Each year natural disasters claim thousands of lives and cause untold misery for millions and also displace thousands of innocent people from their homes. so in 2002 the United Nations General Assembly designated October 13 annually as International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) in order to encourage every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations and to promote a global culture of natural disaster reduction, including prevention, mitigation and preparation. In 2009, the UN General Assembly also changed the name to International Day for Disaster Reduction
Rick Vito, American singer-songwriter and guitarist with the band Fleetwood Mac) was born 13 October 1949. Fleetwood Mac were formd in 1966 in London. Fleetwood Mac were named The Bluesbrekers and Founder Peter Green named the group by combining he surnames of two of his bandmates (Fleetwood and McVie). Christine Mcvie joined the band in 1970 while married to John McVie, Green invited Mick Fleetwood to join having already been in two bands with Fletwood.The Bluesbreakers now consisted ofGeen, Fleetwood, John McVie and Mayall. Green contacted Fletwood to form a new band and wanted McVie on bass guitar even naming the band ‘Fleetwood Mac’ as a way to enice him. The band debuted in 1967 at the Windsor Jazz and Blues Festival. Feetwood Mac’s first album, Fleetwood Mac, was a no-frills blues album. The band soon released two singles “Black Magic Woman” (later a big hit for Santana) and “Need Your Love So Bad”.
The band’s second album, Mr. Wonderful, was released in August 1968. The next album was entitled Then Play on”. Sadly Peter Green left and In September 1970, Fleetwood Mac released Kiln House.which was more rock. Spencer’s contributions re-created the country-tinged “Sun Sound”. They also released a single “Dragonfly” b/w “The Purple Dancer” . An album of previously unreleased material from the original Fleetwood Mac called The Original Fleetwood Mac was also released, Then While on tour in 1971, guitarist Jeremy Spencer disappeared and , the band eventually discovered that he had joined a religious group, the Children of God so was replaced by guitarist Bob Welch .In September 1971, the band released Future Games & six months later they released the album Bare Trees, featuring the songs “Sentimental Lady”, &“Spare Me a Little of Your Love”,While on tour Danny Kirwan developed an alcohol dependency and Fleetwood fired him. During The next two and a half years they released three albums and In 1972, Bob Weston and vocalist Dave Walker joined.
In 1973 Mick, John, Christine, Welch, Weston, and Walker recorded Penguin, Six months later they recorded Mystery to Me containing the song “Hypnotized” . Sadly though the e McVies’ marriage was under a lot of stress, caused by constantly working together, and John McVie’s considerable alcohol abuse. During the tour, Weston also had an affair with Fleetwood’s wife, Jenny Boyd Fleetwood, the sister of Pattie Boyd Harrison. Fleetwood soon fired Weston and the tour was cancelled and in one of the most bizarre events in rock history, the band’s manager, Clifford Davis, claimed that he owned the name Fleetwood Mac and put out a “fake Mac”. Nobody in the “fake Mac” was ever officially in the real band, Fans were told that Bob Welch and John McVie had quit the group, and that Mick Fleetwood and Christine McVie would be joining the band at a later date. Fleetwood Mac’s road manager, John Courage, hid the real Fleetwood Mac’s equipment, which helped shorten the tour by the fake band. But the lawsuit that followed put the real Fleetwood Mac out of commission for almost a year. The issue was who actually owned the name “Fleetwood Mac”. While it would seem obvious that the band was named after Fleetwood and McVie, they had signed contracts that showed the band forfeited the rights to the name. The “real” Fleetwood Mac were in fact Fleetwood, Welch and the McVies. While this did not end the legal battle, the band was able to record as Fleetwood Mac again. Instead of getting another manager, Fleetwood Mac decided to manage themselves and released Heroes Are Hard to Find in September 1974.
