Nagasaki Remembrance

August 9 marks the Anniversary of the day on which Nagasaki was devastated by an Atomic bomb, Fat Man, which was dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar during World War II on August 9 1945. 35,000 people were killed outright, including 23,200-28,200 Japanese war workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, and 150 Japanese soldiers. For 12 months prior to the nuclear attack, Nagasaki had experienced five small-scale air attacks by an aggregate of 136 planes which dropped a total of 270 tons of high explosive, 53 tons of incendiary, and 20 tons of fragmentation bombs. Of these, a raid of August 1, 1945, was most effective, with few of the bombs hitting the shipyards and dock areas in in the southwest portion of the city, several hitting the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works, and six bombs landing at the Nagasaki Medical School and Hospital, with three direct hits on buildings there. While the damage from these few bombs was relatively small, it created considerable concern in Nagasaki and a number of people, principally school children, were evacuated to rural areas for safety, thus reducing the population in the city at the time of the atomic attack.

On the day of the nuclear strike on Thursday, August 9, 1945, the population in Nagasaki was estimated to be 263,000, which consisted of 240,000 Japanese residents, 10,000 Korean residents, 2,500 conscripted Korean workers, 9,000 Japanese soldiers, 600 conscripted Chinese workers, and 400 Allied POWs. That day, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, commanded by Major Charles Sweeney, departed from Tinian’s North Field just before dawn, this time carrying a plutonium bomb code named “Fat Man”. The primary target for the bomb was Kokura, with the secondary target, Nagasaki, if the primary target was too cloudy to make a visual sighting. When the plane reached Kokura at 9:44 a.m. (10:44 a.m. Tinian Time), the city was obscured by clouds and smoke, as the nearby city of Yawata had been firebombed on the previous day. Unable to make a bombing attack on visual due to the clouds and smoke and with limited fuel, the plane left the city at 10:30 a.m. for the secondary target. After 20 minutes, the plane arrived at 10:50 a.m. over Nagasaki, but the city was also concealed by clouds. Desperately short of fuel and after making a couple of bombing runs without obtaining any visual target, the crew was forced to use radar in order to drop the bomb. At the last minute, the opening of the clouds allowed them to make visual contact with a racetrack in Nagasaki, and they dropped the bomb on the city’s Urakami Valley midway between the Mitsubishi Steel and Arms Works in the south, and the Mitsubishi-Urakami Ordnance Works in the north. After 53 seconds of its release, the bomb exploded at 11:02 a.m. at an approximate altitude of 1,800 feet. This was the second and, to date, the last use of nuclear weaponry in combat, and also the second detonation of a plutonium bomb. The first was tested in central New Mexico, USA.

Within less than a second after the detonation, the north of the city was destroyed. Roughly 39,000–80,000 people were killed. About half of these died immediately, while the other half suffered lingering deaths . Among the deaths were 6,200 out of the 7,500 employees of the Mitsubishi Munitions plant, and thousands of others (including 2,000 Koreans) who worked in other war plants and factories in the city, as well as 150 Japanese soldiers. The industrial damage in Nagasaki was high, partly owing to the advertent targeting of the industrial zone, leaving 68–80 percent of the non-dock industrial production destroyed. The bomb was somewhat more powerful than the “Little Boy” bomb dropped over Hiroshima, but because of Nagasaki’s more uneven terrain, there was less damage.

After the war, the city was rebuilt albeit dramatically changed. The pace of reconstruction was slow. The first simple emergency dwellings were not provided until 1946. The focus on redevelopment was the replacement of war industries with foreign trade, shipbuilding and fishing. This was formally declared when the Nagasaki International Culture City Reconstruction Law was passed in May 1949. New temples were built, as well as new churches owing to an increase in the presence of Christianity. Some of the rubble was left as a memorial, such as a one-legged torii at Sannō Shrine and an arch near ground zero. New structures were also raised as memorials, such as the Atomic Bomb Museum. Nagasaki remains first and foremost a port city, supporting a rich ship building industry and setting a strong example of perseverance and peace. On January 4, 2005, the towns of Iōjima, Kōyagi, Nomozaki, Sanwa, Sotome and Takashima (all from Nishisonogi District) were merged into Nagasaki.

