On 8 March 1975: The first episode of the six part story Genesis of the Daleks was aired on BBC1. It is one of my favourite stories and explores the origin of the Daleks and introducese the Daleks’ creator Davros, played by Michael Wisher,, Philip Hinchcliffe and Robert Holmes, intentionally modelled the Daleks on the Nazis, and further explored the theme in Genesis. The story also examined the moral issues that come with time travelling and genocide.
It starts when, the Doctor (Tom Baker) and his companions Sarah Jane Smith (Elisabeth Sladen) and Harry Sullivan (Ian Marter) are sent by the Time Lords, to the Daleks’ home planet Skaro and find a war-torn wasteland; after a generational war of attrition between the Thals and the Kaleds for dominance of the planet has laid waste to its surface and ecology. Doctor and Harry become separated from Sarah who encounters the Mutos, exiled descendants of those mutated by chemical weapons early in the war, who are captured by Thals. Sarah attempts to lead an escape by climbing out of the rocket silo.
Meanwhile, the Doctor and Harry encounter General Ravon, leader of the opposing Kaled army, and Security Commander Nyder. Then their greatest scientist Davros enters and demonstrates his new “Mark III travel machine”, which he later dubs as a “Dalek”. The Doctor finds out that Davros’ research is immoral and evil, and uses unethical means to create the Daleks. So The Doctor promises to intervene if They he helps them escape. The Doctor meets Mogran and other Kaled Councillors, who agree to halt Davros’ experiments. However, Davros discovers this through Nyder’s spies; and sends some Daleks and provides the Thals with a chemical weapon to clobber the Kaleds. The Doctor and Harry rescue Sarah but get caught and watches helplessly as the Thals destroy the Kaled dome. At the Kaled bunker, Davros declares the Kaled race is dead, giving birth to the Daleks; he then has Ronson executed before the Daleks are sent to the Thal dome to exterminate everyone inside. During the conflict the Doctor, Sarah, Harry and the Thal and Mutos survivors return to the Kaled bunker and the Thals and Mutos to try to destroy it however they are captured by Davros.
The Doctor, Sarah, and Harry are freed by another scientist, who tells them that Davros has agreed to stop his research but wants to call a vote. While Davros pleads his case. On the vote, the remaining Kaled elite are split between Davros and Gharman, and fighting breaks out between them with Davros using the Daleks to kill those against him. The Doctor and his companions use the opportunity to rig explosives in the Kaled mutation room, but the Doctor is unable to bring himself to detonate it, asking, “Have I the right?”. They learn that the Thals and Mutos intend to detonate the kaled Bunker. So The Doctor, Sarah, and Harry escape rapidly. Meanwhile, the Daleks kill everyone except Davros in the Kaled bunker and start the production line against Davros’ wishes, and announce that they are the superior race and will dominate the universe…