Justice League

I would like to watch Justice League, the superhero film based on the DC Comics superhero team of the same name. It features Ben Affleck, Henry Cavill, Amy Adams, Gal Gadot, Ezra Miller, Jason Momoa, Ray Fisher, Jeremy Irons, and Diane Lane, as Batman, Superman, Lois Lane, Wonder Woman, Flash, Aquaman, Cyborg, Alfred Pennyworth and Martha Kent. It is directed by Zack Snyder and is the fifth installment in the DC Extended Universe (DCEU).

It begins as Bruce Wayne (Batman and Diana Prince (Wonder Woman) decide to recruit a team of Superheroes, comprising of Batman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Cyborg and the Flash in order to save the planet from the catastrophic threat of newly awakened enemy called Steppenwolf and his army of Parademons. Steppenwolf and his army of Parademons originally attempted to conquer and remake Earth thousands of years ago through the combined energies of the Mother Boxes. However they were defeated by a unified army that included the Olympian Gods, Amazons, Atlanteans, humans, and Green Lanterns. However Steppenwolf returns to Earth following the death of Superman to retrieve the Mother Boxes and manages to retrieve the Mother Box from Themyscira, prompting Queen Hippolyta to warn her daughter, Diana Prince, of Steppenwolf’s return.

So Diana and Bruce Wayne attempt to unite the other metahumans, with Wayne searching for Arthur Curry (Aquaman) and Barry Allen(The Flash), while Diana tries to locate Victor Stone (Cyborg). Allen and Stone eventually join the group after Stone’s father Silas is kidnapped, by Steppenwolf along with several other S.T.A.R. Labs employees, While he is looking for the box left with mankind. Steppenwolf then attacks Atlantis to retrieve the second Mother Box. Meanwhile Commissioner Gordon discovers where the Parademons are based. Following a confrontation with the enemy Stone retrieves the last Mother Box and Wayne decides to use it to resurrect Superman, however this does not go to plan and Steppenwolf manages to purloin the last Mother Box. So the remaining five heroes travel to a village in Russia Without Superman, to defeat the Pandemons in an exciting show-down and prevent Steppenwolf uniting the boxes once again and reshaping the world.

War for the Planet of the Apes

The science fiction film War for the Planet of the Apes is out on DVD. It is directed by Matt Reeves and written by Mark Bomback and Reeves. A sequel to Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011) and Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (2014), it is the third installment in the Planet of the Apes reboot series. The film stars Andy Serkis, Woody Harrelson and Steve Zahn, and follows a confrontation between the apes, led by Caesar, and the humans for control of Earth.

It is set two years after the U.S. military fought off an attack by a vengeful, human-hating bonobo named Koba and his tribe of increasingly intelligent and dangerous apes, who staged a coup against Caesar, the leader of the apes, and waged war against the human survivors in San Francisco. The apes’ clan, led by the chimpanzee Caesar, find themselves under attack from a rogue paramilitary faction known as Alpha-Omega, led by a mysterious Colonel. The human soldiers are met by heavy ape resistance and some are captured by the apes. Caesar arrives and releases the human soldiers, telling them to deliver a message to the Colonel – that he killed Koba for starting the war and that he desires peace between the humans and apes. Meanwhile Caesar’s son, Blue Eyes, and his lieutenant Rocket search for a safe haven for the apes. That night, a group of Alpha-Omega soldiers, led by the Colonel, infiltrates the apes’ home behind a waterfall and The Colonel kills Ceasars wife Cornelia. Then the ape “Winter” disappears and is suspected of treachery.

So Caesar departs with the apes Maurice, Luca and Rocket to exact revenge on the Colonel for the deaths of his wife and oldest son. Meanwhile The other apes head for the desert and come across an abandoned village, where they encounter a soldier, and kill him. Caesar, Maurice, Luca, and Rocket discover a mute girl who the soldier was looking after. Caesar’s party eventually sneak inside an Alpha-Omega camp on a beach and encounter Winter, He tells Caesar’s group that the Colonel has departed for a location called the “border”, so they follow the soldiers to the border and encounter Bad Ape, a reclusive chimpanzee hermit who lived in the Sierra Zoo before the Simian Flu pandemic who reveals the location of the human soldiers When the group arrives at the border, they see hundreds of apes held captive inside a former quarantine facility. Luca and Caesar encounter an Alpha Omega Patrol. Caesar discovers that the captured apes belong to his clan, and are being forced to build a wall with no food or water. Caesar also learns that the Simian Flu virus has mutated and now causes humans who survived the original strain to become mute. the Colonel wants to stop the spread of the virus and explains to Caesar that he is fighting a “holy war” for survival. So Maurice, Rocket and the mute girl, Nova, attempt to rescue Caesar, and escape, Confront the Colonel and rescue the other apes,

