Fall of Gondolin

The Fall of Gondolin by Christopher Tolkien is set to be published on 30 August 2018. Edited by Christopher Tolkien and illustrated by Alan Lee. It Will comprise 304 pages and be published in hardback, deluxe hardback, large print and e-book. The Fall of Gondolin is one of Tolkien’s three Great Tales of the Elder Days alongside The Children of Húrin and Beren and Lúthien. It concerns the rise and fall of a great Elven kingdom Gondolin and takes place millennia before the events of The Lord of the Rings. The earliest version of the Fall of Gondolin was probably written during J.R.R. Tolkien’s convalescence at Great Haywood, Staffordshire, in 1917. This is the only full account and belongs with ‘the Book of Lost Tales’. A compressed version of the story was also written between 1926 and 1930 in Line with a much edited ‘Silmarillion’. Then around 1951, Tolkien began work on another entirely refashioned account that comes to an abrupt end once Tuor reaches the hidden city of Gondolin.

The Tale of The Fall of Gondolin takes place during the First Age of Middle Earth and concerns two of the greatest powers in Middle Earth; the evil god Morgoth who rules over a vast military power from his fortress of Angband and Ulmo, the Lord of Water, who is second in might only to Manwë, chief of the Valar. Ulmo is opposed to Morgoth/Melkor and works in secret in Middle-earth to support the Noldor Elves, including Húrin and Túrin Turambar, against the evil Morgoth/Melkor.

It Features the hidden city of Gondolin, Which was built by Noldorin Elves after they rebelled against the Gods of Valinor and fled to Middle Earth. Gondolin is ruled by King Turgon who is hated and feared by all his enemies especially Morgoth, who seeks in vain to discover the marvellously hidden city. Meanwhile the gods in Valinor refuse to intervene in support of Ulmo’s desires and designs.

Elsewhere Tuor, cousin of Túrin, sets out from his birthplace on a dangerous journey to the hidden Elven realm of Gondolin. He is guided by Ulmo, who actually appears to him at one point, during a storm. Having reached Gondolin Tuor does many impressive deeds to help the Elves and achieves many great things; he is wedded to Idril, Turgon’s daughter. Unfortunately Morgoth learns the location of Gondolin through an act of supreme treachery by Maeglin and finds out all that he needs to mount a devastating attack on the city. So he besieges Gondolin with Balrogs and dragons and numberless Orcs and Gondolin is subsequently destroyed.

Tuor and Idril have a son  Eärendel, and luckily Tuor and Idril, manage to escape the carnage with their child Eärendel, and flee southward. Along the way Tuor manages to save many of its inhabitants from destruction. and the refugees fled to a haven by the sea created by Tuor. The son of Tuor and Idril, Eärendil the Half-elven, has a profound importance in future events And is subsequently betrothed to Elwing, herself descended from Beren and Lúthien. Elwing brings Eärendil the Silmaril of Beren and Lúthien, and Eärendil uses it to travel across the sea to Aman to seek help from the Valar. Upon hearing what Morgoth has done The Valar decide to confront Morgoth, and his legions at Angband in an epic and cataclysmic battle which sinks most of Beleriand. Later Eärendil and Elwing have two children: Elrond and Elros. As descendants of immortal elves and mortal men, they were given the choice of which lineage to belong to: Elrond chose to belong to the Elves, while his brother Elros became the first king of Numenor.

National Siblings Day

National Siblings Day is celebrated annually in some parts of the United States on April 10th, honoring the relationships of siblings. Since 1998, the governors of 49 states have officially issued proclamations to recognize Siblings Day in their state. From its American beginnings the observation has become international, spreading as far as India and Australia. It was originally conceived by Claudia Evart to honor the memory of her brother and sister, both of whom passed away at early ages.The organization was incorporated in 1997 and achieved non-profit status in 1999.

Carolyn Maloney, then U.S. Representative for New York’s 12th congressional district, officially saluted the holiday and introduced it into the official Congressional Record of the United States Congress on September 26, 2005.

Omar Sharif

Charismatic Hollywood Actor and renowned Bridge player Omar Sharif was born Michel Chalhoub 10 April 1932 in Alexandria, the son of well-to-do Lebanese-Syrian Christians, Claire (nee Saada) and Joseph Chalhoub, and educated at a private school and at Cairo University. He worked briefly in his father’s lumber business but went into acting when director offered him a role in the film Struggle in the Valley (1954). His co-star Youssef Chahine, later became his wife, In a marriage which lasted for 20 years and they had a son Tarek, who made a brief appearance in Doctor Zhivago in the guise of Yuri Zhivago’s childhood self. Sharif became established as a principal figure in Egyptian cinema appearing in over 20 Egyptian films, he also starred in the French-backed Goha (1958), which afforded him wider recognition, in the arthouses.

