Star Trek

The first episode of The American science fiction telvision series Star Trek, entitled, “The Man Trap”, debuted in the United States on NBC on September 8, 1966. Two pilot episodes were also made, “The Cage”, starring Jeffrey Hunter as Enterprise Captain Christopher Pike And “Where No Man Has Gone Before”. Star Trek was created by Gene Roddenberry and followed the interstellar adventures of Captain James T Kirk (William Shatner) and his crew aboard the starship USS Enterprise, a space exploration vessel, built by the interstellar federal republic United Federation of Planets in the twenty-third century on their five-year mission “to boldly go where no man has gone before.” The original 1966–69 television series featured William Shatner as Captain James T. Kirk, Leonard Nimoy as Spock, DeForest Kelley as Dr. Leonard “Bones” McCoy, James Doohan as Montgomery “Scotty” Scott, Nichelle Nichols as Uhura, George Takei as Hikaru Sulu, and Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov and During the series’ original run, it earned several nominations for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and won twice: for the two-parter “The Menagerie” and the Harlan Ellison-written episode “The City on the Edge of Forever”.

Gene Roddenberry drafted a proposal for the science-fiction series that would become Star Trek As early as 1964. Although he publicly marketed it as a Western in outer space—a so-called “Wagon Train to the Stars” he privately told friends that he was modeling it on Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, intending each episode to act on two levels: as a suspenseful adventure story and as a morality tale. Most Star Trek stories depict the adventures of humans and aliens who serve in Starfleet, the space-borne humanitarian and peacekeeping armada of the United Federation of Planets. The protagonists have altruistic values, and must apply these ideals to difficult dilemmas.

Many of the conflicts and political dimensions of Star Trek represent allegories of contemporary cultural realities. Star Trek: The Original Series addressed issues of the 1960s, just as later spin-offs have reflected issues of their respective decades. Issues depicted in the various series include war and peace, the value of personal loyalty, authoritarianism, imperialism, class warfare, economics, racism, religion, human rights, sexism, feminism, and the role of technology. Roddenberry was able to make statements about sex, religion, Vietnam, politics, and intercontinental missiles By creating a new world with new rules. He intended the show to have a progressive political agenda reflective of the emerging counter-culture of the youth movement, though he was not fully forthcoming to the networks about this. He wanted Star Trek to show humanity what it might develop into, if it would learn from the lessons of the past, most specifically by ending violence. An extreme example is the alien species, the Vulcans, who had a violent past but learned to control their emotions. Roddenberry also gave Star Trek an anti-war message and depicted the United Federation of Planets as an ideal, optimistic version of the United Nations.

The Original Series was modeled on classical mythology within science fiction. It’s people looking for answers – and science fiction offers to explain the inexplicable, the same as religion tends to do… If we accept the premise that it has a mythological element, then all the stuff about going out into space and meeting new life – trying to explain it and put a human element to it – it’s a hopeful vision. All these things offer hope and imaginative solutions for the future. The continuing popularity of Star Trek is due to the underlying mythology which binds fans together by virtue of their shared love of stories involving exploration, discovery, adventure and friendship that promote an egalitarian and peace loving society where technology and diversity are valued rather than feared and citizens work together for the greater good. Star Trek is also noted for its cultural influence beyond works of science fiction and its progressive civil rights stances. The Original Series included one of television’s first multiracial casts.

While the original show initially enjoyed high ratings NBC canceled the show after three seasons; the last original episode aired on June 3, 1969. The petition near the end of the second season to save the show signed by many Caltech students and its multiple Hugo nominations would, however, indicate that despite low Nielsen ratings, it was highly popular with science fiction fans and engineering students. These adventures continued in the short-lived Star Trek: The Animated Series and six feature films. Four spin-off television series were eventually produced: Star Trek: The Next Generation followed the crew of a new starship Enterprise set a century after the original series; Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Voyager set contemporaneously with The Next Generation; and Star Trek: Enterprise set before the original series in the early days of human interstellar travel. The original series became popular in reruns and has since found a cult following.

