Film pioneer Georges Melies’ Classic French silent movie A Trip to the Moon,(voyage dans le Lune) was released in France on 1 September 1902. Directed by Georges Méliès. It is considered one of the first science fiction films and was Inspired by a wide variety of sources. It follows a group of astronomers from the Astonomers Club whose president, Professor Barbenfouillis (“Messybeard” proposes a trip to the Moon. After addressing some dissent, six brave astronomers agree to the plan. They build a space capsule in the shape of a bullet, and construct a huge cannon to shoot it into space. The astronomers embark and their capsule is fired from the cannon with the help of “marines”, most of whom are portrayed as a bevy of beautiful women in sailors’ outfits, while the rest are men. The Man in the Moon watches the capsule as it approaches, and it hits him in the eye. (The image is a visual pun: the phrase dans l’œil, literally “in the eye,” is the French equivalent of the English word “bullseye.”Landing safely on the Moon, the astronomers get out of the capsule and watch the Earth rise in the distance. Exhausted by their journey, the astronomers unroll their blankets and sleep.
As they sleep, a comet passes, the Big Dipper appears with human faces peering out of each star, old Saturn leans out of a window in his ringed planet, and Phoebe, goddess of the Moon, appears seated in a crescent-moon swing. Phoebe calls down a snowfall that awakens the astronomers. They seek shelter in a cavern and discover giant mushrooms. One astronomer opens his umbrella; it promptly takes root and turns into a giant mushroom itself. At this point, a Selenite (an insectoid alien inhabitant of the Moon, named after one of the Greek moon goddesses, Selene) appears, The Selenites arrest the astronomers and bring them to their commander at the Selenite palace. .The astronomers manage tov escape and run back to their capsule while avoiding the pursuing Selenites, A Selenite tries to seize the capsule at the last minute. Astronomer, capsule, and Selenite fall through space and land in an ocean on Earth. The Selenite falls off and the capsule floats back to the surface, where they are rescued by a ship and towed ashore. The final sequence (missing from some American prints of the film) depicts a celebratory parade in honor of the travelers’ return, including the unveiling of a commemorative statue bearing the motto “Labor omnia vincit” (Latin: “work conquers all”)
The film was released by Méliès’s Star Film Company and is numbered 399–411 in its catalogues.Its total length is about 260 meters (roughly 845 feet) of film, which, at Méliès’s preferred projection speed of 12 to 14 frames per second, is about 17 minutes.An internationally popular success at the time of its release, it is the best-known of the hundreds of films made by Méliès, and the moment in which the spaceship lands in the Moon’s eye remains one of the most iconic images in the history of cinema.it waas named one of the 100 greatest films of the 20th century by The Village Voice, ranking at #84,and in 2002 it became the first work designated as a UNESCO World Heritage film. French duo Air were also asked to provide a sound track for a restored colourised version of the film which was released in 2012. The film also inspired the promo video for the Smashing Pumpkin song Tonight Tonight and is mentioned regularly and referenced often in the film Hugo by Martin Scorses which is based on the novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret by Brian Selznik.