International Day of the Worlds Indigenous People

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People is observed annually on August 9 to promote and protect the rights of the world’s indigenous population. The event also recognizes the achievements and contributions that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection. It was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, marking the day of the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, in 1982.The International Day of the World’s Indigenous People was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, to be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (1995 – 2004).

In 2004, the Assembly proclaimed a Second International Decade, from 2005 – 2015, with the theme of “A Decade for Action and Dignity.” People from different nations are encouraged to participate in observing the day to spread the UN’s message on indigenous peoples. Activities may include educational forums and classroom activities to gain an appreciation and a better understanding of indigenous peoples. the United Nations General Assembly decided that the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People shall be observed on 9 August every year during the International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People. The date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.

Bruce Dickinson (Iron Maiden)

IronmaidenBruce Dickinson lead Singer with Iron Maiden was born August 7 1958 in Worksop Nottinghamshire. Dickinson started school at Manton Primary in Worksop, when he was six, he was also despatched to Sheffield,where he attended a primary school in Manor Top. six months, his parents decided to move him to a small private school called Sharrow Vale Junior. Dickinson’s first musical experience was dancing in his grandparents’ front room to Chubby Checker’s “The Twist”, when he still lived with them in Worksop.The first record Dickinson recalls owning was The Beatles single “She Loves You”, which he managed to persuade his grandfather to buy him, which made him more interested in music.He tried to play an acoustic guitar belonging to his father, but it blistered his fingers.

He then went to school at Oundle, where Despite being bullied, he rose to a position of some power in the school’s cadet force,with which he was allowed to handle live ammunition, which he used to create explosions as booby-traps. he also co-founded the school wargames society with Mike Jordan. while at Oundle Dickinson became attracted to hard rock, after hearing Deep Purple’s “Child In Time” being played in another student’s room. As a result, the first album he ever bought was Deep Purple’s In Rock, which created his interest in rock music. After In Rock, he went on to buy Black Sabbath’s debut, Jethro Tull’s Aqualung and Tarkus by Emerson, Lake & Palmer. Every term, a band would play at the school, the first of these which Dickinson saw was called Wild Turkey, featuring former Jethro Tull bassist Glenn Cornick. After that, he saw Van der Graaf Generator and Arthur Brown. Dickinson was eventually expelled from Oundle after urinating in the headmaster’s dinner.

Returning home to Sheffield in 1976, Dickinson enrolled at a local comprehensive school, at which he joined his first band.He had overheard two other pupils talking about their band and that they needed a singer and so volunteered immediately. Their first gig took place at the Broadfield Tavern in Sheffield.Originally called “Paradox”, the band changed their name on Dickinson’s suggestion to “Styx”, unaware of the American act with the same name.They made local newspaper headlines when a steel worker was awoken by their performance and tried to smash the band’s drum kit. Soon afterwards the band split up. After leaving school with A-levels in English, History and Economics, Dickinson confessed, “I didn’t really know what I wanted to do.”The first thing he did was join the Territorial Army for six months. Although he enjoyed his time in the TA, Dickinson realised that it was not a career choice, and so he applied for a place to read history at Queen Mary College, in London’s East End. His parents wanted him in the army, but he told them that he wanted to get a degree first, which acted as his “cover story”, and immediately began playing in bands.

At university, Dickinson got involved in the Entertainments Committee: “one day you’d be a roadie for The Jam, the next you’d be putting up the Stonehenge backdrop for Hawkwind or whatever.”In 1977, Dickinson met Paul “Noddy” White, a multi-instrumentalist who owned a PA and other equipment, with whom Dickinson, along with drummer Steve Jones, would form a band together called Speed. According to Dickinson, the band was called Speed because of the way in which they played, rather than a reference to drug-taking. In Speed, Dickinson began writing his own material after White taught him how to play three chords on the guitar.

