Sam Cooke

American singer/ songwriter, entrepreneur and Blues Legend Sam Cooke was tragically shot On December 11, 1964 in Los Angeles, California by Bertha Franklin, the manager of the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles, California a Boeing executive named Doug Bouchard was in the room next door, and witnessed the event.  After an inquest, the courts ruled Cooke’s death to be a justifiable homicide. However Since that time, the circumstances of his death have been called into question by Cooke’s family.

Sam Cooke was Born January 22nd, 1931 in Clarksdale, Mississippi, U.S. And is considered to be one of the pioneers and founders of soul music and is sometimes referred to as the King of Soul for his distinctive vocal abilities and influence on the modern world of music. His contribution in pioneering soul music led to the rise of Aretha Franklin, Bobby Womack, Al Green, Curtis Mayfield, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, and popularized the likes of Otis Redding and James Brown.

Cooke had 30 U.S. top 40 hits between 1957 and 1964, and a further three after his death. Major hits like “You Send Me”, “A Change Is Gonna Come”, “Cupid”, “Chain Gang”, “Wonderful World”, and “Twistin’ the Night Away” are some of his most popular songs. Cooke was also among the first modern black performers and composers to attend to the business side of his musical career. He founded both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. He also took an active part in the American Civil Rights Movement.

UNICEF

The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established December 11th 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. It also provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries & is one of the members of the United Nations Development Group and its Executive Committee. The Organisation relies on contributions from governments and private donors. Governments contribute two thirds of the organization’s resources; private groups and some 6 million individuals contribute the rest through the National Committees. It is estimated that 91.8% of their revenue is distributed to Program Services. UNICEF’s programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.

Most of UNICEF’s work is in the field, with staff in over 190 countries and territories. More than 200 country offices carry out UNICEF’s mission through a program developed with host governments. Seventeen regional offices provide technical assistance to country offices as needed. Overall management and administration of the organization takes place at its headquarters in New York. UNICEF’s Supply Division is based in Copenhagen and serves as the primary point of distribution for such essential items as vaccines, antiretroviral medicines for children and mothers with HIV, nutritional supplements, emergency shelters, educational supplies, among others. A 36-member Executive Board establishes policies, approves programs and oversees administrative and financial plans.

The Executive Board is made up of government representatives who are elected by the United Nations Economic and Social Council, usually for three-year terms.The former United States Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman became executive director of the organization in May 2005, with an agenda to increase the organization’s focus on the Millennium Development Goals. She was succeeded in May 2010, by Anthony Lake. UNICEF is an inter-governmental organization and thus is accountable to those governments. UNICEF’s salary and benefits package is based on the United Nations Common System.

AC/DC

AcdcStevie Young, Scottish-born Australian guitarist (AC/DC, Starfighters) was Born 11 December 1956. AC/DC Were Formed in 1973 by brothers Malcolm and Angus Young, who have remained the sole constant members. AC/DC are Commonly classified as hard rock and are considered pioneers of heavy metal and are sometimes classified as such, though they themselves have always classified their music as simply “rock and roll”. To date they are one of the highest grossing bands of all time. AC/DC underwent several line-up changes before releasing their first album, High Voltage, on 17 February 1975.Membership subsequently stabilised until bassist Mark Evans was replaced by Cliff Williams in 1977 for the album Powerage. Sadly Within months of recording the album Highway to Hell, lead singer and co-songwriter Bon Scott died on 19 February 1980, after a night of heavy alcohol consumption. The group briefly considered disbanding, but Scott’s parents urged them to continue and hire a new vocalist.