However the facillity is suddenly attacked by the Northern Army and there is an epic battle between Alpha-Omega and the northern army and Maurice, Rocket, Red, Preacher, Caesar, and Nova all find themselves caught up in the fighting between Alpha Omega and The Northern Army and try to escape the carnage, meanwhile the Colonel gets unwelcome news.

Valerian and the City of a thousand planets

The French science fiction action-adventure film Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets is out onDVD. It is written and directed by Luc Besson and co-produced by Besson and his wife, Virginie Besson-Silla. The film is based on the French science fiction comics series Valérian and Laureline, written by Pierre Christin and illustrated by Jean-Claude Mézières. It stars Dane DeHaan as Valerian and Cara Delevingne as Laureline, with Clive Owen, Rihanna, Ethan Hawke, Herbie Hancock, Kris Wu, and Rutger Hauer in supporting roles

It takes place in the 28th century, on the space station Alpha where millions of creatures from different planets live peacefully and exchange their knowledge and cultures. Alpha began as a space station around Earth and grew as more alien species colonised it. Valerian and Laureline are special agents living on Space Station Alpha. During a dream, Valerian sees a planet where a low-tech humanoid race lives peacefully in a tropical paradise. They fish for energy-containing pearls and use certain animals to duplicate them. As this idyll is destroyed by spaceship debris crashing onto the planet, Valerian wakes up.

He and Laureline are sent on a mission to retrieve one of the rare animals from his dream, called a “converter”, from a black market dealer. He and Laureline obtain the converter and return to Alpha, where they are told by Commander Filitt that part of the station has been infected by an unknown force, rendering it highly toxic, that troops sent into the area have not returned, and that the infection is spreading. Laureline and Valerian are assigned to protect the commander.

Sadly they are ambushed by the humanoids who kidnap the Commander. Luckily Valerian frees himself and the others and pursues the kidnappers, who head for the infected area. Meanwhile Laureline goes searching for Valerian and finds him unconscious at the edge of the infected area and is kidnapped by a group of primitive humanoids. Later Valerian and a Shapeshifter named Bubble manage to rescue Laureline and escape Unfortunately Bubble is killed in the fighting. As Valerian and Laureline venture further into the infected area, they also discover where Commander Filitt is being held.

The leader of the humanoids explains to Valerian that his people were living peacefully on the planet Mül when two technologically advanced races, one of them human, started fighting, a doomsday weapon was fired during the conflict which destroyed the enemy but unfortunately also destroyed Mül. Luckily A small group of survivors sheltered in a crashed spaceship and managed to repair it, learning much about technology and the history of other races. They Journeyed to Alpha where they constructed a spaceship that could recreate a planet like Mül. However they still need a Converter and a Pearl in order to launch the ship. Valerian and Laureline then learn of Filitt’s dubious activities during the destruction of Mül. Then as the spacecraft is prepared for flight, Filitt’s robot soldiers attack and all hell breaks loose…

Spiderman Homecoming

Based on the adventures of Stan Lee’s Marvel character of the same name, Spider-Man: Homecoming is out on DVD. It stars Tom Holland, Michael Keaton, Jon Favreau, Donald Glover, Zendaya, Jacob Batalon, Laura Harrier, Tyne Daly, Marisa Tomei, and Robert Downey Jr. It begins shortly after the chaos caused in previous Avenger movies, and sees Tony Stark and the federal government deciding to create the U.S. Department of Damage Control (D.O.D.C.). However one of the new measures introduced inadventantly sends salvage company owner Adrian Toomes out of business. So Determined not to give up, an embittered Toomes decides to take revenge on Tony Stark by using Chitauri technology he scavenged from the Battle of New York to further his criminal agenda.