The adventures of The Next Generation crew continued in four additional feature films. In 2009, the film franchise underwent a “reboot” set in an alternate timeline, or “Kelvin Timeline,” entitled simply Star Trek. This film featured a new cast portraying younger versions of the crew from the original show; their adventures were continued in the sequel film, Star Trek Into Darkness (2013). The thirteenth film feature and sequel, Star Trek Beyond (2016), was released to coincide with the franchise’s 50th anniversary. A new Star Trek TV series, entitled Star Trek: Discovery, can be seen on CBS All Access & Netflix.

Star Trek also has a wide range of spin-offs including games, figurines, novels, toys, and comics. Star Trek had a themed attraction in Las Vegas that opened in 1998 and closed in September 2008. At least two museum exhibits of props travel the world. The series has its own language, Klingon. Several parodies have been made of Star Trek. In addition, viewers have produced several fan productions. As of July 2016, the franchise had generated $10 billion in revenue, making Star Trek one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.

The Pines Express

The last Pines Express to run over the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway (SDJR) was on 8 September 1962. It was hauled by the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, BR Standard Class 9F 92220 Evening Star. The train was then diverted over ex-GWR metals via Oxford, Reading, Basingstoke and Southampton. In 1964 a Pines Express was the last passenger service worked over the Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway before the line closed to all traffic between 1965 and 1967. From 4 October 1965 it was extended to Poole, but the last train was run on 4 March 1967.

BR Standard class 2-10-0 9f 92220 Evening Star

The Pines Express was a named passenger train that ran daily between Manchester and Bournemouth in England between 1910 and 1967 However It did not run under the name Pines Express until 26 September 1927. It is believed to have been named after the pine trees growing in the Chines in the Bournemouth area. When the service first ran, unnamed, on 1 October 1910, it was run jointly by the Midland Railway and LNWR; and was introduced in response to a LSWR/GWR service between Birkenhead and Bournemouth. The Pines Express became known as the top express to use the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway (S&DJR); a steeply-graded railway line through photogenic hilly countryside between Bath Green Park and Bournemouth West station, much loved and sorely missed by enthusiasts. On this line, trains often had to be double-headed due to gradients, producing spectacular photographs and film footage. Ivo Peters, in particular, took many amateur photographs and cine films of the S&DJR.

The two termini used were nominally Manchester Piccadilly (then ‘London Road’) and Bournemouth West stations. However, for many years before the demise of the service, the northbound Pines terminated at the adjoining Mayfield station. This practice probably arose because the arrival time coincided with the evening rush hour when the London Road platforms were fully occupied. During the late 1950s this was the sole use of Mayfield station for passenger services.

InterCity (British Rail) revived the Pines Express name for several years as part of the CrossCountry network and revived many of the named trains running on what would now be called CrossCountry, although these were rerouted and timed to fit into the standard hourly service pattern through Birmingham New Street. All named CrossCountry trains finally lost their names as part of Virgin CrossCountry’s Operation Princess in 2002.

World Physiotherapy Day

World Physical Therapy Day is observed annually on 8 September This day was designated in 1996 by the World Confederation for Physical Therapy. The aim of World Physical Therapy day is to generate awareness about the crucial contribution physical therapists make to society, in enabling people to be mobile, live well, and be independent.

Physical therapy, is a primary care specialty performed by physical therapists (known as physiotherapists in many countries), which uses movements [Bio-mechanics or Kinesiology], Manual therapy, exercise therapy, electrotherapy and various physical therapies who practice evidence based treatments, remediates impairments and promotes mobility, function, and quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, education, consultation, and administration. Physical therapy services may be provided as primary care treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with, other medical services in order to alleviate the symptoms of illnesses, or injuries that limit a person’s abilities to move and enable them to perform activities in their daily lives.

