Tom Petty

Best known as the frontman of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, The Legendary musician, singer and songwriter, Tom Petty, tragically died 2nd October 2017 at the age of 66 after having a full cardiac arrest at his Malibu home Sunday night. He was found unconscious and not breathing and was taken to UCLA Santa Monica Hospital And put on life support.

He was born October 20, 1950 in Gainesville, Florida. He attended Gainesville High School. His interest in rock and roll music began at age ten when he met Elvis Presley.In the summer of 1961, his uncle was working on the set of Presley’s filmFollow That Dream in nearby Ocala, Florida, and invited Petty to come down and watch the shoot. He instantly became an Elvis Presley fan, and when he returned that Saturday he was greeted by his friend Keith Harben and soon traded his Wham-O slingshot for a collection of Elvis 45s. One of his first guitar teachers was Don Felder, a fellowGainesville resident, who would later join the Eagles. As a young man, Petty worked briefly on the grounds crew for the University of Florida, but never attended as a student. Shortly after forming his musical aspirations, Petty started a band known as the Epics, later to evolve into Mudcrutch. Although the band, which featured future Heartbreakers Mike Campbell and Benmont Tench, were popular in Gainesville, their recordings went unnoticed by a mainstream audience. However, their only single, “Depot Street”, remains popular amongst fans. The original Mudcrutch included guitarist Danny Roberts who was later replaced by bassist Charlie Souza.

After Mudcrutch split up, Petty reluctantly agreed to pursue a solo career. Tench decided to form his own group. Eventually, Petty and Campbell collaborated with Tench and fellow members Ron Blair and Stan Lynch, resulting in the first lineup of the Heartbreakers. Their eponymous debut album was more successful in Britain than America. The single “Breakdown” was re-released in 1977 after the band toured in the United Kingdom in support of Nils Lofgren. Their second album, You’re Gonna Get It!, featured the singles “I Need to Know” and “Listen To Her Heart”. Their third album, Damn the Torpedoes includes the singles “Don’t Do Me Like That”, “Here Comes My Girl” and “Refugee”. In 1979, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers performed at a Musicians United for Safe Energy concert at Madison Square Garden in New York singing“Cry To Me” which became a top-ten hit, spawning the hit single “The Waiting”. Petty’s also sang his first duet, “Insider” with Stevie Nicks. In 1985, the band participated in Live Aid, playing four songs at Philadelphia’s John F. Kennedy Stadium. The album Southern Accents was also released in 1985which included the hit single “Don’t Come Around Here No More”, The ensuing tour led to the live album Pack Up the Plantation: Live! Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers joined Bob Dylan on his True Confessions Tour and also played some dates with the Grateful Dead in 1986 and 1987. They also released Let Me Up (I’ve Had Enough) which includes “Jammin’ Me” which Petty wrote with Dylan.

In 1988, Petty became a founding member of the Traveling Wilburys, along with Bob Dylan, George Harrison, Roy Orbison, and Jeff Lynne. The band’s first song, “Handle With Care”, was followed by the album, Traveling Wilburys Vol. 1. A second Wilburys album, entitledTraveling Wilburys Vol. 3 and recorded without the recently deceased Roy Orbison, followed in 1990. Petty has also begun to incorporate Travelling Wilburys songs into his live shows, such as “Handle With Care” and “End of the Line”. In 1989, Petty released the album Full Moon Fever, which featured hits “I Won’t Back Down”, “Free Fallin’” and “Runnin’ Down a Dream”. Mike Campbell co-produced the album with Petty and Jeff Lynne of Electric Light Orchestra, and backing musicians included Campbell, Lynne, and fellow Wilburys Roy Orbison and George Harrison (Ringo Starr appears on drums in the video for “I Won’t Back Down”.Petty & the Heartbreakers released Into the Great Wide Open in 1991, which was co-produced by Jeff Lynne and included the hit singles “Learning To Fly” and “Into The Great Wide Open”, featuring Johnny Depp, Gabrielle Anwar, Faye Dunaway, and Matt LeBlanc in the video. Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers then recorded two new songs for the Greatest Hits. “Mary Jane’s Last Dance” and Thunderclap Newman’s “Something in the Air”. Petty’s next solo album, 1994’s Wildflowers included the singles “You Don’t Know How It Feels”, “You Wreck Me,” “It’s Good to Be King” and “A Higher Place”.