Following the Avengers’ internal dispute, Peter Parker resumes his studies after Stark tells him that he is not ready to become an Avenger. Despite this, Peter quits his school’s decathlon team in order to spend more time focusing on “the Stark internship”, which is a cover for his crimefighting activities as Spider-Man. Unfortunately after foiling a robbery, Peter’s best friend Ned discovers Spiderman’s identity. Spiderman then discovers that local Gangster Aaron Davis has acquired Chitauri weapons from Toomes’ associates Herman Schultz and Jackson Brice and is almost killed but is rescued by Iron Man and Peter manages to Retrieve a Chitauri weapon left behind by Brice. Unfortunately Schultz later manages to track Peter and Ned down and confronts him.

Peter subsequently rejoins the decathlon team and accompanies them to Washington, D.C. for the Nationals. However he is sidetracked when he tries to prevent Toomes from stealing weapons. Peter then tracks Ned to the Washington Monument, where Peter, Ned and fellow classmate Liz soon find themselves in great peril. Returning to New York City, Peter Confronts Toomes and his associates again at the Staten Island Ferry, but Toomes escapes. At the Midtown’s annual homecoming dance, Peter learns that Liz is Toomes daughter. During the dance, Peter realizes Toomes is planning to hijack a D.O.D.C. plane transporting weaponry from Avengers Tower to the team’s new headquarters. So he decides to try and stop Toomes, Schultz and Brice in an exciting show-down

Mike D (Beastie Boys)

Michael Diamond (A.K.A Mike D) from American hip hop band the Beastie Boys was born 20th November 1965. The Beastie Boys were formed in 1981 in New York City and For the majority of their career, the group has consisted of three MC’s and musicians Michael “Mike D” Diamond (vocals, drums), Adam “MCA” Yauch (vocals, bass) and Adam “Ad-Rock” Horovitz (vocals, guitar). Originally formed as a four-piece hardcore punk band in 1981 by Michael Diamond (vocals), John Berry (guitar), Adam Yauch (bass) and Kate Schellenbach (drums), the band appeared on the compilation cassette New York Thrash, before recording their first EP Polly Wog Stew, in 1982. After achieving moderate local success with the 1983 experimental hip hop 12-inch “Cooky Puss”, the group transitioned to hip hop in 1984 and released a string of successful 12-inch singles.

The Beastie Boys toured with Madonna in 1985 and a year later released their debut album Licensed to Ill. The full album cover for which, features a Boeing 727—with “Beastie Boys” emblazoned on the tail—crashing head-on into the side of a mountain, appearing as an extinguished joint. The tail of the plane has the Def Jam logo and the tail number “3MTA3” which spells “EATME” when viewed in a mirror  The livery of the plane is based on that of American Airlines. The group originally wanted to title the album Don’t Be a Faggot, but Columbia Records refused to release the album under this title—arguing that it was homophobic—and pressured Russell Simmons, the Beastie Boys’ manager and head of Def Jam Recordings at the time, into forcing them to choose another name. Adam Horovitz has since apologized for the album’s earlier title.

Kerry King of Slayer made an appearance on the album playing lead guitar on “No Sleep Till Brooklyn” and appeared in the music video which is a parody of glam metal The name of the song itself is a spoof on Motörhead’s No Sleep ’til Hammersmith album. King’s appearance on the track came about because Rick Rubin was producing both bands simultaneously (Slayer’s Reign in Blood was originally released a month earlier on Def Jam). CBS/Fox Video released a video album of the five Licensed to Ill videos, plus “She’s on It” in 1987 to capitalize on the album’s success. A laserdisc version was also released in Japan.All versions of the CBS/Fox release are currently out of print because the rights to the album passed from Columbia and Sony Music to Universal Music Group, and also because of the acrimonious nature of the band’s departure from Def Jam Records. Until the 2005 release of the CD/DVD Solid Gold Hits, none of the Def Jam-era videos had been included on any subsequent Beastie Boys video compilations. The Solid Gold Hits DVD includes the videos for “Fight for Your Right” and “No Sleep Till Brooklyn”, as well as a live version of “Brass Monkey” from a 2004 concert.

