Sir John Fowler KCMG LLD

Metropolitan No.1English civil engineer Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet KCMG LLD was born 15 July 1817. in Wadsley, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, to land surveyor John Fowler and his wife Elizabeth (née Swann). He was educated privately at Whitley Hall near Ecclesfield. He trained under John Towlerton Leather, engineer of the Sheffield waterworks, and with Leather’s uncle, George Leather, on the Aire and Calder Navigation an railway surveys. From 1837 he worked for John Urpeth Rastrick on railway projects including the London and Brighton Railway and the unbuilt West Cumberland and Furness Railway. He then worked again for George Leather as resident engineer on the Stockton and Hartlepool Railway and was appointed engineer to the railway when it opened in 1841. Fowler initially established a practice as a consulting engineer in the Yorkshire and Lincolnshire area, but, a heavy workload led him to move to London in 1844. He became a member of theInstitution of Mechanical Engineers in 1847, the year the Institution was founded, and a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1849

Victoria Bridge

Victoria Bridge

He specialised in the construction of railways and railway infrastructure . In 1853, he became chief engineer of the Metropolitan Railway in London, the world’s first underground railway, which opened between Paddington and Farringdon in 1863. Fowler was also engineer for the associated Metropolitan District Railway and the Hammersmith and City Railway. They were built by the “cut-and-cover” method under city streets. To avoid problems with smoke and steam overwhelming staff and passengers on the covered sections of the Metropolitan Railway, Fowler proposed a fireless locomotive. The locomotive was built by Robert Stephenson and Company and was a broad gauge 2-4-0 tender engine. The boiler had a normal firebox connected to a large combustion chamber containing fire bricks which were to act as a heat reservoir. The combustion chamber was linked to the smokebox through a set of very short firetubes. Exhaust steam was re-condensed instead of escaping and feed back to the boiler. The locomotive was intended to operate conventionally in the open, but in tunnels dampers would be closed and steam would be generated using the stored heat from the fire bricks. The first trial on the Great Western Railway in October 1861 was a failure. The condensing system leaked, causing the boiler to run dry and pressure to drop, risking a boiler explosion. A second trial on the Metropolitan Railway in 1862 was also a failure, and the fireless engine was abandoned, becoming known as “Fowler’s Ghost”. The locomotive was sold to Isaac Watt Boulton in 1865; he intended to convert it into a standard engine but it was eventually scrapped.On opening, the Metropolitan Railway’s trains were provided by the Great Western Railway, but these were withdrawn in August 1863. After a period hiring trains from the Great Northern Railway, the Metropolitan Railway introduced its own, Fowler designed, 4-4-0 tank engines in 1864. The design, known as the A class and, with minor updates, the B class, was so successful that the Metropolitan and Metropolitan District Railways eventually had 120 of the engines in use and they remained in operation until electrification of the lines in the 1900s. Today these railways form the majority of the London Underground’s Circle line

Albert Edward Bridge, Coalbrookdale

Albert Edward Bridge, Coalbrookdale

Fowler established a busy practice, working on many railway schemes across the country. He became chief engineer for the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway and was engineer of the East Lincolnshire Railway, the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway and the Severn Valley Railway. Other railways that Fowler consulted for were the London Tilbury and Southend Railway, the Great Northern Railway, the Highland Railway and the Cheshire Lines Railway. Following the death of Isambard Kingdom Brunel in 1859, Fowler was retained by the Great Western Railway. His various appointments involved him in the design of Victoria station in London, Sheffield Victoria station, St Enoch station in Glasgow, Liverpool Central station and Manchester Central station.The latter station’s 210-foot (64 m) wide train shed roof was the second widest unsupported iron arch in Britain after the roof of St Pancras railway station. Fowler’s consulting work extended beyond Britain including railway and engineering projects in Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Egypt, France, Germany, Portugal and the United States. He travelled to Egypt for the first time in 1869 and worked on a number of, mostly unrealised, schemes for the Khedive, including a railway to Khartoum in Sudan which was planned in 1875 but not completed until after his death.

