Art Garfunkel

Best known for being one half of the folk duo Simon & Garfunkel the Grammy-award winning American singer, poet, and Golden Globe-nominated actor Arthur Ira “Art” Garfunkel was born November 5, 1941.Highlights of his solo music Career include a top 10 hit, three top 20 hits, six top 40 hits, 14 Adult Contemporary top 30 sngles, five Adult Contemporary number ones, two UK number ones and a People’ Choice Award. Through his solo and collaborative work, Garfunkel has earned six Grammys, including the Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1990, he and former musical partner Paul Simon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Garfunkel was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City & has two brothers; Jules and Jerome. His cousin on his mother’s side is Lou Pearlman founder of ‘N Sync and the Backstreet Boys. Asa child Garfunkel’s father bought him a wire recorder and from then on, Garfunkel spent his afternoons singing, recording and playing it back, so he could listen for flaws and learn how to improve.At his bar mitzvah in 1954, Garfunkel sang as a cantor performing over four hours of his repertoire to his family. He met his future singing partner Paul Simon in the sixth grade at PS 174, when they were both cast in the elementary school graduation play, Alice In Wonderland .Between 1956 and 1962, the two performed together as “Tom & Jerry”. They were Inspired by The Everly Brothers, close two-part vocal harmony. In 1957, Simon and Garfunkel recorded “Hey, Schoolgirl” under the name Tom & Jerry, which reached number forty-nine on the pop charts. He also released some singles as a solo folk-styled crooner under the name Artie Garr entitled “Beat Love” and “Dream Alone”.After graduating from Forest Hills High School alongside Simon, Garfunkel studied at Columbia College, Columbia University inManhattan in the early 1960s. Garfunkel also competed at tennis, skiing, fencing, and bowling at the college & was a member of the all-male a cappella group the Columbia Kingsmen. , Garfunkel earned a B.A. in art history ,followed by a M.A. in mathematics from Columbia in 1967 & studied for a doctorate in mathematics education at Teachers College, Columbia University during the peak of Simon and Garfunkel’s commercial success.

In 1963, he and Simon (who graduated from Queens College before dropping out ofBrooklyn Law School) reformed their duo as “Simon and Garfunkel”. They released their first album, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. In 1964 & although this Was an initial failure The next year, producer Tom Wilson lifted the song “The Sound of Silence” from the record, dubbed an electric backing onto it, and released it as a single Which toppped the Billboard pop charts’Simon went to England ‘ to pursue a solo career but reunited with Garfunkel After “The Sounds of Silence” became a commercial success and they recorded four more influential albums, Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water. Simon and Garfunkel also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the 1967 Mike Nichols film The Graduate (starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft). Simon and Garfunkel returned to England in the Fall of 1968 and did a concert appearance at Kraft Hall which was broadcast on the BBC, and also featured Art’s solo performance of “For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her”, .While Garfunkel was not a songwriter per se, he did write the poem “Canticle” as a re-write of Simon’s “Side of A Hill” from his debut album, for “Scarborough Fair/Canticle”. He also worked as the vocal arranger for the duo, . He is also credited as having written the arrangement on “The Boxer”, and creating the Audio montage, “Voices Of The Old People” on “Bookends”In 1970 Simon & Garfunkel split following the release of their most critically acclaimed album, Bridge over Troubled Water . Citing personal differences and divergence in career interests. Both pursued solo projects after 1970.

During a three-year hiatus after Simon & Garfunkel’s break-up, Garfunkel starred in two Mike Nichols films, Catch-22 (1970) andCarnal Knowledge (1971). He also worked as a mathematics teacher at the Litchfield Private School in Connecticut. After Simon & Garfunkel released their Greatest Hits album and briefly reunited to perform a benefit concert for presidential candidate George McGovern, Garfunkel felt ready to return to his musical career. His first album was 1973’s Angel Clare, which contained “All I Know” along with “I Shall Sing” and “Travelling Boy” as singles. The album was received with mixed reviews, reaching no.5 in the U.S. In 1974, Garfunkel released the hit record, “Second Avenue”.On his next album, 1975’s Breakaway, Garfunkel briefly reunited with Paul Simon for the 1975 hit “My Little Town”. The album also included the singles “Breakaway” (B-Side: “Disney Girls”) and “I Only Have Eyes For You” (a 1934 song written by Harry Warren)which is noted as being Garfunkel’s first UK Number One. Occasionally they would reunite, as in 1975 for their Top Ten single “My Little Town”, which Simon originally wrote for Garfunkel, claiming Garfunkel’s solo output was lacking “bite.” The song was included on their respective solo albums; Paul Simon’s Still Crazy After All These Years, and Garfunkel’s Breakaway.ln 1976, Garfunkel recorded both background and duet vocals for several artists, including Stephen Bishop’s Careless album, James Taylor’s In The Pocket album and J.D. Souther’s Black Rose album.