In 1996, Petty, and the Heartbreakers, released a soundtrack to the movie She’s the One, starring Cameron Diaz and Jennifer Aniston. Featuring the songs “Walls (Circus)” (featuring Lindsey Buckingham), “Climb that Hill”, “Change the Locks.” and a cover of “Asshole,” by Beck and also accompanied Johnny Cash on Unchained for which Cash won aGrammy for Best Country Album). In 1994 a Tom Petty released a tribute album entitled You Got Lucky featuring Everclear and Silkworm and in April 1996, Petty received the UCLA’s George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin Award for Lifetime Musical Achievement and the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers’ Golden Note Award. In 1999 Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and released another album which featured the songs , “Room at the Top” and “Free Girl Now”.Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers played “I Won’t Back Down” at the America: A Tribute to Heroes benefit concert for victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks. In 2002, he played “Taxman”, “I Need You”, and “Handle With Care” (joined by Jeff Lynne, Dhani Harrison, and Jim Keltner) at the Concert for George in honour of Petty’s friend and former bandmate George Harrison and Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers were also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and also released the album The Last DJ.

In 2005, Petty received the Billboard Century Award for his lifetime achievements. And in 2006, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers received the keys to the city ofGainesville, Florida, The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio also featured an exhibit of Tom Petty items. In 2005, Petty began hosting his own show “Buried Treasure” on XM Radio and In February 2006, Tom Petty and The Heartbreakers headlined the fifth annual Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival, followed by a Tom & the Heartbreakers’ “30th Anniversary Tour”, with Special guests including Stevie Nicks, Pearl Jam, the Allman Brothers, Trey Anastasio, Eddie Vedder, The Derek Trucks Band, and the Black Crowes. Petty also released a new solo album titled Highway Companion, which was promoted on the “30th Anniversary Tour” in 2006 with performances of the songs “Saving Grace”, “Square One”, “Down South,” and “Flirting with Time”.

In 2007, Petty joined Tom Leadon, Randall Marsh, Benmont Tench & Mike Campbell to reform Mudcrutch and released a new album in 2008 and in 2007, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers joined Willie Nelson, Lucinda Williams, Norah Jones, Lenny Kravitz and Paul McCartney to pay tribute to Fats Domino on the double-CD covers set Goin’ Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino, to raise money to rebuild parts of NewOrleans damaged by Hurricane Katrina, singing a cover of “I’m Walkin’”. In 2010 Steve Winwood ,joined Petty and the Heartbreakers on their North American tour at select shows. Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers also performed during the halftime-show of Super Bowl XLII playing “American Girl”, “I Won’t Back Down”, “Free Fallin’”, and “Runnin’ Down a Dream. In 2010 The Heartbreakers also released the Album, Mojo and also appeared as musical guests on the season finale of Saturday Night Live. .

Tom Petty also appears in many films including the 1978 film FM and 1987’s Made in Heaven and also appeared in several episodes of It’s Garry Shandling’s Show andwas also featured in Shandling’s other show, The Larry Sanders Show. He also appeared in the 1997 movie The Postman, with Kevin Costner. In 2002, he appeared on The Simpsons along with Mick Jagger, Keith Richards,Lenny Kravitz, Elvis Costello, and Brian Setzer and also has a role in the animated comedy series King of the Hill. Peter Bogdanovich has also made a documentary film on Petty’s career entitled Runnin’ Down A Dream.

Sting (The Police)

Better known by the stage name Sting, the English musician, singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, activist, actor and philanthropist Gordon Sumner, CBE was born 2 October 1951. He is best known as the principal songwriter, lead singer and bassist for the rock band The Police and for his subsequent solo career.Sting has varied his musical style, incorporating distinct elements of jazz, reggae, classical, New Age, and worldbeat into his music. As a solo musician and member of the Police, Sting has received 16 Grammy Awards for his work, receiving his first Grammy forBest Rock Instrumental Performance in 1981, three Brit Awards – winning Best British Male in 1994, a Golden Globe, an Emmy Award, and several Oscar nominations for Best Original Song. He is a member of both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame.The Police consisted of Sting (lead vocals, bass), Andy Summers (guitar) and Stewart Copeland (drums). The Police became globally popular in the late 1970s and are generally regarded as one of the first New Wave groups to achieve mainstream success, playing a style of rock that was influenced by punk, regga, and jazz.They made many albums including Regatta de Blance, Zenyatta Mondatta and Their 1983 album, Synchronicity, which reached number one on both the UK Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200, and sold over 8 million copies in the US. The group disbanded in 1986, but reunited in early 2007 for a one-off world tour lasting until August 2008.