Ex-Geordie singer Brian Johnson was auditioned and selected to replace Scott. Later that year, the band released their highest selling album, and ultimately the third highest-selling album by any artist, Back in Black. The band’s next album, For Those About to Rock We Salute You, was their first album to reach number one in the United States. AC/DC declined in popularity soon after drummer Phil Rudd was fired in 1983 and was replaced by future Dio drummer Simon Wright, though the band resurged in the early 1990s with the release of The Razors Edge. Phil Rudd returned in 1994 (after Chris Slade, who was with the band from 1989–1994, was asked to leave in favour of him) and contributed to the band’s 1995 album Ballbreaker.Since then, the band’s line-up has remained the same. Stiff Upper Lip was released in 2000 and was well received by critics, and the band’s latest studio album, Black Ice, was released on 20 October 2008. It was their biggest hit on the charts since For Those About to Rock, reaching No.1 on all the charts eventually.

As of 2010, AC/DC had sold more than 200 million albums worldwide, including 71 million albums in the United States alone. Back in Black has sold an estimated 49 million units worldwide, making it the third highest-selling album by any artist, and the second highest-selling album by any band, behind Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of The Moon and Michael Jackson’s Thriller. The album has sold 22 million units in the U.S. alone, where it is the fifth-highest-selling album of all-time. AC/DC ranked fourth on VH1′s list of the “100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock” and were named the seventh “Greatest Heavy Metal Band of All Time” by MTV. In 2004, AC/DC were ranked number 72 in the Rolling Stone list of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time”. In 2010, AC/DC were ranked number 23 in the VH1 list of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

Nikki Sixx

Nikki Sixx (Frank Carlton Serafino Feranna,) the co-founder and bassist of the band Mötley Crüe was born 11 December 1958. He is also a songwriter, Author, fashion designer, radio host, and photographer. At the age of 17, he moved to Los Angeles and began various jobs such as working at a liquor store and selling vacuums over the phone while he auditioned for bands. Prior to forming Mötley Crüe, Sixx became a member of the band Sister alongside Lizzie Grey and Blackie Lawless, after answering an ad in the Recycler for a bass player. Soon after recording a demo, Sixx was fired from Sister along with bandmate Lizzie Grey. Subsequently Sixx and Grey formed the group London in 1978 and he legally changed his name to Nikki Sixx After a number of lineup changes, London added former Mott the Hoople singer Nigel Benjamin to the group recording a 16-track demo in Burbank. After the departure of Benjamin, along with the failure to find a replacement, Sixx departed London. However Sixx’s former Sister band mate Blackie Lawless (later of W.A.S.P.), lZzy Stradlin (then of Hollywood Rose, later of Guns N’ Roses) and drummer Fred Coury (later of Cinderella) eventually joined the band.

In 1980, Sixx founded Mötley Crüe with drummer Tommy Lee, later being joined by guitarist Mick Mars through an ad in the local newspaper he was reading, then by singer Vince Neil with whom Tommy had attended high school. The band decided to self-record their debut album, Too Fast for Love, which was released in November 1981 on the band’s own Leathür Records label and later re-released On Elektra Records. The band then went on to record and release Shout at the Devil, raising the band to national fame. This was followed by “Theatre of Pain in 1985 and Girls, Girls, Girls in 1987 and Dr. Feelgood in September 1989.

Unlike his bandmates, Nikki Sixx became addicted to heroin. He estimates he overdosed “about half a dozen times”. soon after his overdose, he and his bandmates went into rehab. In 1989, the band produced their most successful record Dr. Feelgood, with producer Bob Rock. The album stayed on the charts for 114 weeks after its release. After releasing the compilation album Decade of Decadence, that included a new version of “Home Sweet Home”, in 1991, Neil departed the group and was replaced by John Corabi formerly of The Scream. They released one self titled album with Corabi, in 1994, before firing him in 1996 and releasing Generation Swine in 1997 with Neil returning as lead vocalist In 1999, Tommy Lee left the group and formed Methods of Mayhem. He was replaced by former Ozzy Osbourne drummer Randy Castillo The group remastered and reissued all of their studio albums as well as releasing a new album titled New Tatt Due to Castillo’s illness, former Hole drummer Samantha Maloney filled in for Castillo for the subsequent tour. The group went on hiatus soon after before reuniting in 2004, during which Sixx declared himself sober. A 2001 autobiography entitled The Dirt packaged the band as “the world’s most notorious rock band”. The book made the top ten on The New York Times Best Seller list and spent ten weeks there.