He also began fronting small pub bands while attending school in Sheffield and university in London and spotted an advertisement in Melody Maker with the caption “Singer wanted for recording project” and replied immediately recording a demo tape and sending it They liked it and invited Dickinson down to the studio to make “Dracula”, the first song he would ever record, he subsequently joined a band called “Shots”, which was formed by two brothers, Phil and Doug Siviter and regularly played at Pubs. One particular night, Dickinson suddenly stopped in the middle of a song and started interviewing a man in the audience, heckling for not paying enough attention. He got such a good response he started doing it every night until it became a regular routine.

Dickinson was invited by Barry Graham (“Thunderstick”) and Paul Samson to be their new singer. Dickinson joined once he’d finished taking his History finals two weeks later. Until that point, he had been neglecting his University education. As a result, the University had tried to kick him out for failing his Second Year exams and not paying his accommodation fees, but was saved because of his role as Entertainments Officer. After writing 6 months worth of essays in the space of two weeks and some last minute cramming for his exams, Dickinson achieved a 2:2. In 1979, he joined the New Wave of British Heavy Metal band Samson, with whom he gained some popularity under the stage name “Bruce Bruce” and performed on two studio records.

IRON MAIDEN

Dickinson encountered Iron Maiden in 1980 while they were supporting Samson at the Music Machine and was subsequently asked to join Iron Maiden, replacing Paul Di’Anno as lead singer. Iron Maiden hail from Leyton in east London and were formed in 1975 by bassist and primary songwriter, Steve Harris. They were Pioneers of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal, And achieved success during the early 1980s. Iron Maiden released their debut album, Survivors, in 1979 two months before Dickinson joined. Immediately following the completion of his University work, he met up with the band at Greenwich’s Wood Wharf studios to learn the Survivors album. It was during these early rehearsals that the nickname “Bruce Bruce” came about, derived from Monty Python’s “Bruces sketch”. Dickinson debuted on their 1982 album The Number of the Beast. Iron Maiden’s third album, The Number of the Beast, was released in 1982 for which Dickinson contributed to “The Prisoner”, “Children of the Damned” and “Run to the Hills”. Dickinson also contributed On the following albums, 1983’s Piece of Mind and 1984’s Powerslave, on the singles “Flight of Icarus” and “2 Minutes to Midnight”. In 1985 Iron Maiden released their next album, Somewhere in Time. Iron Maiden’s next album Seventh Son of a Seventh Son, featured more progressive rock elements for which Dickinson wrote seven songs. Adrian Smith then left Iron Maiden, and was replaced by Janick Gers and In 1990 Iron Maiden released their eighth album No Prayer for the Dying. Which featured Dickinson’s song “Bring Your Daughter… to the Slaughter”, Which was composed for a film soundtrack, and despite receiving a Golden Raspberry Award for worst original song in 1989, became a Number One single.

By 1992, Steve Harris had converted his barn into a proper studio, and it was here they recorded Iron Maiden’s new album, Fear of the Dark. After the Fear of the Dark Tour, Dickinson decided to leave Iron Maiden to concentrate on his solo career. Tensions increased within the band and Dickinson’s last performance with the band was filmed by the BBC at Pinewood Studios which was released as a live video, entitled Raising Hell. Dickinson quit Iron Maiden in 1993 (being replaced by Blaze Bayley) in order to pursue his solo career, which saw him experiment with a wide variety of heavy metal and rock styles.