Garfunkel’s next release was the 1978 album, Watermark featuring thesingle, “Crying In My Sleep” (“Mr. Shuck ‘N’ Jive”& Garfunkel’s cover of Sam Cooke’s “(What a) Wonderful World” (B-Side: “Wooden Planes”) . In 1978 Garfunkel toured the U.S. and Canada & also made an appearance on Saturday Night Live as Well as releasIng the album, Fate For Breakfast Containing the singles, “In A Little While (I’ll Be On My Way)” (B-Side: “And I Know and, “Since I Don’t Have You” (B-Side: “When Someone Doesn’t Want You & “Bright Eyes” (B-Side: “Sail on a Rainbow”( written by Mike Batt). A version of “Bright Eyes” also appeared in the movie (based on the famous novel) Watership Down. Garfunkel’s next album , Scissors Cut contained three singles, “A Heart in New York” (B-Side: “Is This Love” “Scissors Cut” and “Hang On In”, Garfunkel reunited with Simon for The Concert in Central Park and a world tour. They had disagreements during the tour & the aborted reunion album Think Too Much, was eventually released as Hearts and Bones.. In 1986, Garfunkel played the part of the butcher on the Mike Batt concept album The Hunting Of The Snark.Garfunkel’s 1988 album, Lefty yeilded three singles, “So Much in Love” (US #76 AC #11), “When A Man Loves A Woman,” and “This Is The Moment.”Garfunkel released his first compilation album in 1984, The Art Garfunkel Album whichcontained “Sometimes When I’m Dreaming this was followed by 1988’s Garfunkel and 1993 Up ’til Now.

His live 1996 concert Across America features musical guests James Taylor, Garfunkel’s wife, Kim, and his son James. Garfunkel performed the theme song for the 1991 television series, Brooklyn Bridge, and “The Ballad of Buster Baxter” for a 1998 episode of the children’s educational television series Arthur Garfunkel’s performance of “Always Look on the Bright Side of Life” was used in the end credits of the 1997 film As Good as It Gets.In 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited again for a successful world tour that extended into 2004. , his song “Sometimes When I’m Dreaming” was re-recorded by ex-ABBA singer Agnetha Fältskog on her album My Colouring Book.In 2006, Garfunkel releaSed the album Some Enchanted Evening ‘which was a dedicated celebration of pop standards of Garfunkel’s childhood.

ln 2009, Garfunkel appeared as himself on the HBO television show Flight of the Conchords episode entitled “Prime Minister.” He continued to tour in 2009 with four musicians and his son. they also participated together in the 25th anniversary of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concerts at New York’s Madison Square Garden alongside Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band; U2; Metallica; Aretha Franklin; Stevie Wonder, and Crosby, Stills & Nash. In November 2010, Garfunkel said that, having quit smoking two and a half months before, he was recovering from paresis, and would be touring in 2011. in August 2012, he released a 34-song retrospective, “The Singer.” Together, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.In 2003, the two reunited again when they received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This reunion led to a US tour—the acclaimed “Old Friends” concert series—followed by a 2004 international encore, which culminated in a free concert at the Colosseum in Rome

Blue Planet II

I am currently reading and watching Blue Planet II, the newest stunning natural history documentary Narrated by David Attenborough with the accompanying book which is authored by James Honeyborne andMark Brownlow. This programme has been made possible by using cutting-edge breakthroughs in science and technology to explore new worlds, and reveal astonishing creatures and extraordinary new animal behaviors not seen before, Breakthroughs in technology such as rebreathers and deep sea submersibles have enabled us to access areas which were previously out-of-bounds and enhanced our knowledge of the oceans, and our understanding of what goes on in them has been increased accordingly.

Blue Planet II Explores many different marine environments. The first episode includes Giant Travelly’s launching themselves out of the water to catch newly fledged Sooty Terns and Dolphins and False Killer Whales hunting together and cooperating in order to catch more food. The episode “deep seas” looks at the little known region at the bottom of the ocean where there is perpetual darkness. Despite this many bizarre looking crustaceans and fish manage to live here, with many providing their own light by means of bioluminescence while Six gilled sharks and primative Hag Fish feed on the carcasses of dead whales which have floated down from the surface. Deep sea vents exude toxic fumes and look uninhabitable, but despite this they are also home to a surprisingly wide variety of bizarre crustaceans and fish which are not found anywhere else on the planet.

The episode “coral reef” looks at the extensive communities which inhabit these areas including a wide variety of colourful fish, molluscs, crustaceans and sharks. However these areas are fragile and are under increasing threat from warming seas caused by pollution and gasses which are heating up the atmosphere and seas and causing ecolgical damage including coral bleaching. The next episode “open ocean” looks at Whales, Dolphins, sharks, Sunfish and and other marine animals which spend their lives patrolling and feeding in the open ocean”

The next episode “green seas” examines the many inhabitants which live among Sargassum Seaweed including Sea Lions. The next episode is “coastal regions” which examines sheer cliffs and rock pools which are inhabited by a wide variety of crustaceans, molluscs, jellyfish, fish, and large communities of nesting birds including guillimots, Puffins and Terns, gulls whose young are preyed upon by predatory Frigate Birds and Arctic Skuas.

The final episode “Our Blue Planet” looks at the impact human activity has had on the ocean from Acidification and coral bleaching caused by warming seas, pollution, over fishing, killing sharks and littering of the planets oceans which has had a disastrous affect on some species but has allowed species like predatory Humboldt squid to benefit.

Bryan Adams

Canadian rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, bassist, producer, actor and photographer Bryan Adams, OC OBC was born 5 November 1959. Adams music career began in 1978, when at the age of 18, Adams met Jim Vallance introduced by a mutual friend in a Vancouver music store. Vallance was the former drummer and principal songwriter for Vancouver based rock band Prism and had recently quit that band to focus on a career as a studio musician and songwriter. Later in 1978, Adams signed to A&M records Adams’ first single, was “Let Me Take You Dancing,” An early version of “Straight From The Heart” was written during this period. The song later became Adams’s first top ten record in the US in 1983.Adams’ self-titled debut album was released in February 1980, containing the songs “Remember” and “Wastin’ Time”, The album was certified gold in Canada in 1986. Adams’ second album, You Want It You Got It, was released in 1981 and contained the hit “Lonely Nights,” but it was not until his third album that he achieved international recognition, popularity and sales. Cuts Like a Knife, which was released in January 1983, was Adams’ breakout album contained the singles. “Straight from the Heart” & “Cuts Like a Knife” whose music video received heavy airplay on music television channels. The album achieved three times platinum status in Canada, platinum in the United States and gold in Australia. Adams’ best-selling album, Reckless, was released in November 1984 and featured the singles, “Run to You”, “Summer of ’69″, “Heaven”, “One Night Love Affair”, “Somebody”, and “It’s Only Love”, a duet with Tina Turner, which was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Rock Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group. In 1986, the song won an MTV award for Best Stage Performance. After the release of the album, Adams was nominated for Best Male Rock Performance. The album is Adams’ best-selling album in the United States and was certified five times platinum.