They do this by examining an individual’s history and physical codition to arrive at a diagnosis and establish a management plan and, when necessary, incorporate the results of laboratory and imaging studies like X-rays, CT-scan, or MRI findings. Electrodiagnostic testing (e.g., electromyograms and nerve conduction velocity testing) may also be used. PT management commonly includes prescription of or assistance with specific exercises, manual therapy and manipulation, mechanical devices such as traction, education, physical agents which includes heat, cold, electricity, sound waves, radiation, assistive devices, prostheses, orthoses and other interventions. In addition, PTs work with individuals to prevent the loss of mobility before it occurs by developing fitness and wellness-oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles, providing services to individuals and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout the lifespan. This includes providing therapeutic treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors. Functional movement is central to what it means to be healthy.

Physical therapy has many specialties including musculoskeletal, sports, neurology, wound care, EMG, cardio pulmonary, geriatrics, orthopedics, women’s health, and pediatrics. Neurological rehabilitation is in particular a rapidly emerging field. PTs practice in many settings, such as private-owned physical therapy clinics, outpatient clinics or offices, health and wellness clinics, rehabilitation hospitals facilities, skilled nursing facilities, extended care facilities, private homes, education and research centers, schools, hospices, industrial and this workplaces or other occupational environments, fitness centers and sports training facilities.

Physical therapists also practise in the non-patient care roles such as health policy, health insurance, health care administration and as health care executives. Physical therapists are involved in the medical-legal field serving as experts, performing peer review and independent medical examinations. However Education varies greatly by country. The span of education ranges from some countries having little formal education to others having doctoral degrees and post doctoral residencies and fellowships.

Physicians like Hippocrates and Galen are believed to have been the first practitioners of physical therapy, advocating massage, manual therapy techniques and hydrotherapy to treat people in 460 BC. After the development of orthopedics in the eighteenth century, machines like the Gymnasticon were developed to treat gout and similar diseases by systematic exercise of the joints, similar to later developments in physical therapy. The earliest documented origins of actual physical therapy as a professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling, “Father of Swedish Gymnastics,” who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813 for manipulation, and exercise. The Swedish word for physical therapist is sjukgymnast = someone involved in gymnastics for those who are ill. In 1887, PTs were given official registration by Sweden’s National Board of Health and Welfare. Other countries soon followed. In 1894, four nurses in Great Britain formed the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. The School of Physiotherapy at the University of Otago in New Zealand in 1913, and the United States’ 1914 Reed College in Portland, Oregon, which graduated “reconstruction aides. spinal manipulative therapy is also component of the physical therapist practice.

Modern physical therapy was established towards the end of the 19th century when rapid advances in physical therapy were required following various wars. American orthopedic surgeons began treating children with disabilities and began employing women trained in physical education, and remedial exercise. These treatments were applied and promoted further during the Polio outbreak of 1916. During the First World War women were recruited to work with and restore physical function to injured soldiers, and the field of physical therapy was institutionalized. In 1918 the term “Reconstruction Aide” was used to refer to individuals practicing physical therapy. The first school of physical therapy was established at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C., following the outbreak of World War I. Research catalyzed the physical therapy movement. The first physical therapy research was published in the United States in March 1921 in “The PT Review.” In the same year, Mary McMillan organized the American Women’s Physical Therapeutic Association (now called the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

In 1924, the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation promoted the field by touting physical therapy as a treatment for polio. Treatment through the 1940s primarily consisted of exercise, massage, and traction. Manipulative procedures to the spine and extremity joints began to be practiced, especially in the British Commonwealth countries, in the early 1950s. Around this time when polio vaccines were developed, physical therapists have become a normal occurrence in hospitals throughout North America and Europe. In the late 1950s, physical therapists started to move beyond hospital-based practice to outpatient orthopedic clinics, public schools, colleges/universities health-centres, geriatric settings (skilled nursing facilities), rehabilitation centers and medical centers. Specialization for physical therapy in the U.S. occurred in 1974, with the Orthopaedic Section of the APTA being formed for those physical therapists specializing in orthopaedics. In the same year, the International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists was formed, which has ever since played an important role in advancing manual therapy worldwide.

