Avengers Infinity War

Avengers: Infinity War is out on DVD. It is the sequel to 2012’s The Avengers and 2015’s Avengers: Age of Ultron, and the nineteenth film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). It features Robert Downey Jr. Chris Hemsworth, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Evans, Scarlett Johansson, Benedict Cumberbatch, Don Cheadle, Tom Holland, Chadwick Boseman, Paul Bettany, Elizabeth Olsen, Anthony Mackie, Sebastian Stan, Danai Gurira, Letitia Wright, Karen Gillan, Peter Dinklage, Dave Bautista, Zoe Saldana, with Josh Brolin, and Chris Pratt.

Avengers: Infinity War, takes place shortly after The destruction of Asgard. It concerns the villainous Thanos and his children—Cull Obsidian, Ebony Maw, Proxima Midnight and Corvus Glaive who are attempting to gather a number of powerful stones -The Power, Space, Time, Mind, Reality and Soul stones, which when put together in the Infinity Gauntlet will give Thanos the power to destroy half the universe. So far Thanos, Cull Obsidian, Ebony Maw, Proxima Midnight and Corvus Glaive Have the Power Stone from the planet Xandar next they attack the refugees from Asgard to get the next Infinity Stone And take Thor, Loki and Hulk as prisoners.

Next they head to Earth in an attempt to steal the Space Stone from the Tesseract. So Thor, Loki and Hulk unsuccessfully attempt to stop them, however Hulk manages to escapes to the Sanctum Sanctorum in New York City, to warn Stephen Strange and Wong about Thanos’ evil plan to destroy half the universe. In response, Strange recruits Tony Stark. Then Maw and Obsidian arrive to steal the Time Stone from Strange. After a battle Maw captures Strange. Tony Stark and Peter Parker pursue Maw’s spaceship, while Banner contacts the other Avengers. In Scotland, Midnight and Glaive ambush Wanda Maximoff and Vision. However Steve Rogers, Natasha Romanoff and Sam Wilson rescue them, and they Join James Rhodes at the Avengers headquarters. Vision, Maximoff and Rogers then attempt to stop Thanos from retrieving the Mindstone

Elsewhere The Guardians of the Galaxy rescue Thor who realizes that Thanos is now seeking the Reality Stone, which is in the possession of the Collector at Knowhere. So The Avengers work with the Guardians of the Galaxy to stop Thanos, Rocket and Groot accompany Thor to Nidavellir to find a way to stop Thanos while Peter Quill, Gamora, Drax and Mantis pursue Thanos to Knowhere where Gamora, his adoptive daughter is coerced into revealing the location of the Soul Stone, however Thanos pays a heavy price to obtain it.

Nebula escapes and requests the remaining Guardians meet her on Titan, Thanos’ homeworld. Stark and Parker attempt to rescue Strange from Maw. Venturing to Titan, they meet Quill, Drax, and Mantis and forms a plan to confront Thanos and remove the Infinity Gauntlet. However this does not go well and Thanos Escapes. Upon arriving in Wakanda, Rogers reunites with Bucky Barnes, meanwhile Shuri attempts to extract the Mind Stone from Vision and destroy it in order to stop Thanos. Unfortunately Thanos’ army invades, now with the fate of the universe at stake the Avengers, Guardians of the Galaxy and King T’Challa’s Wakandan Army team up to attempt to stop Thanos activating the Infinity Gauntlet in an exciting showdown….

Merchant Navy Day

Merchant Navy Day is celebrated annually in the UK On 3 September. The Merchant Navy is the maritime register of the United Kingdom, and describes the seagoing commercial interests of UK-registered ships and their crews. Merchant Navy vessels fly the Red Ensign and are regulated by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA). King George V bestowed the title of “Merchant Navy” on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War. The Merchant Navy has been in existence for a significant period in British history, owing much of its growth to British imperial expansion. As an entity in itself it can be dated back to the 17th century, where an attempt was made to register all seafarers as a source of labour for the Royal Navy in times of conflict. That registration of merchant seafarers failed, and it was not successfully implemented until 1835. British ships were also deeply involved in acts of piracy and armed robbery on the high seas, off the waters of Europe and Caribbean, as ships with British sailors robbed from ships of foreign navies. The merchant fleet grew over successive years to become the world’s foremost merchant fleet, benefiting considerably from trade with British possessions in India and the Far East. The lucrative trade in sugar, contraband (opium to China), spices and tea (carried by ships such as the Cutty Sark) helped to solidify this dominance in the 19th century.

