The late great American vocalist and songwriter Joey Ramone was born19th May in 1951. The Ramones were an American rock band that formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974, and are often cited as the first punk rock group. Despite achieving only limited commercial success, the band was a major influence on the punk rock movement both in the United States and the United Kingdom. All of the band members adopted pseudonyms ending with the surname “Ramone”, though none of them were related. The original members of the band met in and around the middle-class neighborhood of Forest Hills in the New York City borough of Queens. John Cummings and Thomas Erdelyi had both been in a high-school garage band from 1966 to 1967 known as the Tangerine Puppets. They became friends with Douglas Colvin, who had recently moved to the area from Germany, and Jeffrey Hyman, who was the initial lead singer of the glam rock band Sniper, founded in 1972. The Ramones began taking shape in early 1974 when Cummings and Colvin invited Hyman to join them in a band. The initial lineup featured Colvin on lead vocals and rhythm guitar, Cummings on lead guitar, and Hyman on drums. Colvin, who soon switched from rhythm guitar to bass, was the first to adopt the name “Ramone”, calling himself Dee Dee Ramone. He was inspired by Paul McCartney’s use of the pseudonym Paul Ramon during his Silver Beatles days. Dee Dee convinced the other members to take on the name and came up with the idea of calling the band the Ramones. Hyman and Cummings became Joey and Johnny Ramone.
The Ramones recorded their debut album, Ramones, in April 1976. Amazingly The two singles issued from the album, “Blitzkrieg Bop” and “I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend”, failed to chart at all. When the band performed in Youngstown, Ohio, approximately ten people showed up. It wasn’t until they made a brief tour of England that they began to see the fruits of their labor; a performance at the Roundhouse in London on 4 July 1976 (second-billed to the Flamin’ Groovies, was a resounding success T-Rex singer Marc Bolan was invited on stage, they also met members of the Sex Pistols and the Clash, Fuelling the burgeoning UK punk rock scene.Their next two albums, Leave Home and Rocket to Russia, were released in 1977. Both were produced by Tommy and Tony Bongiovi, the second cousin of Jon Bon Jovi, and included the songs “Pinhead”, and a fast-paced cover of “California Sun”, “Sheena Is a Punk Rocker” and “Rockaway Beach”. On December 31, 1977 the Ramones recorded It’s Alive, a live concert double album, at the Rainbow Theatre, London, which was released in April 1979 (the title is a reference to the 1974 horror film of the same name).
Sadly Tommy, left the band in early 1978 but continued as the Ramones’ record producer under his birth name of Erdelyi. His position as drummer was filled by Marc Bell, who had been a member of the early 1970s hard rock band Dust, Wayne County and the Backstreet Boys, and Richard Hell & the Voidoids and became Marky Ramone. Later that year, the band released their fourth studio album, Road to Ruin, which included the song “I Wanna Be Sedated”. The Ramones also appeared in Roger Corman’s Rock ‘n’ Roll High School (1979). Subsequently renowned producer Phil Spector produced their 1980 album End of the Century, and even held Johnny at gunpoint, during the recording, forcing him to repeatedly play a riff. This album Contained the songs ‘Danny Says’, ‘Rock ‘N’ Roll Radio’ and “Baby, I Love You”. Pleasant Dreams, the band’s sixth album, was released in 1981and was, produced by Graham Gouldman of 10cc. The album moved the Ramones away from their pioneering minimalism into heavy metal territory. The next album Subterranean Jungle, produced by Ritchie Cordell and Glen Kolotkin, was released in 1983 and the album’s second single, was a cover of the Chambers Brothers’ “Time Has Come today”. After the release of Subterranean Jungle, Marky was fired from the band due to his alcoholism and was replaced by Richard Reinhardt, who adopted the name Richie Ramone. He is notable as the only Ramones drummer to sing lead vocals on Ramones songs, including “(You) Can’t Say Anything Nice” as well as the unreleased “Elevator “. He also composed Ramones songs including their hit “Somebody Put Something in My Drink” as well as “Smash You”, “Humankind”, “I’m Not Jesus”, “I Know Better Now” and “(You) Can’t Say Anything Nice”.
The first album the Ramones recorded with Richie was Too Tough to Die in 1984, with Tommy Erdelyi and Ed Stasium returning as producers, it also marked a shift to something like the band’s original sound. In 1985 The Ramones released”Bonzo goes to Bitburg” Which was Retitled “My Brain Is Hanging Upside Down (Bonzo Goes to Bitburg)” and appeared on the band’s ninth studio album, Animal Boy (1986) which was described as Nonstop Primal Fuzz Pop In 1986 the band recorded Halfway to Sanity. Sadly Richie left in August 1987, and was replaced by Clem Burke from Blondie who adopted the name Elvis Ramone, but he was fired after two performances and Marky, now clean and sober. Dee Dee also left the band as they began recording their eleventh studio album, 1989’s Brain Drain and ‘ was replaced by Christopher Joseph Ward (C.J. Ramone), who performed with the band until they disbanded. The Ramones next album was 1992’s Mondo Bizarro, the next album Acid Eaters, consisting entirely of cover songs, came out the following year. In 1993 the Ramones were featured in the The Simpsons, providing music and voices for animated versions of themselves in the episode “Rosebud”. In 1995 the Ramones released ¡Adios Amigos!, their fourteenth studio album, and appeared in the sixth Lollapalooza festival, which toured around the United States during the following summer. 86. After the Lollapalooza tour’s conclusion, the Ramones played their final show on August 6, 1996, at the Palace in Hollywood, this featured several guests including Motörhead’s Lemmy, Pearl Jam’s Eddie Vedder, Soundgarden’s Chris Cornell, and Rancid’s Tim Armstrong and Lars Frederiksen and a recording of the concert was later released on video and CD as We’re Outta Here!
Overall the Ramones performed 2,263 concerts, touring virtually nonstop for 22 years until 1996, when after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played a farewell concert and disbanded. Little more than eight years after the breakup, the band’s three founding members—lead singer Joey Ramone, guitarist Johnny Ramone, and bassist Dee Dee Ramone—had died.Their only record with enough U.S. sales to be certified gold was the compilation album Ramones Mania. However, recognition of the band’s importance built over the years, and they are now cited in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as the Rolling Stone list of the 50 Greatest Artists of All Time and VH1′s 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. In 2002, the Ramones were ranked the second-greatest band of all time by Spin magazine, trailing only The Beatles. On March 18, 2002, the Ramones—including the three founders and drummers Tommy and Marky Ramone—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011, the group was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.