Bryan Adams next album Into the Fire was released in 1987 this contained the songs “Heat of the Night” and “Hearts on Fire”. In 1989 Adams did backup singing on Mötley Crüe’s album Dr. Feelgood and also on Belinda Carlisle’s song “Whatever It Takes” which appeared on her Album Runaway Horses. Adams’ next album, Waking Up the Neighbours, was released in September 1991 and featured “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You”, his second 1 hit single in Billboard Hot 100 which featured in the movie Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, starring Kevin Costner and Alan Rickman and spent a record-breaking 16 consecutive weeks at number 1 on the UK Singles Chart and drove everybody mad. Adams won a Grammy Award in 1991 for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television.

BRYAN ADAMS YOUTUBE CHANNEL http://m.youtube.com/user/bryanadams

In 1993 Adams released a compilation album entitled So Far So Good, including a brand new song called “Please Forgive Me”. In 1994 he collaborated with Rod Stewart and Sting for the single “All for Love” written for the Motion Picture Soundtrack of the movie Three Musketeers. The single topped the charts worldwide. It was followed in 1995 by, “Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?” (song released with the Motion Picture Soundtrack of the movie Don Juan DeMarco)., Adams’ next album 18 til I Die contained the UK Top 10 singles “The Only Thing That Looks Good on Me” and “Lets Make a Night to Remember”. Then In December 1997, Adams released MTV Unplugged with three new tracks: “Back to You”, “A Little Love” and “When You Love Someone”. “Back to You” was the first single, followed by “I’m Ready”, an acoustic version of the Cut’s Like A Knife track. The album was a top 10 success in Germany while both singles reached the top 20 in the UK.On a Day Like Today was released in 1998 generated two British Top 10 singles: “Cloud Number Nine” and “When You’re Gone”, a duet with Melanie C of The Spice Girls. To commemorate the millennium, Adams released The Best of Me, his most comprehensive collection of songs at that time, which also included two new songs, the title track “The Best of Me” and “Don’t Give Up”.

During his long career Adams has won many awards and recieved many nominations For his contributions to music, including 20 Juno Awards among 56 nominations, 15 Grammy Award nominations including a win for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television in 1992. He has also won MTV, ASCAP, and American Music awards. In addition, he has won two Ivor Novello Awards for song composition and has been nominated for several Golden Globe Awards and three times for Academy Awards for his songwriting for films.Adams was also awarded the Order of Canada and the Order of British Columbia for contributions to popular music and philanthropic work via his own foundation, which helps improve education for people around the world.Adams was also inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and Canada’s Walk of Fame and was also inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame at Canada’s Juno Awards, and also took part of a grand ensemble of Canadian artists named Northern Lights, who recorded the song “Tears Are Not Enough” for the African famine relief effort and later received the Allan Waters Humanitarian Award for his part in numerous charitable concerts and campaigns during his career, and on 1 May 2010 was given the Governor General’s Performing Arts Award for his 30 years of contributions to the arts.

Guy Fawkes night

Traditionally November the 5th is Bonfire Night or Guy Fawkes Night, which is held yearly in the UK to commemorate the failed Gunpowder Plot on 5th November 1605, During which a group of provincial English Catholics nnamed Robert Catesby, John Wright, Thomas Wintour, Thomas Percy, Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Wintour, Christopher Wright, John Grant, Sir Ambrose Rookwood, Sir Everard Digby and Francis Tresham, planned to blow up the House of Lords during the State Opening of England’s Parliament on 5 November 1605, killing protestant King James I of England and VI of Scotland and restoring a Catholic monarch to the throne.This was to be the prelude to a popular revolt in the Midlands during which James’s nine-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth, was to be installed as the Catholic head of state.

Guy Fawkes was born on 13 April 1570 and was educated in York. His father died when he was eight years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes later converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the Eighty Years’ War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformers. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England but was unsuccessful.Whilst in Spain he met Thomas Wintour, with whom he returned to England, and Upon their return, Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there.

Robert Catesby may have embarked on the scheme after hopes of securing greater religious tolerance under King James had faded, leaving many English Catholics disappointed.To this end The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there, due to his 10 years of military experience fighting in the Spanish Netherlands in suppression of the Dutch Revolt. However The plot was revealed to the authorities in an anonymous letter sent to William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, on 26 October 1605. As a result the authorities searched Westminster Palace and the House of Lords and at about midnight on 4 November 1605, Fawkes was discovered guarding 36 barrels of gunpowder—enough to reduce the House of Lords to rubble—and he was arrested.

Upon learning of the plot’s discovery Most of the conspirators fled from London trying to enlist support for their cause along the way. Several made a stand against the pursuing Sheriff of Worcester and his men at Holbeche House; in the ensuing battle Catesby was one of those shot and killed. At their trial on 27 January 1606, eight of the survivors, including Fawkes, were found guilty of of High Treason and sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered. However Immediately before his execution on 31 January 1606, Fawkes jumped from the scaffold where he was to be hanged and broke his neck thus avoiding the agony of the mutilation that followed.

