Vengeance on Varos

I have recently watched the classic Doctor Who episode Vengeance on Varos in which The Doctor (Colin Baker) and Peri(Nicola Bryant) are forced to land on the planet Varos after their latest encounter with the Cybermen leaves the TARDIS damaged, and look for a rare element Zeiton-7 with which to repair it. They discover that Varos is an oppressive, brutal police state led by the Governor (Martin Jarvis) and The Galatron Mining Corporation’s villainous and greedy representative Sil (Nabil Shaban), Who is holding the planet to ransom by controlling the planet’s supply of Zeiton-7. They learn that voting is mandatory and torture and executions are televised regularly to keep the population in line.

They find themselves inside Varos’s Punishment Dome where they rescue a rebel leader named Jondar who is due to be executed, and meet his wife Areta shortly after. Sadly though they are discovered and Peri and Areta are captured and questioned by the Governor, while The Doctor and Jondar are captured by Quillam, Varos’s Chief scientist. The Governor decrees that the Doctor and Jondar are to be executed, while Peri and Areta are to be subjected to undergo horrific scientific experiments at the hands of Quillam and his cell mutator. However The Doctor manage to escape and tries to bargain unsuccessfully with Quillam to help the people of Varos overcome the current oppressive regime, sadly Quillam refuses.

Elsewhere The Chief Officer and Sil draw up plans to invade Varos and take control of the universe’s supply of Zeiton-7 by force, unless their terms are met by the Governor. Meanwhile the Doctor, Jondar, and Areta exit the city while the Governor and Peri are rescued by a guard named Maldek who dislikes the current situation and is sympathetic to their cause. Whilst exiting the city they narrowly escape death at the hands of cannibals, deadly plant life, The Chief officer and Quillam. The Governor refuses to give in to Sil’s greedy demands so Sil and the Chief Officer decide to take Varos by force. However thanks to an unexpected discovery this does not go as planned…

Tom Waits

American singer-songwriter, composer, and actor Tom Waits was born on this day, December 7 in 1949. His distinctive voice, is described as sounding “like it was soaked in a vat of bourbon, left hanging in the smokehouse for a few months, and then taken outside and run over with a car, has helped him built up a distinctive musical persona, and over the years his trademark growl has been combined with a variety of pre-rock music styles such as blues, jazz, and vaudeville, and experimental tendencies verging on industrial music.Waits has also worked as a composer for movies and musical plays and as a supporting actor in films, including Down by Law and Bram Stoker’s Dracula. He was nominated for an Academy Award for his soundtrack work on One from the Heart.

Lyrically, Waits’ songs frequently present atmospheric portrayals of grotesque, often seedy characters and places—although he has also shown a penchant for more conventional ballads. He has a cult following and has influenced subsequent songwriters despite having little radio or music video support. His songs are best-known through cover versions by more commercial artists: “Jersey Girl”, performed by Bruce Springsteen, “Ol’ ’55″, performed by the Eagles, and “Downtown Train”, performed by Rod Stewart.

Although Waits’ albums have met with mixed commercial success in his native United States, they have occasionally achieved gold album sales status in other countries. He has been nominated for a number of major music awards and has won Grammy Awards for two albums, Bone Machine and Mule Variations. In 2011, Waits was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Pearl Harbour day

The Japanese assault on Pearl Harbour, took place on this date 7 December, in 1941. It catapulted America into the Second World War and resulted in, 2,390 Americans losing their lives in the attack. Twelve ships being sank or beached, and nine being damaged. The US lost 164 aircraft. On the Japanese side, 64 people died, five ships sank, and 29 planes were destroyed.

The attack on Pearl Harbor (called Hawaii Operation or Operation AI by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters (Operation Z in planning and the Battle of Pearl Harbor) was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk.All but two of the eight were raised, repaired and returned to service later in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. One hundred eighty-eight U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,402 Americans were killed and 1,282 wounded.

The attack led to the United States’ entry into World War II and. There were simultaneous Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines and on theBritish Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.From the standpoint of the defenders, the attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from sixaircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk. All but one were later raised, and six of the eight battleships returned to service and fought in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,402 Americans were killed and 1,282 wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day (December 8th ) the United States declared war on Japan. Domestic support for isolationism, which had been strong, disappeared. Clandestine support of Britain (for example the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Germany and Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day. This led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, “a date which will live in infamy”.