During the First and Second World Wars, the Merchant Service suffered heavy losses from German U-boat attacks. A policy of unrestricted warfare meant that merchant seafarers were also at risk of attack from enemy ships. The tonnage lost to U-boats in the First World War was around 7,759,090 tons, and around 14,661 merchant seafarers were killed. In honour of the sacrifice made by merchant seafarers in the First World War, George V granted the title “Merchant Navy” to the service. In 1928 George V made Edward, Prince of Wales “Master of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets”; a title he retained after his accession in January 1936 and relinquished only at his abdication that December. Since Edward VIII the title has automatically been held by the sovereigns George VI and Elizabeth II. During the Second World War, German U-boats sank nearly 14.7 million tons of Allied shipping, which amounted to 2,828 ships (around two thirds of the total allied tonnage lost). The United Kingdom alone suffered the loss of 11.7 million tons, which was 54% of the total Merchant Navy fleet at the outbreak of the Second World War. 32,000 merchant seafarers were killed aboard convoy vessels in the war, but along with the Royal Navy, the convoys successfully imported enough supplies to allow an Allied victory. In honour of the sacrifices made in the two World Wars, the Merchant Navy lays wreaths of remembrance alongside the armed forces in the annual Remembrance Day service on 11 November. Merchant Navy Day became an official day of remembrance on 3 September 2000.

Despite maintaining its dominant position for many decades, the decline of the British Empire in the mid-20th century inevitably led to the decline of the merchant fleet. in 1939 the Merchant Navy was the largest in the world with 33% of total tonnage but By 2012, the Merchant Navy — yet still remaining one of the largest in the world — held only 3% of total tonnage. According to the CIA World Fact Book, in 2010 the Merchant Navy consisted of 504 UK registered ships of 1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over. In addition, UK merchant marine interests possessed a further 308 ships registered in other countries and 271 foreign-owned ships were registered in the UK.In 2012 British merchant marine interests consisted of 1,504 ships of 100 GRT or over. This included ships either UK directly owned, parent-owned or managed by a British company. This amounted to: 59,413,000 GRT or alternatively 75,265,000 DWT. This is according to the annual maritime shipping statistics provided by the British Government and the Department for Transport.

Al Jardine (Beach Boys)

Al Jardine, Guitarist with the Beach boys was born 3rd September 1942 in Lima, Ohio. His family moved to San Francisco and later to Hawthorne, California. At Hawthorne High School, he befriended fellow football player Brian Wilson and watched Brian and brother Carl Wilson singing at a school assembly. After attending Ferris State University during the 1960-61 academic year, Jardine registered as a student at El Camino College in 1961. There, he was reunited with Brian and suggested forming a band while they worked through harmony ideas together in the college’s music room. Jardine’s primary musical interest was folk, and he learned banjo and guitar specifically to play folk music. When the Beach Boys formed at Wilson’s home, he first tried to push the band toward folk, but was overruled in favour of rock ‘n’ roll

They first gelled as a music group in the summer of 1961, initially named the Pendletones. Brian Wilson began to experiment with recording songs after receiving a Wollensak tape recorder on his 16th birthday, which lead to the Formation of The Beach Boys, and After being encouraged by Dennis to write a song about the local water sports craze, Brian and Mike Love together created what would become the first single for the band, “Surfin’”. Brian Wilson was mainly the lead singer of the Beach Boys, whilst Al was the Guitarist and Mike Love played the saxophone in the first years of the band eventually becoming the co -lead singer while Denis Wilson sang lead vocals on the early Beach Boys recordings (“Little Girl (You’re My Miss America)” and “This Car of Mine” as well as the bridge verse on “Girls on the Beach”)and “Do You Wanna Dance?”. Jardine played stand-up bass on the Beach Boys’ first recording, the song “Surfin’” (1961). Following his brief departure from the band in early 1962, he dabbled with a career in the air industry in Los Angeles. Jardine fully rejoined the Beach Boys in the summer of 1963 at Brian Wilson’s request and worked alongside guitarist David Marks with the band until October 1963, when Marks quit the Beach Boys after an altercation with the band’s manager, Murry Wilson.