On the road, they added a second keyboardist Doug Graves.After Welch left the band, Fleetwood began searching for a possible replacement. While Fleetwood was scouting Van Nuys, California,Mick Fleetwood heard a song titled “Frozen Love” by an American band, Buckingham Nicks. Fleetwood liked it, and was introduced to the guitarist from the band, Lindsey Buckingham and asked him to join. Buckingham agreed, on the condition that his musical partner and girlfriend, Stephanie “Stevie” Nicks, also become part of the band; Fleetwood agreed. Buckingham and Nicks joined the band on New Year’s Eve 1974.In 1975, the new line-up released the eponymous Fleetwood Mac. The album proved to be a breakthrough for the band and became a huge hit, Among the hit singles from this album were Christine McVie’s “Over My Head” and “Say You Love Me”, and Stevie Nicks’ “Rhiannon” and “Landslide” . with the success of the band also came the end of John and Christine McVie’s marriage, as well as Buckingham and Nicks’ long term romantic relationship. Even Fleetwood was in the midst of divorce proceedings from his wife, Jenny. The pressure put on Fleetwood Mac to release a successful follow-up album, combined with their new-found wealth, led to creative and personal tensions, fuelled by high consumption of drugs and alcohol.
The album the band members subsequently release was the classic album Rumours, in which they laid bare the emotional turmoil experienced at that time. Critically acclaimed, it was the recipient of the Grammy Award for Album of the Year for 1977. Hit singles included Buckingham’s “Go Your Own Way”, Nicks’s U.S. No.1 “Dreams”, and Christine McVie’s “Don’t Stop” and “You Make Loving Fun”. Buckingham’s “Second Hand News”, Nicks’ “Gold Dust Woman” and “The Chain”. ’.Buckingham pursuaded by Fleetwood to make the next album more experimental and the result was the quirky 20-track double album, Tusk, released in 1979. It spawned three hit singles; Lindsey Buckingham’s “Tusk” Christine McVie’s “Think About Me” and Stevie Nicks’ 6½ minute opus “Sara” .Tusk remains one of Fleetwood Mac’s most ambitious albums to date. It was during the subsequent world tour that the band recorded music for the Fleetwood Mac Live album, which was released at the end of 1980.The next album, 1982′s Mirage, following 1981 solo turns by Nicks (Bella Donna) and Buckingham (Law and Order), which was a return to the more conventional sound to recapture the huge success of Rumours. Its hits included Christine McVie’s “Hold Me” and “Love In Store” Stevie Nicks’s “Gypsy”, and Lindsey Buckingham’s “Oh Diane”, A minor hit was also scored by Buckingham’s “Eyes Of The World” and “Can’t Go Back”. Following Mirage, the band members went on to pursue solo careers. Stevie Nicks released two more solo albums (1983′s The Wild Heart and 1985′s Rock a Little), Lindsey Buckingham issued Go Insane in 1984, the same year that Christine McVie made an eponymous album (yielding the Top 10 hit “Got A Hold On Me” and the Top 40 hit “Love Will Show Us How”). However, during this period, Mick Fleetwood filed for bankruptcy, Nicks was admitted to the Betty Ford Clinic for addiction problems, and John McVie had suffered an addiction-related seizure—all attributed to the lifestyle of excess afforded to them by their worldwide success and It was rumoured that Fleetwood Mac had finally broken up.
In 1987 Fleetwood Mac recorded Tango in the Night, which become their best-selling release since Rumours, Itcontained four hits: Christine McVie’s “Little Lies” and “Everywhere” (the former being co-written with McVie’s new husband Eddy Quintela), Sandy Stewart and Stevie Nicks’ “Seven Wonders”, and Lindsey Buckingham’s “Big Love”. “Family Man”, “Isn’t It Midnight”, Lindsey Buckingham left and Following his departure, Fleetwood Mac added two new guitarists to the band,Billy Burnette and Rick Vito. Vito, was a Peter Green admirer, and had played with many artists from Bonnie Raitt to John Mayall, and even worked with John McVie on two Mayall albums. Capitalising on the success of Tango in the Night, the band continued with a Greatest Hits album in 1988. It featured singles from the 1975–88 era, and included two new ompositions: “No Questions Asked” , and “As Long as You Follow” . It was dedicated to Buckingham by the band, with whom they had now reconciled.Following the Greatest Hits collection, Fleetwood Mac recorded the album Behind the Mask, which included McVie’s “Save Me”. The subsequent “Behind the Mask” tour saw the band play sold out shows at London’s Wembley Stadium, and on the final show in Los Angeles, the band were joined onstage by Buckingham. The two women of the band, who, had both decided that the tour would be their last though both stated that they would still record with the band. However, in 1991, both Nicks and Rick Vito left Fleetwood Mac altogether.In 1992, Fleetwood himself arranged a 4-disc box set spanning highlights from the band’s 25 year history, titled 25 Years – The Chain. The box set, included a brand new Stevie Nicks/Rick Vito composition, “Paper Doll”,here were also two new Christine McVie compositions, “Heart of Stone” and “Love Shines”, and Lindsey Buckingham also contributed a new song, “Make Me a Mask”, Mick Fleetwood also released a deluxe hardcover companion book to coincide with the release of the box set, titled My 25 Years in Fleetwood Mac, which features many rare photographs and notes (written by Fleetwood himself) detailing the band’s 25 year history.
