Enzo Ferrari

Italian motor racing legend and entrepreneur, the founder of the Scuderia Ferrari Grand Prix motor racing team and Ferrari automobile marque Enzo Ferrari, sadly died 14 August 1988. He was born February 18, 1898 in Modena, Italy. Ferrari grew up with little formal education but a strong desire to race cars. At the age of 10 and seeing 1908 Circuit di Bologna, he decided to become a racing Driver.During World War I he was assigned to the third Alpine Artillery division of the Italian Army. His father Alfredo, as well as his older brother, also named Alfredo, died in 1916 as a result of a widespread Italian flu outbreak. Ferrari became severely ill himself in the 1918 flu pandemic and was consequently discharged from Italian service. Upon returning home he found that the family firm had collapsed. Having no other job prospects, Ferrari eventually settled for a job at a smaller car company called CMN (Costruzioni Meccaniche Nazionali), redesigning used truck bodies into small passenger cars. He took up racing in 1919 on the CMN team, but had little initial success.

He left CMN in 1920 to work at Alfa Romeo and racing their cars in local races he had more success. In 1923, racing in Ravenna, he acquired the Prancing Horse badge which decorated the fuselage of Francesco Baracca’s (Italy’s leading ace of WWI) SPAD S.XIII fighter, given from his mother, taken from the wreckage of the plane after his mysterious death. This icon would have to wait until 1932 to be displayed on a racing car.In 1924 Ferrari won the Coppa Acerbo at Pescara. His successes in local races encouraged Alfa to offer him a chance of much more prestigious competition. Ferrari turned this opportunity down and did not race again until 1927. He continued to work directly for Alfa Romeo until 1929 before starting Scuderia Ferrari as the racing team for Alfa.Ferrari managed the development of the factory Alfa cars, and built up a team of over forty drivers, including Giuseppe Campari and Tazio Nuvolari. Ferrari himself continued racing until 1932.

The support of Alfa Romeo lasted until 1933. Only at the intervention of Pirelli did Ferrari receive any cars at all. Despite the quality of the Scuderia drivers, the company won few victories. Auto Union and Mercedes dominated the era, but Ferrari achieved a notable victory when Tazio Nuvolari beat them on their home turf at the German Grand Prix in 1935.In 1937 Alfa took control of its racing efforts again, reducing Ferrari to Director of Sports under Alfa’s engineering director. Ferrari soon left, but a contract clause restricted him from racing or designing cars for four years.In response, Ferrari organized Auto-Avio Costruzioni, a company supplying parts to other racing teams. Ferrari did manage to manufacture two cars for the 1940 Mille Miglia, driven by Alberto Ascari and Lotario Rangoni. During World War II his firm was forced to undertake war production for Mussolini’s fascist government. Following Allied bombing of the factory, Ferrari relocated from Modena to Maranello. It was not until after World War II that Ferrari could start making cars bearing his name, founding today’s Ferrari S.p.A. in 1947.

The first open-wheel race was in Turin in 1948 and the first victory came later in the year in Lago di Garda. Ferrari participated in the Formula 1 World Championship since its introduction in 1950 but the first victory was not until the British Grand Prix of 1951. The first championship came in 1952–53, with Alberto Ascari. The company also sold production sports cars in order to finance the racing endeavours not only in Grands Prix but also in events such as the Mille Miglia and Le Mans.Ferrari’s decision to continue racing in the Mille Miglia brought the company new victories and greatly increased public recognition. However, increasing speeds, poor roads, and nonexistent crowd protection eventually spelled disaster for both the race and Ferrari. During the 1957 Mille Miglia, near the town of Guidizzolo, a 4.0-litre Ferrari 335S driven by the flamboyant Alfonso de Portago was traveling at 250 km/h when it blew a tire and crashed into the roadside crowd, killing de Portago, his co-driver, and nine spectators, including five children. In response, Enzo Ferrari and Englebert, the tyre manufacturer, were charged with manslaughter in a lengthy criminal prosecution that was finally dismissed in 1961. Many of the firm’s greatest victories came at Le Mans (14 victories, including six in a row 1960–65) and in Formula One during the 1950s and 1960s, with the successes of Juan-Manuel Fangio (1956), Mike Hawthorn (1958), Phil Hill (1961) and John Surtees (1964).