Jardine left the Beach Boys in 1961 to pursue a career in dentistry, But filled in on bass for Brian during concerts and returned full-time in 1963 following David Marks’ departure after an argument with Murry Wilson. Jardine is the band’s rhythm guitarist and middle-range harmony vocalist. He first sang lead on “Christmas Day,” on 1964’s The Beach Boys’ Christmas Album and followed shortly after with the Number 1 hit “Help Me, Rhonda”. Thereafter he regularly sang leads on tracks. Jardine wrote or co-wrote a number of songs for the Beach Boys. Including “California Saga: California” from the Holland album, “Lady Lynda”, “Cotton Fields,” “Come Go with Me” and “Peggy Sue”. Al also became involved alongside Carl Wilson in production duties for the Beach Boys.Jardine also suggested that the Beach Boys cover the Mamas and the Papas’ song “California Dreamin’”. The video featured all the surviving Beach Boys and two of the three surviving members of the Mamas and the Papas, John Phillips and Michelle Phillips (Denny Doherty was on the East coast and declined), along with former Byrds guitarist Roger McGuinn.

Following Carl Wilson’s death in 1998, Jardine left the touring version of The Beach Boys, leaving Love as the only original member in the group playing live concerts. Jardine continued to tour and recorded with his Endless Summer Band, which included musicians who toured with the Beach Boys, including Billy Hinsche of Dino, Desi and Billy; Ed Carter; Bobby Figueroa; and Jardine’s sons, Matt and Adam. In 2001, Jardine’s band released Live in Las Vegas. In 2006, Jardine joined Brian Wilson’s band for a short tour celebrating the 40th anniversary of Pet Sounds. In March 2008, Jardine settled a lawsuit brought against him by Love and the estate of Carl Wilson regarding use of the “Beach Boys” name. Love had leased the Beach Boys’ name, and it was deemed that Jardine’s newly formed band, called the Beach Boys Family & Friends (featuring sons Matt and Adam Jardine, Carnie and Wendy Wilson, Daryl Dragon, Billy Hinsche and others), was a breach of title use. In 2009, Jardine’s sang lead vocal on “Big Sur Christmas” By Hey Stevie.

In 2010 Jardine released his solo debut album A Postcard from California, which features contributions from Beach Boys Brian Wilson, Carl Wilson (a posthumous track), Bruce Johnston, David Marks and Mike Love. There are also guest appearances from Glen Campbell, Neil Young, Steve Miller, Scott Mathews, Gerry Beckley and Dewey Bunnell (members of America) and Flea. A spoken intermission written by Stephen Kalinich, called “Tidepool Interlude”, features actor Alec Baldwin. In 2011 Jardine made his first appearance with the Beach Boys in more than 10 years at a tribute concert for Ronald Reagan’s 100th birthday, where he sang “Help Me, Rhonda” and “Sloop John B”.

Brian Wilson, Mike Love, Al Jardine, Bruce Johnston and David Marks also reunited for a new Beach Boys album “That’s why God made the Radio” and The Beach Boys 50th Anniversary Reunion Tour in 2012. Following the tour it was announced that Jardine, Wilson and Marks would no longer tour with the band. Love returned the lineup to its pre-Anniversary Tour configuration, with Love as the only original member (Bruce Johnston joined in 1965). Jardine appeared with Marks and Wilson, along with Wilson’s band, for a short summer tour in 2013. Al Jardine and Marks also contributed to Wilson’s 2015 solo album, No Pier Pressure and to Wilson’s Pet Sounds 50th Anniversary World Tour. In 2016, Jardine appeared in an episode of the Adult Swim series Decker: Unclassified, playing the role of the President’s “science advisor”. Jardine and his son, Matt, also contributed backing vocals to John Mayer’s 2017 song “Emoji of a Wave”,

Some of the Beach Boys’ biggest hits, include “Surfin’ Safari”, “Surfin’ USA“, “Shut Down”, “Little Deuce Coupe“, “Be True to Your School”, “Little Saint Nick”, “Fun, Fun, Fun“, “I Get Around”, “When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)”, “Little Honda”, “Dance, Dance, Dance” and “California Girls“. Love also wrote or co-wrote lyrics to many of the Beach Boys songs, mostly with the themes of surfing, cars or love, but also memorable ballads such as “The Warmth of the Sun”. The Beach Boys were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988.

