Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was first published on 18 February 1885 in the United States and 10th December 1884 In the United Kingdom. It is narrated by Huckleberry “Huck” Finn, a friend of Tom Sawyer and narrator of two other Twain novels (Tom Sawyer Abroad and Tom Sawyer, Detective). It is a sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer which take place along the Mississippi River. Satirizing a Southern antebellum society that had ceased to exist about twenty years before the work was published. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an often scathing look at entrenched attitudes, particularly racism. Finn struggles not only with the challenges of his strenuous journey, but also with the 19th century attitudes concerning his friendship with Jim which is at odds with the prevailing social Attitude towards African American culture.
The story begins in St. Petersburg, Missouri, on the shore of the Mississippi River, between 1835 and 1845 (when the first steamboat sailed down the Mississippi). It features Two young boys, Tom Sawyer & Huckleberry Finn. Huck is currently living with Widow Douglas, and her sister Miss Watson, who are attempting to civilize him and Tom Sawyer helps him to escape one night past Miss Watson’s slave Jim. However, his abusive drunk father “Pap”, sudden reappears, and he moves into a remote cabin, however he dislikes his Father’s drunken violence, so he escapes and sets off down the Mississippi River.While living quite comfortably in the wilderness along the Mississippi, Huck encounters Miss Watson’s slave Jim on an island called Jackson’s Island. Huck learns that Jim has also run away & is trying to make his way to Cairo, Illinois, and then to Ohio. Whilst traveling the Mississippi together Finn learns about Jim’s difficult past and the horrors of slavery.
Huck and Jim take residence In a cavern on a hill on Jackson’s Island, scrounging for food until they find a raft. Later, they encounter an entire house floating down the river and enter it to grab what they can, but they find a dead man, shot in the back while apparently trying to ransack the house. The sheriff learns of this and sends a Posse, then Whilst escaping Finn and Jim become separated. Finn seeks shelter with a prosperous family called the Grangerfords and befriends Buck Grangerford, a boy about his age, but unwittingly gets involved in the Grangerfords blood feud against another family, the Shepherdsons which comes to a head when Buck’s sister, Sophia Grangerford, elopes with Harney Shepherdson. In the resulting conflict, all the Grangerford males from this branch of the family are shot and killed, and Huck narrowly avoids his own death in the gunfight,
Finn and Jim then Sail farther south on the Mississippi River, and rescue two cunning grifters, who join Them on the raft. The younger of the two swindlers, a man of about thirty, introduces himself as a son of an English duke (the Duke of Bridgewater) and his father’s rightful successor. The older one, about seventy, then trumps the Duke’s claim by alleging that he is the Lost Dauphin, the son of Louis XVI and rightful King of France. He continually mispronounces the duke’s title as “Bilgewater” in conversation.The Duke and the King then join Jim and Huck on the raft, committing a series of confidence schemes on the way south. To allow for Jim’s presence, they print fake bills for an escaped slave; and later they paint him up entirely in blue and call him the “Sick Arab”. On one occasion they arrive in a town and advertise a three-night engagement of a play which they call “The Royal Nonesuch”. The play turns out to be only a couple of minutes of hysterical cavorting, not worth anywhere near the 50 cents the townsmen were charged to see it. ThenA drunk called Boggs arrives in town and threatens a southern gentleman by the name of Colonel Sherburn. so Sherburn kills him and almost gets lynched. By the third night of “The Royal Nonesuch”, the townspeople are getting fed up but the Duke and the King have already skipped town, and together with Huck and Jim, they continue down the river.
ln the next town they decide to impersonate two brothers of Peter Wilks, a recently deceased man of property, and manage to convince nearly all the townspeople that he is one of the brothers, a preacher just arrived from England, while the Duke pretends to be a deaf-mute to match accounts of the other brother. One man in town is certain that they are a fraud and confronts them. Afterwards, the Duke, suggests that they should cut and run. The King boldly states his intention to continue to liquidate Wilks’ estate.However Huck likes Wilks’ daughters, who treat him with kindness and courtesy, so he tries to thwart the grifters’ plans by stealing back the inheritance money. The arrival of two new men who seem to be the real brothers throws everything into confusion when none of their signatures match the one on record. The townspeople devise a test, which requires digging up the coffin to check. When the money is found in Wilks’ coffin, the Duke and the King are able to escape in the confusion. They manage to rejoin Huck and Jim on the raft & Huck resolves to free Jim, who is being held at the plantation of Silas and Sally Phelps. Huck intercepts Tom on the road and tells him everything, Tom joins Huck’s scheme & develops an elaborate plan to free Jim…