World Civil Defence Day

imageCivil defence or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attack by means of emergency operations, prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery, and World Civil Defence Day, was set up on March 1 to commemorate the implementation of the ICDO (International Civil Defence Organisation) constitution in 1972. Which was put in place As the threat of wars, aerial bombardment and Nuclear War grew. World Civil Defence Day has two main purposes:

  • To Raise awareness in the public of the importance of Civil Protection and inform people about the preventative and self protection measures in place in the event of accidents or disasters;
  • To pay tribute to the efforts, sacrifices and accomplishments made by all members of the national services who have worked to protect civilians in the event of accidents, war or disasters.

During the day a variety of national events: colloquies, conferences, radio and television debates, open days, disaster prevention and simulation exercises may be organised to raise awareness of the development of civil protection structures and of the technical facilities currently available. Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general. Civil Defence includes things like crisis management, emergency management, emergency preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection.

In some countries, civil defense is seen as a key part of “total defense”. For example in Sweden, the Swedish word totalförsvar refers to the commitment of a wide range of resources of the nation to its defense – including to civil protection. Respectively, some countries (notably the Soviet Union) may have or have had military-organized civil defense units (Civil Defense Troops) as part of their armed forces or as a paramilitary service.

Self Injury Awareness Day

Self-injury Awareness Day (SIAD) is a grassroots annual global awareness event / campaign on March 1, where on this day, and in the weeks leading up to it, some people choose to be more open about their own self-harm, and awareness organizations make special efforts to raise awareness about self-harm and self-injury. Some people wear an orange awareness ribbon, write “LOVE” on their arms, draw a butterfly on their wrists in awareness of “the Butterfly Project” wristband or beaded bracelet to encourage awareness of self-harm. The goal of the people who observe SIAD is to break down the common stereotypes surrounding self-harm and to educate medical professionals about the condition.

Mothering Sunday

Sunday 1st March 2015 is Mothering Sunday, a Christian holiday celebrated by Catholic and Protestant Christians in some parts of Europe. It falls on the fourth Sunday in Lent and became an occasion for honouring the mothers of children and giving them presents. It is increasingly being called Mother’s Day, although that has always been a secular event quite different from the original Mothering Sunday. In the UK, Mothering Sunday is celebrated in the same way as Mother’s Day is celebrated elsewhere

During the sixteenth century, people returned to their mother church, the main church or cathedral of the area, for a service to be held on Laetare Sunday. This was either a large local church, or more often the nearest cathedral. Anyone who did this was commonly said to have gone “a-mothering”, although whether this term preceded the observance of Mothering Sunday is unclear. In later times, Mothering Sunday became a day when domestic servants were given a day off to visit their mother church, usually with their own mothers and other family members. It was often the only time that whole families could gather together, since on other days they were prevented by conflicting working hours, and servants were not given free days on other occasions. Children and young people who were “in service” (as household servants) were given a day off on that date so they could visit their families (or, originally, return to their “mother” church). The children would pick wild flowers along the way to place in the church or give to their mothers. Eventually, the religious tradition evolved into the Mothering Sunday secular tradition of giving gifts to mothers.

By the 1920s the custom of keeping Mothering Sunday had tended to lapse in Ireland and in continental Europe. In 1914, inspired by Anna Jarvis’s efforts in the United States, Constance Penswick-Smith created the Mothering Sunday Movement, and in 1921 she wrote a book asking for the revival of the festival; Constance was the daughter of the vicar of Coddington, Nottinghamshire, and there is a memorial in Coddington’s church. Its widescale revival was through the influence of American and Canadian soldiers serving abroad during World War II; the traditions of Mothering Sunday, still practised by the Church of England and Church of Ireland were merged with the newly imported traditions and celebrated in the wider Catholic and secular society. UK-based merchants saw the commercial opportunity in the holiday and relentlessly promoted it in the UK; by the 1950s, it was celebrated across all the UK.

People from Ireland and the UK started celebrating Mother’s Day on the same day that Mothering Sunday was celebrated, the fourth Sunday in Lent. The two celebrations have now been mixed up, and many people think that they are the same thing. Mothering Sunday remains in the calendar of some Canadian Anglican churches, particularly those with strong English connections.

