Hawker Hurricane Makes Maiden flight

The Hawker Hurricane Was a British single-seat fighter aircraft that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd for the Royal Air Force (RAF) and on 6 November 1935, the prototype Hawker Hurricane, K5083 took to the air for the first time at the hands of Hawker’s chief test pilot, Flight Lieutenant (later Group Captain) George Bulman.Bulman was assisted by two other pilots in subsequent flight testing .Philip Lucas flew some of the experimental test flights, while John Hindmarsh conducted the firm’s production flight trials.RAF trials of the aircraft at Martlesham Heath began in February 1936. Sammy Wroath, later to be the founding Commandant of the Empire Test Pilot School, was the RAF test pilot for the Hurricane: his report was favorable, stating “The aircraft is simple and easy to fly and has no apparent vices” and going on to praise its control response. The type name “Hurricane” proposed by Hawkers was approved by the Air Ministry on 26 June; an informal christening ceremony was carried out the next month when King George VI paid a visit to Martlesham Heath.

Although largely overshadowed by the Supermarine Spitfire, the aircraft became renowned during the Battle of Britain, accounting for 60% of the RAF’s air victories in the battle, and served in all the major theatres of the Second World War.The 1930s design evolved through several versions and adaptations, resulting in a series of aircraft which acted as interceptor-fighters, fighter-bombers (also called “Hurribombers”), and ground support aircraft. Further versions known as the Sea Hurricane had modifications which enabled operation from ships. Some were converted as catapult-launched convoy escorts, known as “Hurricats”. More than 14,000 Hurricanes were built by the end of 1944 (including at least 800 converted to Sea Hurricanes and some 1,400 built in Canada by Canadian Car and Foundry).The first 50 Hurricanes had reached squadrons by the middle of 1938. At that time, production was slightly greater than the RAF’s capacity to introduce the new aircraft and the government gave Hawkers the clearance to sell the excess to nations likely to oppose German expansion. As a result, there were some modest sales to other countries. Production was then increased with a plan to create a reserve of aircraft as well as re-equip existing squadrons and newly formed ones such as those of the Auxiliary Air Force. Expansion scheme E included a target of 500 fighters of all types by the start of 1938. By the time of the Munich Crisis there were only two fully operational squadrons of the planned 12 with Hurricanes. By the time of the German invasion of Poland there were 18 operational Hurricane squadrons and three more converting.

Art Garfunkel (Simon & Garfunkel )

Best known for being one half of the folk duo Simon & Garfunkel the Grammy-award winning American singer, poet, and Golden Globe-nominated actor Arthur Ira “Art” Garfunkel was born November 5, 1941.Highlights of his solo music Career include a top 10 hit, three top 20 hits, six top 40 hits, 14 Adult Contemporary top 30 sngles, five Adult Contemporary number ones, two UK number ones and a People’ Choice Award. Through his solo and collaborative work, Garfunkel has earned six Grammys, including the Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1990, he and former musical partner Paul Simon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Garfunkel was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City & has two brothers; Jules and Jerome. His cousin on his mother’s side is Lou Pearlman founder of ‘N Sync and the Backstreet Boys. Asa child Garfunkel’s father bought him a wire recorder and from then on, Garfunkel spent his afternoons singing, recording and playing it back, so he could listen for flaws and learn how to improve.At his bar mitzvah in 1954, Garfunkel sang as a cantor performing over four hours of his repertoire to his family. He met his future singing partner Paul Simon in the sixth grade at PS 174, when they were both cast in the elementary school graduation play, Alice In Wonderland .Between 1956 and 1962, the two performed together as “Tom & Jerry”. They were Inspired by The Everly Brothers, close two-part vocal harmony. In 1957, Simon and Garfunkel recorded “Hey, Schoolgirl” under the name Tom & Jerry, which reached number forty-nine on the pop charts. He also released some singles as a solo  folk-styled crooner under the name Artie Garr entitled “Beat Love” and “Dream Alone”.After graduating from Forest Hills High School alongside Simon, Garfunkel studied at Columbia College, Columbia University inManhattan in the early 1960s. Garfunkel also competed at tennis, skiing, fencing, and bowling at the college & was a member of the all-male a cappella group the Columbia Kingsmen. , Garfunkel earned a B.A. in art history ,followed by a M.A. in mathematics from Columbia in 1967 & studied for a doctorate in mathematics education at Teachers College, Columbia University during the peak of Simon and Garfunkel’s commercial success.

