Jimi Hendrix

Considered to be the greatest guitarist in popular music, The late great Guitar legend James Marshall “Jimi” Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) sadly died 18 September 1970. He was born November 27, 1942 in King County Hospital in Seattle, Washington, Hendrix began playing guitar at the age of 15. In 1961, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and trained as a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division; he was granted an honorable discharge the following year. Soon afterward, he moved to Clarksville, Tennessee, and began playing gigs on the Chitlin’ Circuit, earning a place in the Isley Brothers’ backing band and later with Little Richard, with whom he continued to work through mid-1965.  He then played with Curtis Knight and the Squires before moving to England in late 1966 after being discovered by Linda Keith, who in turn interested bassist Chas Chandler of the Animals in becoming his first manager. Within months, Hendrix had earned three UK top ten hits with the Jimi Hendrix Experience: “Hey Joe”, “Purple Haze”, and “The Wind Cries Mary”. He achieved fame in the U.S. after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and in 1968 his third and final studio album, Electric Ladyland, reached number one in the U.S.; it was Hendrix’s most commercially successful release and his first and only number one album. The world’s highest-paid performer,

Hendrix was inspired musically by American rock and roll and electric blues. He favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain, and was instrumental in popularizing the previously undesirable sounds caused by guitar amplifier feedback. He was also one of the first guitarists to make extensive use of tone altering effects units, such as fuzz tone, Octavia, wah-wah, and Uni-Vibe in mainstream rock. He was the first artist to use stereophonic phasing effects in music recordings. Holly George-Warren of Rolling Stone commented: “Hendrix pioneered the use of the instrument as an electronic sound source. Players before him had experimented with feedback and distortion, but Hendrix turned those effects and others into a controlled, fluid vocabulary every bit as personal as the blues with which he began.”

He is Widely hailed by music fans and critics alike as the greatest electric guitarist of all time, and remains the most influential rock guitarist and songwriter in recording history. He was influenced by blues artists such as B.B. King, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, Albert King and Elmore James, rhythm, blues and soul guitarists Curtis Mayfield and Steve Cropper, and the jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery.Hendrix was mostly self-taught on the guitar. He was ambidextrous but chose to play the guitar upside-down and re-strung for playing left-handed, which suggests that he was more comfortable left-handed. As a guitarist, he built upon the innovations of blues stylists such as B.B. King, Albert King, Buddy Guy, T-Bone Walker, and Muddy Waters, as well as those of rhythm and blues and soul music guitarists such as Curtis Mayfield.

Hendrix’s music was also influenced by jazz; he often cited Rahsaan Roland Kirk as his favourite musician. In addition, Hendrix extended the tradition of rock guitar; although previous guitarists, such as The Kinks’ Dave Davies, Jeff Beck, and The Who’s Pete Townshend, had employed techniques such as feedback, distortion and other effects as sonic tools,Hendrix was able to exploit them to a previously undreamed-of extent, and made them an integral part of his own private, unique genre, which he called “Red”. The Hendrix sound combined high volume and high power, feedback manipulation, and a range of cutting-edge guitar effects, especially the UniVibe-Octavia combination, which can be heard to full effect on the Band of Gypsies’ live version of “Machine Gun”. He was also known for his trick playing, which included playing with only his right (fretting) hand, using his teeth or playing behind his back, although he soon grew tired of audience demands to perform these tricks. Hendrix was also an innovative record producer, and utilised the recording studio as an extension of his musical ideas. Hendrix was notably one of the first to experiment with stereo effects during the recording process. Hendrix was also an accomplished songwriter whose compositions have been performed by countless artists. At Woodstock, Larry Lee was a member of Hendrix’ Band of Gypsies, and also played a Gibson Les Paul Studio model and sung with Hendrix as well.

In 1969 he headlined the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970, shortly before his accidental death from barbiturate-related asphyxia on 18 September 1970, at the age of 27. During his lifetime and posthumously Hendrix won many of the most prestigious rock music awards, In 1967, readers of Melody Maker voted him the Pop Musician of the Year, and in 1968, Rolling Stone declared him the Performer of the Year. Disc and Music Echo honored him with the World Top Musician of 1969 and in 1970, Guitar Player named him the Rock Guitarist of the Year. There is also An English Heritage blue plaque was erected in his name on his former residence at Brook Street, London, in September 1997. A star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (at 6627 Hollywood Blvd.) was dedicated in 1994. In 2003 Rolling Stone ranked the band’s three studio albums, Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love, and Electric Ladyland, among the 100 greatest albums of all time, The Jimi Hendrix Experience was also inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. Hendrix was named as the greatest guitarist on the Rolling Stone list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all-time and In 2006, his debut US album, Are You Experienced, was inducted into the United States National Recording Registry.

RAINBOW BRIDGE
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=2Cg-UFaOR3Q

Jarvis Cocker (Pulp)

Jarvis Cocker, English singer-songwriter, musiian, and actor (Pulp and Relaxed Muscle) was born 19 September 1963 in Sheffield, growing up in the Intake area of the city. His father, Mac, a DJ and actor, moved to Sydney when Jarvis was seven and had no contact with him or his sister Saskia. Jarvis Cocker credits his upbringing, almost exclusively in female company, for his interest in how women think and what they have to say. He wrote a song (“A Little Soul” on This Is Hardcore) about being abandoned by his father, and in 1998 travelled with his sister to Australia to meet him for the first time in nearly 30 years. Mac Cocker had a successful radio DJ career in Sydney beginning withDouble J in the 1970s and then Triple J in the 1980s, and did not counter a common impression there that he was Joe Cocker’s brother or cousin (despite both being from Sheffield, they are not related in any way).