National Pig Day

National Pig Day is held annually on March 1 in the United States to celebrate the pig. It was started in 1972 by sisters Ellen Stanley, a teacher in Lubbock, Texas, and Mary Lynne Rave of Beaufort, North Carolina. The purpose of National Pig Day is “to accord the pig its rightful, though generally unrecognized, place as one of man’s most intellectual and domesticated animals.”The holiday is most often celebrated in the Midwest. National Pig Day includes events at zoos, schools,nursing homes, and sporting events around the United States. It is also recognized at “pig parties” where pink pig punch and pork delicacies are served, and pink ribbon pigtails are tied around trees in the pigs’ honor.According to Chase’s Calendar of Events, National Pig Day is on the same day as pseudo-holidays Share a Smile day and Peanut Butter Lover’s day.The question of whether the holiday is a time to honor pigs by “giving them a break” or to appreciate their offerings (spare ribs, bacon and ham) is an open question.

in Lexington, Kentucky, a nursing home celebrated National Pig Day with a porcine parade that included a display of pig collectibles such as porcelain pigs, pig potholders, piggy banks, and pigs made from calico and cross-stitches, as well as a real-life Vietnamese potbellied pig named Stella who “hogged the day.In the Lehigh Valley, National Pig Day in 2008 was honored with single-game tickets to the IronPigs’ 73 home games at Coca-Cola Park, including the IronPigs-Philadelphia Phillies exhibition and Opening Day, going on sale to the general public. the celebration was described as a “sporktacular” day in franchise history by the team’s General Manager Kurt Landes who said, “We look forward to doing our part in making National Pig Day an openly celebrated date in the Lehigh Valley!” Highlights of the National Pig Day also included plans for a pig roast featuring complimentary food and beverages, appearances by the IronPigs mascot Ferrous, and a variety of activities for children including pig crafts, IronPigs tattoos, and a chance to pin the tail on Ferrous. In Illinois the celebration of the “often disrespected species” is done with “good reason”: the pork industry contributes $1.9 billion to the state’s economy.

when National Pig Day coincided with the Year of the Pig in 2007, described as a porcine nexus, Illinoisans watched a 50 lb (23 kg) miniature pig named Pinto from the Yucatan display sporting abilities (guiding a ball into a soccer net and using his snout to push a basketball up a ramp into a hoop) at the Brookfield Zoo and many fans donned pig snouts and caps for the festivities and parade. A handbook for first year teachers includes National Pig Day as a seasonal activity and recommends cooking bacon, making BLTs, and discussing where pork chops come from.At the Tisch Children’s Zoo in New York’s Central Park, National Pig Day is usually celebrated with the help of pot-bellied pigs. In 1998, two nine-month old piglets named Thelma and Louise and their 185-pound companion named Speedy greeted visitors, while the children’s zoo also held a “snort off” competition for children. in 2009, the Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs at the zoo were named Oliver and Otis; they were reported to have “hammed it up and stole the show at the seventh annual National Pig Day celebration at the Children’s Zoo,” though, in general, reviews of the pigs were mixed.

On Long Island a family gives their pot-bellied pig a special treat, refrains from eating pork and prepares a special National Pig Day meal. At the Suffolk County Farm in Yaphank, the Cornell Cooperative Extension celebrated National Pig Day by sponsoring a pig program. Families visited farm pigs where “the piglet cuddled today will soon grow to 220 pounds and wind up in ‘hog heaven.’” The meat from the farm is fed to the inmates at the Suffolk County Jail, “so it was a strange day viewing pigs as if they were in a zoo, but knowing that their time was limited… except, of course, for the stud pigs, or boars, and their ladies-in-waiting, the sows. Miss Piggy and Porky Pig were honored and porcine facts presented: the world’s largest pig weighed 2,660 pounds, and pigs sailed with Christopher Columbus.

Roger Daltrey CBE (The Who)

the-whoCharismatic English singer, musician, songwriter for the Who, Roger Daltrey CBE, was born 1st March 1944 in London. He lived in Acton, with fellow Who members Pete Townshend and John Entwistle. Daltry attended Victoria Primary School and then Acton County Grammar School for Boys along with Pete Townshend and John Entwistle. He showed academic promise in the English state school system, ranking at the top of his class on the eleven plus examination that led to his enrollment at the Acton County Grammar School. His parents hoped he would eventually continue on to study at university, but Daltrey turned out to be a self-described “school rebel” and developed a dedicated interest in the emerging rock and roll music scene instead. He made his first guitar from a block of wood, a cherry red Strat copy, and joined an existing skiffle band called the Detours in need of a lead singer and guitarist. When his father bought him an Epiphone guitar in 1959, he became the lead guitarist for the band and soon afterwards was expelled from school for smoking.