In 1999 Dickinson returned to Iron Maiden along with Adrian Smith while Janick Gers remained in Iron Maiden for the Final Frontier World Tour. They also recorded the album Brave New World at Guillaume Tell Studios, Paris after which Iron Maiden undertook a supporting tour culminating with a performance at the Rock in Rio festival before a crowd of 250,000. In 2003 they released the album Dance of Death. Iron Maiden’s next album A Matter of Life and Death was recorded in 2006. Since his return to Iron Maiden, he issued one further solo record in 2005, Tyranny of Souls. His younger cousin, Rob Dickinson, is the former lead singer of British alternative rock band Catherine Wheel, while his son, Austin, fronted the metalcore band Rise to Remain. Between 2008 and 2009, the band embarked on the Somewhere Back in Time World Tour, using Ed Force One, the band’s customised Boeing 757, flown by Dickinson himself. This was accompanied in 2009 by the documentary film Iron Maiden: Flight 666. Iron Maiden toured again in 2010 and 2011 in support of The Final Frontier.

In 2005, Iron Maiden co-headlined the US festival tour, Ozzfest, with Black Sabbath. Unfortunately though Lead singer Ozzy Osbourne’s wife, Sharon, encouraged family friends and members of other bands to sabotage Iron Maiden’s last performance at Hyundai Pavilion in San Bernardino, California, After it was reported that Dickinson had slated the Osbournes’ reality series. However Dickinson denied making comments against Ozzy Osbourne and Black Sabbath, but admitted that he criticised Ozzfest, attacking their “corporate” seating layout and the fact that “Most of the bands are there because they paid to be there.” Following the concert at San Bernardino, Osbourne released another statement which accused Dickinson of making several anti-American comments, Osbourne also claimed that the flag-waving during “The Trooper” was disrespectful to American troops, even though Dickinson had always held a Union Flag during the song, being based on the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War. In early 1989, Dickinson was asked to produce a track for the movie A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child resulting in the song “Bring Your Daughter to the Slaughter”. Dickinson also participated on a re-recording of Deep Purple’s “Smoke on the Water”, as part of the humanitarian effort Rock Aid Armenia. Backed by the band Skin, he produced a cover version of Alice Cooper’s “Elected”, along with Rowan Atkinson (in character as Mr. Bean), which was used in 1992 for Comic Relief, and five years later, on the Bean Soundtrack.

Iron Maiden are Considered one of the most successful heavy metal bands in history and won the Ivor Novello Award for international achievement in 2002, and were also inducted into the Hollywood Rock Walk in Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, California during their United States tour in 2005. As of August 2011, the band have played almost 2000 live shows throughout their career. For the past 30 years, the band have been supported by their famous mascot, “Eddie”, who has appeared on almost all of their album and single covers, as well as in their live shows. Since their inception, the band’s discography has grown to include a total of thirty-six albums: fifteen studio albums; ten live albums; four EPs; and seven compilations.

Outside his career in music, Dickinson is well known for his wide variety of other pursuits. He was also a commercial pilot for Astraeus Airlines, which led to a number of media-reported ventures such as captaining Iron Maiden’s converted Boeing 757 (Ed Force One) during their world tours. Following Astraeus’ closure, he created his own aircraft maintenance and pilot training company in 2012, Cardiff Aviation. Dickinson presented his own radio show on BBC Radio 6 Music from 2002–2010, and has also hosted television documentaries, authored novels and film scripts, created a successful beer with Robinsons Brewery and competed at fencing internationally.

Nigel Mansell

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British Motor Racing Driver and 1992 Formula One World Champion Nigel Mansell, CBE was born 8 August 1953 in Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire, England. He won both the Formula One World Championship (1992) and the CART Indy Car World Series (1993). Mansell was the reigning F1 champion when he moved over to CART, being the first person to win the CART title in his debut season, making him the only person to hold both titles simultaneously. His career in Formula One spanned 15 seasons, with his final two full seasons of top-level racing being spent in the CART series. Mansell remains one of the most successful British Formula One drivers of all time in terms of race wins with 31 victories, and is fourth overall on the Formula One race winners list behind Michael Schumacher, Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna. He held the record for the most number of poles set in a single season, which was broken in 2011 by Sebastian Vettel.