In 1870 he provided advice to an Indian Government inquiry on railway gauges where he recommended a narrow gauge of 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) for light railways.He visited Australia in 1886, where he made some remarks on the break of gauge difficulty. Later in his career, he was also a consultant with his partner Benjamin Baker and with James Henry Greathead on two of London’s first tube railways, the City and South London Railway and the Central London Railway. As part of his railway projects, Fowler also designed numerous bridges. In the 1860s, he designedGrosvenor Bridge, the first railway bridge over the River Thames,and the 13-arch Dollis Brook Viaduct for the Edgware, Highgate and London Railway. He is credited with the design of the Victoria Bridge at Upper Arley, Worcestershire, constructed between 1859 and 1861,and the near identical Albert Edward Bridge at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire built from 1863 to 1864. Both remain in use today carrying railway lines across the River Severn. In the 1880s, he was chief engineer for the Forth Railway Bridge, which opened in 1890 and Following the collapse of Sir Thomas Bouch’s Tay Bridge in 1879, Fowler, William Henry Barlow and Thomas Elliot Harrison were appointed in 1881 to a commission to review Bouch’s design for the Forth Railway Bridge. The commission recommended a steel cantilever bridge designed by Fowler and Benjamin Baker, which was constructed between 1883 and 1890

Fowler stood unsuccessfully for parliament as a Conservative candidate in 1880 and 1885. His standing within the engineering profession was very high, to the extent that he was elected president of the Institution of Civil Engineers in 1865, its youngest president. Through his position in the Institution and through his own practice, he led the development of training for engineers. In 1857, he purchased a 57,000 acres (23,000 ha) estate at Braemore in Ross-shire, Scotland, where he spent frequent holidays and where he was a Justice of the Peace and a Deputy Lieutenant of the County.He listed his recreations in Who’s Who as yachting and deerstalking and was a member of the Carlton Club, St Stephen’s Club, the Conservative Club and the Royal Yacht Squadron. He was also President of the Egyptian Exploration Fund.In 1885 he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George as thanks from the government for allowing the use of maps of the Upper Nile valley he had had made when working on the Khedive’s projects. They were the most accurate survey of the area and were used in the British Relief of Khartoum. Following the successful completion of the Forth Railway Bridge in 1890, Fowler was created a baronet, taking the name of his Scottish estate as his territorial designation. Along with Benjamin Baker, he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of Edinburgh in 1890 for his engineering of the bridge. In 1892, the Poncelet Prize was doubled and awarded jointly to Baker and Fowler. Fowler died in Bournemouth, Dorset, at the age of 81 and is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son, Sir John Arthur Fowler, 2nd Baronet (died 25 March 1899). The baronetcy became extinct in 1933 on the death of Reverend Sir Montague Fowler, 4th Baronet, the first baronet’s third son.

Rally in the Valley

This years annual Rally in the Valley takes place on 16 and 17 July 2016 at the Edgar Davies Rugby Ground in Bridgnorth. The Rally in the Valley first began in 2008 as the public launch of the Trevithick Replica Engine CATCH ME WHO CAN, which was being built at the Severn Valley Railway, Bridgnorth by the Trevithick 200 Charity to celebrate the bi-centenary of the original engine being built at Hazledines Foundry, Bridgnorth in 1808.

Since then the Rally-In-The-Valley has grown and features an array of exhibits such as Burrell Traction Engines, Aveling & Porter Traction Engines, Maclaren Traction Engines, Showman’s Engines, Steam Rollers, Tractors, Commercial vehicles, Fairground Organs, barrel organ, Sentinel steam wagons plus miniature traction engines and steam rollers, and the replica of Catch-Me-Who-Can (which was still at the Severn Valley Railway at the time of writing). There is also an impressive display of vintage farm machinery such as Stationary Engines, threshing machines & vintage Tractors courtesy of the Bridgnorth Vitage Machinery Association including Bob Atter’s rare 1965 Massey Ferguson 2130. Kinver Model Society have also demonstrated their miniature steam engines such as Catch-Me-Who-Can & LMS 5960 Leander.

There is also a large and impressive display of military vehicles, such as Scammell Tank Transprters, amphibious DUKW, World War II Tanks, jeeps, Half-tracks, military Ambulances, military trucks and staff Cars, The Airborne Pathfinders” WWII Re-enactment group will also be present. The event also plays host to a mouth-watering array of vintage and classic cars and bikes, Commercial Vehicles, vintage Motorcycles and Stationary Engines including John Green’s 1957 Ford Popular.