International Literacy Day

International Literacy Day takes place annaully on 8 September. It was created by UNESCO on November 17, 1965 to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies. Celebrations take place in a number of countries. It is estimated that Some 775 million adults worldwide lack minimum literacy skills; one in five adults are still not literate and two-thirds of them are women; 60.7 million children are out-of-school and many more attend irregularly or drop out. According to UNESCO’s “Global Monitoring Report on Education for All (2006)”, South and West Asia has the lowest regional adult literacy rate (58.6%), followed by sub-Saharan Africa (59.7%), and the Arab States (62.7%). Countries with the lowest literacy rates in the world are Burkina Faso (12.8%), Niger (14.4%) and Mali (19%). The report shows a clear connection between illiteracy and countries in severe poverty, and between illiteracy and prejudice against women.

Celebrations of International Literacy Day have included specific themes, in line with Education For All goals and other United Nations programs such as the United Nations Literacy Decade. The celebration’s theme for 2007 and 2008 was “Literacy and Health”, with prizes awarded to organizations at the forefront of health education. This was The emphasis of the 2007-2008 biennium of the United Nations Literacy Decade. International Literacy Day 2008 also had a strong emphasis on Literacy and Epidemics with a focus on communicable diseases such as HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria, some of the world’s forefront public health concerns. For 2009-2010 the emphasis was placed on “Literacy and Empowerment”, with special consideration to Gender Equality and empowerment of women. The theme of the 2011-2012 celebrations is “Literacy and Peace”.

The following writers are supporting UNESCO through the Writers for Literacy Initiative: Margaret Atwood, Paul Auster, Philippe Claudel, Paulo Coelho, Philippe Delerm, Fatou Diome, Chahdortt Djavann, Nadine Gordimer, Amitav Ghosh, Marc Levy, Alberto Manguel, Anna Moi, Scott Momaday, Toni Morrison, Érik Orsenna, Gisèle Pineau, El Tayeb Salih, Francisco Jose Sionil, Wole Soyinka, Amy Tan, Miklós Vámos, Abdourahman Waberi, Wei Wei and Banana Yoshimoto. Not only the writers contribute to raising awareness to the problem of illiteracy: along with the writers’ engagement, there are various companies and charity organizations that support the fight against illiteracy. Some supporters of International Literacy Day include the Global Development Research Center, Montblanc, the National Institute for Literacy, and Rotary International.

AVICII

The late Swedish musician, DJ, remixer and record producer Avicii (Tim Bergling) was born 8 September 1989 in Stockholm, In May 2007, Avicii signed on with the Dejfitts Plays label. Bergling was a member of the Laidback Luke Forums, where he refined his craft and, at times, demonstrated his distinct deep house style. Between 2009 and 2010, Bergling was a prolific producer and was releasing music incredibly quickly. His remixes during this period were “Sound of Now”, “Muja”, “Ryu” and “Even”. Bergling explained that the name Avicii means “the lowest level of Buddhist hell” (Avīci) and he chose the moniker because his real name was already used upon creating his Myspace page. Then, in 2010, Bergling released the hit song “Seek Bromance”, He also remixed Nadia Ali’s classic single “Rapture” for her album Queen of Clubs Trilogy: Onyx Edition. In 2010, Bergling signed with the European A&R team with EMI Music Publishing

In 2011. Bergling began working with his manager and executive producer Ash Pournouri to start House for Hunger which is dedicated to alleviating global hunger. The pair wanted to showcase the giving spirit fostered by the house music community. AVICII also released his breakthrough single “Levels”. In 2012, his collaboration track “Sunshine” with David Guetta was nominated for a Grammy award under the category for Best Dance Recording and His track “Fade into Darkness” was sampled by Leona Lewis on her single “Collide”. In 2012, Bergling released the single “Last Dance”. At Ultra Music Festival 2012 in Miami, he premiered two tracks, “Girl Gone Wild” (Avicii’s UMF Remix) with Madonna and “Superlove” with Lenny Kravitz. Bergling also released the songs “Two Million” and “Silhouettes” featuring vocals from Salem Al Fakir.