His acting breakthrough came when he was cast by the producer Sam Spiegel and director David Lean to play Arab Chieftain Sharif Ali in David Lean’s epic film Lawrence of Arabia and was introduced to the international screen in one of the most dramatic star entrances of film history a daringly protracted sequence, in which Lawrence (Peter O’Toole) first makes contact with the Arab chieftain Sherif Ali (Sharif), who goes from being a speck on the horizon into a towering, huge horseman. The role of Sherif Ali was pivotal in the film’s dramatic scheme, and Sharif’s swarthy, romantic aura was played off to great effect against the blue-eyed blondness of O’Toole’s Lawrence. The two became close friends while making the film. Sharif’s performance won him Golden Globe awards as best supporting actor and most promising newcomer, as well as an Academy Award nomination,

Thanks to Lawrence of Arabia He soon became a major Hollywood player and followed his breakthrough performance with roles in Behold a Pale Horse alongside Gregory Peck and Anthony Quinn, Fluent in English and French, he worked steadily for the next few years as an All-purpose foreigner. He played the title role in the 1965 epic Genghis Khan, and in 1965 he reunited with Lean to star in Doctor Zhivago, which earned him another Golden Globe. Sharif also starred as shady Gambler Nicky Arnstein alongside Barbra Streisand as Fanny Brice in Funny Girl and its sequel, Funny Lady. He also played a Spanish priest in Behold a Pale Horse (1964), and a Yugoslav partisan in The Yellow Rolls-Royce (1964), and even, a little later, a Nazi officer, complete with blond-streaked hair, in The Night of the Generals (1967). But it was as the Russian hero of Lean’s Doctor Zhivago that he achieved his best-remembered screen role, a brooding, magnetic presence.

He also starred alongside Ava Gardner, in Mayerling (1968), in which he portrayed the doomed Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria. He also starred In Che! (1969), The Last Valley (1971), The Horsemen (1971) and The Burglars (1971) and was cast opposite Jean-Paul Belmondo, as a stereotypical scheming villain, then In 1974 he portrayed the captain of a stricken cruise liner in Juggernaut and in 1975 he reprised the role of Arnstein in the Funny Girl sequel, Funny Lady. his last role was in 2013 drama Rock the Casbah. He has one film still to be released: a short called 1001 Inventions and the World of Ibn Al-Haytham.

Off-screen he led an eventful life too, and Sharif became associated with the game of bridge than with acting. Though he took it up in adult life, he developed into a world-class player. In addition to competing in international tournaments, he wrote a syndicated column on the subject for several years for the Chicago Tribune, was the author of several books on bridge, and licensed his name to a bridge computer game. He was also an inveterate high-stakes gambler, a regular at the casinos of Paris and elsewhere, and at the racetrack in Deauville. He was often overtaken by his own success, to the extent that in order to service the debts incurred by gambling and a playboy lifestyle, he entered a downward spiral into trivial and meretricious movies. His lavish lifestyle encompassed heavy drinking and smoking more than 50 cigarettes a day, at least until he underwent heart bypass surgery in 1993. And the cost was high in financial terms as well. Throughout the 2000’s he drifted from one minor role to the next in a run of TV movies, mini-series, and costume dramas until In 2003 he portrayed an elderly Turkish Muslim shopkeeper in the French movie Monsieur Ibrahim, which earned him a best actor César award, the French equivalent of an Oscar.

His private life was also littered with controversial moments. In 2003 the star was given a one-month suspended prison sentence and a €1,500 fine for head-butting a policeman in a Parisian casino. In 2005 he was ordered to attend anger management classes and served two years probation after assaulting a Beverly Hills parking valet and was caught on video in 2011, apparently slapping a journalist at the Doha international film festival. In 2006 he abandoned gambling and bridge in favour of family life, and described himself as semi-retired from the screen.In 2005 he received a Unesco medal in recognition of his contributions to world cinema and cultural diversity. He sadly died 10 July 2015, however the films Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago are both still rightly regarded as classics and Sharif’s reputation remained undimmed. He is survived by his son and two grandsons.

Bunny Wailer

Reggae legend Singer, songwriter and drummer Bunny Wailer (Neville Livingstone) was born 10 April 1947. Starting out in 1963 with the group the Wailers, The Wailers released Their earliest reggae records with producer Lee Scratch Perry. Neville Livingston (later known as Bunny Wailer) was friends with Bob Marley. They had started to play music together while at Stepney Primary and Junior High School. Marley left Nine Mile when he was 12 and moved to Trenchtown, Kingston. Marley and Livingston shared the same house in Trenchtown, and became interested in R&B and Ska music. They joined a band with Peter Tosh, Beverley Kelso and Junior Braithwaite and also met Joe Higgs, of the successful vocal act Higgs & Wilson, Marley and the others didn’t play any instruments at this time, and were more interested in being a vocal harmony group. Higgs helped them develop their vocal harmonies, and taught Marley how to play guitar.