In September 1981, Sting made his first live solo appearance, performing on all four nights of the fourth Amnesty International benefit The Secret Policeman’s Other Ball and led an all-star band (dubbed “The Secret Police”) which included Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Phil Collins, Bob Geldof and Midge Ure singing Bob Dylan’s “I Shall Be Released” . In 1982 he released a solo single, “Spread a Little Happiness” from the film version of theDennis Potter television play Brimstone and Treacle. His first solo album, 1985’s The Dream of the Blue Turtles, featured a cast of jazz musicians, including Kenny Kirkland, Darryl Jones,Omar Hakim and Branford Marsalis. It included the hit singles “If You Love Somebody Set Them Free”, (backed with the non-LP song “Another Day”) “Fortress Around Your Heart”, “Love Is the Seventh Wave”, and “Russians”, the last of which was based on a theme from the Lieutenant Kijé Suite It garnered Sting a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year. In 1985 he sang the introduction and chorus to “Money for Nothing” by Dire Straits. Sting was reportedly embarrassed when his publishing company insisted on a co-writing credit (and royalties)’ since his “I Want My MTV” line was sung to exactly the same notes as the chorus of “Don’t Stand So Close to Me”. He performed this song with Dire Straits at theLive Aid Concert at Wembley Stadium

In 1984 Sting was part of Band Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” In 1985, Sting provided a short guest vocal performance on the Miles Davis album You’re Under Arrest. He also sang backing vocals on Arcadia’s single “The Promise”, and on two songs from Phil Collins’ album No Jacket Required. He also contributed a version of “Mack the Knife” to the Hal Willner-produced tribute album Lost in the Stars: The Music of Kurt Weill. In September 1985, Sting performed “If You Love Somebody Set Them Free” at the 1985 MTV Video Music Awards. The 1986 film Bring on the Night, directed by Michael Apted, documented the formation of the band and its first concert in France. Sting released …Nothing Like the Sun in 1987, including the hit songs “We’ll Be Together”, “Fragile”, “Englishman in New York”, and “Be Still My Beating Heart”. The song “The Secret Marriage” was adapted from a melody by German composer Hanns Eisler, and “Englishman In New York” was about the eccentric writer Quentin Crisp. The album’s title is taken from William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130. in 1988, he released Nada como el sol, a selection of five songs from Sun . He also Recorded with jazz arranger Gil Evans, and on Frank Zappa’s 1988 Broadway the Hard Way album, performing an unusual arrangement of “Murder By Numbers”, set to the tune “Stolen Moments” by jazz composer Oliver Nelson, and “dedicated” to fundamentalist evangelist Jimmy Swaggart. In 1988  Igor Stravinsky’s The Soldier’s Tale was released with the London Sinfonietta conducted by Kent Nagano featuring Vanessa Redgrave, Sir Ian McKellen and Sting in the role of the soldier.