Cocker founded “Arabacus Pulp” (named after a tradeable commodity he saw in an economics class) at the age of 15 while he was still at The City School. After numerous line-up changes, and a shortening of the name to “Pulp”, they eventually found fame in the 1990s with the success of the albums His ‘n’ Hers (1994) and Different Class (1995). As Pulp’s front-man, part of his trademark image was his glasses, which seemed to “stay magically on his face” no matter his antics on stage. Pulp released two more albums (This Is Hardcore and We Love Life). After releasing a greatest hits album, the band was on hiatus from 2003 to 2010, but returned to activity in 2011. Cocker is also renowned for his wit and observations of the cultural scene. He was a frequent guest on TV shows in the 1990s, and hosted the Channel 4 channel 4 Program “Journeys into the Outside” meeting so-called “outsider artists”. Cocker’s penchant for TV appearances was reflected in a parody of “Common People” (“Showbiz People”) which was featured on the satirical comedy show Spitting Image in 1996.

Following Pulp’s hiatus, Cocker has led a successful solo career, and currently presents his own radio show on BBC Radio 6 Music, Jarvis Cocker’s Sunday Service. He has also had a successful solo career and at the 2006 Reading festival, the video for “Running the World” was played on the main video screens of the main stage throughout the day, notably before the headline act, Muse, performed. This video contained a karaoke-like presentation of the song’s lyrics to encourage the crowd to sing along.Cocker is now following a solo career – his debut album, Jarvis, came out in the UK on 13 November 2006. In March 2007, he appeared on French band Air’s album Pocket Symphony.On 14 February 2007, he was chosen to give the award for Best British Newcomer (awarded to the Fratellis) at the Brit Awards.He curated the 2007 Meltdown Festival at the South Bank Centre in London. The acts he chose include Motörhead, Roky Erickson and the Explosives with Clinic, Devo with Drumsize, Iggy & The Stooges, Cornershop and The Jesus and Mary Chain.In March 2008, Cocker made a small tour of Latin America (México, Argentina and Chile) where he presented a new song called “Girls Like It Too”..”Cocker debuted another new song, “Angela”, on BBC2’s “The Summer Exhibition: A Culture Show Special”, on 13 June 2008.

In 2009 Cocker’s released a solo album Further Complications, In Which, Cocker embraced an altogether more muscular sound, while retaining his trademark witticisms (on ‘Leftovers’, he sings “I met her in the Museum of Palaeontology / “And I make no bones about it”). Cocker also participated in a project raising the question, “What is Music?” Which was designed to enter into the debate over the future of the music industry. “Does this mean,” asked the singer, “that music can now go back to being an art form again? Also, what happens if you get a band to rehearse in an art gallery instead of a rehearsal space?” Consequently, Cocker and his band installed themselves in an art gallery in Paris for five days. Each day, Cocker and his musicians performed a variety of different tasks. These included soundtracking a relaxation class, inviting local musicians to join them in a jam, and arranging activities with local school-children. The events were organised around Jarvis’s public rehearsals for his forthcoming live dates. In June 2011, Cocker was chosen as poetry guest editor for The Mays Anthology, a collection of new writing from students at the University of Oxford and University of Cambridge.

Cocker has also collaborated with many other artists and sang a duet, “Ciao!”, with Miki Berenyi on British shoegazing band Lush’s 1996 album Lovelife. In 1997, he collaborated withDavid Arnold on a cover of All Time High by Rita Coolidge, the theme from Octopussy. Furthermore, he gained co-writing credits for several songs (“Walk Like A Panther”, “1st Man in Space”, “Drive Safely Darlin’”, “Stars On Sunday”, and “Happy Birthday Nicola”) on TheAll Seeing I’s album Pickled Eggs & Sherbet, released in 1999. He contributed lead vocals to “Drive Safely Darlin’”. He also performed live with The All Seeing I on Top Of The Pops, singing “Walk Like A Panther” in place of Tony Christie, who sang on the recorded version.In 2001 he contributed “Everybody Loves The Underdog” to the soundtrack for Mike Bassett: England Manager. He re-emerged in 2003 to promote a new album, under the pseudonym “Darren Spooner”, for his new band Relaxed Muscle. The same year, he appeared on theRichard X album Richard X Presents His X-Factor Vol. 1. In 2004, Cocker collaborated with Nancy Sinatra on her new album, as well as with Marianne Faithfull on her album Kissin’ Time, with the song “Sliding through Life on Charm.”In 2005 Cocker co-wrote three tracks (“La Degustation”, “Basque Country” and “Fred de Fred”) on Sheffield-based electronica duo The Lovers’ self-titled debut album. That same year he also covered “I Can’t Forget” by Leonard Cohen as part of the tribute show for the film Leonard Cohen: I’m Your Man