In 2012 AVICII performed at Lollapalooza festival in Chicago’s Grant Park and released “Dancing in My Head” (Avicii’s ‘Been Cursed’ Mix) Featuring vocals from Eric Turner. A radio edit of the track, titled “Dancing in My Head” (Tom Hangs Mix) was also released plus an EP featuring remixes from Charlie Bernardo and Michael Woods. AVICII also headlined the world-famous Radio City Music Hall in New York City. supported by Matt Goldman and Cazzette playing his new track “Stay with You”.

His debut studio album, True was released in 2013 and featured electronic music blended with elements of several music genres and received generally positive reviews from music critics. The song was produced by Bergling and contains a vocal sample from the 1962 gospel-inspired “Something’s Got a Hold on Me” by Etta James. The same vocal sample was used first by Pretty Lights in his 2006 song “Finally Moving. This sample was also used by Drum and Bass producer Logistics on “Call Me Back” and by Flo Rida in his single “Good Feeling”, which was produced by DJ Prak and Cirkut.

His repertoire also includes the singles I’ll Be Gone” and “Let It Go”. The instrumental of “Let It Go” was mixed with the a capella of “Addicted to You” to become “Addicted to You (Avicii by Avicii), “I Could Be the One” with Nicky Romero, “You Make Me”, “X You”, “Hey Brother”, “The Days”, “The Nights”, “Waiting for Love”, “Without You” and “Lonely Together”. Bergling was nominated for Grammy Awards for his work on “Sunshine” with David Guetta in 2012 and the track “Levels”. in 2013 Bergling launched the Avicii X You project, a partnership with Ericsson, designed to create the world’s first “crowdsourced” hit song. The project enabled fans to send in basslines, effects, melodies, rhythms and vocals to Bergling as sound files over the Internet. The song features sequences from Kian Sang (melody), Naxsy (bassline), Martin Kupilas (beat), Ваня Хакси (break), Jonathan Madray, Mateusz Kolata, and Christian Westphalen (effects). Bergling acted as executive producer and created the finished song officially titled X You. AVICII also released “Three Million” featuring Negin. Bergling was nominated for a Grammy for Best Dance Recording with “Levels” at the 2013 Grammy Awards. He was nominated alongside Calvin Harris and Ne-Yo, Skrillex, Swedish House Mafia and John Martin, and Al Walser. AVICII toured Australia as one of the headline acts in the Future Music Festival alongside The Prodigy and The Stone Roses and also toured South America performing in Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil and Chil

In 2013, AVICII released the album True which included the new bluegrass-tinged song “Wake Me Up”. Plus his new album promo mix on SoundCloud. containing songs from True, some non-album singlesPlus some of his ID’s such as “Black and Blue” and “Enough is Enough (Don’t Give Up On Us)”. AVICII also composed the anthem for the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 along with ex-ABBA members Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson. AVICII ‘s next single, “Wake Me Up”, featuring Aloe Blacc was released 2013 which become the UK’s fastest selling single of 2013 after overtaking Robin Thicke’s “Blurred Lines”, having sold 267,000 copies in its first week on sale. In 2013, AVICII was ranked no.3 in the DJ Mag’s 2013 Top 100 DJs List he also released the single “Hey Brother” featuring Dan Tyminski. In 2013 AVICII won the award “Best Electronic” at the MTV EMA’s And the American Music Award for favorite Electronic Dance Music Artist and released thefourth single off the album True, “Addicted to You”featuring Audra Mae, who also sings on “Shame on Me” Dreaming of Me”,and “Long Road to Hell”. AVICII also released the single “Lay Me Down”, featuring vocals from Adam Lambert and guitar from Nile Rodgers. In 2014, French radio station NRJ released a web radio station called “NRJ AVICII”.