According to Billboard, The Beastie Boys are “the biggest-selling rap group” since 1991. With seven platinum or better albums from 1986–2004, the Beastie Boys were one of the longest-lived hip hop acts worldwide, and they continued to enjoy commercial and critical success more than 25 years after Licensed to Ill. In 2009, the group released digitally remastered deluxe editions oftheir albums Paul’s Boutique, Check Your Head, Ill Communication and Hello Nasty. Their eighth studio album, Hot Sauce Committee Part Two, was released in 2011, and received positive reviews.They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2012, “just the third rap group to enter the Hall, after Run-D.M.C. (2009) and Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five (2007).” Sadly MCA died of cancer of the parotid salivary gland in May 2012, which led to the speculation that the other members may decide to disband the group

Joe Walsh (The Eagles)

Joe Walsh, American musician with the Eagles and James Gang was born 20th November 1947. Formed in Los Angeles, California in 1971 by Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, and Randy Meisner, The Eagles have seven number one singles, six Grammys, five American Music Awards, and six number one albums, the Eagles were one of the most successful musical acts of the 1970s. At the end of the 20th century, two of their albums, Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and Hotel California, ranked among the 20 best-selling albums in the U.S. according to the Recording Industry Association of America. Hotel California is ranked 37th in Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, and the band was ranked No. 75 on the magazine’s 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.They have the best-selling album in the U.S. with Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975), which sold approximately 42 million copies worldwide. They have sold over 120 million albums worldwide, and 100 million in the U.S. alone. They are the fifth-highest-selling music act and highest-selling American band in U.S. history. No other American band sold more records than the Eagles during the 1970s.

The Eagles released their self-titled debut album in 1972 which spawned three Top 40 singles, “Take It Easy”, “Witchy Woman”, and “Peaceful Easy Feeling”. They followed up the success of their debut album with Desperado in 1973. The album was less successful than the first, reaching only No. 41 on the charts and neither of its two singles reached the Top 40. However, the album contained two of the band’s most popular tracks, “Desperado” and “Tequila Sunrise”. They released On the Border in 1974 and added guitarist Don Felder midway through the recording of the album. The album generated two Top 40 singles: “Already Gone” and their first Number One, “Best of My Love”.It was not until 1975′s One of These Nights that the Eagles became America’s biggest band. The album released three Top 10 singles: “One of These Nights”, “Lyin’ Eyes”, and “Take It to the Limit”.

They continued with that success in late 1976 with the release of Hotel California, which would go on to sell over 16 million copies in the U.S. alone. The album yielded three Top 20 singles, “New Kid in Town”, “Hotel California”, and “Life in the Fast Lane”. They released their last studio album for nearly 28 years in 1979 with The Long Run, which spawned three Top 10 singles: “Heartache Tonight”, “The Long Run”, and “I Can’t Tell You Why”.The Eagles disbanded in July 1980 but reunited in 1994 for Hell Freezes Over, a mix of live and new studio tracks. They have toured intermittently since then and were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2007, the Eagles released Long Road Out of Eden, their first full studio album in 28 years. The album would top the album charts, release five singles on the Adult Contemporary Charts and win the band two Grammys. The next year they launched the Long Road Out of Eden Tour in support of the album. The band members have discussed the possibility of making another album.

THE EAGLES GREATEST HITS http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=eC09wD_SwQI

Benoît B.Mandelbrot

French American mathematician Benoît B. Mandelbrot  was born 20 November 1924 in Poland, but moved to France with his family when he was a child. Mandelbrot spent much of his life living and working in the United States, and he acquired dual French and American citizenship. Mandelbrot worked on a wide range of mathematical problems, including mathematical physics and quantitative finance, but is best known as the popularizer of fractal geometry. He coined the term fractal and described the Mandelbrot set. Mandelbrot also wrote books and gave lectures aimed at the general public. Mandelbrot spent most of his career at IBM’s Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and was appointed as an IBM Fellow. He later became a Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences at Yale University, where he was the oldest professor in Yale’s history to receive tenure. Mandelbrot also held positions at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Université Lille Nord de France, Institute for Advanced Study and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.From 1951 onward, Mandelbrot worked on problems and published papers not only in mathematics but in applied fields such as information theory, economics, and fluid dynamics. He became convinced that two key themes, fat tails and self- similar structure, ran through a situation of problems encountered in those fields.