In 1969 the problems of reduced demand and inadequate financing forced Ferrari to allow Fiat to take a stake in the company. Ferrari had previously offered Ford the opportunity to buy the firm in 1963 for US$18 million but, late in negotiations, Ferrari withdrew once he realised that he would not have been able to retain control of the company sporting program. Ferrari became joint-stock and Fiat took a small share in 1965 and then in 1969 they increased their holding to 50% of the company. (In 1988 Fiat’s holding rose to 90%). In 1974 Ferrari nominated Luca Cordero di Montezemolo sporting director. Niki Lauda won the championship in 1975 and 1977. After those successes and another title for Jody Scheckter in 1979, the company’s Formula One championship hopes fell into the doldrums.1982 opened with a strong car, the 126C2, world-class drivers, and promising results in the early races. However, Gilles Villeneuve was killed in the 126C2 in May, and teammate Didier Pironi had his career cut short in a violent end over end flip on the misty back straight at Hockenheim in August. Pironi had been leading the driver’s championship at the time. Ferrari remained chairman of the company until his death in 1988 but the team would not see championship glory again during his lifetime.

David Crosby

American singer-songwriter and guitarist David Crosby was born in Los Angeles, California on August 14, 1941. His father Floyd Crosby, was an Academy Award–winning cinematographer and He is also the younger brother of musician Ethan Crosby. Growing up in California, he attended several schools, including the University Elementary School in Los Angeles, the Crane Country Day School in Montecito, and Laguna Blanca School in Santa Barbara. At Crane, he starred in HMS Pinafore and other musicals and He graduated from the Cate School in Carpinteria, completing his secondary studies by correspondence. Crosby briefly studied drama at Santa Barbara City College before dropping out to pursue a career in music. He became a member of the Les Baxter’s Balladeers and With the help of producer Jim Dickson, Crosby recorded his first solo session in 1963.

In 1964 Crosby joined Jim “Roger” McGuinn, Gene Clark, drummer Michael Clarke and bass player Chris Hillman on rhythm guitar to form The Byrds. Jim Dickson (the Byrds’ manager) knew Bob Dylan’s publisher, and the band obtained a demo of Dylan’s “Mr. Tambourine Man” and recorded a version of the song, featuring McGuinn’s 12-string guitar as well as McGuinn, Crosby, and Clark’s vocal harmonizing which became a huge hit in 1967. The Byrds second single was “All I Really Want to Do”. Together with McGuinn and Hillman Crosby became a prolific songwriter. writing the 1966 hit “Eight Miles High” and co-writing “Why” with McGuinn. Crosby persuaded the Byrds to record “Hey Joe” on their 1967 album Fifth Dimension. By Younger Than Yesterday.

Sadly Friction between Crosby and the other Byrds came to a head in mid-1967 after the Monterey Pop Festival, when Crosby’s onstage political diatribes between songs annoyed McGuinn and Hillman. He further annoyed his bandmates when, at the invitation of Stephen Stills, he substituted for an absent Neil Young during Buffalo Springfield’s set. This boiled over during recording of The Notorious Byrd Brothers album and Crosby Left the Byrds. Jefferson Airplane recorded the Crosby penned song “Triad” instead and released it on their album Crown of Creation in 1968. Crosby sang a solo acoustic version on Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young’s 1971 double live album Four Way Street. The Byrds’ version appeared on the 1988 Never Before release and is now available on The Notorious Byrd Brothers. In 1973, Crosby reunited with the original Byrds for the album Byrds, with Crosby acting as the album’s producer.