Cocker also contributed to the soundtrack for Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, writing and performing three tracks: “This Is the Night”, “Do the Hippogriff” and “Magic Works”. He appeared briefly in the film as lead singer of the band The Weird Sisters. The fictitious group also featured Jonny Greenwood and Phil Selway from Radiohead, Steve Mackey from Pulp, Jason Buckle from Relaxed Muscle and Steve Claydon from Add N to (X).In 2006 Cocker appeared on albums Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited (song “I Just Came to Tell You That I’m Going”, (co-performed withKid Loco) and Rogue’s Gallery: Pirate Ballads, Sea Songs, and Chanteys (song “A Drop of Nelson’s Blood”). His song “Running the World” appears in the film Children of Men. Also in 2006, along with Steve Mackey, he ‘curated’ the two-CD compilation, The Trip, which featured a wide selection of tracks by artists as varied as The Fall, Gene Pitney, The Beach Boys, and The Polecats. He also co-wrote lyrics on the Charlotte Gainsbourg album 5:55, with Neil Hannon and members of Air. Cocker and Beth Ditto(The Gossip) recently collaborated on a cover version of Heaven 17’s “Temptation” at the NME Awards in London. In 2007, Cocker contributed to two songs on French electronica group Air’s album “Pocket Symphony” – performing on “One Hell of a Party” and (with Charlotte Gainsbourg) “The Duelist”. In 2008, Cocker contributed Born to Cry, (originally a Pulp song released on the Notting Hillsoundtrack CD – though not featured in the film and co-written by Richard Hawley) to Tony Christie’s album of songs by Sheffield based songwriters, Made in Sheffield. In 2010, he worked with the National Trust to produce an album of sounds recorded at 11 of Britain’s historically significant sites. In 2010 he also narrated Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf at the Royal Festival Hall. Jarvis sang vocals on the single “Synchronize” by Discodeine.

Nile Rodgers

Nile Rodgers, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Chic) was born 19 September 1952. He is the lead guitarist and co-founding member withBernard Edwards of the band Chic, which has been active since 1976. he also recorded four solo act albums throughout the 80s and the 90s and has acted as producer and performer with many artists including Diana Ross, David Bowie, Duran Duran, Madonna, Daft Punk and Avicii. He began his career as a session guitarist in New York, touring with the Sesame Street band in his teens led by Joe Raposo, and then working in the house band at The Apollo Theater, playing behind Screaming Jay Hawkins,Maxine Brown, Aretha Franklin, Ben E. King, Betty Wright, Earl Lewis and the Channels, Parliament Funkadelic, and many other legendary R&B artists. Nile met bassist Bernard Edwards in 1970. Together they formed New York City (“I’m Doing Fine Now”). The band opened for The Jackson 5 on the American leg of their first world tour in 1973. Nile and Bernard then joined forces with drummer Tony Thompson, and worked and recorded as a Funk Rock band called The Boys.

The band continued playing mostly Local Bars. As the Big Apple Band, Rodgers and Edwards worked with Ashford & Simpson, Luther Vandross, and many others. Since another New York artist, Walter Murphy, had a band also called The Big Apple Band, Rodgers and Edwards were forced to change their band’s name to avoid confusion. Thus, in 1977 the band was renamed as Chic. Rodgers has stated that a major inspiration was a Roxy Music gig he saw in London: “It was a totally immersive artistic experience – the crowd were fly, the band were fly, the music was textual, they were saying ‘come into my world’.”Between gigs they recorded their first album with then-boss Luther Vandross, who provided background vocals on the group’s early recordings. The band scored numerous top ten hits and helped propel disco to new levels of popularity. Chic’s chart-topping songs “Le Freak”, “I Want Your Love”, “Everybody Dance”, “Dance, Dance, Dance”, “My Forbidden Lover”, and “Good Times” became club/pop/R&B standards.

Followimg The success of Chic’s first singles Rodgers and Edwards produced Sister Sledge’s 1978 album, We Are Family, which included the singles, “He’s the Greatest Dancer” and “We Are Family”. “He’s the Greatest Dancer” was also sampled in 1998 on Will Smith’s “Gettin’ Jiggy Wit It”. Rodgers and Edwards then began record production with numerous artists, together or individually.In 1980 Rodgers and Edwards wrote and produced the album Diana for Diana Ross, yielding the smash hits “Upside Down” and “I’m Coming Out”. Chic’s song “Good Times” played a pivotal role in the explosion of hip hop music, as an interpolation of the song’s bass line and the record’s string-section sample was the bedrock of The Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight”, the first multiple-platinum Hip Hop single. The Chic Organization produced the smash hit “Spacer” for French disco act Sheila and B. Devotion and Deborah Harry’s 1981 solo album Koo Koo

Chic dissolved in 1983 after their final contractual Atlantic album, Believer and Soup For One (a film soundtrack). Rodgers then began a solo career producing his first album Adventures in the Land of the Good Groove. Rodgers produced the 1983 album Talkback, by Canadian New Wave/New Romantic band Spoons, which included the hits “Old Emotions” and “The Rhythm”.Rodgers produced David Bowie’s biggest selling album Let’s Dance with several hit singles including “China Girl”, “Modern Love” and the title track, “Let’s Dance”. He produced the single “Original Sin” by INXS. Duran Duran worked extensively with Rodgers after he remixed their largest selling hit single, “The Reflex” in 1984 and followed up with “The Wild Boys” on their 1984 live album Arena. It was rumored that Rodgers had become a member of Duran Duran when they released the album “Big Thing”, but he only acted as a session musician on that album.That same year he produced Madonna’s blockbuster album Like a Virgin, including the hits “Material Girl” and, “Like a Virgin”. He also joined Robert Plant’s platinum selling studio band The Honeydrippers, on the album The Honeydrippers: Volume One. This period sparked Rodgers’ interest in soundtracks, the first of which were Alphabet City, Gremlins (“Out Out” – Peter Gabriel) Against All Odds (“Walk Through the Fire” – Peter Gabriel), That’s Dancing (“Invitation to Dance” – Kim Carnes),White Nights (numerous songs) and The Fly (“Help Me” – Bryan Ferry).