Francis Tresham was ‘the eldest son of Sir Thomas Tresham and Merial Throckmorton, and was also a member of the group of English provincial Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a conspiracy to assassinate King James I of England.Tresham joined the Earl of Essex’s failed rebellion against the government in 1601, for which he was imprisoned. Only his family’s intervention and his father’s money saved him from attainder. Despite this, he became involved in two missions to Catholic Spain to seek support for English Catholics (then heavily persecuted), and finally with the Gunpowder Plotters.According to his confession, Tresham joined the plot in October 1605. Its leader, Robert Catesby, asked him to provide a large sum of money and the use of Rushton Hall, but Tresham apparently provided neither, instead giving a much smaller amount of money to fellow plotter Thomas Wintour. Tresham also expressed concern that if the plot was successful, two of his brothers-in-law would be killed. An anonymous letter delivered to one of them, William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, found its way to the English Secretary of State, Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, an event which eventually proved decisive in the conspiracy’s failure.

Historians have long suspected that Tresham wrote the letter, a hypothesis that remains unproven. Catesby and Wintour shared the same suspicion and threatened to kill him, but he was able to convince them otherwise. He was arrested on 12 November and confined to the Tower of London. In his confession, he sought to allay his involvement in the plot, but never mentioned the letter. He died of natural causes on 23 December 1605.Fawkes meanwhile despite being only one of 13 conspirators became synonymous with The thwarting of the Gunpowder Plot and since November 1605 people have been encouraged to celebrate the King’s escape from assassination by holding special sermons and other public events such as the ringing of church bells,and lighting of bonfires, “always provided that ‘this testemony of joy be carefully done without any danger or disorder’”. An Act of Parliament was also passed, which designated each 5 November as a day of thanksgiving for “the joyful day of deliverance” and this day has been commemorated ever since by the lighting of Bonfires during which an effigy of Guy Fawkes is traditionally burned & Spectacular Firework Displays take place.

Jacques Villeneuve snr.

Canadian racer Jacques Villeneuve Sr. was born November 4, 1953. He is the younger brother of the late Gilles Villeneuve, and uncle to Jacques Villeneuve (1997 F1 world champion). Born in the small town of Berthierville, Quebec, Canada, Villeneuve has had a varied motorsport career, taking in Formula Atlantic, CART, Can-Am, snowmobile racing and Formula One, and remains a revered figure in Canadian motorsport circles. Villeneuve was the first person to win the World Championship Snowmobile Derby three times and has continued to race snowmobile events throughout his career.

From 1976 to 1978 He moved into saloon racing and won the Honda Civic series and many other races. He then raced in Formula Fords, and then Formula Atlantic, where he took Rookie of the Year in 1979, then consecutive titles in 1980 and 1981. He also won the World Championship Snowmobile Derby in 1980. At the end of 1981, he took a pair of drives for the Arrows Formula One team, but failed to qualify for the Canadian Grand Prix, or the Caesars Palace Grand Prix. In 1979 he competed in the Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash in a Porsche 928 co-piloted by John Lane (Gilles Villeneuve’s sponsor and friend). In 1982 Villeneuve won the World Championship Snowmobile Derby & took home $11,300 for his win, with cash and prizes totaling over $50,000. Sadly his brother Gilles Villeneuve died in May 1982. Jacques spent most of the year in Can-Am, though he would take a one-off drive in CART. 1983 saw him take the Can-Am title, as well as another Formula One drive (narrowly failing to qualify a RAM for the 1983 Canadian Grand Prix). During this period, he also kept up his snowmobiling exploits, winning a number of prestigious races, and had a one-off drive at the 1983 24 Hours of Le Mans.

1984 saw a return to CART, with Villeneuve ranking 15th overall, having taken pole position at the Phoenix round. The following year he became the first Canadian to win a CART race, taking victory in the wet/dry race at Road America on his way to eighth overall in the standings. He became the only person to win a third World Championship Snowmobile Derby in 1986. After spending the season of CART and his only appearance in the Indianapolis 500, Villeneuve scaled back his motor racing activities, though he has regularly returned for occasional drives to CART, Formula Atlantic (winning some of these guest races) and IMSA. He also remained highly active and successful in snowmobiling, also branching out to powerboat racing. On January 18, 2008, Villeneuve was seriously injured in an accident during a snowmobile race at Eagle River, Wisconsin. He suffered multiple leg and pelvic fractures as a result, in addition to a spinal injury. It is estimated that it will take Villeneuve seven to nine months to recover from his injuries.”Uncle” Jacques Villeneuve was inducted into the Canadian Motorsport Hall of Fame in 2001.

Michael Crichton

Best known for his work in the science fiction, medical fiction and thriller genres The best-selling author, physician, producer, director and screenwriter, John Michael Crichton MD sadly died November 4, 2008. Born October 1942, he was raised on Long Island, in Roslyn, New York and showed a keen interest in writing from a young age; at 14, he had a column related to travel published in The New York Times. He enrolled at Harvard College in 1960 as an undergraduate studying literature and obtained his bachelor’s degree in biological anthropology summa cum laude in 1964 and was initiated into the Phi Beta Kappa Society. He received a Henry Russell Shaw Traveling Fellowship from 1964 to 1965 and was a visiting lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom in 1965.Crichton later enrolled at Harvard Medical School, when he began publishing work under the pen names “John Lange” & “Jeffrey Hudson”( a famous 17th-century dwarf in the court of Queen consort Henrietta Maria of England). His novels are usually within the action genre and heavily feature technology and epitomize the techno-thriller genre of literature, often exploring technology and failures of human interaction with it, especially resulting in catastrophes with biotechnology. Many of his future history novels have medical or scientific underpinnings, reflecting his medical training and science background.