In 1963, he and Simon (who graduated from Queens College before dropping out ofBrooklyn Law School) reformed their duo as “Simon and Garfunkel”. They released their first album, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. In 1964 & although this Was an initial failure The next year, producer Tom Wilson lifted the song “The Sound of Silence” from the record, dubbed an electric backing onto it, and released it as a single Which toppped the Billboard pop charts’Simon went to England ‘ to pursue a solo career but reunited with Garfunkel  After “The Sounds of Silence” became a commercial success and they recorded four more influential albums, Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water. Simon and Garfunkel also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the 1967 Mike Nichols film The Graduate (starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft). Simon and Garfunkel returned to England in the Fall of 1968 and did a concert appearance at Kraft Hall which was broadcast on the BBC, and also featured Art’s solo performance of “For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her”, .While Garfunkel was not a songwriter per se, he did write the poem “Canticle” as a re-write of Simon’s “Side of A Hill” from his debut album, for “Scarborough Fair/Canticle”. He also worked as the vocal arranger for the duo, . He is also credited as having written the arrangement on “The Boxer”, and creating the Audio montage, “Voices Of The Old People” on “Bookends”In 1970 Simon & Garfunkel split following the release of their most critically acclaimed album, Bridge over Troubled Water . Citing personal differences and divergence in career interests. Both  pursued solo projects after 1970.

During a three-year hiatus after Simon & Garfunkel’s break-up, Garfunkel starred in two Mike Nichols films, Catch-22 (1970) andCarnal Knowledge (1971). He also  worked as a mathematics teacher at the Litchfield Private School in Connecticut. After Simon & Garfunkel  released their Greatest Hits album and briefly reunited to perform a benefit concert for presidential candidate George McGovern, Garfunkel felt ready to return to his musical career. His first album was 1973’s Angel Clare, which contained “All I Know” along with “I Shall Sing” and “Travelling Boy” as singles. The album was received with mixed reviews, reaching no.5 in the U.S. In 1974, Garfunkel released the hit record, “Second Avenue”.On his next album, 1975’s Breakaway, Garfunkel briefly reunited with Paul Simon for the 1975 hit “My Little Town”. The album also included the singles “Breakaway” (B-Side: “Disney Girls”) and “I Only Have Eyes For You” (a 1934 song written by Harry Warren)which is noted as being Garfunkel’s first UK Number One.

Occasionally they would reunite, as in 1975 for their Top Ten single “My Little Town”, which Simon originally wrote for Garfunkel, claiming Garfunkel’s solo output was lacking “bite.” The song was included on their respective solo albums; Paul Simon’s Still Crazy After All These Years, and Garfunkel’s Breakaway.ln 1976, Garfunkel recorded both background and duet vocals for several artists, including Stephen Bishop’s Careless album, James Taylor’s In The Pocket album and J.D. Souther’s Black Rose album.Garfunkel’s next release was the 1978 album, Watermark featuring thesingle, “Crying In My Sleep” (“Mr. Shuck ‘N’ Jive”& Garfunkel’s cover of Sam Cooke’s “(What a) Wonderful World” (B-Side: “Wooden Planes”) . In 1978 Garfunkel toured the U.S. and Canada &  also made an appearance on Saturday Night Live as Well as  releasIng the album, Fate For Breakfast Containing the singles, “In A Little While (I’ll Be On My Way)” (B-Side: “And I Know and, “Since I Don’t Have You” (B-Side: “When Someone Doesn’t Want You & “Bright Eyes” (B-Side: “Sail on a Rainbow”( written by Mike Batt). A version of “Bright Eyes” also appeared in the movie (based on the famous novel) Watership Down. Garfunkel’s next album , Scissors Cut contained three singles, “A Heart in New York” (B-Side: “Is This Love” “Scissors Cut” and “Hang On In”,  Garfunkel reunited with Simon for The Concert in Central Park and a world tour. They had disagreements during the tour  & the aborted reunion album Think Too Much,  was eventually released as Hearts and Bones.. In 1986, Garfunkel played the part of the butcher on the Mike Batt concept album The Hunting Of The Snark.Garfunkel’s 1988 album, Lefty yeilded three singles, “So Much in Love” (US #76 AC #11), “When A Man Loves A Woman,” and “This Is The Moment.”Garfunkel released his first compilation album in 1984, The Art Garfunkel Album whichcontained “Sometimes When I’m Dreaming this was followed by 1988’s Garfunkel and 1993 Up ’til Now.

