Roger Daltrey (The Who)

the-whoCharaismatic English singer, musician, songwriter for the Who, Roger Daltrey CBE, was born 1st March 1944 in London. He lived in Acton, with fellow Who members Pete Townshend and John Entwistle. Daltry attended Victoria Primary School and then Acton County Grammar School for Boys along with Pete Townshend and John Entwistle. He showed academic promise in the English state school system, ranking at the top of his class on the eleven plus examination that led to his enrollment at the Acton County Grammar School. His parents hoped he would eventually continue on to study at university, but Daltrey turned out to be a self-described “school rebel” and developed a dedicated interest in the emerging rock and roll music scene instead. He made his first guitar from a block of wood, a cherry red Strat copy, and joined an existing skiffle band called the Detours in need of a lead singer and guitarist. When his father bought him an Epiphone guitar in 1959, he became the lead guitarist for the band and soon afterwards was expelled from school for smoking.

He invited schoolmate John Entwistle to play bass in the band, and on the advice of Entwistle, invited Pete Townshend to play guitar.the band consisted of Daltrey on lead guitar, Pete Townshend on rhythm guitar, John Entwistle on bass, Doug Sandom on drums and Colin Dawson on lead vocals. After Colin Dawson left the band, Daltrey switched to vocals and played harmonica as well, while Townshend became the lead guitarist. In 1964 drummer Doug Sandom left the band, eventually being replaced by Keith Moon. the band had their first hit single and record deal in early 1965, and Townshend began writing original material. Daltrey was asked to leave the band in late 1965 after he beat up drummer Keith Moon for supplying drugs to Townshend and Entwistle. Daltrey was admitted back to the band shortly afterwards providing there would be no more violent outbursts or assaults.

The band’s second single, “Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere” written by Daltrey and Townshend helped Townshend develop into one of rock’s most accomplished composers, and Daltrey gained an equally vaunted reputation as a powerful vocalist and highly energetic frontman. By 1973, Daltrey was also experiencing considerable success with his solo projects, he went on to release eight solo albums. He also had great success with his acting roles in films like Who’s Next, and Quadrophenia and Tommy, in which he played the lead. Daltrey became the face and voice of the band as they defined themselves as the ultimate rebels in a generation of change. was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for “Best Acting Debut in a Motion Picture” for Tommy. The Who continued performing after the death of Drummer Keith Moon in 1978, but tension continued as Daltrey felt new drummer Kenney Jones was the wrong choice for the Who. In 1980 Daltrey completed a drama called McVicar about British bank robber John McVicar. with other members of the band.

The Who Isle of Wight Festival 1970 http://youtu.be/pTcA3OCLlqI

Sadly Daltry’s relations with Townshend deteriorated until the Who retired from active touring in 1982. Daltrey turned to working as an actor, completing such high profile projects as The Beggar’s Opera and The Comedy of Errors, The Hunting of the Snark, The Little Match Girl, Buddy’s Song, and Mack the Knife In 1991 he received a Grammy Award. However the remaining members of The band continue to work together sporadically, reuniting for the Live Aid concert, recording songs for Daltrey’s solo album Under a Raging Moon and Townshend’s solo album Iron Man. and returning in 1989 with their 25th Anniversary Tour, which was also the 20th anniversary of the rock opera Tommy. The tour featured a large backing band and guest appearances by Steve Winwood, Patti LaBelle, Phil Collins, Elton John, and Billy Idol. In 1993 Daltrey also performed as a guest on the Chieftains’ recording of Irish Evening: Live at the Grand Opera House which won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Folk Album and In 1994 Daltrey performed a two-night spectacular at Carnegie Hall titled A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who, and popularly called Daltrey Sings Townshend. which also featured Pete Townshend, John Entwistle, Eddie Vedder, Sinéad O’Connor, Lou Reed, David Sanborn, Alice Cooper, Linda Perry, The Chieftains and others as special guests. The event was followed by a major tour financed by Daltrey and including John Entwistle on bass, Zak Starkey on drums and Simon Townshend on guitar which also reignited interest in Tommy which toured again in 1996-1997.