Steve Jones (Sex Pistols)

Guitarist and vocalist with Punk Band The Sex Pistols was born 3rd September 1955. The Sex Pistols were formed in London in 1975 and responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United Kingdom and inspiring many later punk and alternative rock musicians. Although their initial career lasted just two-and-a-half years and produced only four singles and one studio album,Never Mind the Bollocks, Here’s the Sex Pistols, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts in the history of popular music.They evolved from “The Strand”, a London band formed in 1972 with working-class teenagers Steve Jones on vocals, Paul Cook on drums, and Wally Nightingale on guitar. According to a later account by Jones, both he and Cook played on instruments they had stolen. vocalist Johnny Rotten joined soon after In August 1975, when he was spotted wearing a Pink Floyd T-shirt with the words I Hate handwritten above the band’s name and holes scratched through the eyes. The line-up was completed by guitarist Steve Jones, drummer Paul Cook and bassist Glen Matlock, who was replaced by Sid Vicious in early 1977.

Under the management of impresario Malcolm McLaren, the band provoked controversies that captivated Britain. Their behaviour, as much as their music, brought them national attention and their concerts repeatedly faced difficulties with organizers and authorities, and public appearances often ended in mayhem. Their 1977 single “God Save the Queen”, attacking Britons’ social conformity and deference to the Crown, precipitated the “last and greatest outbreak of pop-based moral pandemonium”.Since the spring of 1977, the three senior Sex Pistols had also been returning to the studio periodically with Chris Thomas to lay down the tracks for the band’s debut album. Initially to be called God Save Sex Pistols, it became known during the summer as Never Mind the Bollocks.

in January 1978, after a turbulent tour of the United States, Rotten left the band and announced its break-up. Over the next several months, the three other band members recorded songs for McLaren’s film version of the Sex Pistols’ story, The Great Rock ‘n’ Roll Swindle. Vicious died of a heroin overdose in February 1979. In 1996, Rotten, Jones, Cook and Matlock reunited for the Filthy Lucre Tour; since 2002, they have staged further reunion shows and tours. On 24 February 2006, the Sex Pistols—the four original members plus Vicious—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Dr Ing H.C. Ferdinand Porsche

Best known for creating many Porsche automobiles as well as the first hybrid vehicle (gasoline-electric), the Volkswagen Beetle, and the Mercedes-Benz SS/SSK. Austrian automotive engineer Ferdinand Porsche was Born 3rd September 1875 in in Maffersdorf in the Czech Republic. He showed high aptitude for mechanical work at a very young age. He managed to attend classes at the Imperial Technical School in Reichenberg (Czech: Liberec) at night while helping his father in his mechanical shop by day. Thanks to a referral, Porsche landed a job with the Béla Egger Electrical company in Vienna when he turned 18 In Vienna he would sneak into the local university whenever he could after work. Beyond auditing classes there, Porsche had never received any higher engineering education. During his five years with Béla Egger, Porsche first developed the electric hub motor. In 1898, Porsche joined the Vienna-based factory Jakob Lohner & Co, that produced coaches for Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, as well as for the kings of England, Sweden, and Romania.

Lohner had begun construction of automobiles in 1896 under Ludwig Lohner. Their first design, unveiled in 1898, was the “System Lohner-Porsche”, a carriage-like car driven by two electric motors, directly fitted within the front wheel hubs, and powered by batteries. This drive train construction was easily expanded to four-wheel drive, by simply mounting two more electric motors to the rear wheels as well, and indeed such a specimen was ordered by the Englishman E. W. Hart in 1900. In December that year, the car was presented at the Paris World Exhibition under the name Toujours-Contente. Even though this one-off vehicle had been commissioned for the purposes of racing and record-breaking. Whilst employed by Lohner, Porsche introduced the”Mixte”vehicle/ transmission concept in 1901: which coupled a generator instead of a massive battery-pack, to an internal combustion engine built by Daimler, to drive the electric hub motors and (for vehicle reliability) a small battery pack. This way Porsche had created the first petroleum electric hybrid vehicle on record, although since sufficiently reliable gears and couplings weren’t available at the time, he chose to make it a series-hybrid, an arrangement currently more common in diesel-electric or turbo-electric railway locomotives than automobiles. he up to 56 km/h (35 mph) fast carriages broke several Austrian speed records, and also won the Exelberg Rally in 1901 with Porsche himself piloting a front-wheel drive hybrid. It was later upgraded with more powerful engines from Daimler and Panhard, breaking more speed records. In 1905, Porsche recieved the Poetting prize as Austria’s most outstanding automotive engineer.