In 1966 Michael Crichton published his first novel Odds On under the pseudonym of John Lange. Which concerns an attempted robbery in an isolated hotel on Costa Brava, which is planned scientifically with the help of a critical path analysis computer program, however unforeseen events get in the way. Then In 1967 he published Scratch One, which concerns A handsome, charming and privileged Chap named Roger Carr, a who practices law, as a means to support his playboy lifestyle than a career. Who is mistaken for an assassin after being sent to Nice, France, and finds his life in jeopardy, implicated in the world of terrorism. In 1968, he published two novels, Easy Go and A Case of Need, Easy Go relates the story of Harold Barnaby, a brilliant Egyptologist, who discovers a concealed message while translating hieroglyphics, informing him of an unnamed Pharaoh whose tomb is yet to be discovered. A Case of Need, is a medical thriller in which a Boston pathologist, Dr. John Berry, investigates an apparent illegal abortion conducted by an obstetrician friend, which caused the early demise of a young which earned him an Edgar Award in 1969. In 1969, Crichton published three novels. The first, Zero Cool, dealt with an American radiologist on vacation in Spain who is caught in a murderous crossfire between rival gangs seeking a precious artifact. The second, The Andromeda Strain, follows a team of scientists investigating a deadly extraterrestrial microorganism that fatally clots human blood, causing death within two minutes. In 1969, Crichton published the Venom Business which concerns a smuggler who uses his exceptional skill as a snake handler to smuggle rare Mexican artifacts while importing snakes to be used by drug companies and universities for medical research. Crichton also wrote a review for The New Republic (as J. Michael Crichton), critiquing Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut.

In 1970, Crichton published three more novels: Drug of Choice, Grave Descend and Dealing: or the Berkeley-to-Boston Forty-Brick Lost-Bag Blues with his younger brother Douglas Crichton. “Dealing”, was written under the pen name ‘Michael Douglas’, using their first names. This novel was adapted to the big screen and set a wave for his brother Douglas as well as himself. Grave Descend earned him an Edgar Award nomination the following year. He also worked at Boston City Hospital, and graduated from Harvard, obtaining an MD in 1969, after which he undertook a post-doctoral fellowship study at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, where he experimented with astral projection, aura viewing, and clairvoyance, coming to believe that these included real phenomena which other scientists had dismissed as paranormal.

In 1972, Crichton published two novels. Binary, which concerns a villainous middle-class businessman, who attempts to assassinate the President of the United States by stealing an army shipment of the two precursor chemicals that form a deadly nerve agent. He also published, The Terminal Man, which concerns psychomotor epileptic sufferer, Harry Benson, who after suffering seizures conducts himself inappropriately and blacks out, only to wake up hours later with no knowledge of what he has done. Believed to be psychotic, he is investigated by the medical profession who implant electrodes in his brain with novel results. The novel was also adapted into a film starring George Segal, Joan Hackett, Richard A. Dysart and Donald Moffat, released in June 1974.

In 1975, Crichton wrote the historical novel The Great Train Robbery, which concerns the Great Gold Robbery of 1855, a massive gold heist, which took place on a train traveling through Victorian era England. The novel was also made into a 1979 film directed by Crichton himself, starring Sean Connery and Donald Sutherland. And was nominated for Best Cinematography Award by the British Society of Cinematographers, also garnering an Edgar Allan Poe Award for Best Motion Picture by the Mystery Writers Association of America. In 1976, Crichton published Eaters of the Dead, a novel about a tenth-century Muslim named Ahmed ibn Fadlan who travels with a group of Vikings to their settlement and recounts his journey north and his experiences with the early Russian peoples, whilst the remainder is based upon the story of Beowulf, culminating in battles with the ‘mist-monsters’, or ‘wendol’, a relict group of Neanderthals. The novel was adapted into film as The 13th Warrior, In 1980, Crichton published Congo, which centers on an expedition searching for diamonds in the tropical rain forest of Congo. The novel was loosely adapted into a 1995 film, starring Laura Linney, Tim Curry, and Ernie Hudson. In 1987 Crichton published Sphere, a novel which relates the story of psychologist Norman Johnson, who is required by the U.S. Navy to join a team of scientists assembled by the U.S. Government to examine an enormous alien spacecraft discovered on the bed of the Pacific Ocean. The novel was adapted into a film in 1998, starring Dustin Hoffman as Norman Johnson, (renamed Norman Goodman), Samuel L. Jackson, Liev Schreiber and Sharon Stone.

In 1990, Crichton published the novel Jurassic Park. A cautionary tale Which features a biological preserve” created by Billionaire John Hammond Housing genetically recreated dinosaurs including Dilophosaurus, Velociraptor, Triceratops, Stegosaurus, and Tyrannosaurus rex, which all manage to escape and cause chaos. Director Steven Spielberg then learned of the novel in October 1989, while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the television series ER and Crichton’s novel Jurassic Park, and its sequels, were made into films starring Sam Neill as Dr. Alan Grant, Laura Dern as Dr. Ellie Sattler, Jeff Goldblum as Dr. Ian Malcolm (the chaos theorist), and Richard Attenborough, as John Hammond, the billionaire CEO, of InGen.