In 1996 Pete Townshend was also approached to produce Quadrophenia for The Prince’s Trust concert at Hyde Park, London. The opera was performed with a large backing band, including John Entwistle on bass, Pete Townshend on acoustic guitar and vocals, Zak Starkey on drums, Rabbit Bundrick and Jon Carin on keyboards, Simon Townshend on guitar and special guests including David Gilmour, Adrian Edmondson and Trevor McDonald. Afterward, Townshend decided to take the production on tour in 1996-1997 as The Who. The band also completed a brief tour in 2004. Then In 2006, they released their first studio album of new material in twenty-four years, Endless Wire, and The band also completed a world tour in 2006-2007 to support this album and also Appeared at the Glastonbury Festival. In February 2010, Townshend and Daltrey, performed the halftime show at Super Bowl XLIV and In March 2010, Townshend and Daltrey, along with an extensive backing band, performed Quadrophenia at the Royal Albert Hall in London as a tenth anniversary charity benefit for the Teenage Cancer Trust.

During his long career Daltry has also garnered many accolades. In 2001 Daltrey received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for outstanding artistic significance in music. In 1990 Daltrey was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio as a member of The Who. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame also included three songs that Daltrey recorded with The Who on the list of 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll, including: “My Generation”, “Go to the Mirror Boy”, and “Baba O’Riley”. In 2005 Daltrey received a British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors Gold Badge Award for special and lasting contributions to the British entertainment industry. Roger Daltrey also supports many charities & In 2003, Daltrey was honoured by Time magazine as a European Hero for his work with the Teenage Cancer Trust and other charities. In the New Year’s Honours List published on 31 December 2004, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to Music, the Entertainment Industry, and Charity. He is also supporter of the Countryside Alliance and has played concerts to raise funds for the organisation. As a member of The Who, Daltrey was inducted in 2005 into the UK Music Hall of Fame.In December 2008, he and Pete Townshend received America’s most prestigious cultural awards – the 31st annual Kennedy Center Honors in Washington, D.C. Daltrey also received the James Joyce Award from the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin for outstanding success in the music field, The Steiger Award (Germany) for excellence in music and the Classic Album Award for Quadrophenia from The Classic Rock and Roll Awards in 2011.

International Civil Devence Day

imageInternational Civil Defence day takes place annually on March 1. Civil defence or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attack by means of emergency operations, prevention, mitigation, preparation, response, or emergency evacuation and recovery, and World Civil Defence Day, was set up on March 1 to commemorate the implementation of the ICDO (International Civil Defence Organisation) constitution in 1972. Which was put in place As the threat of wars, aerial bombardment and Nuclear War grew. World Civil Defence Day has two main purposes:

To Raise awareness in the public of the importance of Civil Protection and inform people about the preventative and self protection measures in place in the event of accidents or disasters, and To pay tribute to the efforts, sacrifices and accomplishments made by all members of the national services who have worked to protect civilians in the event of accidents, war or disasters.

During the day a variety of national events: colloquies, conferences, radio and television debates, open days, disaster prevention and simulation exercises may be organised to raise awareness of the development of civil protection structures and of the technical facilities currently available. Since the end of the Cold War, the focus of civil defense has largely shifted from military attack to emergencies and disasters in general. Civil Defence includes things like crisis management, emergency management, emergency preparedness, contingency planning, emergency services, and civil protection. In some countries, civil defense is seen as a key part of “total defense”. For example in Sweden, the Swedish word totalförsvar refers to the commitment of a wide range of resources of the nation to its defense – including to civil protection. Respectively, some countries (notably the Soviet Union) may have or have had military-organized civil defense units (Civil Defense Troops) as part of their armed forces or as a paramilitary service.

National Pig Day

National Pig Day is an event held annually on March 1 in the United States to celebrate the pig. The holiday celebration was started in 1972 by sisters Ellen Stanley, a teacher in Lubbock, Texas, and Mary Lynne Rave of Beaufort, North Carolina. According to Rave the purpose of National Pig Day is “to accord the pig its rightful, though generally unrecognized, place as one of man’s most intellectual and domesticated animals.”The holiday is most often celebrated in the Midwest.National Pig Day includes events at zoos, schools,nursing homes, and sporting events around the United States. It is also recognized at “pig parties” where pink pig punch and pork delicacies are served, and pink ribbon pigtails are tied around trees in the pigs’ honor.According to Chase’s Calendar of Events, National Pig Day is on the same day as pseudo-holidays Share a Smile day and Peanut Butter Lover’s day.The question of whether the holiday is a time to honor pigs by “giving them a break” or to appreciate their offerings (spare ribs, bacon and ham) is an open question.

In Lexington, Kentucky, a nursing home celebrated National Pig Day with a porcine parade that included a display of pig collectibles such as porcelain pigs, pig potholders, piggy banks, and pigs made from calico and cross-stitches, as well as a real-life Vietnamese potbellied pig named Stella who “hogged the day.In the Lehigh Valley, National Pig Day in 2008 was honored with single-game tickets to the IronPigs’ 73 home games at Coca-Cola Park, including the IronPigs-Philadelphia Phillies exhibition and Opening Day, going on sale to the general public. the celebration was described as a “sporktacular” day in franchise history by the team’s General Manager Kurt Landes who said, “We look forward to doing our part in making National Pig Day an openly celebrated date in the Lehigh Valley!” Highlights of the National Pig Day also included plans for a pig roast featuring complimentary food and beverages, appearances by the IronPigs mascot Ferrous, and a variety of activities for children including pig crafts, IronPigs tattoos, and a chance to pin the tail on Ferrous. In Illinois the celebration of the “often disrespected species” is done with “good reason”: the pork industry contributes $1.9 billion to the state’s economy.

When National Pig Day coincided with the Year of the Pig in 2007, described as a porcine nexus, Illinoisans watched a 50 lb (23 kg) miniature pig named Pinto from the Yucatan display sporting abilities (guiding a ball into a soccer net and using his snout to push a basketball up a ramp into a hoop) at the Brookfield Zoo and many fans donned pig snouts and caps for the festivities and parade. A handbook for first year teachers includes National Pig Day as a seasonal activity and recommends cooking bacon, making BLTs, and discussing where pork chops come from.At the Tisch Children’s Zoo in New York’s Central Park, National Pig Day is usually celebrated with the help of pot-bellied pigs. In 1998, two nine-month old piglets named Thelma and Louise and their 185-pound companion named Speedy greeted visitors, while the children’s zoo also held a “snort off” competition for children. in 2009, the Vietnamese pot-bellied pigs at the zoo were named Oliver and Otis; they were reported to have “hammed it up and stole the show at the seventh annual National Pig Day celebration at the Children’s Zoo,” though, in general, reviews of the pigs were mixed. On Long Island a family gives their pot-bellied pig a special treat, refrains from eating pork and prepares a special National Pig Day meal. At the Suffolk County Farm in Yaphank, the Cornell Cooperative Extension celebrated National Pig Day by sponsoring a pig program. Families visited farm pigs where “the piglet cuddled today will soon grow to 220 pounds and wind up in ‘hog heaven.’” The meat from the farm is fed to the inmates at the Suffolk County Jail, “so it was a strange day viewing pigs as if they were in a zoo, but knowing that their time was limited… except, of course, for the stud pigs, or boars, and their ladies-in-waiting, the soWas. Miss Piggy and Porky Pig were honored and porcine facts presented: the world’s largest pig weighed 2,660 pounds, and pigs sailed with Christopher Columbus.

St. David’s Day

daffodilSt David’s Day is celebrated annually on 1 March to commemorate St. David the patron saint of Wales. The first day of March was chosen in remembrance of the death of Saint David. Tradition holds that he died on that day in 589. The date was declared a national day of celebration within Wales in the 18th century. St. David (Welsh: Dewi Sant) was born towards the end of the fifth century. He was a scion of the royal house of Ceredigion, and founded a Celtic monastic community at Glyn Rhosyn (The Vale of Roses) on the western headland of Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro), at the spot where St David’s Cathedral stands today. David’s fame as a teacher and ascetic spread throughout the Celtic world. His foundation at Glyn Rhosin became an important Christian shrine, and the most important centre in Wales. The date of Dewi Sant’s death is recorded as 1 March, but the year is uncertain – possibly 588. As his tearful monks prepared for his death St David uttered these words: ‘Brothers be ye constant. The yoke which with single mind ye have taken, bear ye to the end; and whatsoever ye have seen with me and heard, keep and fulfil’.

For centuries, 1st March has been a national festival. St David was recognised as a national patron saint at the height of Welsh resistance to the Normans. St David’s day was celebrated by Welsh throughout their migration, colonization, and settlement of the British Empire including the British colonization of America and British colonization of Africa, and the Colonization of Australia. Thus, from London, England, to Dublin, Ireland, to New York City, New York, to Sydney, Australia, to Durban, South Africa, ever since the establishment of the British Empire around the globe and the Welsh diaspora, Saint David’s Day has been celebrated. Indeed, the 17th century diarist Samuel Pepys noted how Welsh celebrations in London for St David’s day would spark parades in costumes and dragon, with pipes, drinks and confectioners producing ‘Taffies’ – gingerbread figures. St David’s Day is celebrated by Welsh societies throughout the world with dinners, parties, eisteddfodau (recitals Singing and concerts).

Additionally, various Welsh Regiments of the British Army utilize aspects of Saint David’s cross, Saint David himself, or songs of Saint David in their formalities during the celebrations. Many Welsh people wear one or both of the national emblems of Wales on their lapel to celebrate St. David: the daffodil (a generic Welsh symbol which is in season during March) or the leek (Saint David’s personal symbol) on this day. The leek arises from an occasion when a troop of Welsh were able to distinguish each other from a troop of English enemy dressed in similar fashion by wearing leeks. The association between leeks and daffodils is strengthened by the fact that they have similar names in Welsh, Cenhinen (leek) and Cenhinen Pedr (daffodil, literally “Peter’s leek”). Younger girls sometimes wear traditional Welsh costumes to school. This costume consists of a long woollen skirt, white blouse, woollen shawl and a Welsh hat. The flag of Saint David plays a central role in the celebrations and can be seen flying throughout Wales, Cawl is also frequently prepared and consumed on St. David’s Day.

Ash Wednesday

Ash Wednesday, a day of fasting, is the first day of Lent in Western Christianity. It occurs 46 days (40 fasting days, if the six Sundays, which are not days of fast, are excluded) before Easter and can fall as early as February 4 or as late as March 10. Ash Wednesday is observed by many Western Christians, including Anglicans, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians, and Roman Catholics. According to the canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, Jesus Christ spent 40 days fasting in the desert, where he endured temptation by Satan. Lent originated as a mirroring of this, fasting 40 days as preparation for Easter. Every Sunday was seen as a commemoration of the Sunday of Christ’s resurrection and so as a feast day on which fasting was inappropriate. Accordingly, Christians fasted from Monday to Saturday (six days) during six weeks and from Wednesday to Saturday (four days) in the preceding week, thus making up the number of 40 days. Orthodox do this 40 days in a row.

Ash Wednesday derives its name from the practice of blessing ashes made from palm branches blessed on the previous year’s Palm Sunday, and placing them on the heads of participants to the accompaniment of the words “Repent, and believe in the Gospel” or “Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return”.

Ashes are ceremonially placed on the heads of Christians on Ash Wednesday, either by being sprinkled over their heads or, in English-speaking countries, more often by being marked on their foreheads as a visible cross. The old formula, based on the words spoken to Adam and Eve after their sin,[6] reminds worshippers of their sinfulness and mortality and thus, implicitly, of their need to repent in time. Various manners of placing the ashes on worshippers’ heads are in use within the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church, the two most common being to use the ashes to make a cross on the forehead and sprinkling the ashes over the crown of the head. Originally, the ashes were strewn over men’s heads, but, probably because women had their heads covered in church, were placed on the foreheads of women. In the Catholic Church the manner of imposing ashes depends largely on local custom, since no fixed rule has been laid down. Although the account of Ælfric of Eynsham shows that in about the year 1000 the ashes were “strewn” on the head, the marking of the forehead is the method that now prevails in English-speaking countries and is the only one envisaged in the Occasional Offices of the Anglican Church of Papua New Guinea, a publication described as “noticeably Anglo-Catholic in character”.In its ritual of “Blessing of Ashes”, this states that “the ashes are blessed at the beginning of the Eucharist; and after they have been blessed they are placed on the forehead of the clergy and people.” The Ash Wednesday ritual of the Church of England, Mother Church of the Anglican Communion, contains “The Imposition of Ashes” in its Ash Wednesday liturgy.

On Ash Wednesday, the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, traditionally takes part in a penitential procession from the Church of Saint Anselm to the Basilica of Santa Sabina, where, in accordance with the custom in Italy and many other countries, ashes are sprinkled on his head, not smudged on his forehead, and he places ashes on the heads of others. The Anglican ritual, used in Papua New Guinea states that, after the blessing of the ashes, “the priest marks his own forehead and then the foreheads of the servers and congregation who come and kneel, or stand, where they normally receive the Blessed Sacrament. Pre-1970 editions had much more elaborate instructions about the order in which the participants were to receive the ashes. The 1969 revision of the Roman Rite inserted into the Mass the solemn ceremony of blessing ashes and placing them on heads, The Book of Blessings contains a simple rite. While the solemn rite would normally be carried out within a church building, the simple rite could appropriately be used almost anywhere. While only a priest or deacon may bless the ashes, laypeople may do the placing of the ashes on a person’s head. Even in the solemn rite, lay men or women may assist the priest in distributing the ashes. In addition, laypeople take blessed ashes left over after the collective ceremony and place them on the head of the sick or of others who are unable to attend the blessing.

Those who attend such Catholic services, whether in a church or elsewhere, traditionally take blessed ashes home with them to place on the heads of other members of the family. The Catholic Church and the Methodist Church say that the ashes should be those of palm branches blessed at the previous years Palm Sunday service. while a Church of England publication says they “may be made” from the burnt palm crosses of the previous year. Where ashes are placed on the head by smudging the forehead with a sign of the cross, many Christians choose to keep the mark visible throughout the day. The churches have not imposed this as an obligatory rule, and the ashes may even be wiped off immediately after receiving them. traditional Ash Wednesday church service may include Psalm 51 (the Miserere), prayers of confession and the sign of ashes. The Anglican Church’s traditional Ash Wednesday service, titled A Commination,[29] contains the first two elements, while the Catholic Church’s traditional service has the blessing and distribution of ashes but, while prayers of confession and recitation of Psalm 51 (the first psalm at Lauds on all penitential days, including Ash Wednesday) are a part of a traditional Ash Wednesday

In the mid-16th century, the first Book of Common Prayer removed the ceremony of the ashes from the liturgy of the Church of England and replaced it with what would later be called the Commination Office.In that 1549 edition, the rite was headed: “The First Day of Lent: Commonly Called Ash-Wednesday”. The ashes ceremony was not forbidden, but was not included in the church’s official liturgy. It was replaced by the reading of biblical curses of God against sinners, to each of which the people were directed to respond with Amen. Ashes were used in ancient times to express grief. When Tamar was raped by her half-brother, “she sprinkled ashes on her head, tore her robe, and with her face buried in her hands went away crying” (2 Samuel 13:19).

The gesture was also used to express sorrow for sins and faults. In Job 42:3–6, Job says to God: “I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.” The prophet Jeremiah calls for repentance by saying: “O daughter of my people, gird on sackcloth, roll in the ashes” (Jer 6:26). The prophet Daniel recounted pleading to God: “I turned to the Lord God, pleading in earnest prayer, with fasting, sackcloth and ashes” (Daniel 9:3). Just prior to the New Testament period, the rebels fighting for Jewish independence, the Maccabees, prepared for battle using ashes: “That day they fasted and wore sackcloth; they sprinkled ashes on their heads and tore their clothes” (1 Maccabees 3:47. Examples of the practice among Jews are found in Numbers 19:9, 19:17, Jonah 3:6, Book of Esther 4:1, and Hebrews 9:13. Jesus is quoted as speaking of the practice in Matthew 11:21 and Luke 10:13: Christians continued the practice of using ashes as an external sign of repentance. Tertullian (c. 160 – c. 225) said that confession of sin should be accompanied by lying in sackcloth and ashes.