In 2014, AVICII released a remixed edition of his album True titled True: Avicii By Avicii containing remixes by himself of all the tracks, excluding “Heart Upon My Sleeve”. AVICII Also collaborated with Carlos Santana, Wyclef Jean and Alexandre Pires for the official FIFA World Cup Anthem titled “Dar um Jeito (We Will Find a Way)”. He was due to perform at the 2014 Ultra Music Festival, but was hospitalised on March, 2014 and was unable to playHe also released his single “Lay Me Down” and produced and collaborated with Chris Martin from Coldplay, co-writing and co-producing the track “A Sky Full of Stars” from the 2014 album Ghost Stories. AVICII also co-produced Lovers on the Sun” with David Guetta and collaborated with Wyclef Jean on a single titled “Divine Sorrow” from the album Clefication

AVICII worked on 70 songs for the album Stories, which included collaborations with Jon Bon Jovi, Serj Tankian of System of a Down, Chris Martin, Wyclef Jean and Matisyahu. During his tour for True, he also performed the single “No Pleasing a Woman” with vocals from Billie Joe Armstrong of American rock band Green Day. AVICII performed No Pleasing a Woman”. “In Love with Your Ghost” with Daniel “Danne” Adams-Ray, “Love to Fall” with Tom Odell and “Million Miles” with LP, which is the demo version of “Trouble”, a song from Stories with vocals from Wayne Hector. He released Lose Myself”, in collaboration with Chinese singer Wang Leehom.

On 8 September 2014, his 25th birthday, Bergling decided to cancel all of his remaining performances of 2014 due to health concerns. He also released “The Days” In collaboration with Robbie Williams, He also released a brand new track called “The Nights” on FIFA 15. That November Wyclef Jean released a track titled “Divine Sorrow” featuring Avicii. On 2 March 2015, Bergling performed the song “Heaven” live at Australia’s Future Music Festival , featuring Coldplay frontman Chris Martin, However, the vocals were later resung by singer Simon Aldred from Cherry Ghost; although Chris Martin received writing credits. Much of AVICII ‘s UMF set 2015 was released on the Internet including “Heaven”, “Waiting For Love,” and some of his ID’s “For A Better Day”, “City Lights”, “Can’t Catch Me”, “True Believer”, “What Would I Change It To”, “Can’t Love You Again” and “Attack”.

AVICII also previewed his bootleg of Kings of Tomorrow’s song “Finally” and “Papa Was a Rolling Stone” with ASH, he also released his rework of Nina Simone’s version of “Feeling Good”, and previewed the song “I’ll Be Gone”. He previewed the song Waiting for Love” featuring vocals from Simon Aldred of Cherry Ghost and co-produced by fellow DJ and producer Martin Garrix. He also previewed “Tracks of My Tears”, “Sorry Mr. Atari” and “Time to Get lll”. AVICII previewed two tracks from his album Stories on episode 37 of his LE7ELS podcast: “Broken Arrows” featuring Zac Brown Band and “Can’t Catch Me” featuring Wyclef Jean and Matisyahu. AVICII then released “For a Better Day” featuring American singer Alex Ebert and “Pure Grinding” featuring vocals from Kristoffer Fogelmark and Earl St. Clair. His next album Stories was released in 2015 alongside 3 promotional singles: “Broken Arrows” with Zac Brown, “Ten More Days” with Zak Abel and “Gonna Love Ya” with Sandro Cavazzi. Avicii was also mentioned in the song “I Took a Pill in Ibiza” by American singer and songwriter Mike Posner.

In 2016, Bergling released his remix of Morten’s “Beautiful Heartbeat” and partnered with Coca-Cola For the global campaign anthem “Taste the Feeling” featuring Conrad Sewell. AVICII teamed up again with Coldplay to co-produce the band’s single “Hymn for the Weekend” from their album A Head Full of Dreams. HE also performed live at Ultra Music Festival and premiered new IDs such as “Without You (feat. Sandro Cavazza)”, “We Burn (Faster Than Light)”, and a collaboration with Australian pop star Sia (which he first played in Dubai). He also released his collaboration with Otto Knows titled “Back Where I Belong” and a remix of his own song, “Feeling Good” entitled “Feeling Good (Avicii by Avicii) On 28 August 2016, Bergling performed his final live performance in Ibiza, before retiring from touring citing health concerns. Avicii also parted ways with long-time manager Ash Pournouri and At Night Management along with Ash’s record label PRMD and signed with Universal Music Sweden.