He invited schoolmate John Entwistle to play bass in the band, and on the advice of Entwistle, invited Pete Townshend to play guitar.the band consisted of Daltrey on lead guitar, Pete Townshend on rhythm guitar, John Entwistle on bass, Doug Sandom on drums and Colin Dawson on lead vocals. After Colin Dawson left the band, Daltrey switched to vocals and played harmonica as well, while Townshend became the lead guitarist. In 1964 drummer Doug Sandom left the band, eventually being replaced by Keith Moon. the band had their first hit single and record deal in early 1965, and Townshend began writing original material. Daltrey was asked to leave the band in late 1965 after he beat up drummer Keith Moon for supplying drugs to Townshend and Entwistle. Daltrey was admitted back to the band shortly afterwards providing there would be no more violent outbursts or assaults., The band’s second single, “Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere” written by Daltrey and Townshend helped Townshend develop into one of rock’s most accomplished composers, and Daltrey gained an equally vaunted reputation as a powerful vocalist and highly energetic frontman. By 1973, Daltrey was also experiencing considerable success with his solo projects, he went on to release eight solo albums. He also had great success with his acting roles in films like Who’s Next, and Quadrophenia and Tommy, in which he played the lead. Daltrey became the face and voice of the band as they defined themselves as the ultimate rebels in a generation of change. was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for “Best Acting Debut in a Motion Picture” for Tommy. The Who continued performing after the death of Drummer Keith Moon in 1978, but tension continued as Daltrey felt new drummer Kenney Jones was the wrong choice for the Who. In 1980 Daltrey completed a drama called McVicar about British bank robber John McVicar. with other members of the band.

The Who Isle of Wight Festival 1970 http://youtu.be/pTcA3OCLlqI

Sadly Daltry’s relations with Townshend deteriorated until the Who retired from active touring in 1982. Daltrey turned to working as an actor, completing such high profile projects as The Beggar’s Opera and The Comedy of Errors, The Hunting of the Snark, The Little Match Girl, Buddy’s Song, and Mack the Knife In 1991 he received a Grammy Award. However the remaining members of The band continue to work together sporadically, reuniting for the Live Aid concert, recording songs for Daltrey’s solo album Under a Raging Moon and Townshend’s solo album Iron Man. and returning in 1989 with their 25th Anniversary Tour, which was also the 20th anniversary of the rock opera Tommy. The tour featured a large backing band and guest appearances by Steve Winwood, Patti LaBelle, Phil Collins, Elton John, and Billy Idol. n 1993 Daltrey also performed as a guest on the Chieftains’ recording of Irish Evening: Live at the Grand Opera House which won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Folk Album and In 1994 Daltrey performed a two-night spectacular at Carnegie Hall titled A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who, and popularly called Daltrey Sings Townshend. which also featured Pete Townshend, John Entwistle, Eddie Vedder, Sinéad O’Connor, Lou Reed, David Sanborn, Alice Cooper, Linda Perry, The Chieftains and others as special guests. The event was followed by a major tour financed by Daltrey and including John Entwistle on bass, Zak Starkey on drums and Simon Townshend on guitar which also reignited interest in Tommy which toured again in 1996-1997.

In 1996 Pete Townshend was also approached to produce Quadrophenia for The Prince’s Trust concert at Hyde Park, London. The opera was performed with a large backing band, including John Entwistle on bass, Pete Townshend on acoustic guitar and vocals, Zak Starkey on drums, Rabbit Bundrick and Jon Carin on keyboards, Simon Townshend on guitar and special guests including David Gilmour, Adrian Edmondson and Trevor McDonald. Afterward, Townshend decided to take the production on tour in 1996-1997 as The Who. The band also completed a brief tour in 2004. Then In 2006, they released their first studio album of new material in twenty-four years, Endless Wire, and The band also completed a world tour in 2006-2007 to support this album and also Appeared at the Glastonbury Festival. In February 2010, Townshend and Daltrey, performed the halftime show at Super Bowl XLIV and In March 2010, Townshend and Daltrey, along with an extensive backing band, performed Quadrophenia at the Royal Albert Hall in London as a tenth anniversary charity benefit for the Teenage Cancer Trust.