Mandelbrot found that price changes in financial markets did not follow a Gaussian distribution, but rather Lévy stable distributions having theoretically infinite variance. He found, for example, that cotton prices followed a Lévy stable distribution with parameter α equal to 1.7 rather than 2 as in a Gaussian distribution. “Stable” distributions have the property that the sum of many instances of a random variable follows the same distribution but with a larger scale parameter.Mandelbrot also put his ideas to work in cosmology. He offered in 1974 a new explanation of Olbers’ paradox (the “dark night sky” riddle), demonstrating the consequences of fractal theory as a sufficient, but not necessary, resolution of the paradox. He postulated that if the stars in the universe were fractally distributed (for example, like Cantor dust), it would not be necessary to rely on the Big Bang theory to explain the paradox. His model would not rule out a Big Bang, but would allow for a dark sky even if the Big Bang had not occurred. In 1975, Mandelbrot coined the term fractal to describe these structures, and published his ideas in Fractals: Form, Chance and Dimension.While at Harvard University in 1979, Mandelbrot began to study fractals called Julia sets that were invariant under certain transformations of the complex plane. Building on previous work by Gaston Julia and Pierre Fatou, Mandelbrot used a computer to plot images of the Julia sets of the formula z2 − μ. While investigating how the topology of these Julia sets depended on the complex parameter μ he studied the Mandelbrot set fractal that is now named after him. (Note that the Mandelbrot set is now usually defined in terms of the formula z2 + c, so Mandelbrot’s early plots in terms of the earlier parameter μ are left– right mirror images of more recent plots in terms of the parameter c.) In 1982, Mandelbrot expanded and updated his ideas in The Fractal Geometry of Nature. This influential work brought fractals into the mainstream of professional and popular mathematics, as well as silencing critics, who had dismissed fractals as “program artifacts”.

Mandelbrot left IBM in 1987, when IBM decided to end pure research in his division. He joined the Department of Mathematics at Yale, and obtained his first tenured post in 1999, at the age of 75. At the time of his retirement in 2005, he was Sterling Professor of Mathematical Sciences. His awards include the Wolf Prize for Physics in 1993, the Lewis Fry Richardson Prize of the European Geophysical Society in 2000, the Japan Prize in 2003, and the Einstein Lectureship of the American Mathematical Society in 2006.The small asteroid 27500 Mandelbrot was named in his honor. In November 1990, he was made a Knight in the French Legion of Honour. In December 2005, Mandelbrot was appointed to the position of Battelle Fellow at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Mandelbrot was promoted to Officer of the Legion of Honour in January 2006. An honorary degree from Johns Hopkins University was bestowed on Mandelbrot in the May 2010 commencement exercises. Although Mandelbrot coined the term fractal, some of the mathematical objects he presented in The Fractal Geometry of Nature had been previously described by other mathematicians. Before Mandelbrot, they had often been regarded as isolated curiosities with unnatural and non-intuitive properties. Mandelbrot brought these objects together for the first time and turned them into essential tools for the long-stalled effort to extend the scope of science to non-smooth objects in the real world. He highlighted their common properties, such as self-similarity (linear, non-linear, or statistical), scale invariance, and a (usually) non-integer Hausdorff dimension.He also emphasized the use of fractals as realistic and useful models of many “rough” phenomena in the real world. Natural fractals include the shapes of mountains, coastlines and river basins; the structures of plants, blood vessels and lungs; the clustering of galaxies; and Brownian motion. Fractals are found in human pursuits, such as music, art, architecture, and stock market prices. Mandelbrot believed that fractals, far from being unnatural, were in many ways more intuitive and natural than the artificially smooth objects of traditional Euclidean geometry.

Mandelbrot Sadly died in a hospice in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 14th October 2010 from pancreatic cancer, at the age of 85. However his legacy lives on and he has been called a visionary and a maverick. His informed & passionate style of writing and his emphasis on visual and geometric intuition (supported bythe inclusion of numerous illustrations) made The Fractal Geometry of Nature accessible to non-specialists. The book sparked widespread popular interest in fractals and contributed to chaos theory and other fields of science and mathematics.When visiting the Museu de la Ciència de Barcelona in 1988, he told its director that the painting The Face of War had given him “the intuition about the transcendence of the fractal geometry when making intelligible the omnipresent similitude in the forms of nature”. He also said that, fractally, Gaudí was superior to Van der Rohe. The mathematician Heinz-Otto Peitgen said Mandelbrot’s impact inside mathematics, and applications in the sciences, made him one of the most important figures of the last 50 years.