In February 1962, Bob Marley recorded four songs, “Judge Not”, “One Cup of Coffee”, “Do You Still Love Me?” and “Terror”. Three of the songs were released Including One Cup of Coffee”. In 1963, Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith changed the name of the band to The Wailing Rudeboys, then to The Wailing Wailers, and were discovered by record producer Coxsone Dodd, and shortened the name to The Wailers. They released the single “Simmer Down” and worked with established Jamaican musicians such as Ernest Ranglin (arranger “It Hurts To Be Alone”), the keyboardist Jackie Mittoo and saxophonist Roland Alphonso. By 1966, Braithwaite, Kelso, and Smith had left The Wailers, leaving the core trio of Bob Marley, Bunny Wailer, and Peter Tosh. After a financial disagreement with Dodd, Marley and his band teamed up with Lee “Scratch” Perry and his studio band, The Upsetters. Although the alliance lasted less than a year, they recorded what many consider The Wailers’ finest work. Marley and Perry split after a dispute.

Between 1968 and 1972, Bob and Rita Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Wailer re-cut some old tracks in an attempt to commercialise The Wailers’ sound. In 1968, Bob and Rita visited songwriter Jimmy Norman at. A three-day jam session with Norman and others, including Norman’s co-writer Al Pyfrom, resulted in a 24-minute tape of Marley performing several of his and Norman-Pyfrom’s compositions. Including n “Stay With Me” and “Splish for My Splash”. In1972, Bob Marley embarked on a UK tour with American soul singer Johnny Nash. While in London the Wailers were introduced to Chris Blackwell this resulted in the offer to record an album. In Marley, Blackwell recognized the elements needed to snare the rock audience: “I was dealing with rock music, which was really rebel music. I felt that would really be the way to break Jamaican music. But you needed someone who could be that image. When Bob walked in he really was that image.”

The Wailers returned to Jamaica to record at Harry J’s in Kingston which resulted in the album Catch a Fire in which.Blackwell desired to create “more of a drifting, hypnotic-type feel than a reggae rhythm”,and restructured Marley’s mixes and arrangements. Catch a Fire, was released worldwide in April 1973, packaged like a rock record with a uniqueZippo lighter lift-top. It was followed later that year by the album Burnin’ which included the song “I Shot the Sheriff”. Eric Clapton was given the album by his guitarist George Terry in the hope that he would enjoy it.Clapton was suitably impressed and chose to record a cover version of “I Shot the Sheriff” which became his first US hit since “Layla”The Wailers were scheduled to open seventeen shows in the US for Sly and the Family Stone. After four shows, the band was fired because they were more popular than the acts they were opening for. the Wailers broke up in 1974 with each of the three main members pursuing solo careers. The reason for the breakup is shrouded in conjecture; some believe that there were disagreements amongst Bunny, Peter, and Bob concerning performances, while others claim that Bunny and Peter simply preferred solo work.

After the break-up, Marley continued recording as “Bob Marley & The Wailers”. His new backing band included brothers Carlton and Aston “Family Man” Barrett on drums and bass respectively, Junior Marvin and Al Andersonon lead guitar, Tyrone Downie and Earl “Wya” Lindo on keyboards, and Alvin “Seeco” Patterson on percussion. The “I Threes”, consisting of Judy Mowatt,Marcia Griffiths, and Marley’s wife, Rita, provided backing vocals. In 1975, Marley had his international breakthrough with his first hit outside Jamaica, “No Woman, No Cry”, from the Natty Dread album. this was followed by his breakthrough album in the United States, Rastaman Vibration (1976), which reached the Top 50 of the Billboard Soul Charts. On 3 December 1976, two days before “Smile Jamaica”, a free concert organised by the Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Manley in an attempt to ease tension between two warring political groups,

Marley, his wife, and manager Don Taylor were wounded in an assault by unknown gunmen inside Marley’s home. Taylor and Marley’s wife sustained serious injuries, but later made full recoveries. Bob Marley received minor wounds in the chest and arm.The attempt on his life was thought to have been politically motivated, as many felt the concert was really a support rally for Manley. Nonetheless, the concert proceeded, and an injured Marley performed as scheduled, two days after the attempt. When asked why, Marley responded, “The people who are trying to make this world worse aren’t taking a day off. How can I?” The members of the group Zap Pow played as Bob Marley’s backup band before a festival crowd of 80,000 while members of The Wailers were still missing or in hiding.Marley left Jamaica at the end of 1976, and after a month-long “recovery and writing” sojourn at the site of Chris Blackwell’s Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas, arrived in England, where he spent two years in self-imposed exile.