During his long career Daltry has also garnered many accolades. In 2001 Daltrey received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for outstanding artistic significance in music. In 1990 Daltrey was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio as a member of The Who. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame also included three songs that Daltrey recorded with The Who on the list of 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll, including: “My Generation”, “Go to the Mirror Boy”, and “Baba O’Riley”. In 2005 Daltrey received a British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors Gold Badge Award for special and lasting contributions to the British entertainment industry. Roger Daltrey also supports many charities & In 2003, Daltrey was honoured by Time magazine as a European Hero for his work with the Teenage Cancer Trust and other charities. In the New Year’s Honours List published on 31 December 2004, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to Music, the Entertainment Industry, and Charity. He is also supporter of the Countryside Alliance and has played concerts to raise funds for the organisation. As a member of The Who, Daltrey was inducted in 2005 into the UK Music Hall of Fame.In December 2008, he and Pete Townshend received America’s most prestigious cultural awards – the 31st annual Kennedy Center Honors in Washington, D.C. Daltrey also received the James Joyce Award from the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin for outstanding success in the music field, The Steiger Award (Germany) for excellence in music and the Classic Album Award for Quadrophenia from The Classic Rock and Roll Awards in 2011.

St. David’s Day

daffodilSaint David is the patron Saint of Wales and March 1 is St David’s Day. This day was chosen because tradition holds that he died on that day in 589. The date was declared a national day of celebration within Wales in the 18th century. St. David (Welsh: Dewi Sant) was born towards the end of the fifth century. He was a scion of the royal house of Ceredigion, and founded a Celtic monastic community at Glyn Rhosyn (The Vale of Roses) on the western headland of Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro), at the spot where St David’s Cathedral stands today. David’s fame as a teacher and ascetic spread throughout the Celtic world. His foundation at Glyn Rhosin became an important Christian shrine, and the most important centre in Wales. The date of Dewi Sant’s death is recorded as 1 March, but the year is uncertain – possibly 588. As his tearful monks prepared for his death St David uttered these words: ‘Brothers be ye constant. The yoke which with single mind ye have taken, bear ye to the end; and whatsoever ye have seen with me and heard, keep and fulfil’.

For centuries, 1st March has been a national festival. St David was recognised as a national patron saint at the height of Welsh resistance to the Normans. St David’s day was celebrated by Welsh throughout their migration, colonization, and settlement of the British Empire including the British colonization of America and British colonization of Africa, and the Colonization of Australia. Thus, from London, England, to Dublin, Ireland, to New York City, New York, to Sydney, Australia, to Durban, South Africa, ever since the establishment of the British Empire around the globe and the Welsh diaspora, Saint David’s Day has been celebrated. Indeed, the 17th century diarist Samuel Pepys noted how Welsh celebrations in London for St David’s day would spark parades in costumes and dragon, with pipes, drinks and confectioners producing ‘Taffies’ – gingerbread figures. St David’s Day is celebrated by Welsh societies throughout the world with dinners, parties, eisteddfodau (recitals Singing and concerts). Additionally, various Welsh Regiments of the British Army utilize aspects of Saint David’s cross, Saint David himself, or songs of Saint David in their formalities during the celebrations. Many Welsh people wear one or both of the national emblems of Wales on their lapel to celebrate St. David: the daffodil (a generic Welsh symbol which is in season during March) or the leek (Saint David’s personal symbol) on this day. The leek arises from an occasion when a troop of Welsh were able to distinguish each other from a troop of English enemy dressed in similar fashion by wearing leeks. The association between leeks and daffodils is strengthened by the fact that they have similar names in Welsh, Cenhinen (leek) and Cenhinen Pedr (daffodil, literally “Peter’s leek”). Younger girls sometimes wear traditional Welsh costumes to school. This costume consists of a long woollen skirt, white blouse, woollen shawl and a Welsh hat. The flag of Saint David plays a central role in the celebrations and can be seen flying throughout Wales, Cawl is also frequently prepared and consumed on St. David’s Day.