In 1993 the Buckingham/Nicks/McVie/McVie/Fleetwood line-up reunited at the request of U.S. President Bill Clinton for his first Inaugural Ball. Clinton had made Fleetwood Mac’s “Don’t Stop” his campaign theme song. His subsequent request to perform it at the Inauguration Ball was met with enthusiasm by the band, however this line-up had no intention to reunite again. Inspired by the new interest in the band, Mick Fleetwood, John McVie, and Christine McVie recorded another album as Fleetwood Mac, with Billy Burnette taking on lead guitar dutiesThe band, minus Christine McVie, toured in 1994 performing classic Fleetwood Mac songs from the initial 1967–1974 era. In 1995, Fleetwood Mac released Time and disbanded Bramlett and Burnette formed a country music duo, Bekka & Billy. Just weeks after disbanding Fleetwood Mac, Mick Fleetwood started working with Lindsey Buckingham again. John McVie was soon added to the sessions, and later Christine McVie. Stevie Nicks also enlisted Lindsey Buckingham to produce a song for the Twister film soundtrack. The Rumours era line up of the band reformed in 1997 and performed a live concert which was recorded as the 1997 live album The Dance. They also released the 20th anniversary of their Rumours album.
In 1998, Fleetwood Mac (Mick Fleetwood, John McVie, Christine McVie, Stevie Nicks, Lindsey Buckingham, Peter Green, Jeremy Spencer and Danny Kirwan) were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and performed at the Grammy Awards program that year. They were also the recipients of the “Outstanding Contribution to Music” award at the BRIT Awards(British Phonographic Industry Awards).In 1998, Christine McVie left the band permanently, Her departure left Buckingham and Nicks to sing all the lead vocals for the band’s 2003 album, Say You Will, although Christine did contribute some backing vocals and keyboards. The album yielded chart hits with “Peacekeeper” and the title track.”Fleetwood Mac toured in 2009, The tour was branded as a ‘greatest hits’ show entitled Unleashed, although they played album tracks such as “Storms” and “I Know I’m Not Wrong”. Stevie Nicks also premiered part of a new song that she had written about Hurricane Katrina. The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac was re-released And an episode of Glee entitled “Rumours” which featured six songs from the band’s 1977 album was also broadcast sparking renewed interest in the band and its most commercially successful album, Rumours which reentered the charts, the same week that Stevie Nicks’ new solo album In Your Dreams. Fleetwood Mac reunited for a 2013 minus two of the orginall members: late guitarist and singer Bob Weston and late guitarist Bob Welch . During the tour The band performed two new songs (“Sad Angel” and “Without You”)
Award-winning American singer & Musician Paul Simon was born on October 13TH 1941. His fame, influence and commercial success began in 1964 as part of the duo Simon & Garfunkel,. Simon wrote most of the pair’s songs, including three that reached No. 1 on the U.S. singles charts: “The Sound of Silence”, “Mrs. Robinson”, and “Bridge Over Troubled Water”. In 1964 Simon and Garfunkel’s first LP, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M was released. Simon then moved to England to pursue a solo career by touring folk clubs and coffee houses. He recorded his solo LP The Paul Simon Songbook & also co-wrote several songs including “I Wish You Could Be Here,” “Cloudy”, ”Red Rubber Ball” & “The Sound of Silence” as well as the albums: Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water and also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the Mike Nichols film The Graduate , starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft. Simon and Garfunkle parted ways, after which Simon continued his solo projects after Bridge over Troubled Water, reuniting occasionally with Garfunkel for various projects, such as their 1975 Top Ten single “My Little Town”. which was included on their respective solo albums: Paul Simon’s Still Crazy After All These Years; and Garfunkel’s Breakaway.