In 2017, British singer Rita Ora debuted a semi-acoustic version of “Lonely Together” at a private event at Annabel’s in London and Bergling released the six-track EP Avīci (01) in August 2017. Avicii made a documentary entitled Avicii: True Stories chronicling his retirement from tour, and featuring interviews from his colleagues David Guetta, Tiësto, Wyclef Jean, Nile Rodgers and Chris Martin of Coldplay. Sadly In 2016, Bergling’s health deteriorated, and he was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis caused by excessive alcohol use. He subsequently stopped performing live. He died on 20 April 2018 near Muscat, Oman, at the age of 28.

Pink (Alecia Moore)

The American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress Pink (Alecia Beth Moore) was born September 8, 1979. She was originally a founder of R&B girl group Choice in 1995. LaFace Records saw potential in Pink and offered her a solo recording contract. Her R&B-sounding debut album, Can’t Take Me Home (2000), was certified double-platinum in the US and spawned two US Billboard Hot 100 top-ten songs: “There You Go” and “Most Girls”. She gained further recognition with the collaborative single “Lady Marmalade” from the Moulin Rouge! soundtrack, which topped many charts worldwide. Pink’s musical direction moved away to pop rock with her second album, Missundaztood (2001). It sold more than 12 million copies worldwide and yielded the international number-one hits “Get the Party Started”, “Don’t Let Me Get Me”, and “Just Like a Pill”.

Pink’s third album, Try This (2003), generated considerably low sales, but earned her the Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance. She revived her popularity with multi-platinum studio albums, I’m Not Dead (2006) and Funhouse (2008), as well as a string of successful singles, including the US number ones “So What” and “Raise Your Glass”. Her sixth studio album, The Truth About Love (2012), was her first album to debut atop the Billboard 200 and spawned her fourth US number-one single “Just Give Me a Reason”. In 2014, Pink recorded a collaborative album, Rose Ave., with Canadian musician Dallas Green under a folk music duo named You+Me. Her seventh studio album, Beautiful Trauma (2017), became the world’s third best-selling album of the year and spawned the track “What About Us”.

Recognized for her distinctive, raspy voice and acrobatic stage presence, Pink has sold over 40 million albums and 50 million singles worldwide, making her one of the world’s best-selling music artists. Her career accolades include three Grammy Awards, a Brit Award, a Daytime Emmy Award and seven MTV Video Music Awards, including the Video Vanguard Award. In 2009, Billboard named Pink the Pop Songs Artist of the Decade. Pink was also the second most-played female solo artist in the United Kingdom, during the 2000s decade, behind Madonna. VH1 ranked her number 10 on their list of the 100 Greatest Women in Music, while Billboard awarded her the Woman of the Year award in 2013. At the 63rd annual BMI Pop Awards, she received the BMI President’s Award for “her outstanding achievement in songwriting and global impact on pop culture and the entertainment industry.”

Ronald”Pigpen ” McKernan (Grateful Dead)

Founding member of the Grateful Dead Ronald C. “Pigpen” McKernan was born September 8, 1945 . His contributions to the band included vocals, organ, harmonica, percussion, and occasionally guitar. In 1994, McKernan was born in San Bruno, California, the son of an R&B and blues disc jockey. He grew up with many African-American friends and felt very strongly connected to black music and culture. As a youth, McKernan taught himself blues piano and developed a bikerimage. In his early teens, McKernan left Palo Alto High School by mutual agreement with the school’s principal. He also began using alcohol in his adolescence.McKernan began spending time around coffeehouses and music stores, where he metJerry Garcia. One night Garcia invited McKernan onstage to play harmonica and sing the blues. Garcia was impressed and McKernan became the blues singer in local jam sessions. A high-school friend named Roger gave him his nickname based on his “funky” approach to life.