His 1991 he released his Grammy award winning album The Soul Cages including the Top 10 song “All This Time” and the following year, he married Trudie Styler and was awarded an honorary doctorate degree in music from Northumbria University. In 1991, Sting appeared on Two Rooms: Celebrating the Songs of Elton John & Bernie Taupin,and performed “Come Down in Time”. The album was released on 22 October 1991 Also in 1991, a recording of Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf was made by Deutsche Grammophon, narrated by Sting, and played by Claudio Abbado and the Chamber Orchestra of Europe. This was also used as the soundtrack to the television special Peter and the Wolf: A Prokofiev Fantasy.In 1993, he released the album Ten Summoner’s Tales, which peaked at number two in the UK and US Album Charts, and went triple platinum in just over a year.Ten Summoner’s Tales was nominated for the Mercury Prize in 1993 and nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1994. The title is a wordplay on his surname, Sumner, and The Summoner’s Tale, one of The Canterbury Tales. Hit singles on the album include “Fields of Gold” and “If I Ever Lose My Faith in You.”, the latter earning Sting his second Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the 36th Grammy Awards. Concurrent video albums were released to support Soul Cages and Ten Summoner’s Tales.In May 1993, he released a cover of his own Police song from the Ghost in the Machine album, “Demolition Man”, for the Demolition Man film. Together with Bryan Adams and Rod Stewart, Sting performed the chart-topping song “All for Love” for the film The Three Musketeers. it is to date Sting’s only song from his post-Police career to top the U.S. charts. In February, he won two more Grammy Awards and was nominated for three more.TheBerklee College of Music gave him his second honorary doctorate of music degree in May. In November, he released a greatest hits compilation called Fields of Gold: The Best of Sting, and also did a duet with Vanessa Williams on the song “Sister Moon.

At the 1994 Brit Awards in London, Sting won the award for Best British Male.His 1996 album, Mercury Falling contained the single “Let Your Soul Be Your Pilot” “You Still Touch Me” (June) and “I’m So Happy I Can’t Stop Crying” During this period, Sting also recorded music for the upcoming Disney film Kingdom of the Sun, which went on to be reworked into The Emperor’s New Groove. That same year Sting also released a little-known CD-ROM called All This Time, which provided music, commentary and custom computer features describing Sting and his music from his perspective.Also in 1996, he provided some vocals for the Tina Turner single “On Silent Wings” as a part of her Wildest Dreams album. In the same year, his performance with the Brazilian composer/artist Tom Jobim in the song “How Insensitive” was featured in the AIDS benefit album Red Hot + Rio produced by the Red Hot Organization. Sting has also cooperated with Greek popular singer George Dalaras, “Moonlight”, a rare jazz performance by Sting for the 1995 remake of Sabrina, written by Alan Bergman, Marilyn Bergman and John Williams, was nominated for a 1997 Grammy Award for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television. On 4 September 1997, Sting performed “I’ll Be Missing You” with Puff Daddy at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards in tribute of the late Notorious B.I.G..On 15 September 1997, Sting appeared at the Music for Montserrat concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London, performing alongside artists such as Phil Collins, Mark Knopfler, Elton John, Eric Clapton and Paul McCartney.

The Emperor’s New Groove soundtrack was released with complete songs from the previous version of the film, which included Rascal Flatts and Shawn Colvin. The final single used to promote the film was “My Funny Friend and Me”. Sting’s September 1999 album Brand New Day included the Top 40 hits “Brand New Day” and “Desert Rose”. The album went Triple Platinum by January 2001. In 2000, he won Grammy Awards for Brand New Day and the song of the same name. At the awards ceremony, he performed “Desert Rose” with his collaborator on the album version, Cheb Mami. For his performance, the Arab-American Institute Foundation gave him the Khalil GibranSpirit of Humanity Award. However, Sting was criticised for appearing in a Jaguar advertisement using “Desert Rose” as its backing track, particularly as he was a notable environmentalist. In 2001, he won another Grammy Award for his rendition of “She Walks This Earth (Soberana Rosa)” on A Love Affair: The Music Of Ivan Lins. He also released the song “After the Rain Has Fallen”. His next project was to record a live album “On Such a Night”at hisTuscan villa in Figline Valdarno, which featured  re-workings of Sting favourites such as “Roxanne” and “If You Love Somebody Set Them Free.” The concert, scheduled for 11 September 2001, was altered in various ways due to theterrorist attacks in America that day. The webcast was shut down after one song (a reworked version of “Fragile”), after which Sting let it be up to the audience whether or not to continue with the show.

Eventually they decided to go through with the concert, and the resultant album and DVD was released in November under a different title. Both are dedicated “to all those who lost their lives on that day”. He performed a special arrangement of “Fragile” with Yo-Yo Ma and the Mormon Tabernacle Choir during the opening ceremonies of the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah, US.In 2002, he won a Golden Globe Award for the song “Until…” from the film Kate and Leopold which was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Song. At the 2002 Brit Awards Sting received the prize for Outstanding Contribution to Music and was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2003 Sting was appointed a Commander of The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire For services to the Music Industry For the Queen’s Birthday Honours.