After Simon and Garfunkel split in 1970, Simon recorded three highly acclaimed albums. His eponymous album Paul Simon was released in January 1972 & spawned the hit with “Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard”. Simon’s then released a pop-folk album, There Goes Rhymin’ Simon which contained ”Kodachrome”, and “Loves Me Like a Rock” . Simon’s third album Still Crazy After All These Years, was Released in 1975 & contained the songs “Gone at Last” and “My Little Town” and was named the Album of the Year at The 18th Grammy Awards and Simon’s performance won the year’s Best Male Pop Vocal, a third single from the album, “50 Ways to Leave Your Lover” was also released. After three successful albums, Simon dabbled in various projects, including writing music for the film Shampoo and acting. He achieved another hit, with the song “Slip Slidin’ Away”. In 1980 he released the album One-Trick Pony, which contained the song ”Late in the Evening”. Later Simon also recorded Hearts and Bones which was eventually viewed as one of his best works
In 1986 He released the album Graceland, which had an eclectic mixture of musical styles including pop, a cappella, isicathamiya, rock, and mbaqanga and featured many South African musicians and groups, particularly Ladysmith Black Mambazo & also collaborated with Linda Ronstadt in “Under African Skies”, and Los Lobos in “All Around the World or The Myth of the Fingerprints”. The Album was praised by critics and public alike and became Simon’s most successful solo album. He received the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1987 and also Grammy Award for Record of the Year for the title track one year later. the album Negotiations and Love Songs was released in 1988, and included a mixture of popular hits and personal favorites that covered Simon’s entire career. After Graceland, Simon decided to extend his roots with the Brazilian music-flavored The Rhythm of the Saints, featuring guitarist J. J. Cale and many Brazilian and African musicians including the Grupo Cultural Olodum. This received excellent reviews a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.In 1991 Simon staged another New York concert, in Central Park with both African and South American bands andIn 1992 he appeared on his own MTV Unplugged. T he album Paul Simon 1964/1993 was also released. Simon was also involved on The Capeman, a musical that finally opened on January 29, 1998 and tells the story of Salvador Agron, who wore a cape while committing two murders in 1959 New York, and who went on to become a writer in prison.
Simon then embarked on a North American tour with Bob Dylan which was generally well-received and also wrote and recorded a new album You’re the One, which consisted mostly of folk-pop writing combined with foreign musical sounds, particularly North Africa. On September 21, 2001, Simon sang “Bridge Over Troubled Water” on “America: A Tribute to Heroes”, In 2002, he wrote and recorded “Father and Daughter”, the theme song for the animated children’s movie The Wild Thornberrys Movie, which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. In 2003, he participated on another Simon & Garfunkel reunion. One year later, Simon’s studio albums were re-released both individually and together in a limited-edition nine-CD boxed set, Paul Simon: The Studio Recordings 1972–2000.Simon also released a new album called Surprise, which was inspired by the September 11 terrorist attacks, and was supported with the successful Surprise Tour. In 2009, Simon performed back-to-back shows at the Beacon Theatre in New York. and also toured with Art Garfunkel in Australia, New Zealand and Japan.
In October 2009, Simon appeared alongside Art Garfunkel at the 25th Anniversary of The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame concert at Madison Square Garden in New York City.Together, Simon and Garfunkel were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.They also received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. In 2005, the pair sang “Bridge Over Troubled Water” at a benefit concert for Hurricane Katrina victims.The pair reunited six years later at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. So far Simon has earned 12 Grammys for his solo and collaborative work, including the Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2001, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and in 2006 was selected as one of the “100 People Who Shaped the World” by Time magazine. Among many other honors, Simon was the first recipient of the Library of Congress’ Gershwin Prize for Popular Song in 2007
Sammy Hagar, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Van Halen, Chickenfoot, Montrose, and Hagar Schon Aaronson Shrieve) was born 13 October 1947. Van Halen, were originally called “Genesis” with bass player Mark Stone, but changed their name to “Mammoth” when they discovered there was already a band with the name “Genesis”, with Phil Collins, Mike Rutherford, Peter Gabriel, Tony Banks and Steve Hackett. The band formed in Pasadena in 1972 and consisted of Eddie Van Halen on guitar and vocaLs, his brother, Alex on drums, and bassist Mark Stone. They had no P.A. system of their own, so they rented one from David Lee Roth. Eddie quickly became frustrated singing lead vocals, and decided to let Roth join the band. Michael Anthony replaced Mark Stone on bass. They changed the name of the band because David Lee Roth suggested that the last name of the two brothers “sounded cool.” The band originally began playing cover material, ranging from pop to disco, before settling on original material .