In 1906, Austro-Daimler recruited Porsche as their chief designer. Porsche’s best known Austro-Daimler car was designed for the Prince Henry Trial in 1910, named after Wilhelm II’s younger brother Prince Heinrich of Prussia. Examples of this streamlined, 85 horsepower (63 kW) car won the first three places, and the car is still better known by the nickname “Prince Henry” than by its model name “Modell 27/80″. By 1916 Porsche had advanced to Managing Director and received the honorary doctorate degree, “Dr. techn h.c.” from the Vienna University of Technology in 1917 (hence the “Dr. Ing h.c” in his name, meaning “Doktor Ingenieur Honoris Causa”). Porsche successfully continued to construct racing cars, winning 43 out of 53 races with his 1922 design. In 1923, Porsche left Austro-Daimler but landed a new job as Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft’s Technical Director in Stuttgart, Germany a few months later.

He received another honorary doctorate from the Stuttgart Technical University for his work at Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft in Stuttgart and later the honorary title Professor. While at Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft, he came up with several very successful race car designs. The heavy series of models equipped with superchargers that later culminated in the Mercedes-Benz SSK dominated its class of motor racing in the 1920s. He also designed the Benz Tropfenwagen, which was the first race car with mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout. In 1926, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie merged into Daimler-Benz, with their joint products called, Mercedes-Benz. In April 1931 Porsche founded his consulting firm, Dr. req. h.c. F. Porsche GmbH, Konstruktionen und Beratungen für Motoren und Fahrzeugbau, in Stuttgart, Then founded a subsidiary company Hochleistungs Motor GmbH (High Efficiency Engines Ltd.) in 1932 to develop a racing car, for which he had no customer. Based on Max Wagner’s mid-engined layout 1923 Benz Tropfenwagen, or “Teardrop” aerodynamic design; the experimental P-Wagen project racing car (P stood for Porsche), was designed according to the regulations of the 750 kg formula. The main regulation of this formula meant that the weight of the car without driver, fuel, oil, water and tire was not allowed to exceed 750 kg

In June 1934, Porsche received a contract to design a “people’s car” (or Volkswagen), following on from his previous designs such as the 1931 Type 12 car designed for Zündapp. The first two prototype cars were completed in 1935. These were followed by several further pre-production batches during 1936 to 1939. During the war, production concentrated almost exclusively on the military Kübelwagen and Schwimmwagen variants. Mass production of the car, which later became known as the Beetle, commenced after the end of the war. The headquarters of Volkswagen Group was set up in Wolfsburg. Having garnered state funds It was agreed that it would be better for Mercedes Benz and Auto Union to develop their projects separately resulting in funds being split between Mercedes and Auto Union This highly annoyed Mercedes, who had already developed their Mercedes-Benz W125, and resulted in a fierce rivallry between the two companIes.

In November 1945 after the war, Porsche was asked to continue the design of the Volkswagen, The company also started work on a new design, the Porsche 356, the first car to carry the Porsche brand. The Porsche family returned to Stuttgart in 1949 but had trouble restarting their business after the war. When Ferry Porsche eventually did resurrect the company he counted on series production figures of about 1,500. However it proved hugely popular and More than 78,000 Porsche 356s were manufactured in the following 17 years.Porsche was also contracted by Volkswagen for additional consulting work and received a royalty on every Volkswagen Beetle manufactured. This provided Porsche with a comfortable financial situation as more than 20 million Beetles were built. In November 1950, Porsche visited the Wolfsburg Volkswagen factory for the first time since the end of World War II and discussed the future of the VW Beetle which was already being produced in large numbers. Sadly Porsche suffered a stroke A few weeks later from which He did not fully recover, and died on 30 January 1951. During his life Porsce recieve many awards for his work, In 1937, Porsche was awarded the German National Prize for Art and Science, In 1996, Porsche was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame and in 1999 he posthumously won the award of Car Engineer of the Century. In 2010 an official memorial was also erected in Porsche’s birthplace in Vratislavice nad Nisou, Czech Republic, featuring a Porsche 356.