In 1992, Crichton published the novel Rising Sun, an international best-selling crime thriller about a murder in the Los Angeles headquarters of Nakamoto, a fictional Japanese corporation. The book was instantly adapted into a film, released the same year of the movie adaption of Jurassic Park in 1993, and starring Sean Connery, Wesley Snipes, Tia Carrere and Harvey Keitel. His next novel, Disclosure, published in 1994, addresses the theme of sexual harassment previously explored in his 1972 Binary. Particularly sexual politics in the workplace, emphasizing an array of paradoxes in traditional gender functions, by featuring a male protagonist who is being sexually harassed by a female executive. The novel was made into a film the same year by Barry Levinson, and starring Michael Douglas, Demi Moore and Donald Sutherland. Crichton then published The Lost World in 1995, as the sequel to Jurassic Park. It was made into a film sequel two years later in 1997, again directed by Spielberg and starring Jeff Goldblum, Julianne Moore, Vince Vaughn and Pete Postlethwaite. In 1996, Crichton published Airframe, an aero-techno-thriller concerning a quality assurance vice-president at the fictional aerospace manufacturer Norton Aircraft, who investigates an in-flight accident aboard a Norton-manufactured airliner.

Then In 1999, Crichton published Timeline, a science fiction novel which tells the story of a team of historians and archaeologists studying a site in the Dordogne region of France, where the medieval towns of Castelgard and La Roque stood. They time travel back to 1357 to uncover some startling truths. The novel, addresses quantum physics and time travel.A film based on the book was released in 2003, directed by Richard Donner and starring Paul Walker, Gerard Butler and Frances O’Connor. In 2002, Crichton published Prey, another cautionary tale Which features a Nanorobotics company called Xymos, which is testing a revolutionary new medical imaging technology based on nanotechnology, which is sabotaged by a rival company, MediaTronics with disasterous consequences. In 2004, Crichton published State of Fear, a novel concerning eco-terrorists who attempt mass murder to support their views. Michael Crichton’s final novel was Next, This follows transgenic animals, in the quest to survive in a world dominated by genetic research, corporate greed, and legal interventions, wherein government and private investors spend billions of dollars every year on genetic research. Sadly Crichton died however the novels Pirate Latitudes and Micro were found and both published posthumously.

Crichton also wrote Five Patients, which recounts his experiences of practices in the late 1960s at Massachusetts General Hospital and the issues of costs and politics within American health care. The book follows each of five patients through their hospital experience and the context of their treatment, revealing inadequacies in the hospital institution at the time, which also includes abrief history of medicine up to 1969. Then In 1983, Crichton authored Electronic Life, a book that introduces BASIC programming and defined basic computer jargon, which was intended to introduce the idea of personal computers to a reader who might be unfamiliar and using them at work or at home for the first time.

Adam Ant

English Singer- songwriter and actor Adam Ant, (Adam and the Ants) (Stuart Leslie Goddard), was born on 3 November 1954, in Marylebone, London He attended Robinsfield Infants School, where he created a considerable stir by throwing a brick through the head-teacher’s office window on two consecutive days. Afterwards, Goddard was placed under the supervision of teacher Joanna Saloman, who encouraged him to develop his abilities in art and whom he would later credit as the first person to show him he could be creative artistically. Goddard then attended Barrow Hill Junior School where he boxed, was a member of the cricket team. He passed the eleven plus exam to gain a place at St Marylebone Grammar School which was an all boys school where he enjoyed history lessons, played rugby and later became a school prefect. After taking and passing six O levels and three A levels in English, History and Art, Goddard then attended Hornsey College of Art to study graphic design and for a time was a student of Peter Webb. He later dropped out of Hornsey, short of completing his BA, to focus on a career in music.

The first band Goddard joined was Bazooka Joe, in which he played bass guitar. In 1975 Goddard saw the Sex Pistols at Saint Martin’s School of Art, London, who were supporting Bazooka Joe. This inspired him to leave Bazooka Joe and form a group of his own called the B-Sides. Whilst at Hornsey, Goddard married fellow student Carol Mills, and lived at her parents’ residence in Muswell Hill. Shortly after, he developed anorexia with tragic results and After Overdosing and After having his stomach pumped, he was sent to Colney Hatch mental hospital in North London. Upon his discharge from the hospital, Goddard renamed himself Adam Ant (Adam being the first man and Ant because “they are resilient little buggers”) with Mills renaming herself Eve. Ant remade connections with fellow former B-Sides Lester Square and Andy Warren and together with drummer Paul Flanagan, they formed Adam and the Ants (initially named just ‘The Ants’) in 1977, with the inaugural band meeting held in the audience at a Siouxsie and the Banshees performance at the Roxy Club in London’s Covent Garden.

Adam and the Ants started as part of the burgeoning punk rock movement. Ant later acted in Derek Jarman’s seminal “punk” film Jubilee in 1977, as Adam and the Ants were beginning to gig around London with manager Jordan from the SEX Boutique on Kings Road. His debut as a recording artist was the song “Deutscher Girls”, which featured on the film’s soundtrack, along with “Plastic Surgery” which was performed in the film itself, and was re-released as a single in 1982. The band toured extensively around the UK, but proved to be unpopular with much of the British music press who disliked their fetishistic lyrics and imagery. Late 1979 saw the release of their début album Dirk Wears White Sox (1979, Do It Records), with Matthew Ashman on guitar, Leigh Gorman on bass and Dave Barbarossa on drums.

Adam Ant approached Malcolm McLaren (the manager of The Sex Pistols) and asked him to manage the band. McLaren subsequently took the rest of the Ants from the original group when he introduced the singer Annabella Lwin and began the process of honing Bow Wow Wow for chart success. A new version of Adam and the Ants was formed with Marco Pirroni (guitar), Kevin Mooney (bass guitar), and two drummers, Terry Lee Miall and Chris Hughes (ex-Dalek I Love You), who used the name “Merrick.” The band signed a major label deal with CBS Records and recorded Kings of the Wild Frontier during the summer of 1980. That album was an enormous hit in the United Kingdom and the “Antmania” that ensued put the band at the forefront of the New Romantic movement. The single ‘Antmusic’ went to No. 2 on the UK singles chart by December 1980. Following the abrupt departure of Mooney in February 1981, the well known bassist Gary Tibbs, formerly of Roxy Music, joined the band.