Mansell was also rated in the top 10 Formula One drivers of all time by longtime Formula One commentator Murray Walker. In 2008, American sports television network ESPN ranked him 24th on their top drivers of all-time. He was also ranked No. 9 of the 50 greatest F1 drivers of all time by the Times Online on a list that also included such drivers as Alain Prost, Ayrton Senna, Jackie Stewart and Jim Clark.Mansell raced in the GP Masters series and signed a one-off race deal for the Scuderia Ecosse GT race team to drive their number 63 Ferrari F430 GT2 car at Silverstone on 6 May 2007. He has since competed in additional sports car races with his sons, Leo and Greg, including the 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans. To date, he is the most recent inductee to the International Motorsports Hall of Fame from a country other than the US, having been inducted in 2005. He is also the current President of one of the UK’s largest Youth Work Charities, UK Youth and is also President of the IAM (Institute of Advanced Motorists).

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Chris Foreman (Madness)

Best knwn as the guitarist with British second wave ska band Madness Chris Foreman, was born 8 August 1956, London. nicknamed ‘Chrissy Boy’, Foreman started Madness with Mike Barson and Lee Thompson in 1976. Foreman was one of the group’s main songwriters, mostly writing music with other members, usually Suggs or Lee Thompson, providing the lyrics. After Madness disbanded in 1986 he formed a new band The Madness with Thompson, Suggs and Chas Smash but they broke up after releasing one album. Then he, alongside Thompson, created another group called The Nutty Boys with Thompson on lead vocals. They released an album called Crunch! in 1990. The band are now known as Crunch!, and play in London every couple of years.

Madness formed in 1976. One of the most prominent bands of the late 1970s and early 1980s 2 Tone ska revival, they continue to perform with their most recognised line-up of seven members.Madness achieved most of their success in the early to mid-1980s. Both Madness and UB40 spent 214 weeks on the UK singles charts over the course of the decade, holding the record for most weeks spent by a group in the 1980s UK singles charts. However, Madness achieved this in a shorter time period (1980–1986).Madness have had only one UK number one single, with “House of Fun”; but, they have had two number ones in Ireland, namely “House of Fun” and “Wings of a Dove”.Foreman reunited with all seven original Madness members in 1992, but in 2005 announced that he was leaving the band.However, on Thursday 30 November 2006 it was confirmed that Foreman was returning to play on Madness’ forthcoming UK Christmas tour, and he has been with the band ever since.The same year he moved out of his Kentish Town home, settling in Brighton with his wife Melissa and three children.In 2006,

Foreman began using a mobile phone attached to his guitar to record short videos from his position on stage during live Madness performances to provide fans with a unique perspective from the “guitar’s eye view”. He coined the term “Axecam” to describe this filming technique. By December 2008, he had acquired a higher quality digital video camera which he attached to the shoulder strap of his guitar using an “Axecam holder”, crafted by a member of the stage crew just before Madness went on stage at the O2 Arena on 19 December 2008. The new “Axecam” produced a far more stable picture and Foreman posted the first video from this performance (“It Must Be Love”) to the MadnessStudio2008 Channel on YouTube on 20 December 2008. Foreman also maintains a series of videos made with the Axecam entitled “Chrissy Boy Meets And Greets…”, in which he meets famous people that have either appeared alongside Madness at festivals, or that have attended awards ceremonies with Madness. Stars featured have included: Dizzee Rascal, Al Murray, Plan B, Alex James, Graham Coxon and Damon Albarn, former Madness singer/drummer/ manager John Hasler, all 6 members of the reformed Specials, ex-Bodysnatcher and Madness collaborator Rhoda Dakar, Martin Freeman, Eamonn Holmes, Jeremy Clarkson, Lulu, Peter Andre, and an Elvis Presley lookalike security guard from Australia.