His live 1996 concert Across America  features musical guests James Taylor, Garfunkel’s wife, Kim, and his son James. Garfunkel performed the theme song for the 1991 television series, Brooklyn Bridge, and “The Ballad of Buster Baxter” for a 1998 episode of the children’s educational television series Arthur  Garfunkel’s performance of  “Always Look on the Bright Side of Life” was used in the end credits of the 1997 film As Good as It Gets.In 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited again for a successful world tour that extended into 2004. , his song “Sometimes When I’m Dreaming”  was re-recorded by ex-ABBA singer Agnetha Fältskog on her album My Colouring Book.In 2006, Garfunkel releaSed the album Some Enchanted Evening ‘which was a dedicated celebration of pop standards of Garfunkel’s childhood. ln 2009, Garfunkel appeared as himself on the HBO television show Flight of the Conchords episode entitled “Prime Minister.”He continued to tour in 2009 with four musicians and his son.  they also participated together in the 25th anniversary of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concerts at New York’s Madison Square Garden alongside Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band; U2; Metallica; Aretha Franklin; Stevie Wonder, and Crosby, Stills & Nash. In November 2010, Garfunkel said that, having quit smoking two and a half months before, he was recovering from paresis, and would be touring in 2011.  in August 2012, he released a 34-song retrospective, “The Singer.”

Together, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.In 2003, the two reunited again when they received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This reunion led to a US tour—the acclaimed “Old Friends” concert series—followed by a 2004 international encore, which culminated in a free concert at the Colosseum in Rome

 

Glen Frey (The Eagles )

Glenn Frey, singer with American rock band The Eagles was born November 6th 1948 Formed in Los Angeles, California in 1971 by Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, and Randy Meisner, The Eagles have seven number one singles, six Grammys, five American Music Awards, and six number one albums, the Eagles were one of the most successful musical acts of the 1970s. At the end of the 20th century, two of their albums, Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and Hotel California, ranked among the 20 best-selling albums in the U.S. according to the Recording Industry Association of America. Hotel California is ranked 37th in Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, and the band was ranked No. 75 on the magazine’s 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.They have the best-selling album in the U.S. with Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975), which sold approximately 42 million copies worldwide. They have sold over 120 million albums worldwide, and 100 million in the U.S. alone. They are the fifth-highest-selling music act and highest-selling American band in U.S. history. No other American band sold more records than the Eagles during the 1970s.The Eagles released their self-titled debut album in 1972 which spawned three Top 40 singles, “Take It Easy”, “Witchy Woman”, and “Peaceful Easy Feeling”.

They followed up the success of their debut album with Desperado in 1973. The album was less successful than the first, reaching only No. 41 on the charts and neither of its two singles reached the Top 40. However, the album contained two of the band’s most popular tracks, “Desperado” and “Tequila Sunrise”. They released On the Border in 1974 and added guitarist Don Felder midway through the recording of the album. The album generated two Top 40 singles: “Already Gone” and their first Number One, “Best of My Love”.It was not until 1975′s One of These Nights that the Eagles became America’s biggest band. The album released three Top 10 singles: “One of These Nights”, “Lyin’ Eyes”, and “Take It to the Limit”. They continued with that success in late 1976 with the release of Hotel California, which would go on to sell over 16 million copies in the U.S. alone. The album yielded three Top 20 singles, “New Kid in Town”, “Hotel California”, and “Life in the Fast Lane”. They released their last studio album for nearly 28 years in 1979 with The Long Run, which spawned three Top 10 singles: “Heartache Tonight”, “The Long Run”, and “I Can’t Tell You Why”.The Eagles disbanded in July 1980 but reunited in 1994 for Hell Freezes Over, a mix of live and new studio tracks. They have toured intermittently since then and were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2007, the Eagles released Long Road Out of Eden, their first full studio album in 28 years. The album would top the album charts, release five singles on the Adult Contemporary Charts and win the band two Grammys. The next year they launched the Long Road Out of Eden Tour in support of the album. The band members have discussed the possibility of making another album.