In 1985 Rodgers produced albums for Sheena Easton, Jeff Beck, Thompson Twins, Mick Jagger, and many others, he also performed at Live Aid with the Thompson Twins. He was awarded No. 1 Singles Producer In the World in Billboard magazine to close out the year.In 1986, he produced Duran Duran’s Notorious album, which yielded a No. 2 title track hit, “Notorious”. During a live set, Simon Le Bon introduced Rodgers by saying, “Well, this band went through a difficult time and it might not have made it if it weren’t for this gentleman.” Rodgers contributed to numerous other projects and appearances with members of the band throughout the 1980s. He also produced albums for Grace Jones, Earth Wind and Fire’s vocalist Phillip Bailey, and Al Jarreau. Rodgers performed on “Higher Love” with Steve Winwood, and records for Cyndi Lauper, Howard Jones, and David Sanborn. He then worked on the soundtrack forLaurie Anderson’s Home of the Brave. Rodgers formed the short-lived experimental band Outloud in 1987, with David Letterman’s guitarist, composer, and vocalist Felicia Collins and acclaimed French session musician, producer, composer, and keyboardist Philippe Saisse; the trio released a single album, Out Loud.In 1988 Rodgers composed his first orchestral soundtrack for the film Coming to America starring Eddie Murphy. Rodgers followed this with soundtracks for White Hot and Earth Girls Are Easy with The B-52’s. In 1989 he co-produced their comeback multi-platinum album Cosmic Thing, which had the hit singles “Love Shack”, “Roam”, “Cosmic Thing” and “Deadbeat Club”, he also produced Workin’ Overtime by, Diana Ross’, Dan Reed Network, Slam, and Duran Duran’s compilation, Decade.

In September 1990, Epic Records released the Rodgers produced album,Family Style, shortly after the untimely death of guitar virtuoso Stevie Ray Vaughan. He also produced projects for David Bowie, Eric Clapton, The B-52s, David Lee Roth, Ric Ocasek, The Dan Reed Network, Cathy Dennis, Patty Griffin, jimmie Vaughan, The Stray Cats and many other artists, along with continuing soundtrack work on Thelma and Louise, Cool World and The Beavis and Butt-head Experience (co-writer of “Come to Butt-head”). After a 1992 birthday party where Rodgers, Bernard Edwards, Paul Shaffer and Anton Fig played old Chic hits to rapturous response. Rodgers and Edwards reformed a new version of Chic. They recorded a fresh crop of material for the album Chic-Ism and performed live worldwide.In 1995, he plays on the track Money from Michael Jackson’s album HIStory.In 1996, Rodgers was honored as the JT Super Producer of the year.

He performed with Edwards, Sister Sledge, Steve Winwood, Simon Le Bon and Slash in a series of commemorative concerts in Japan, which provided a career retrospective. Unfortunately, his longtime musical partner and close friend Bernard Edwards died of pneumonia during the trip, a blow that Rodgers took very hard. A year later Rodgers returned to Japan to pay homage to his fallen partner.He started playing live concerts again while composing and producing music for film soundtracks: Beverly Hills Cop III, Blue Chips, The Flintstones and Feeling Minnesota (working with Bob Dylan) to name but a few.In 1998, Rodgers founded Sumthing Else Music Works record label and Sumthing Distribution, an independent music label distributor. Sumthing focuses on distributing a fast-growing new genre: video game soundtracks. Its titles include the complete Halo and Resident Evil franchises and other well-known Triple-A game soundtracks like Gears of War and Borderlands. Rodgers focused on many soundtrack projects, film and video games alike. Among them were: Rush Hour 2, Snow Dogs and Semi-Prostarring Will Ferrell, who co-wrote the title song “Love Me Sexy” with Rodgers.

In 2002–2003 he co-produced Astronaut, with the original five members of Duran Duran.Also in 2002, Rodgers appeared on the Red Hot Organization’s compilation CD, Red Hot and Riot. The CD, a tribute to the music and positive social message of afropop pioneer, Fela Kuti, featured Rodgers on remakes of Kuti songs, “Water No Get Enemy” and “Zombie (Part Two).” He appeared on “Water No Get Enemy” alongside influential hip hop and R&B artists, D’Angelo, Macy Gray, and The Soultronics and on “Zombie (Part Two)” with famous jazz trumpeteer, Roy Hargrove. All proceeds of the CD were donated to charities working towards greater AIDS awareness.The September 11 attacks prompted Rodgers to create the We Are Family Foundation (WAFF) to help promote the healing process. To begin, he organized a re-recording of the song he and Edwards wrote for Sister Sledge called “We Are Family” with more than 200 musicians, celebrities, and personalities. Director Spike Lee filmed the “We Are Family” music video and director Danny Schechterfilmed a documentary depicting the recording sessions called The Making and Meaning of We Are Family. The film was chosen as aSundance Film Festival Special Selection in 2002.