The Edge (U2)

Dave Evans a.k.a The Edge from rock group U2 was born August 8th 1961, He attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School in Dublin, where he met fellow band mates Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen Jr. And was reunited with his boyhood friend Paul “Bono” Hewson. Mullen had posted an advertisement on the school bulletin board for musicians to form a band with him; Clayton showed up at the first practice, which also included Dik Evans, Dave Evans’s older brother, Ivan McCormick, and Peter Martin, who were two of Mullen’s friends. McCormick and Martin left the band soon after its conception. While the band was a five-piece (consisting of Bono, The Edge, Mullen, Evans, and Clayton), it was known as Feedback. The name was subsequently changed to The Hype, but changed to “U2″ soon after Dik Evans left the band.

U2′s early sound was rooted in post-punk but eventually grew to incorporate influences from many genres of popular music. Throughout the group’s musical pursuits, they have maintained a sound built on melodic instrumentals, highlighted by The Edge’s timbrally varied guitar sounds and Bono’s expressive vocals. Their lyrics, often embellished with spiritual imagery, focus on personal themes and sociopolitical concerns. Within four years, they signed with Island Records and released their debut album Boy. By the mid-1980s, they became a top international act. They were more successful as live performers than they were at selling records, until their breakthrough 1987 album The Joshua Tree, which, according to Rolling Stone, elevated the band’s stature “from heroes to superstars”.

Reacting to musical stagnation and late-1980s criticism of their earnest image and musical direction, the group reinvented themselves with their 1991 hit album Achtung Baby and the accompanying Zoo TV Tour. U2 integrated dance, industrial, and alternative rock influences into their sound and performances, and embraced a more ironic and self-deprecating image. Similar experimentation continued for the remainder of the 1990s with mixed levels of success. U2 regained critical and commercial favour after their 2000 record All That You Can’t Leave Behind. They have won Album of the Year twice, Record of the Year twice, Song of the Year twice, and Best Rock Album twice. Some of U2′s best known songs are: Beautiful Day, Elevation, Vertigo, New Year’s Day”,“Bullet the Blue Sky”, “With or Without You“, “Mysterious Ways“, “Get on Your Boots“, and “Magnificent“ “I Will Follow” “City of Blinding Lights

BEST OF U2 http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=6lsmgkydHxU

Rikki Rockett (Poison)

Rikki Rockett, American drummer with American glam metal band Poison was Born 8th August 1961,Poison achieved great success in the mid-1980s to mid-1990s. Poison has sold over 30 million records worldwide and have sold 15 million records in the United States alone. The band has also charted ten singles to the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100, including six Top 10 singles and the Hot 100 number-one single, “Every Rose Has Its Thorn“. The band become icons of the ’80s MTV era and have had widespread commercial success. The band’s break through debut album, the multi platinum Look What the Cat Dragged In was released in 1986 and they hit their peak with the second album, the multi-platinum selling Open Up and Say… Ahh! which became the band’s most successful album. The popularity continued into the new decade with their third consecutive multi platinum selling album Flesh & Blood.

In the 90′s following the release of the bands first live album Swallow This Live, the band experienced some line up changes and the fall of Pop Metal with the grunge movement, but despite the drop in popularity the bands fourth studio album Native Tongue still achieved Gold status and the bands first compilation album Poison’s Greatest Hits: 1986–1996 went double platinum.In the 2000s, with the original line up back together, the band found new popularity after a successful greatest hits reunion tour in 1999. The band began the new decade with the release of the long awaited Crack a Smile… and More!, followed by the Power to the People album. The band toured almost every year to sold out stadiums and arenas. They released a brand new album Hollyweird in 2002 and in 2006 the band celebrated their 20 year Anniversary with The Best of Poison: 20 Years of Rock tour and album, which was certified Gold and marked Poison’s return to the Billboard 200 top 20 charts for the first time since 1993. Band members have released several solo albums and starred in successful reality TV shows. After 25 years, the band is still recording music and performing. Since their debut in 1986, they have released seven studio albums, four live albums, five compilation albums, and have issued 28 singles to radio

POISON: OPEN UP AND SAY AAH – http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=r9Sw4WnjcCI

POISON: DOUBLE DOSE ULTIMATE HITS – http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=XD6WZr9wjGM