 

At the 54th Primetime Emmy Awards in September, Sting won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program, for his A&E special, Sting in Tuscany… All This Time. In 2003 he released Sacred Love, featuring collaborations with hip-hop artist Mary J. Blige and sitar performer Anoushka Shankar. He and Blige won a Grammy for their duet, “Whenever I Say Your Name”. The song is based on Johann Sebastian Bach’s Praeambulum from the Klavierbuechlein fuer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach .His autobiography Broken Music was published in October. He embarked on a Sacred Love tour in 2004 with performances by Annie Lennox. Sting also appears as a guest on the 2005 Monkey Business CD by American hip-hop group The Black Eyed Peas, adding vocals to the track “Union” which samples Englishman in New York. In 2005 Sting appeared at Live 8 and collaborated with Roberto Livi in producing a Spanish-language version of his cult classic “Fragile” entitled “Fragilidad” on the album Rhythms Del Mundo by “The Buena Vista Sound” (the Buena Vista Social Club).

During 2006, Sting was guest on the Gregg Kofi Brown album, singing “Lullaby to an anxious child” .In 2006, he released Songs from the Labyrinth featuring the music of John Dowland (an Elizabethan-era composer) and accompaniment from Bosnian lute player Edin Karamazov. Sting’s musical interpretation of this English Renaissance composer and his cooperation with Edin Karamazov brought him significant recognition in classical music circles., he also appeared on the fifth episode of Studio 60 during which he performed a segment of Dowland’s “Come Again” as well as his own “Fields of Gold”. In May 2007, Deutsche Grammophon released the opera Welcome to the Voice, with Sting portraying Dyonisos. In 2007, he reunited with “the Police” at the 2007 Grammy Awards, singing “Roxanne”, and subsequently announced the Police Reunion Tour. The Police toured North America, Europe, South America, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Documentary producer Vanessa Dylyn, was producing a film called The Musical Brain, featuring neuroscientist Daniel Levitin, and approached Sting about participating in the film. . Sting was also featured in Levitin’s second book, The World in Six Songs, where several of his songs (including “Russians”) are discussed. He is featured as a playable character in the video game Guitar Hero World Tour.”Brand New Day” was the final song of the night for the Neighborhood Ball honouring President Barack Obama on Inauguration Day, 20 January 2009. Sting was joined by Stevie Wonder on harmonica. Sting’s next album If on a Winter’s Night was released in 2009. Sting also appeared at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 25th anniversary concert, playing “Higher Ground” and “Roxanne” with Stevie Wonder. Sting himself was inducted in 2003, as a member of The Police.

In 2010–2011, Sting continued his Symphonicity Tour, and also began his Back to Bass Tour, Time magazine also named Sting one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In 2011 he performed “Every Breath You Take”, “Roxanne” and “Desert Rose” at the Time 100 Gala in New York City. Sting recorded a song called “Power’s Out” with Nicole Scherzinger. The song, originally recorded in 2007, was to have been included on Scherzinger’s shelved album Her Name is Nicole. The song was released on Scherzinger’s 2011 debut album Killer Love. Sting recorded a new version of the song “Let Your Soul Be Your Pilot” as a duet with Glee actor/singer Matthew Morrison, which appears on Morrison’s debut album. On 15 September 2011, Sting performed “Fragile” at the 92nd Street Y in New York City, to honour the memory of his friend, financier-philanthropist Herman Sandler, who died in the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center. Sting also performed in an episode of CMT Crossroads with country legend Vince Gill. Sting’s musical The Last Ship, debuted on Broadway in 2014. The Last Ship tells a story about the demise of the shipbuilding industry in 1980s Newcastle and was partially inspired by his album The Soul Cages. Sting’s eleventh studio album, The Last Ship Was also released 2013 and was inspired by the play.