Rodgers then produced another “We Are Family” music video involving more than 100 beloved children’s television characters. The children’s music video airs as a public service announcement on Disney Channel,Nickelodeon, and PBS stations promoting a common humanity and celebrating the vision of a global family.Rodgers received the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) NY Chapter’s Governor’s Lifetime Achievement Award and the Heroes Award. On September 19, 2005, he was honored at the Dance Music Hall of Fame in New York when he was inducted for his many outstanding achievements as a producer, along with former bandmate Bernard Edwards.Chic has been nominated to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame four times – 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008. Rodgers served as co-musical director for the tribute concert to Ahmet Ertegün at the Montreux Jazz Festival in the summer of 2006. The concert included performances by Chic, Robert Plant, Steve Winwood, Stevie Nicks, Kid Rock, Ben E. King, Chaka Khan, George Duke (co-music director),Paolo Nutini and many other artists who were signed to Ertegün’s Atlantic Records. A PBS documentary, Atlantic Records: The House That Ahmet Built, uses footage from this show, as it was one of the last times Ertegün would be captured on video.Rodgers wrote an autobiography entitled Le Freak: An Upside Down Story of Family, Disco, and Destiny that was published in late 2011.

He has additionally stayed active in music since the reunion of The Chic Organization by touring and producing live events. In recent years, he has continued to collaborate with an array of musicians.In October 2011, Rodgers worked with singer Adam Lambert in New York on a song entitled “Shady” for Lambert’s second album, Trespassing. Both Rodgers and Lambert tweeted enthusiastically about the collaboration, and Rodgers also mentioned it on his blog Planet C.In February 2012, Rodgers announced that he is collaborating with electronic band Daft Punkfor their latest album, “teasing out their R&B influences”.During a live interview for the UMFTV at the 2013 Ultra Music Festival in Miami, Rodgers confirmed that he was working with Daft Punk as well as recording multiple tracks with Avicii, and mentioned work with Chase & Status and Felix da Housecat .On March 31, BBC Four broadcast a documentary about his music life, Nile Rodgers: The Hitmaker., starting from the point that Chic was formed until now, with the stories about how he was involved in producing numerous hits and albums for some of the world`s best artist and bands.In 2013, Rodgers appeared on Daft Punk’s chart-topping album, Random Access Memories. Rodgers co-wrote and played guitar on three tracks: “Give Life Back to Music”, “Lose Yourself to Dance”, and “Get Lucky” Which rose to number 1 in the UK on the 28 April 2013 and went on to be certified as Rodgers’ first million-selling single. Rodgers also appears in televised trailer advertising the album. Rodgers has expressed a wish to perform the song live alongside Daft Punk, but that he will not perform it in his own shows as he feels it is not “his” song to play. In August 2013, the track “Mandou Bem” was released by the Brazilian band Jota Quest. In January 2011, Rodgers revealed on his website that he has prostate cancer, which was diagnosed in October 2010. As a result, he has started a “Cancer Blog”, detailing his status and upcoming projects, as of 2013, he was pronounced all clear.

Lol Creme (10cc Godley & Creme)

Lol Creme, English singer, musician, and director (10cc, Godley & Creme, Art of Noise, Producers, Doctor Father, Hotlegs, and The Magic Lanterns) was born 19 September 1947. Three of the founding members of 10cc were childhood friends in the Manchester area. As boys, kevin Godley and Lol Creme knew each other; Graham Gouldman and Kevin Godley attended the same secondary school; their musical passion led to playing at the local Jewish Lads’ Brigade.They achieved their greatest commercial success in the 1970s. The band initially consisted of four musicians—Graham Gouldman, Eric Stewart, Kevin Godley, and Lol Creme—who had written and recorded together for about three years, before assuming the “10cc” name in 1972.

10cc featured two strong songwriting teams, one ‘commercial’ and one ‘artistic’, but both teams injected sharp wit into lyrically dextrous and musically varied songs. Stewart and Gouldman were predominantly pop-song-writers, who created most of the band’s accessible songs. By way of contrast, Godley and Creme were the predominantly experimental half of 10cc, featuring an Art School sensibility and cinematic inspired writing. Every member was a multi-instrumentalist, singer, writer and producer. Most of the band’s albums were recorded at their own Strawberry Studios (North) in Stockport and Strawberry Studios (South) in Dorking, with most of those engineered by Stewart. Among their best known songs is “I’m Not in Love“.

Adam West

Most famous for playing Batman in the 1960 Television show, the American actor Adam West was born September 19, 1928 West in Walla Walla, Washington. His father was a farmer; his mother was an opera singer and concert pianist who was forced to abandon her own Hollywood dreams to care for her family. Following her example, West stated to his father as a youth that he intended after school to go to Hollywood. He moved to Seattle when he was 15 with his mother following his parents’ divorce. West attended Walla Walla High School during his freshman and sophomore years, and later enrolled in Lakeside School in Seattle. He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in literature and a minor in psychology from Whitman College in Walla Walla, where he was a member of the Gamma Zeta Chapter of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. He also participated on the speech and debate team. Drafted into the United States Army, he served as an announcer on American Forces Network television. After his discharge, he worked as a milkman before moving to Hawaii to pursue television.