IT’s THE WAY I TELL’ EM

Best known for his appearances on television series such as The Comedians and Tiswas. Comedian and Actor Frank Carson KSG  was born on 6th November 1926 in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where he attended St Patrick’s Primary School  where as a tubby, fair-haired schoolboy of five nicknamed Snowball, he tried to make people laugh as a way of showing that he was not a nobody.After leaving school at 14 he first worked as an apprentice electrician, and later as a plasterer in the building trade, he wasn’t particularly good at either but escaped the sack because he made the other workers laugh, which made them work better. He was also once a choirboy at St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic church on Donegall Street, and in the 1950′s Carson spent three years with the Parachute Regiment in the Middle East.

After being demobbed He began performing at pubs and clubs in the evenings, standing in front of the venue, handing out leaflets and selling tickets and then surprising ticket-buyers once inside by being the man who was doing the comedy routine. He even managed to find comedy in his National Service with the First Parachute Battalion, which he joined when he was 18, training on the Isle of Wight and Manchester Ringway Airport and serving in Palestine.

carson moved towards stardom when, after being demobbed, he made dozens of appearances on Irish television and Soon became a popular performer before moving to England in 1966 and appearimg on the BBC Show The Good Old Days music hall show and appearing as a Stand-Up Comedian on Hughie Green’s Opportunity Knocks television  which he won three times. His Belfast accent and bawdy confidence were immediately distinctive. He also did summer seasons at Pontins and Butlins holiday camps, a TV series with the Irish group The Bachelors.He hit his stride in “The Comedians”,  which consisted of 30 minutes of non-stop stand-up comedy from several comedians in each show.  The program became a ratings hit in the United Kingdom and helped establish Carson’s performing career, and also gave a platform to all sorts of funny men and women such as  Charlie Williams, Bernard Manning, Mike Reid and Jim Bowen.  The Comedians also led to similar shows, such as The Wheeltappers and Shunters Social Club, which were all an attempt to bring the northern English working man’s club show to television, Peter Kay also did a similar thing with Phoenix Nights. Carson was a regular on television for a number of years after The Comedians, whilst also working as a stage entertainer and appearing before the Royal Family in shows. He is known for two catchphrases in live performances: “It’s a cracker!” and “It’s the way I tell ‘em!”.

In 1975, Carson took the part of Paddy O’Brien, described as “an Irish Republican landlord and coalman”, in The Melting Pot, a sitcom written by Spike Milligan and Neil Shand, which was cancelled by the BBC after just one episode had been broadcast.   When he had heart surgery in 1976 it was suggested this meant he would retire. However, he continued working and became a regular on the ATV children’s series Tiswas. He began making acting appearances on television as well as in two cinema films in the 1990s. In 1998, he was the opening act for Mary Black’s musical concert at the English Village in Dubai. In 2004, a planned appearance on the reality show I’m a Celebrity… Get Me Out of Here! was shelved by ITV executives.Up until quite recently Carson was still working, making live appearances, in cabaret, pantomime and the summer season throughout the UK, and On 2 September 2009, aged 82, Carson returned to the stage appearing at the North Pier Theatre midweek season run of The Comedians in Blackpool, where he had a home. On 30 October 2009, he appeared at the Velvet Hall in Paphos, Cyprus.Carson also spent much of his time helping the needy which included raising £130,000 for the Royal Victoria Hospital Children’s Cancer Ward in 1986.   In 1987 his dedication to charity was recognised by the Roman Catholic Church when he was awarded a Papal knighthood of the Order of St. Gregory by Pope John Paul II. He was a member of the entertainment charity the Grand Order of Water Rats.Carson died on 22 February 2012, aged 85, at his Blackpool home. He is outlived by his wife, Ruth, daughter Majella, and sons Tony and Aidan. Upon hearing the news, Trevor Carson, a nephew, and a football goalkeeper with Premier League side Sunderland, stated “After a lengthy and wearisome illness, my uncle, friend, and hero has passed on to join the great comedy legends of our generation.” Another nephew, Sean, is a comedy writer.