In November 1981, Adam & the Ants released another highly successful album, Prince Charming. The album featured two United Kingdom No. 1 singles – “Stand and Deliver” and the title track “Prince Charming” – as well as the No. 3 UK hit “Ant Rap”. This trio of singles were promoted by some of the most lavish music videos of the period, and paved the way for Adam Ant’s later acting career. The work schedule Adam Ant imposed upon himself was punishing. In March 1982, feeling certain band members “lacked enthusiasm” Ant disbanded the group. A few months after the split Ant launched a solo career (though he retained Marco Pirroni as guitarist and co-songwriter). Merrick returned to the band Dalek I Love You and subsequently produced many hits for Tears for Fears. After the split, Ant went solo, taking his song writing partner Pirroni with him. Merrick also briefly stayed aboard as drummer/producer for the UK edition of the first solo single “Goody Two Shoes” and demos for the upcoming Friend or Foe album before moving on to other production work, while Miall and Tibbs’ contracts were left to expire. The “Friend or Foe” album also produced another top ten single, “Friend or Foe”, which reached no.9 in September 1982.

Ant recruited a new band for touring, consisting of new dual drummers Bogdan Wiczling (ex-Fingerprintz) and Barry Watts (ex-Q-Tips), plus guitarist Cha Burns (also ex-Fingerprintz), bassist Chris Constantinou and the former Q-Tips brass section of trumpeter Tony Hughes and twin saxophonists Stewart van Blandamer and Steve Farr. The new band made its debut at London’s Astoria Theatre on 1 October 1982. A US tour began in New York on 8 November. On the nineteenth tour date on 20 February 1983 in Cleveland, Ohio, Ant suffered a knee injury onstage (a relapse of a previous injury suffered while filming Jubilee in 1977), forcing the postponement and/or cancellation of dates throughout February and March while he recuperated. Ant eventually returned to performing, performing as a guest on the NBC’ show Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever, joined onstage by Diana Ross. He resumed the US tour, completed on 18 May 1983 at the Bronco Bowl in Dallas, Texas. During his recuperation from the knee injury, Ant worked with Pirroni on new material that formed the basis of Ant’s second solo album Strip which contained a top ten single, “Puss’n’boots”, which reached no.5 in October 1983. Ant formally unveiled a new four-piece band at the 1984 Montreux Pop Festival. In 1984 Ant released “Apollo 9”, followed by the album Vive Le Rock. Between 1985 and 2003 Ant also appeared in over two dozen films and television episodes. between December 1982 and February 1995, Ant’s only public live concerts outside North America were Live Aid,a 1987 fanclub party performance, and a September 1994 EMI corporate event in Brighton. In 1990, Ant returned with Manners & Physique, a collaboration with André Cymone, a solo artist and an early member of Prince’s band. The album featured the songs Room at the Top, Rough Stuff and Can’t set rules about Love. In 1995, Ant released the album, Wonderful. Ant also played three shows at Shepherds Bush Empire in London and did a mini tour of Virgin Record Shops playing selected tunes from the album Wonderful and signing records. Adam and his band also played shows in Dublin, Glasgow, Middlesbrough and Stoke-on-Trent.

In 1996, Ant and Pirroni recorded two new songs, Lamé and Inseminator, for the soundtrack to Ant’s latest film Drop Dead Rock. They also recorded a cover version of the T.Rex song Dandy in the Underworld. The duo continued to demo other songs around this time, including such titles as Tough Blokes, Justine, Picasso Meets Gary Cooper and Call Me Sausage. They also guested with such bands as Dweeb and Rachel Stamp. In 2001, following the 11 September attacks, Ant recorded a charity single for New York firefighters; a double A-side of Neil Diamond’s America with an X-rated new song of his own entitled Big Trouble.

Ant was poised to join the 1980s-focused Here & Now tour in January 2002, but charged with throwing a car alternator through a pub window and carrying a firearm, after receiving threats to himself and his young daughter from the jealous husband of a female Camden Market stallholder whom he sought to confront at the Prince of Wales pub in Camden, pub patrons then mocked his appearance and he was asked to leave as it was a private members’ club. Some hours later, finding a discarded car alternator in the street, Ant returned and threw it through the pub window. The broken glass injured a local musician. Chased through the backstreets of Camden by pub security and others, he then pulled out an old World War II-era starting pistol, once the property of his father. Returning afterwards to the main street, he was arrested by a police patrol, gun in hand. Ant was brought to court at the Old Bailey. The charges against him, which included criminal damage and threatening members of the public, were reduced to a single count of causing affray, to which he pleaded guilty. He was fined £500 and ordered to psychiatric care with a suspended sentence. In June 2003, he was arrested again by police after a conflict with a neighbour resulted in him attempting to smash in the neighbour’s patio door with a shovel, and then lying down on the concrete floor of a café basement with his trousers pulled down, curling up, and trying to sleep. Once again he was charged with affray and criminal damage and spent time in psychiatric wards. In September of that year he was sectioned under the Mental Health Act 1983, and spent a further six months receiving in-patient psychiatric care. He was eventually granted a conditional discharge by the judge at Highbury Magistrates Court.

