can’t say if Damian was swimming with anyone at the time, or how exactly he drowned.’The dive team have had a tough job today, with the water being very murky. All in all it took about an hour and a half to recover the body,’ the officer added. Mr Southall’s friends frantically divd under the surface to look for him, but he was nowhere to be seen. Rescue divers joined the search and focused their efforts on a stretch of water close to Bridgnorth Rowing Club.One witness at the scene, who did not want to be named, said: ‘He was playing with his friends and just mucking around in the water really. ‘Everybody was laughing and having a good time, and all of a sudden he was gone. Just like that. ‘His friends were looking for him – they were hysterical.’To go from the sound of people laughing and enjoying the summer weather to those screams of horror is something I never want to hear again,’ the witness added
Local resident Norman Poulter, 64, said: ‘Kids are always messing around by the river there, it is a very popular spot. ‘There were loads of people around and playing in the river yesterday. Later in the afternoon I saw a lot of police activity and I knew then that something had happened down there.’There was a lot of commotion, and people were in tears. It was heartbreaking to see.’Tributes began pouring into social networking sites – even as the search for Damian’s body was still underway.Friend Paige Maher posted: ‘Rip damian. Such a great friend we deffo had our ups and downs.’I cant believe whats happened it just doesnt seem real. ‘Had loads of memories from when we was lil kids. Just cant believe it. Gone but never forgotton. In the arms of the angels. Love you. Sleep tight. Rip xxxx.’Another wellwisher added: ‘To young for anyone to go and will be missed by everyone stay strong his family and his friends. R.I.P.’Euan Ralph described seeing Damian getting into difficulty in the water.He posted: ‘We didn’t know him but we had been with him for most of the day. ‘Me and my friends jumped in after him but there was nothing we could do. Rest in peace mate it was a pleasure to even know you for a couple of hours.’
Sizzling spell to peak tomorrow as forecasters predict hottest July day for seven years Temperatures soared to a sizzling 33C as Britain’s spell of glorious sunshine peaks with the hottest day of the year.The mercury reached above 30C.As a result of the high temperatures the Met Office has issued a warning for large parts of the UK to prepare for heatwave The hottest July day on record in the UK was seven years ago when a sweltering 36.5C was recorded in Wisley, Surrey, on July 19 2006.Britain’s long-awaited hot spell shows no sign of abating, with temperatures expected to settle around the mid-20s well into next week. Currently temperatures are hovering just a fraction beneath 30C, with most of the country enjoying blazing sunshine, interrupted only by patchy cloud in some parts. While some of the warmest weather is in the north of the UK, London is likely to be the hottest part of the country. Recent weather is on track to beat England’s current record for this summer of 29.7C, recorded in Bournemouth.Across the whole of the UK the hottest day so far this year was in Edenfel, County Tyrone, where the mercury hit 29.9C (85.8F).’I The nation’s beaches and parks have been flooded with sun-worshippers eager to catch every last ray of sunshine, the Met Office has warned Britons to take care in the extreme heat.’Heatwaves can be dangerous, especially for the very young, very old or those with chronic diseases,’ its alert said. The Met Office is anticipating heatwave conditions across the East Midlands and the Yorkshire and Humber regions before the highest temperatures move south to affect the east of the country, the South East, London, and parts of the South West and The West Midlands – particularly around Birmingham and Warwick. The monthly outlook remains mostly positive for the south of England, with dry and sunny conditions predicted until August.