Phil Oakey (Human League)

Phil Oakey, singer with English electronic New Wave band The Human League was Born 2 october 1955. Formed in Sheffield in 1977. The Human League had an early hit with “Being Boiled”, but achieved stardom after a key change in line-up in 1980, releasing multiple international hits from the early 1980s to the mid 1990s. Dare (1981), the band’s most popular album, yielded the single “Don’t You Want Me”, a No. 1 hit in the UK, US, and many other territories. Other international hits include: “Love Action”, “Open Your Heart”, “Mirror Man”, “Fascination”, “The Lebanon”, “Human” (a US No. 1) and “Tell Me When”. The only constant band member since 1977 is vocalist and songwriter Philip Oakey.

The Human League were Originally an avant-garde all-male synthesizer-based group, However they evolved into a commercially successful synthpop band under Oakey’s leadership. Since 1987, the band has essentially been a trio of Oakey and long-serving female vocalists Joanne Catherall and Susan Ann Sulley (who joined the ensemble in 1980), with various sidemen. The Human League has influenced many electro-pop, other synthpop, and mainstream performers including Madonna, La Roux, Moby, Pet Shop Boys, and Little Boots. They have been sampled and covered by various artists including Tony Christie, Utah Saints, Ministry of Sound, Craig David, George Michael, KMFDM, Robbie Williams and Out of the Blue (Oxford University). Since 1978, The Human League have released nine studio albums, four EPs, thirty singles and several compilation albums. They have had five albums and eight singles in the UK Top Ten and have sold more than 20 million records

Mike Rutherford (Mike and the Mechanics, Genesis)

Mike Rutherford, musician with English rock band Genesis and Mike & The Mechanics was born 2nd October 1950. Genesis were formed in 1967. The band currently consists of its three longest-tenured members – Tony Banks (keyboards) and Mike Rutherford (bass, guitar), who were founder members; and Phil Collins (vocals, drums), who first joined in 1970. Past members Peter Gabriel (vocals, flute), Steve Hackett (guitar) and Anthony Phillips (guitar), also played major roles in the band in its early years.Genesis release of their first album in the late 1960′s, which was initially regarded by the band and the fans as a pop experiment, referring to then-popular melodic pop. Then, over the course of a year, (beginning with their second album in mid-1970) they quickly evolved into a progressive rock band with the incorporation of complex song structures and elaborate instrumentation. Their concerts became theatrical experiences with innovative stage design, pyrotechnics, extravagant costumes and on-stage stories. This second phase was characterised by lengthy performances such as the 23-minute “Supper’s Ready” and the 1974 concept album, The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway. In the late ’70s and early ’80s the band’s musical direction changed once again, becoming more pop oriented and commercially accessible. This resulted in their first top 40 single in the US with “Follow You Follow Me”, their first number one album in the United Kingdom, Duke, and their only number one single in the United States, “Invisible Touch”.

Genesis has undergone several personnel changes throughout its history. Stage fright forced founding member Anthony Phillips to leave the band in 1970. In 1975, Collins, then the band’s drummer, replaced Peter Gabriel as lead singer after a lengthy search for a replacement. To facilitate Collins’s move to lead vocals during concerts, Bill Bruford and Chester Thompson played drums for the band as they toured, with Collins joining in briefly during lengthy instrumental passages. In 1977, guitarist Steve Hackett left the band. After Phil Collins left the band in 1996, Genesis recruited Ray Wilson (formerly of Stiltskin). Wilson appeared on the 1997 album Calling All Stations, after which the band announced an indefinite hiatus. In 2007, Banks, Collins and Rutherford reunited for a 20-city tour of Europe and North America, which included a free concert at Rome’s Circo Massimo in front of 500,000 fans. Genesis were among five bands inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010.

The future of the band remains uncertain with Collins’s retirement from the music business and the other members’ solo work.Mike Rutherford also formed English rock/pop supergroup Mike + The Mechanics in 1985 as a side project. The band is known for their hit singles “Silent Running (On Dangerous Ground)”, “All I Need Is a Miracle”, “Word of Mouth”, “Over My Shoulder”, and “The Living Years” .Initially, the band included Rutherford, vocalists Paul Carrack and Paul Young, keyboardist Adrian Lee and drummer Peter Van Hooke. Carrack was generally assigned to ballads and more pop-oriented numbers, while Young handled the band’s heavier work. Following Young’s death Paul Carrack became the band’s sole lead vocalist until 2004 when the band went on hiatus. The band identity was revived in 2010 with a completely new set of Mechanics working with Rutherford, including new vocalists Andrew Roachford and Tim Howar.