While in Hawaii, West was picked for a role as the sidekick on a children’s show called El Kini Popo Show, which featured a chimp. West later took over as star of the show. In 1959, West moved with his wife and two children to Hollywood, where he took the stage name Adam West. He appeared in the film The Young Philadelphians with Paul Newman, and guest-starred in a number of television Westerns Including Sugarfoot, Colt .45, and Lawman, in which West played the role of Doc Holliday, the frontier dentist and gunfighter. He portrayed Wild Bill Hickok in the episode “Westbound Stage” of the 1960 Western series Overland Trail, with William Bendix and Doug McClure. He guest-starred on the crime drama Johnny Midnight, as police sergeant Steve Nelson and also starred in the crime drama, The Detectives Starring Robert Taylor. He made a few guest appearances on the sitcom, The Real McCoys. In 1961, West appeared as a young, ambitious deputy who foolishly confronts a gunfighter named Clay Jackson, portrayed by Jock Mahoney, in the episode “The Man from Kansas” in the series Laramie and made two guest appearances on Perry Mason in 1961 first as small-town journalist Dan Southern in “The Case of the Barefaced Witness” then as folk singer Pete Norland in “The Case of the Bogus Books”. West starred in the Outer Limits episode “The Invisible Enemy” and made a brief appearance in the film Soldier in the Rain starring Jackie Gleason and Steve McQueen. He also starred as Major Dan McCready, the ill-fated mission commander of ‘Mars Gravity Probe 1’ in the 1964 film Robinson Crusoe on Mars. He also appeared in the comedy Western The Outlaws Is Coming in 1965, the last feature film starring The Three Stooges. He played Christopher Rolf in the episode “Stopover” in The Rifleman,

In 1965 Producer William Dozier cast West as Bruce Wayne and his crime fighting superhero alter ego, Batman, in the television series Batman, which ran from 1966 to 1968; and included afeature-length film version. In his Batman character, West appeared in a public service announcement where he encouraged schoolchildren to heed then-President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for them to buy U.S. Savings stamps, a children’s version of U.S. Savings bonds, to support the Vietnam War. In 1970, West was offered the role of James Bond by Cubby Broccoli for the film Diamonds Are Forever.

After Batman finished Adam West’s first post-Caped Crusader role was in the film The Girl Who Knew Too Much (1969) as a cynical tough guy named Johnny Cain. West also made personal appearances as Batman. However In 1974, when Ward and Craig reprised their Batman roles for a TV public-service announcement about equal pay for women, West was absent. Instead, Dick Gautier filled in as Batman. He also made a memorable appearance in the Memphis, Tennessee-based United States Wrestling Association to engage in a war of words with Jerry “The King” Lawler while wearing the cowl and a track suit. West subsequently appeared in the theatrical films The Marriage of a Young Stockbrocker (1971), The Curse of the Moon Child (1972), The Specialist (1975), Hooper (as himself; 1978), The Happy Hooker Goes Hollywood (1980) and One Dark Night (1983 and appeared in such television films as The Eyes of Charles Sand (1972), Poor Devil (1973), Nevada Smith (1975), For the Love of It (1980) and I Take These Men (1983). He also did guest shots on the television series Maverick, Diagnosis: Murder, Love, American Style, Bonanza, The Big Valley, Night Gallery, Alias Smith and Jones, Mannix, Emergency!, Alice, Police Woman, Operation Petticoat, The American Girls, Vega$, Big Shamus Little Shamus, Laverne & Shirley, Bewitched, Fantasy Island, The Love Boat, Hart to Hart, Zorro, The King of Queens and George Lopez. West also made several guest appearances as himself on Family Feud and In 1986, West starred in the comedy police series titled The Last Precinct.

West often reprised his role as Batman/Bruce Wayne, first in the short-lived animated series, The New Adventures of Batman, and in other shows such as The Batman/ Tarzan Adventure Hour, Tarzan and the Super 7, Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show, and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians. In 1979, West once again donned the Batsuit for the live-action TV special Legends of the Superheroes. In 1985, DC Comics named West as one of the honorees in the company’s 50th-anniversary publication Fifty Who Made DC Great for his work on the Batman series. West was considered to play Thomas Wayne in Tim Burton’s Batman. Originally, he wanted to play Batman. So far neither West nor Burt Ward (Robin, from the TV series) has appeared in any of the modern Batman films. West made an appearance in a 1992 episode of Batman: The Animated Series portraying Simon Trent, a washed-up actor who used to play a superhero in a TV series called The Gray Ghost and who now has difficulty finding work.

West later had a recurring role as the voice of Mayor Grange in the WB animated series The Batman. And also voiced as Batman in the animated short film Batman: New Times. He co-starred with Mark Hamill, who vocally portrayed The Joker and had originally played the role on Batman: The Animated Series. West also voiced Thomas Wayne, Bruce Wayne’s father, in an episode of the cartoon series Batman: The Brave and the Bold. He also voiced Batman’s prototype robot “Protobot”. West appeared as himself in the film Drop Dead Gorgeous and in several TV series, including NewsRadio, Murphy Brown, The Adventures of Pete and Pete, The Ben Stiller Show, and The Drew Carey Sho He also portrayed “Dr. Wayne” in the 1990 Zorro episode “The Wizard”. In 1991, he starred in the pilot episode of Lookwell, playing a has-been TV action hero who falsely believes he can solve mysteries in real life. In 1994, West played a non-comedic role as the father of Peter Weller’s character in The New Age. He played a washed-up superhero named Galloping Gazelle in the Goosebumps TV series episode “Attack of the Mutant”. In 1994, West, with Jeff Rovin, wrote his autobiography, Back to the Batcave and also appeared as a guest in the animated talk show Space Ghost Coast to Coast in an episode titled “Batmantis”, where he displayed his book. That episode was essentially a parody to his Batman TV series, where Zorak dressed himself as “Batmantis”, a praying mantis version of Batman.

