The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) takes place annually on 13 October. The aim of International Day for Disaster Reduction is to encourage every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nation. The International Day for Disaster Reduction was started in 1989, following a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. Held every 13 October, the day celebrates how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face.
The 2017 campaign is designed to raise global awareness about effective actions, policies and practices taken to reduce exposure to disaster risk at the community level, which contribute to saving homes and livelihoods. This is a considerable challenge which can be accomplished only through coordination, cooperation and collaboration among many stakeholders.
The “Sendai Seven” campaign was launched in 2016 by UNISDR, this centered on seven targets to reduce disaster mortality. The campaign seeks to create awareness concerning actions taken to reduce mortality around the world. The Sendai Seven Campaign is an opportunity for all, including governments, local governments, community groups, civil society organisations, the private sector, international organisations and the UN family, to promote best practices at the international, regional and national level across all sectors, to reduce disaster risk and disaster losses. This year’s target is focussed on prevention, protection and reducing the number of people affected by disasters.
The United Nations General Assembly designated 13 October as the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction as part of its proclamation of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. In 2002, in a further resolution, the General Assembly decided to maintain the annual observance to promote a global culture of natural disaster reduction, including prevention, mitigation and preparedness. In 2009, the UN General Assembly decided to designate October 13 as the official date and also changed the name to International Day for Disaster Reduction.