During past shows Entertainment has been provided by the Homity Pie, the Elcock Reisen Brass Band, Cosford Army Training Corps Band, Bridgnorth Ukelele Band, Thompson Oldeman, Joanna Rose and Doctor Busker an the Wild Rovers. Food and drink is provided by on-site Caterers offering food such as Burgers, Hot dogs, Pork pies,doughnuts. Ice Creams & Candy Floss will also be available from Knickerbockers on-site. For those like me who don’t drive you can also sample the beer which local micro brewery “Hop and Stagger” brewed specially for the event.

There are also many Awning Displays courtesy of artisans from Blists Hill Museum in Ironbridge who demonstrate various crafts such as Pottery, Coracle Making, blacksmithing, painting, Dress-making, Corn Milling, basket weaving Longbow Archery & Pipe Making. There will also be a variety of market stalls, selling traditional arts and crafts, fresh produce, such as Jams, Pickles, Honey, Home made cakes, Wine & a Beer Tent. Plus Lots of great displays taking place in the main arena throughout the weekend , including a a heavy horse ploughing demonstration, a dog show, and lots of other great working displays culminating in an impressive cavalcade of exhibitors, Traction Engines, Steam Rollers and Showman Engines at the end of the day.

Coalbrookdale Engine

Coalbrookdale Engine

Marshall_NR6120(1)Mary3SentinelWagon4FowlerCrane2

Hancock Engine

Hancock Engine

London Steam Carriage

London Steam Carriage

The Guilty by David Baldacci

I would like to read The Guilty by David Baldacci. This exciting thriller features assassin Will Robie, who left his small Gulf Coast hometown of Cantrell, Mississippi, after high school, severing all personal ties, and has never looked back since . He went on to become one of the government’s most professional, disciplined, and lethal assassin, infiltrating the most hostile countries in the world, defeating our enemies’ advanced security measures, and eliminating threats before they ever reach our shores, until a critical assignment goes wrong.

Then he discovers that his Father Dan Robie, has been arrested and charged with murder. Father and son haven’t spoken or seen each other since the day Robie left town. In that time, Dan Robie–a local attorney and pillar of the community–has been elected town judge. Despite this, most of Cantrell is aligned against Dan. His guilt is assumed. Dan has refused to do anything to defend himself. When Robie tries to help, his father responds only with anger and defiance. With the equally formidable Jessica Reel at his side, Robie ignores his father’s wishes and begins his own desperate investigation into the case. However his attempts to save his father are met with distrust, skepticism and violence and that digging into his father’s case only reveals more questions. Robie finds himself drawn into the hidden underside of Cantrell, where he faces unexpected and possibly deadly consequences

The Solomon Curse by Clive Cussler

I would like to read The Solomon Curse, The exciting new Fargo adventure by bestselling author Clive Cussler and Russell Blake. It is The seventh installment in the Sam and Remi Fargo series and centres on husband and wife treasure hunters Sam and Remi Fargo, two extremely wealthy, world-traveling amateur archaeologists who are contacted by Leonid, a Russian archaeologist friend who is seeking a lost city, buried offshore of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands, which was destroyed by an earthquake and giant tsunami nearly a thousand years ago is now resting nearly 90 feet offshore.

Rumours abound that the king of the city had accumulated a horde of gold and jewels, but he, his newly created city of excess, and most of his people were destroyed and The search is underway to find the submerged city. However some say say it is cursed and that terrible things happened here, that it is home to cannibal giants who commit all manner of atrocities and those who venture there do not return.

So the Fargo’s’ follow the trail from the Solomon islands to Australia and Japan. Along the way they encounter many nefarious villains including a corrupt Australian businessman who is helping to destabilize Guadalcanal believing that he will gain a fortune in oil and mineral rights during the ensuing economic turmoil, and an unscrupulous scientist who is making as much money as possible developing new medicines, many of which have lethal side-effects, Who is continuing the work of an ancestor who conducted often horrific experiments under Japanese control on Guadalcanal islanders during the Japanese occupation of World War II.