Whilst in England, he recorded the albums Exodus and Kaya. Exodus stayed on the British album charts for fifty-six consecutive weeks. It included four UK hit singles: “Exodus”, “Waiting in Vain”, “Jamming”, and “One Love” (a rendition of Curtis Mayfield’s hit, “People Get Ready”). During his time in London, he was arrested and received a conviction forpossession of a small quantity of cannabis.In 1978, Marley returned to Jamaica and performed at another political concert, the One Love Peace Concert, again in an effort to calm warring parties. Near the end of the performance, by Marley’s request, Michael Manley (leader of then-ruling People’s National Party) and his political rival Edward Seaga(leader of the opposing Jamaica Labour Party), joined each other on stage and shook hands.Under the name Bob Marley and the Wailers eleven albums were released, four live albums and seven studio albums. The releases included Babylon by Bus, a double live album with thirteen tracks, were released in 1978 and received critical acclaim. This album, and specifically the final track “Jamming” with the audience in a frenzy, captured the intensity of Marley’s live performances.

The defiant and politically charged album, Survival Was released in 1979. Tracks such as “Zimbabwe”, “Africa Unite”, “Wake Up and Live”, and “Survival” reflected Marley’s support for the struggles of Africans. His appearance at the Amandla Festival in Boston in July 1979 showed his strong opposition to South African apartheid, which he already had shown in his song “War” in 1976. In early 1980, he was invited to perform at the 17 April celebration ofZimbabwe’s Independence Day. Uprising (1980) was Bob Marley’s final studio album, and is one of his most religious productions; it includes “Redemption Song” and “Forever Loving Jah”.Confrontation, released posthumously in 1983, contained unreleased material recorded during Marley’s lifetime, including the hit “Buffalo Soldier” and new mixes of singles previously only available in Jamaica.

Great Gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s classic novel The Great Gatsby was published April 10 1925. It is set during the summer of 1922 and features Nick Carraway, a Yale graduate and World War I veteran from the Midwest – who takes a job in New York as a bond salesman. He rents a small house on Long Island, in the (fictional) village of West Egg, next door to the lavish mansion of Jay Gatsby, a mysterious millionaire who holds extravagant parties but does not participate in them. Nick drives around the bay to East Egg for dinner at the home of his cousin, Daisy Fay Buchanan, and her husband, Tom, a college acquaintance of Nick’s. They introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, an attractive, cynical young golfer with whom Nick begins a romantic relationship. She reveals to Nick that Tom has a mistress, Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the “valley of ashes”: an industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City. Not long after this revelation, Nick travels to New York City with Tom and Myrtle to an apartment they keep for their affair. At the apartment, a vulgar and bizarre party takes place. It ends with Tom breaking Myrtle’s nose after she annoys him by saying Daisy’s name several times.

Nick receives an invitation to one of Gatsby’s parties, where he meets Jordan Baker and Gatsby himself, an aloof and surprisingly young man who recognizes Nick from their same division in the war. Nick later learns that Gatsby knew Daisy from a romantic encounter in 1917 and is deeply in love with her. He spends many nights staring at the green light at the end of her dock, across the bay from his mansion, hoping to one day rekindle their lost romance. Gatsby’s extravagant lifestyle and wild parties are an attempt to impress Daisy in the hopes that she will one day appear again at Gatsby’s doorstep. Gatsby now wants Nick to arrange a reunion between himself and Daisy. Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house, without telling her that Gatsby will also be there. After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy reestablish their connection. They begin an affair and, after a short time, Tom grows increasingly suspicious of his wife’s relationship with Gatsby. At a luncheon at the Buchanans’ house, Daisy speaks to Gatsby with such undisguised intimacy that Tom realizes she is in love with Gatsby. Though Tom is himself involved in an extramarital affair, he is outraged by his wife’s infidelity. He forces the group to drive into New York City and confronts Gatsby in a suite at the Plaza Hotel, asserting that he and Daisy have a history that Gatsby could never understand. In addition to that, he announces to his wife that Gatsby is a criminal whose fortune comes from bootlegging alcohol and other illegal activities. Daisy realizes that her allegiance is to Tom, however Tom contemptuously sends her back to East Egg with Gatsby, attempting to prove that Gatsby cannot hurt him.

However When Nick, Jordan, and Tom drive through the valley of ashes on their way home later that night, they discover that Gatsby’s car has struck and killed Tom’s mistress, Myrtle. Nick later learns that Daisy, not Gatsby himself, was driving the car at the time of the accident but Gatsby intends to take the blame anyway. Meanwhile Myrtle’s husband, George, concludes that the driver of the yellow car is Myrtle’s secret lover, and when he discovers it belongs to Gatsby this has fatal consequences. Since publication The great Gatsby has also been adapted for television, theatre and film numerous times (Most recently starring Leonardo diCaprio and Isla Fisher).