British science-fiction television programme Doctor Who was first broadcast 23 November 1963. produced by the BBC. it depicts the adventures of a Time Lord—a time-travelling humanoid/alien known as the Doctor. He explores the universe in his TARDIS (acronym: Time and Relative Dimension in Space), a sentient time-travelling space ship. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, which was a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. Along with a succession of companions, the Doctor faced a veritable rogues gallery of villainous foes, including The Autons, Daleks, Cybermen, Sontarens, Silurians, Ice Warriors, Sea Devils And Zygons
During its original run, it was recognised for its imaginative stories, creative low-budget special effects, and pioneering use of electronic music(originally produced by the BBC Radiophonic Workshop).The show is a significant part of British popular culture; and has become a cult favourite, influencing generations of British television professionals, many of whom grew up watching the series. The programme originally ran from 1963 to 1989. There are also two Doctor Who feature films featuring Peter Cushing: Doctor. Who and the Daleks, released in 1965 and Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D. in 1966. Both are retellings of existing television stories (specifically, the first two Dalek serials, The Daleks and The Dalek Invasion of Earth respectively) with a larger budget and alterations to the series concept. The Cushing version of the character reappears in both comic strips and a short story, the latter attempting to reconcile the film continuity with that of the series. A number of films were proposed, including a sequel, The Chase, loosely based on the original series story, for the Cushing Doctor, plus many attempted television movie and big screen productions to revive the original Doctor Who, after the original series was cancelled.Paul McGann eventually starred in the only television film as the eighth incarnation of the Doctor. After the film, he continued the role in audio books and was confirmed as the eighth incarnation through flashback footage and a mini episode effectively linking the two series and the television movie.
After the programme was relaunched in 2005 by Russell T Davies was head writer for five years, and it was produced by BBC Wales inCardiff. Series 1 in the 21st century, featuring Christopher Eccleston as the ninth incarnation, was produced by the BBC. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), co-producer series 2 & 3. Doctor Who also spawned spin-offs including Torchwood (2006–11) and The Sarah Jane Adventures (2007–11), both created by Russell T Davies; K-9 (2009–10), the four-part video series P.R.O.B.E. (1994–96), and a single pilot episode of K-9 and Company (1981). Actors who have portrayed the Doctor include WilliamHartnell, Peter Cushing, Patrick Troughton, Tom Baker, Peter Davison, Colin Baker, Sylvester McCoy, Richard E.Grant, Paul McGann, John Hurt, Christopher Eccleston, David Tennant, Matt Smith and Peter Capaldi. The transition from one actor to another is written into the plot of the show as regeneration, a life process of Time Lords through which the character of the Doctor takes on a new body and, to some extent, new personality, after sustaining serious injury which would be fatal to most other species. Although each portrayal of the Doctor is different, and on occasions the various incarnations have even met one another, they are all meant to be aspects of the same character.
The show has received recognition as one of Britain’s finest television programmes, winning the 2006 British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Series and five consecutive (2005–2010) awards at the National Television Awards during Russell T Davies’s tenure as executive producer. In 2011, Matt Smith became the first Doctor to be nominated for a BAFTA Television Award for Best Actor. In 2013, thePeabody Awards honoured Doctor Who with an Institutional Peabody “for evolving with technology and the times like nothing else in the known television universe.”The programme is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running science fiction television show in the world and as the “most successful” science fiction series of all time. To commemorate the anniversary A number of other Doctor Who stories were also broadcast 23 November including Dragonfire, Silver Nemesis and The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot.