The Mummy (2017)

I have read loads of negative reviews about the latest Mummy remake starring Tom Cruise, Russell Crowe, Jake Johnson, Annabelle Willis And Sophie Boutella. The film is the latest installment of Universal Dark Universe, featuring monsters from Universal’s classic 1930s films such as Frankenstein, Dracula, The Invisible Man, Jekyll and Hyde and The Mummy. I personally prefer the original 1930’s black and white ones, the fuzzy picture caused by the limited technology of the day gives them a really eerie atmosphere (Particularly Creature from the Black Lagoon).

The film starts In 1127 A.D. after a group of English crusader knights capture a gem from ancient Egypt and bury it with them in death. In present-day London, a construction crew discover the knights’ tomb and investigate. they discover ancient hieroglyphics on a circular mural, which tell the tragic story of Princess Ahmanet (Sophia Boutella) first in line to succeed her father Pharaoh Menehptre only to be stripped of her birthright when his second wife gives birth to a son. Determined to claim the throne for herself, Ahmanet sells her soul to the evil Egyptian god Set, who gives her a special dagger to transfer his spirit into a corporeal form. After murdering her family, Ahmanet attempts to sacrifice her lover to give Set physical form, however her father’s priests intervene, mummifying Ahmanet, and sentencing her to be buried alive for eternity inside a sarcophagus.

Thousands of years later in present day Iraq laconic Soldier of Fortune Nick Morton (Tom Cruise), and his loudmouth partner-in-crime Chris Vail (Jake Johnson), go round plundering ancient sites looking for buried treasure and ancient artifacts and then selling them to the highest bidder. However Nick and his partner come under attack from insurgents. After staging an airstrike on an insurgent stronghold the ensuing battle accidentally unearths the mysterious tomb of Princess Ahmanet, buried in a lake of mercury (which wards off evil spirits) which has been under the desert for thousands of years. (Why would an Egyptian princess be buried in Iraq?) so Jenny Halsey, (Annabelle Wallis), an archeologist and former lover of Nick’s, investigates the tomb and discovers a warning not to disturb the tomb. Despite this Nick’s superior, Colonel Greenway, places the sarcophagus on a transport plane, headed to England.

Predictably after having disturbed Ahmanet’s sarcophagus bad things soon start to happen. first Vail becomes possessed after being bitten by a camel spider while inside the tomb and stabs Greenway before attacking the group, then A huge wave of crows causes the plane to crash killing everyone on board except Jenny. Nick awakens a day later in the morgue in Oxford, and learns that Vail has been cursed by Ahmanet, who intends to use him as a replacement vessel for Set.

Ahmanet’s mummy escapes from the sarcophagus and begins running amok, feeding on rescue workers to regenerate her decomposed body. Turning the workers into zombie minions, she lures Nick and Jenny into a trap, forcing the two to fight off the minions. Luckily Jenny is an agent of Prodigium, a secret society dedicated to hunting supernatural threats who arrive in the Nick of time to rescue them both. Dr Jekyll (Russell Crowe) the boss at Prodigium confirms that Nick was cursed when he opened Ahmanet’s tomb and reveals his intention to complete her ritual and allow Set to possess Nick in order to destroy Set and end his evil forever. Meanwhile, Ahmanet causes all kind of havoc, death, and destruction before stealing back the dagger, and summoning an army of zombie English crusaders to serve her, and then creating a massive sandstorm that ravages London. Nick and Jenny flee the carnage but are attacked by Ahmanet’s minions then Ahmanet also captures Jenny leaving Nick to thwart Ahmanet’s evil plans himself…

World Day against Child Labour

The World Day Against Child Labour takes place annually on 12 June to raise awareness and create a worldwide movement against child labour in any of its forms and to provide an opportunity to gain further support from individual governments and local authorities, as well as that of the International Labour Organisation social partners, civil society and others, in the campaign to tackle child labour. The World Day against Child Labour was first launched in 2002 spurred by ratifications of ILO Convention on the minimum age for employment and ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour.

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations. Legislation across the world prohibit child labour. These laws do not consider all work by children as child labour; exceptions include work by child artists, family duties, supervised training, certain categories of work such as those by Amish children, some forms of child work common among indigenous American children, and others.

Child labour has existed to varying extents, through most of history. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many children aged 5–14 from poorer families still worked in Europe, the United States and various colonies of European powers. These children mainly worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining and in services such as news boys. Some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell.

In developing countries, with high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is still prevalent. In 2010, sub-saharan Africa had the highest incidence rates of child labour, with several African nations witnessing over 50 percent of children aged 5–14 working. Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour. The Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economy; children are predominantly employed by their parents, rather than factories. Poverty and lack of schools are considered as the primary cause of child labour. Globally the incidence of child labour decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank. Nevertheless, the total number of child labourers remains high, with UNICEF and ILO acknowledging an estimated 168 million children aged 5–17 worldwide, were involved in child labour in 2013.

The International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations body which regulates the world of work, launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 in order to bring attention and join efforts to fight against child labour. This day brings together governments, local authorities, civil society and international, workers and employers organizations to point out the child labour problem and define the guidelines to help child labourers.

According to ILO’s data, hundreds of millions of girls and boys throughout the world are still involved in work that deprives them from receiving adequate education, health, leisure and basic freedoms, violating their human rights. Of these children, more than half are exposed to the worst forms of child labour, including work in hazardous environments, slavery, or other forms of forced labour, illicit activities such as drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as involvement in armed conflict.