Rutherford also appears on Genesis latest album, the retrospective career spanning 3CD Anthology boxed-set R-Kive , which was released on 29 September 2014 in the UK, and on 30 September 2014 in the US. The set consists of three CDs that span Genesis’ career and also includes tracks from solo albums and other projects from members Peter Gabriel, Steve Hackett, Tony Banks, Mike Rutherford, and Phil Collins, such as Mike and the Mechanics songs like “Living Years” Peter Gabriel songs like Solsbury Hill and Genesis classics like Turn it on, invisible Touch, tonight tonight tonight, I Can’t Dance, Land of Confusion, Abacab and Mama.

Groucho Marx

I am a big fan ofthe hilariously daft films of the late, great American comedian, actor television star Julius Henry “Groucho” Marx who was Born 2nd October 1890 in New York City. He is known as a master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era. His rapid-fire, often impromptu delivery of innuendo-laden patter earned him many admirers and imitators. He made 13 feature films with his siblings the Marx Brothers, of whom he was the third-born. He also had a successful solo career, most notably as the host of the radio and television game show You Bet Your Life.Julius took to the stage as a boy singer in 1905. Though he reputedly claimed that as a vaudevillian he was “hopelessly average,” it was merely a wisecrack. By 1909, Juius and his brothers became a vaudeville singing group. Billed as “The Four Nightingales”, Julius (Groucho), Milton (Gummo Marx), Arthur (Harpo Marx), and another boy singer, Lou Levy, traveled the U.S. vaudeville circuits to little fanfare.

The family moved to La Grange, Illinois, to play the Midwest. After a particularly dispiriting performance, Julius, Milton, and Arthur began cracking jokes onstage for their own amusement. Much to their surprise, the audience liked them better as comedians than as singers, so They modified the then-popular Gus Edwards comedy skit “School Days” and renamed it “Fun In Hi Skule”. For a time in vaudeville all the brothers performed using ethnic accents. Leonard, the oldest, developed the Italian accent he used as Chico Marx to convince some roving bullies that he was Italian, not Jewish. Arthur, the next oldest, donned a curly red wig and became “Patsy Brannigan”, a stereotypical Irish character. His discomfort speaking on stage led to his uncle Al Shean’s suggestion that he stop speaking altogether and play the role in mime and Julius Marx developed a fast-talking wise-guy character that became his trademark.

Groucho Marx made 26 movies, 13 of them with his brothers Chico and Harpo and developed a routine as a wise-cracking hustler with a distinctive chicken-walking lope, an exaggerated greasepaint mustache and eyebrows, and an ever-present cigar, all of which were carried over from his days in vaudeville, improvising insults to stuffy dowagers (often played by Margaret Dumont) and anyone else who stood in his way. As the Marx Brothers, he and his brothers starred in a series of popular stage shows and movies.Their first movie was a silent film made in 1921 & A decade later, the team made some of their Broadway hits into movies, including The Coconauts and Animal Crackers. Other successful films were Monkey Business, Horse Feathers, Duck Soup, and A Night at the Opera. Amazingly off-camera, Harpo and Chico were difficult to recognize by their fans without their wigs and costumes, and it was almost impossible to recognize Groucho without his trademark eye-glasses, fake eyebrows and mustache.

Marx also worked as a radio comedian and show host. One of his earliest stints was in a short-lived series in 1932 Flywheel, Shyster, and Flywheel, co-starring Chico. In 1947, he was chosen to host a radio quiz program You Bet Your Life. Filmed before a live audience, the television show consisted of Marx interviewing the contestants and ad libbing jokes, before playing a brief quiz. The show was responsible for many memorable catchphrases ” Groucho also made a supposed response to a contestant who had nine children, which brought the house down. In response to Marx asking in disbelief why she had so many children, the contestant replied, “I love my husband.” To this, Marx responded, “I love my cigar, too, but I take it out of my mouth once in a while.” and it remains one of the most often quoted “Groucho-isms”. Throughout his career he introduced a number of memorable songs in films, including “Hooray for Captain Spaulding” and “Hello, I Must Be Going”, in Animal Crackers, “Whatever It Is, I’m Against It”, “Everyone Says I Love You” and “Lydia the Tattooed Lady”. Frank Sinatra, who once quipped that the only thing he could do better than Marx was sing, made a film with Marx and Jane Russell in 1951 entitled Double Dynamite.Marx sadly passed away after he was hospitalized for pneumonia on June 22, 1977 and died on August 19 at Cedars Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. He was cremated and the ashes were interred in the Eden Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. His mausoleum marker bears only his stage name, a Star of David, and the years of his birth and death although he remains, the most recognizable and well-known of the Marx Brothers.