Ant made a guest appearance on an EP, Mike’s Bikes by former Ants bassist Kevin Mooney’s new band, the Lavender Pill Mob, on Mooney’s own label Le Coq Musique. Ant provided lead vocals for Black Pirates, a reworking of the song Chicken Outlaw by Mooney’s earlier band Wide Boy Awake. In 2003 a television special entitled The Madness of Prince Charming was aired in the UK in 2003 documenting Ant’s career and his struggle with mental illness (he was diagnosed as suffering with bipolar disorder). In 2006, he published his autobiography, Stand & Deliver. In 2010 Adam Ant registered his new label Blue Black Hussar Ltd. as a private limited company at Companies House. Ant’s also made his first live appearance since The Bloomsbury in 2007 at “Through The Looking Glass” bookshop in London Performing “Ants Invasion”, “Cartrouble”, “Physical”, and a cover of Iggy Pop’s “The Passenger” and guested at a Zodiac Mindwarp and the Love Reaction gig at the Pipeline Bar, London E1, in which he provided lead vocals for the band’s Top 20 hit “Prime Mover”. Ant also performed another low key show at the Southwark Playhouse on Saturday 20 March. In 2010, Adam Ant was returned to psychiatric hospital in London where he remained until mid-June, before returning home. He performed a solo show at the Dark Mills festival at London’s Colour House Theatre in September for the launch party of the Illamasqua store on 16 September (at which Boy George served as DJ), and a guest spot at the Monster Raving Loony Party’s annual conference in Fleet, Hampshire.

Ant also performed at the Union Chapel, London in October and headlined at the Scala where he was joined by a trio of female backing singers which included Georgina Bailie and Tiffany Vivienne Brown. He also topped the bill at a tribute concert for former Ant Matthew Ashman at the same venue, in a show also featuring Bow Wow Wow, Chiefs of Relief, Agent Provocateur and London rock act Slam Cartel. Ant and Baillee guested onstage at the Christmas party of West Rocks at Shepherds Bar in Shepherds Bush and played live again at Proud, Camden on 5 January 2011, at Madame Jojo’s in Soho and played two nights at the 100 Club. In 2011 Ant played shows in Paris and in March 2011, BBC Radio 4 transmitted an interview of Ant by John Humphrys for the On the Ropes series in which Ant discussed his bipolar condition and its impact on his career. Ant also embarked on an eleven date UK concert tour from May to June 2011 which was expanded to fifteen dates due to popular demand. The tour closed at the Manchester Academy. Ant also toured Seaside resorts and appeared at Hard Rock Calling 2011 in Hyde Park alongside Rod Stewart and Stevie Nicks Ant also performed at the Soho Festival in London’s Wardour Street. Ant appeared with his tour band in Bedford in September before reuniting with 2010 band members Crewdson and Love for a charity show on board HMS Belfast. Ant embarked on another tour, which was increased from12 dates to an eventual 21 dates running from Frome to Norwich, (with a non-tour acoustic gig at a benefit event for London’s Wilton Hall. Ant also performed at a charity event at Ronnie Scott’s. Ant also released the Sex Drugs and HIV compilation album featuring Ant’s version of Get A Grip.

An exhibition of photographs of Ant – entitled Adam Ant – Dandy in the Underworld ran from 7 March 2012 to 29 April 2012 at Proud Camden in London, featuring images of Ant throughout his career, including the work of Chris Duffy, Gerard McNamara, Jill Furmanovsky, Denis O’Regan, Chris Cuffaro, Hannah Domagala, Robert Matheu, David Corio and Janette Beckman. To promote this exhibition, Ant performed a solo charity concert at the gallery although he was heckled by an inebriated Chrissie Hynde. Ant toured Australia playing Sydney, Perth, Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane, plus an appearance on the Adam Hills for the Gordon Street Tonight show. Ant also made further Australian TV appearances including a return to Adam Hills in Gordon Street Tonight performing of Stand and Deliver and new album track Vince Taylor. He also performed Goody Two Shoes, Ants Invasion, Physical, Stand and Deliver, Antmusic Prince Charming. In 2012 Ant headlined at the Bearded Theory festival in Derby and also performed the at Parkpop festival in the Zuiderpark in the Hague, Netherlands, which was broadcast on Dutch national TV. Ant also headlined at the Silverstone Classic Festival, Rewind in Perth, Camp Bestival and the Summer Sundae Weekender Festival. Ant also embarked on a US Tour in 2010 starting in Los Angeles and finishing in Anaheim. The Blueblack Hussar Tour, commenced in Glasgow and finished at London’s Shepherd’s Bush Empire and released the single Cool Zombie, b/w Gun in Your Pocket. New Year’s Eve 2012, Ant and his full band appeared on Jools Holland’s New Year Hootenanny performing Vince Taylor, Stand And Deliver and Antmusic. Ant also re-recorded the song Who’s A Goofy Bunny Then? in tribute to the late Sex Pistols manager Malcolm McLaren. The song took its name from a term of endearment bestowed upon McLaren by Ant – referring to his “quite prominent teeth”. His latest album ‘Adam Ant is The Blueblack Hussar” was released 2013, containing the song Gun in Your Pocket, Shrink,”Hard Men, Tough Blokes”,”punkyoungirl” and “Cool Zombie”. It features collaborations with former 3 Colours Red guitarist Chris McCormack, Ant’s long-time songwriting partner Marco Pirroni, Andy Bell and Morrissey’s writing partner Boz Boorer. Ant embarked on a UK Tour during April and May culminating in a gig at The Roundhouse on May. A free concert in Rome took place on June and a second full length 40 plus show US tour startingJuly in San Diego and finishing September in Anaheim. Ant also appeared on NBC’s Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.