Van Halen released a total of six albums with David Lee Roth on Vocals, However the band had trouble working together as a cohesive unit and in 1982 Eddie Van Halen approached Simmons about possibly joining Kiss and replacing Ace Frehley. However Simmons & Alex persuaded Eddie to remain with Van Halen, and shortly afterwards the band released the album 1984; which yielded the band’s first Number 1 hit, “Jump“. Oher singles released from the album also sold well, particularly “Hot for Teacher”. The album peaked at Number 2 on the Billboard charts.
Roth left the band and was replaced by former Montrose singer Sammy Hagar in July 1985, the band’s sound changed somewhat to adapt to the strengths of the new vocalist, as Eddie’s keyboard playing became a permanent fixture, heard in songs such as “Dreams”“Why Can’t this be Love“and “Love Walks In”. Even on the more rocking, guitar-driven songs, Eddie’s performances became looser, less aggressive, and some said more thoughtful, while others said more commercial.However, tensions within the band again arose over identity and artist direction, and Hagar, like Roth earlier, departed in June 1996. Hagar left behind him a portfolio of 4 studio albums with the band (5150, OU812, For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge, and Balance) as well as one live album (Live: Right Here, Right Now).
Following Hagar’s departure, the group briefly reunited with original singer David Lee Roth and released Best of Volume I, a greatest hits package, in October 1996. Two new songs were recorded for the album, with the single “Me Wise Magic” reaching #1 on the mainstream rock chart (“Can’t Get This Stuff No More” was the other new single). However, previous disagreements resurfaced and the reunion did not last, as Roth left in September 1996, after the MTV Video Music Awards.The band auditioned many prospective replacements for Hagar, finally settling on Gary Cherone, former front man for Extreme, a band also represented by Van Halen’s manager. Cherone predicted that the new line-up would last ‘ten years’.
The band also completed a world tour touting their new single “Without You” and did go back in the studio to start on a second record. However, Cherone soon had an amicable departure, and without a lead singer, Van Halen went on hiatus. However, In 2004, Van Halen returned with Hagar as their lead singer. A greatest hits package, The Best of Both Worlds, was released to coincide with the band’s reunion tour. The album included three new tracks recorded with Hagar (“Up For Breakfast”, “It’s About Time”, & “Learning to See”). Former vocalist David Lee Roth rejoined Van Halen for their summer tour With the new lineup from late 2007-mid 2008 across North America. Around this time Van Halen were also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and VH1 ranked them 7th on their list of the top 100 hard rock artists of all time. Van Halen’s Latest album A Different kind of Truth was released in 2012, containing the tracks Tattoo, She’s The Woman, You and Your Blues, China Town, Blood and Fire, Bullethead, As Is, Honeybabysweetiedoll, The Trouble With Never, Outta Space, Stay Frosty, Big River and Beats Workin’.
I am currently reading the tense, exciting thriller The Blue zone by Andrew Gross’. It begins when a successful business man named Ben Raab is arrested and investigated by the FBI for smuggling Gold in exchange for drugs and is coerced into joining the Witness Protection Program and so he and his family are given new identities and forced to testify against a high profile Columbian Drug Cartel. However the oldest daughter Kate, decides to stay on the outside and carry on her normal life without her family.
Unfortunately It’s not long before Kate begins to suspect that someone is after her. Then her father mysteriously goes missing and then the case agent in the witness protection program is discovered tortured to death. Then as the bodies start to mount Kate finds herself driven into a terrifying world of paranoia, Where she is unsure who she can really trust, or what the situation really is, and Kate ends up discovering the kind of person her father really was.