In 1996, Adam West appeared in video cut scenes of the “Chaos Mystery” in the gambling simulation game Golden Nugget. In 2001, he played the super-villain Breathtaker in the TV series Black Scorpion. In 2003, West and Burt Ward starred in the TV movie Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt, alongside Frank Gorshin, Julie Newmar, and Lee Meriwether. In 2005, West appeared in the show The King of Queens. West appears in the 2006 video for California band STEFY’s song “Chelsea” as “Judge Adam West”, presiding over the courtroom scene. In 2007, Adam West played an attorney for Benny on the show George Lopez, and starred as “The Boss” in the movie comedy Sexina: Popstar PI. In 2009, West played himself in the episode “Apollo, Apollo” of 30 Rock. In 2010, a Golden Palm Star was dedicated to him on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars And West also received the 2,468th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, located at 6764 Hollywood Boulevard in front of the Guinness Museum in Hollywood, California. He appeared in Pioneers of Television in the episode “Superheroes” and was the subject of the documentary Starring Adam West.West is among the interview subjects in Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle, a three-hour documentary narrated by Liev Schreiber.

West has also done voice-over work for many cartoons including the American cartoon series Futurama (10.9, and American Dad and voiced himself, and the 1960s version of Batman, in the video game Lego Batman 3: Beyond Gotham. In 2016, West guest-starred as himself on the 200th episode of The Big Bang Theory. West has also voiced The Simpsons, Futurama, Rugrats, The Critic, Histeria!, Kim Possible, Johnny Bravo, and even in an episode of Batman: The Animated Series called “Beware the Gray Ghost”, and has appeared onThe Fairly OddParents numerous timeS. Since 2000, West has made regular appearances on the animated series Family Guy, portraying Mayor Adam West, the lunatic mayor of Quahog, Rhode Island. He portrayed Uncle Art in the Disney Animation film Meet the Robinsons, and voicing the young Mermaid Man (along with Burt Ward, who voiced the young Barnacle Boy) in The SpongeBob SquarePants episode “Back to the Past” asThe Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy characters are sea parodies of both Batman and Robin, respectively.West also voiced General Carrington in the video game XIII, and has voiced other video games such as Marc Ecko’s Getting Up: Contents Under Pressure, Chicken Little: Ace in Action, Scooby Doo! Unmasked, and Goosebumps: Attack of the Mutant. Adam West sadly passed away 9 June 2017 However he leaves an enduring legacy behind.

Ferdinand “Ferry” Porsche

Austrian technical automobile designer and automaker-entrepreneur Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche Was born 19 September 1909, mainly known as Ferry Porsche. His father, Ferdinand Porsche, Sr. was also a renowned automobile engineer and founder of Volkswagen and Porsche. His nephew, Dr. Ferdinand Piëch, was chairman of Volkswagen from 1993 to 1998, and his son, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche, was involved in the design of the 911. Ferdinand Porsche Sr was chief designer at Austro-Daimler in Austria. His designs were focused on compact street cars and race cars. Austro-Daimler was so strongly tied to the local royalty that the Austrian double-headed eagle became the trademark of the company. Ferry Porsche learned to drive when he was only 10 years old. At age 12 he drove a real race car, the Austro-Daimler Sascha, which had just won its class at Targa Florio, Sicily, in 1922 and also attended school at Wiener Neustadt and Stuttgart, concentrating on mathematics. In 1923, the family moved to Stuttgart, due to senior Ferdinand Porsche’s unrest about the squandering financial destiny of Austro-Daimler. He joined the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft at Stuttgart-Untertürkheim (where the design department from the whole company was concentrated). Soon, he achieved the position of technical director. Meanwhile, Ferry Porsche received consent from the company to stay at the plant together with his father because of his increasing interest in design issues.

Ferdinand Porsche senior enjoyed success particularly with his racing cars . His personal preference for designing compact cars differed to Daimler-Benz, who were in favor of more luxurious models. So he left and worked temporarily as the technical director of Steyr AG in Austria and then decided to open a consulting office of automobile design, in Stuttgart which had become a important part of Germany’s automobile industry and was therefor an ideal location for the new Porsche design company and soon Porsche GmbH was founded. Despite Germany’s financial crisis during the 1930′s Porsche managed to obtained contracts from important German automotive firms, such as Wanderer, Auto Union, Zwickau, Zündapp and Some of these projects had historical impact, such as the mid-engine Auto Union Silver Arrow race cars, which were designed by Porsche. During the 1930′s German racing cars were promoted.

