On 19 September 1981 American music duo simon & Garfunkel reunited for a free concert in New York’s Central Park. 1981. Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel first formed the group Tom & Jerry in 1957 and had their first success with “Hey, Schoolgirl”. As Simon & Garfunkel they rose to fame in 1965, largely on the strength of the hit single “The Sound of Silence”. Their music was also featured in the classic film The Graduate (1967).They are well known for their vocal harmonies and were among the most popular recording artists of the 1960s. Their biggest hits – including “The Sound of Silence” (1964), “I Am a Rock” (1965), “Homeward Bound” (1965), “Scarborough Fair/Canticle” (1966), “A Hazy Shade of Winter” (1966), “Mrs. Robinson” (1968), “Bridge over Troubled Water” (1969), “The Boxer” (1969), and “Cecilia”.
They received several Grammy Awards and were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 and the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2007. Their sometimes rocky relationship led to their last album, Bridge over Troubled Water,being delayed several times due to artistic disagreements, and as a result the duo broke up in 1970. It was their most successful album worldwide to date, reaching number one in several countries, including the United States, and receiving 8× platinum certificationfrom the Recording Industry Association of America, making it their highest-selling studio album in the U.S. and second-highest album overall. Simon & Garfunkel have, at times, reunited to perform and sometimes tour together. They have done so in every decade since the 1970 breakup, most famously for 1981’s “The Concert in Central Park”, which attracted more than 500,000 people, making it the 7th-most attended concert in the history of music. In 2004, they were ranked No. 40 on Rolling Stone’s list of the 100 greatest artists of all time.
From the very beginning of their fame, through the present time years after their break-up, Simon and Garfunkel have had an impact on the popular culture as evidenced by the many references to them made in television, film, music and other aspects of pop culture.Among the earliest pop culture references or homages came in the late 1960s, when the comedy television show Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In had a running skit featuring members of the “Farkle” Family, including Fred & Fanny Farkle “and the twins, Simon and Garr Farkle”. In the early ’70s sitcom The Partridge Family, the two youngest Partridge children name their pet goldfish “Simon and Garfunkel”. The lyrics of Simon and Garfunkel songs continue to be referenced many times on television, long after their initial popularity. On an episode of How I Met Your Mother, Marshall commissions a Venn diagram in which one section represents the “people who are breaking his heart” while the other represents “people who are shaking his confidence daily”. The section where the two overlap is labelled “Cecilia”. The end of the “Lady Bouvier’s Lover” episode of The Simpsons contains one of the series’ many homages to The Graduate, and features a parody of “The Sound of Silence” over the closing credits. (“Hello grandpa my old friend/your busy day is at an end/your words are always sad and boring/they tell a tale that’s worth ignoring”.) In another episode, Mr. Burns spins around a lamp post singing, “Hello lamp post. What ya knowin’? I’ve come to watch your power flowin’”, a reference to the lyrics of “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy)”.
The episode “Bendin’ in the Wind” of Futurama, in a double send-up of Simon and Garfunkel and Battlestar Galactica, features the singing duo “Cylon and Garfunkel” performing a rendition of “Scarborough Fair” in which the robot Cylon’s singing is entirely monotone, and Garfunkel — who explains during the performance that he is the descendant of Art — states that he will give Bender the check “over my dead career!”In an episode of Saturday Night Live’s “Celebrity Jeopardy” parody, there was a category entitled “Members of Simon and Garfunkel”. The clue read, “Of Simon and Garfunkel, the one who is not Garfunkel.” Once the Sean Connery character rang in, he asked for the question to be repeated and said in response, “I Garfunkeled your mother!” This was one of the running gags of the parody. In another SNL skit, Will Forte and Jason Sudeikis pose as Bon Jovi opposite band, Jon Bovi, but when accused of sounding exactly like Bon Jovi, they say, “Well, if you didn’t like that, you’re going to love our new opposite folk rock band, Gimon & Sarfunkel.” They then sing the opposite “Bridge over Troubled Water”, “Tunnel Under Peaceful Fire”. In an episode of Flight of the Conchords, the lead characters form a Simon and Garfunkel tribute band performing “Scarborough Fair”. Garfunkel himself later appears in the episode. In the episode “Unnatural Love”, the song “Carol Brown” is an homage to the Paul Simon song “50 Ways to Leave Your Lover”. The Nickelodeon sitcom How to Rock uses the artists’ family names as those of the main characters.