ln 2000 he formed side project group 58 with Dave Darling, Steve Gibb and Bucket Baker issuing one album, titled Diet for a New America, and a number of the London demos recorded with Sixx were included on London Daze by Spiders & Snakes, led by former London guitarist Lizzie Grey. ln 2002 he formed the hard rock supergroup Brides of Destruction with L.A. Guns guitarist Tracii Guns. Formed in 2006, initially to record an audio accompaniment to Sixx’s autobiography The Heroin Diaries: A Year in the Life of a Shattered Rock Star, his side band Sixx:A.M. features songwriter and producer and vocalist James Michael and guitarist DJ Ashba.

In 2006 Mötley Crüe completed a reunion tour featuring all four original members and embarked on a co-headlining tour with Aerosmith, called “The Route of All Evil”. Sixx also formed the group Sixx:A.M. in 2006, initially to record an audio accompaniment to his autobiography The Heroin Diaries: A Year in the Life of a Shattered Rock Star with friends producer/songwriter James Michael and guitarist DJ Ashba (Guns N’ Roses, formerly of Beautiful Creatures and BulletBoys). They recorded and released The Heroin Diaries Soundtrack in August 2007 through Eleven Seven The single “Life Is Beautiful” received strong radio and video play peaking at #2 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks.The band made their live debut at Crash Mansion on July 16, 2007. They performed five songs from the album, with former Beautiful Creatures drummer Glen Sobel filling in on drums.

On April 15, 2008, Sixx:A.M. announced they would be touring as part of Mötley Crüe’s Crüe Fest. In April 2008, the band announced the first Crüe Fest, a summer tour, that featured Sixx’s side project Sixx:A.M., Buckcherry, Papa Roach and Trapt On June 24, 2008, Mötley Crüe released their ninth studio album, Saints of Los Angeles, with Sixx credited as either writer or co-writer on all tracks. The second Crüe Fest, Crüe Fest 2, commenced a year after the first and featured Charm City Devils, Drowning Pool, Godsmack, and Theory of a Deadman, in addition to Mötley Crüe themselves.The tour began on July 1, 2008, in West Palm Beach, Florida. . A deluxe tour edition of The Heroin Diaries Soundtrack was released on November 25, 2008, which included a bonus live EP entitled Live Is Beautiful which features recorded performances from the band’s summer tour. In April 2009, both Sixx and Michael confirmed that the band were in the studio, recording new material. Sixx added that the new material is “inspiring. it feels like we may have topped ourselves on this album coming up, and can’t wait for you to hear what it sounds like. In 2010, the group continued recording the album with plans to release it by the late 2010/early 2011 with the group bringing in Paul R. Brown to shoot the video for the album’s first single During an interview in July, Sixx stated that the album was almost finished.With the release of “Lies of the Beautiful People” in April 2011

SIXX has also worked with a number of artists and groups, co-writing and/or producing songs, such as Sex Pistols’s guitarist Steve Jones, Lita Ford, Alice Cooper, Meat Loaf Marion Raven Drowning Pool, Saliva and The Last Vegas among others and has launched the clothing line “Royal Underground” in 2006 with Kelly Gray, formerly the co-president and house model of St. John.nitially the label concentrated on men’s clothing before expanding into women’s while in 2010, Premiere Radio Networks launched nationally syndicated rock/ alternative music radio programs “Sixx Sense” and “The Side Show Countdown” with both based in Dallas, Texas and hosted by Sixx and co-hosted by Kerri Kas. During his Music career Sixx has Courted Plenty of controversy- ln an October 30, 1997 incident at Greensboro Coliseum he goaded the audience during a Mötley Crüe concert to physically attack a security guard for repeatedly punching a female fan however In May 2001, Sixx addressed the issue and claimed he had apologized to the victim of the incident