In 1968 After leaving the Byrds Crosby met Stephen Stills at a party at the home of Cass Elliot (of the Mamas and the Papas) in California, they were joined by Graham Nash, from the Hollies and Crosby Stills and Nash Played at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in August 1969 and released Their first album, Crosby, Stills & Nash Which featured the songs”Guinnevere”, “Almost Cut My Hair”, “Long Time Gone”, and “Delta”. Crosby also co-wrote “Wooden Ships” with Paul Kantner of Jefferson Airplane and Stephen Stills. In 1969, Neil Young joined the group and they recorded the album Déjà Vu, featuring the songs “Almost Cut My Hair” and “Déjà Vu”. Tragically Crosby’s longtime girlfriend Christine Hinton was killed in a car accident only days after Hinton, Crosby, and Debbie Donovan moved from Los Angeles to the Bay Area. Crosby was devastated, and he began abusing drugs.

Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young then released double live album Four Way Street, before having a break to focuson their respective solo careers.In 1969, Crosby appeared with CSNY at the Altamont Free Concert, and also performed at Monterey Pop and Woodstock. In 1970 he joined Jerry Garcia, Phil Lesh and Mickey Hart from Grateful Dead, billed as “David and the Dorks”. In 1971, Crosby also released his first solo album, If I Could Only Remember My Name, featuring contributions by Nash, Young, Joni Mitchell, and members of Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead, and Santana.CSNY reunited in 1973 at the Winterland in San Francisco and embarked on a stadium tour in 1974. CSNY then recorded the Crosby song, “Little Blind Fish” And a greatest hits compilation entitled So Far was also released during 1974. During 1976, Crosby & Nash and Stills & Young worked seperately to produce a CSNY album but this ended bitterly after Stills and Young deleted Crosby and Nash’s vocals from their album Long May You Run. Following this CSNY did not perform together again as a foursome until Live Aid in Philadelphia in 1985.

As a duo, Crosby & Nash (C&N) have released four studio albums and two live albums, including Another Stoney Evening, which features the duo in a 1971 acoustic performance with no supporting band. Some Crosby songs recorded by C&N in the 1970s include “Where Will I Be?”, “Carry Me”, “Bittersweet”, “Low Down Payment”, “Homeward Through the Haze”, “Time After Time”, “Dancer” and “Foolish Man”. During the mid-1970s, Crosby and Nash enjoyed lucrative careers as session musicians, with both performers (as a duo and individually) contributing harmonies and background vocals to albums by Joni Mitchell, Jackson Browne (whom Crosby had initially championed as an emerging performer), Dave Mason, Rick Roberts, James Taylor (most notably “Lighthouse” and “Mexico”), Art Garfunkel, J.D. Souther, Carole King, Elton John, and Gary Wright. Crosby sang backup vocals on several Paul Kantner and Grace Slick albums from 1971 through 1974 and the Hot Tuna album Burgers in 1972. He also participated in composer Ned Lagin’s proto-ambient project Seastones along with members of the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Starship.

During the late 1980s to the early 1990s Crosby occasionally worked with Phil Collins singing backup On “That’s Just the Way It Is” and “Another Day in Paradise”, and,Collins sang backup on Crosby’s 1993 song, “Hero”, from his album Thousand Roads, . In 1992, Crosby sang backup on the album Rites of Passage with the Indigo Girls on tracks 2 and 12. In 1999, he appeared on Return of the Grievous Angel: A Tribute to Gram Parsons, singing a duet of the title track with Lucinda Williams. Crosby Stills and Nash also performed occasionally during1980s and 1990s (mainly at the annual Bridge School Benefit organized by Young’s wife Pegi). Without Young, however, Crosby, Stills & Nash toured in 1977 and 1982 after releasing the albums CSN and Daylight Again and toured from the 1980’s. Up to the present day.

In 1988 Crosby, Stills and Nash also released the albums American Dream (with Neil Young), Live It Up (1990), After The Storm (1994), and Looking Forward (1999, with Young). Crosby & Nash also released the self-titled album Crosby & Nash in 2004. Full-scale CSNY tours took place in 2000, 2002, and 2006. Crosby, Stills, and Nash appeared together on a 2008 episode of The Colbert Report, and “Neil Young” joined them during the musical performance at the end of the episode. However, eventually, it became clear that it was only Stephen Colbert impersonating Young as the group sang “Teach Your Children”. In 1996, Crosby formed CPR or Crosby, Pevar & Raymond with session guitarist Jeff Pevar, and pianist James Raymond, Crosby’s son. The group released two studio albums and two live albums featuringThe first song that Crosby and Raymond co-wrote, “Morrison” these included “Live at Cuesta College”,”Just Like Gravity”, and “Live at the Wiltern,” recorded at the Wiltern Theatre in Los Angeles, which features Phil Collins and Graham Nash.