World Habitat Day

World Habitat Day is observed worldwide on the first Monday of October. It was officially designated by the United Nations to reflect on the state of our towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter. It is also intended to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of human habitat. It was first celebrated in 1986 And Habitat Scroll of Honour awards have been given out by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UNHSP) since 1989. The award acknowledges initiatives that make remarkable contributions to fields related to human habitats.

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN–Habitat) is the United Nations agency for human settlements and sustainable urban development. It was established in 1978 as an outcome of the First UN Conference on Human Settlements and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat I) held in Vancouver, Canada in 1976. UN-Habitat maintains its headquarters at the United Nations Office at Nairobi, Kenya. It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The mandate of UN-Habitat derives from the Habitat Agenda, adopted by the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) in Istanbul, Turkey, in 1996. The twin goals of the Habitat Agenda are adequate shelter for all and the development of sustainable human settlements in an urbanizing world. Since October 2010 the Executive Director is Joan Clos, former mayor of Barcelona and Minister of Industry, Tourism and Trade of the Government of Spain.

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend. The desirable end result is a state of society where living and conditions and resource use continue to meet human needs without undermining the integrity and stability of the natural systems.

While the modern concept of sustainable development is derived mostly from the 1987 Brundtland Report, it is also rooted in earlier ideas about sustainable forest management and twentieth century environmental concerns. As the concept developed, it has shifted to focus more on economic development, social development and environmental protection for future generations. It has been suggested that “the term ‘sustainability’ should be viewed as humanity’s target goal of human-ecosystem equilibrium (homeostasis), while ‘sustainable development’ refers to the holistic approach and temporal processes that lead us to the end point of sustainability”

The concept of sustainable development has been—and still is—subject to criticism. What, exactly, is to be sustained in sustainable development? It has been argued that there is no such thing as a sustainable use of a non-renewable resource, since any positive rate of exploitation will eventually lead to the exhaustion of Earth’s finite stock; this perspective renders the Industrial Revolution as a whole unsustainable. It has also been argued that the meaning of the concept has opportunistically been stretched from ‘conservation management’ to ‘economic development’.

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, planning permission, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning, urban development or some combination in various areas worldwide. It takes many forms and it can share perspectives and practices with urban design.

Urban planning guides orderly development in urban, suburban and rural areas. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance. Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management. Urban planners work with the cognate fields of architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and public administration to achieve strategic, policy and sustainability goals. Early urban planners were often members of these cognate fields. Today urban planning is a separate, independent professional discipline. The discipline is the broader category that includes different sub-fields such as land-use planning, zoning, economic development, environmental planning, and transportation planning.

International Day of Non Violence

The International Day of Non-Violence is observed annaully on October 2, to commemorate the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. This day is referred to in India as Gandhi Jayanti. In 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi was inspired to create an International Day of Non-Violence by a Hindi teacher in Paris teaching international students to the World Social Forum in Mumbai. The idea gradually attracted the interest of some leaders of India’s Congress Party (“Ahimsa Finds Teen Voice”, The Telegraph, Calcutta) until a Satyagraha Conference resolution in New Delhi in January 2007, initiated by Indian National Congress President and Chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance Sonia Gandhi and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, called upon the United Nations to adopt the idea.

In 2007 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence. The resolution by the General Assembly asks all members of the UN system to commemorate 2 October in “an appropriate manner and disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness.”

The United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA) in New York City prepared a special cachet to commemorate this event, following a request from the Indian Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of India to the UN. The boxed pictorial cachet design was prepared by the UNPA and was limited to cancellation at UNPA’s NY location (not Geneva and Vienna). The UNPA has indicated that all outgoing UNPA mail between October 2 and 31 carried the cachet.