However, in an essay included with the Grateful Dead box-set The Golden Road (1965-1973) it is claimed that a girlfriend of McKernan’s gave him the nickname, owing to his similarity to the permanently dirty character in the comic-strip Peanuts. McKernan was a participant in the predecessor groups leading to the formation of the Grateful Dead, beginning with the Zodiacs and Mother McCree’s Uptown Jug Champions.Bob Weir and Bill Kreutzmann were added and the band evolved into The Warlocks. Around 1965, McKernan urged the rest of the Warlocks to switch to electric instruments. Around this time Phil Lesh joined, and they became the Grateful Dead.McKernan played blues organ as well as harmonica and vocals. While his friends were experimenting with LSD and other psychedelics, McKernan stuck to Thunderbird wine and Southern Comfort. He steadily added more signature tunes to the Dead’s repertoire, including some that lasted for the remainder of their live performance career such as “Turn on Your Lovelight” and “In the Midnight Hour.”

In 1967 and 1968 respectively, Mickey Hart and Tom Constanten joined the Grateful Dead, and the band started playing experimental psychedelia influenced by avant-garde jazz, surrealism, and world music traditions. Constanten often replaced Pigpen on keyboards. In October 1968, McKernan and Weir were nearly fired from the band because of their reluctance to rehearse. Ultimately, the task of firing them was delegated by Garcia to Rock Scully, who said that McKernan “took it hard.” The remaining members did a number of shows under the monikers Mickey and the Hartbeats and Jerry Garrceeah and His Friends, mainly playing Grateful Dead songs without lyrics. Weir asked repeatedly to be let back into the band, promising to step up his playing, and eventually the rest of the band relented. McKernan was more stubborn, missing three Dead shows; he finally vowed not to “be lazy” anymore and rejoined the band. In November 1968, Constanten was hired full-time for the band, having only worked in the studio up to that point. Jon McIntire commented that “Pigpen was relegated to the congas at that point and it was really humiliating and he was really hurt, but he couldn’t show it, couldn’t talk about it.” McKernan achieved a new prominence throughout 1969, with versions of “Turn On Your Lovelight”, now the band’s show-stopping finale, regularly taking fifteen to twenty minutes. When the Grateful Dead appeared at Woodstock, the band’s set (which was marred by technical problems and general chaos) consisted mostly of a 48-minute version of the song.

McKernan developed a close friendship with Constanten based on their mutual aversion to psychedelics and eventually served as his best man when Constanten wed. After Constanten’s departure in January 1970 over musical and lifestyle differences, McKernan resumed keyboard duties.McKernan had a short relationship and longer friendship with Janis Joplin; a poster from the early 1970s featured them together. Joplin joined McKernan onstage at the Fillmore West in June 1969 with the Grateful Dead to sing his signature “Turn On Your Lovelight,” despite her dislike of the band’s jamming style. The two reprised this duet July 16, 1970 at the Euphoria Ballroom in San Rafael, California.Sadly the excesses of his rock’n’roll lifestyle began to take its toll and In 1970, McKernan began experiencing symptoms of congenital biliary cirrhosis.

After an August 1971 hospitalization, doctors requested that he stop touring indefinitely; pianist Keith Godchaux was subsequently hired and remained a permanent member of the band until 1979. Ever restless, the ailing McKernan rejoined the band in December 1971 to supplement Godchaux on harmonica, percussion, and organ. After their Europe ’72 tour, his health had degenerated to the point where he could no longer continue on the road. He made his final concert appearance on June 17, 1972 at the Hollywood Bowl, in Los Angeles, California. On March 8, 1973, he was found dead of a gastrointestinal hemorrhage at his home in Corte Madera, California. Contrary to the popular belief that he died from cirrhosis caused by excessive alcohol consumption, he in fact succumbed to Crohn’s disease which also claimed the life of his brother Kevin. McKernan is buried at the Alta Mesa Memorial Park in California. Pigpen was inducted into theRock and Roll Hall of Fame, along with the other members of the Grateful Dead.