In 2006, Crosby collaborated with David Gilmour on the album “On an Island” along with Nash. Crosby and Nash also performed live with Gilmour at the Royal Albert Hall in London in 2006 and toured the United States,(featured on the 2007 DVD Remember That Night.)In January 2014, Crosby released his first solo album in 20 years, Croz, collaborating with his son James Raymond (of CPR). In 2016 Crosby released his fifth studio album Lighthouse featuring the song “Things We Do For Love” and embarked on an 18-date tour. Raymond has continued to perform with Crosby as part of the touring bands for C&N and CSN, as well as on solo Crosby projects, including 2014’s Croz and the subsequent tour, for which he served as musical director. Jeff Pevar has toured with many artists over his productive career, including CSN, Ray Charles, Joe Cocker, Marc Cohn, Phil Lesh & Friends, Jazz Is Dead, Rickie Lee Jones, Jefferson Starship and Bette Midler. Pevar has a solo record, From the Core, features the vocalist from Yes, Jon Anderson.

Crosby has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: once for his work in the Byrds and once for his work with CSN. Five albums he contributed to are included in Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, three with the Byrds and two with CSN(Y). He has been depicted as emblematic of the 1960s’ counterculture. He wrote or co-wrote “Lady Friend”, “Why”, and “Eight Miles High” with the Byrds and “Guinnevere”, “Wooden Ships”, “Shadow Captain”, and “In My Dreams” with Crosby, Stills & Nash. He wrote “Almost Cut My Hair” and the title track “Déjà Vu” for Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young’s 1970 album. He is known for his use of alternate guitar tunings and jazz influences.

Rocky Horror Picture Show

The science fiction musical The Rocky Horror Picture Show opened in London On The 14 August 1975 and went on to become the longest-running release in film history. It concerns Brad Majors and Janet Weiss who find themselves lost and with a flat tyre on a cold and rainy late November evening, somewhere near Denton, Ohio. Seeking a telephone, the couple walk to a nearby castle where they discover a group of strange and outlandish people who are holding an Annual Transylvanian Convention. They are soon swept into the world of Dr. Frank N. Furter, a self-proclaimed “sweet transvestite from Transsexual, Transylvania” and also meet Riff Raff, his sister Magenta, and a groupie named Columbia.

In his lab, Frank claims to have discovered the “secret to life itself”. His creation, Rocky, is brought to life. The ensuing celebration is soon interrupted by Eddie (an ex-delivery boy, both Frank and Columbia’s ex-lover, as well as partial brain donor to Rocky and proceeds to seduce Columbia but Eddie is killed by Frank. Brad and Janet are shown to separate bedrooms, where each is visited and seduced by Frank, who poses as Brad (when visiting Janet) and then as Janet (when visiting Brad). Janet finds Brad in bed with Frank and discovers Rocky hiding from Riff Raff, who has been tormenting him. While tending to his wounds, Janet becomes intimate with Rocky while Magenta and Columbia are watching.

Frank returns to the lab with Brad and Riff Raff, to look for Rocky and discovers that Brad and Janet’s old high school science teacher, Dr. Everett Scott, has come looking for his nephew, Eddie. Although Frank suspects that Dr. Scott actually investigates UFOs for the government. Upon learning of Brad and Janet’s connection to Dr. Scott, Frank suspects them of working for him. Frank, Dr. Scott, Brad, and Riff Raff then discover Janet and Rocky together. Later on Janet, Brad, Dr. Scott, Rocky, and Columbia all meet in Frank’s lab, where Frank captures them with the Medusa Transducer. Then Riff Raff, Magenta and Frank reveal that they are aliens from the planet Transsexual in the galaxy of Transylvania…