Daimler-Benz constructed a racing car & In 1933 Ferry Porsche also constructed a rival Porsche race cars, which had a 4.5 litre V-16 engine and an aluminum framework. In 1934, Auto Union was created, and the senior Porsche became the chief designer and they too designed racing cars. Both racing teams, Daimler-Benz and Auto Union soon became bitter rival on the Race Track during the 1930′s. In 1938, when his father moved to the new Volkswagen plant at Wolfsburg, Ferry became deputy manager of the Stuttgart bureau and relocated the design departments to Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen. Ferdinand Porsche’s old yearning had been to create a small compact & affordable car for the German family. So Work began at Stuttgart and the car became known as the Kdf-Wagen or Volkswagen (people’s car). During World War II Porsche seemed to develop a relatively “amicable” relationship with Adolf Hitler and Even though the relationship seemed mutual, in reality it was one-sided and The Porsche family was, in fact, somewhat pacifist and did not agree with Nazi ideals and may have even assisted Jewish employees including Adolf Rosenberger, without whose financial backing Porsche GmbH would not have existed, to escape Germany.

After World War II both Porsche’s father and son as well as Anton Piëch were arrested as war criminals and a bail of 500,000 francs was officially asked for each of the Porsche’s. It could be afforded only for Ferry Porsche who moved then to Austria, in July 1946. His father was taken instead to a harsh medieval prison at Dijon, upon release he attempted to return to Stuttgart but he was barred by the forces of occupation. In consequence, in July 1946, he brought all the structure of the company to Gmünd/Carinthia, Austria & obtained two contracts for automobile design. One was for the construction of racecars for the Cisitalia racing team. The other was for the design of their own car, which later became known as the Porsche 356. , Ferry Porsche started producing Grand Prix racing cars again. The new model was called the Porsche 360 Cisitalia, and It had a supercharged mid-mounted engine displacing 1.5 liters and four-wheel drive. Ferdinand Porsche also designed the Porsche 356, based on the compact Volkswagen. The 356 had an air-cooled, rear-mounted, 4-cylinder engine producing 35 hp. Despite the car’s compact size, it proved very popular and by 1965 had sold nearly 78,000 units, which was helped by Ferdinand Porsche’s mottos to produce automobiles which had to be reliable and of high-quality sports cars, of a high utilitarian value. Porsche ‘s most recognized involvement in car races began at 24 Hours of Le Mans, on June 1951, when an improved version of the 356 debuted on this track and won in its category. On successive years, Porsche ‘s winning contribution to Le Mans is regarded as fundamental for the own existence of the circuit. Later, in 1959, Porsche won for first time an event of the World Sportscar Championship, at Targa Florio, while a Porsche 917 would achieve the first Le Mans win finally in 1970.

At the demand of Porsche’s fans, the company began planning a successor to the 356. The project was originally called Porsche 901 and The first units were manufactured in 1962. However, Peugeot pushed legally for a change of the name, due to its registered trademark on automobile names with a zero amid two numbers. The model was renamed Porsche 911. Over time, it has evolved, but still kept the general shape and architecture since the beginning with a rear mounted high performance engine. It has sold about 600,000 units. After his father’s death in 1951 Ferry became general manager, the chairman of the board of management and In 1972, he decided to transform the Porsche Company into a public concern. In 1989, Ferdinand Porsche stepped down from the chairmanship and became honorary chairman of the supervisory board and remained in that position until his death In 1998 and Ferdinand Alexander Porsche took his place as general manager. when Ferdinand Porsche retired definitively from the activity, returning to his cherished Austrian farm at Zell am See. one of his last visited events was the launching of a new model, the Porsche 911 Carrera Cabriolet. It was based on the old 356, with a water-cooled engine of 6-cylinders and 300 hp. He also assisted in the celebration of the 30 years of the Porsche 911 which took place at Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg. He was buried there at the Schüttgut church.

International Talk like a pirate day

IMG_6958International Talk Like a Pirate Day (ITLAPD, takes place annually September 19. It was created in 1995 by John Baur (Ol’ Chumbucket) and Mark Summers (Cap’n Slappy), of Albany, Oregon,U.S., who proclaimed September 19 each year as the day when everyone in the world should talk like a pirate.The holiday, and its observance, springs from a romanticized view of the Golden Age of Piracy. The idea was inspired by a sports injury when, During a racquetball game between Summers and Baur, one of them reacted to the pain with an outburst of “Aaarrr!”, and the idea was born and they chose Summers’ ex-wife’s birthday, as it would be easy for him to remember.

At first it was an inside joke between two friends, however the holiday gained exposure when Baur and Summers sent a letter about their invented holiday to the American syndicated humor columnist Dave Barry in 2002. Barry liked the idea and promoted the day. and later appeared in a cameo in their “Drunken Sailor” Sing Along A-Go-Go video. Growing media coverage of the holiday after Barry’s column has ensured that this event is now celebrated internationally, and Baur and Summers now sell books and T-shirts related to the theme on their website.

The association of pirates with peglegs, parrots, and treasure maps, popularized in Robert Louis Stevenson’s novel Treasure Island (1883), has had a significant influence on parody pirate culture. Talk Like a Pirate Day is celebrated with hidden easter egg features in many games and websites, with Facebook introducing a pirate-translated version of its website on Talk Like a Pirate Day 2008 and publisher O’Reilly discounting books on the R programming language to celebrate. In September 2014, Reddit added a pirate theme to their website. English actor Robert Newton is the “patron saint” of Talk Like a Pirate Day. He specialized in portraying pirates, especially Long John Silver in the 1950 Disney film Treasure Island and the 1954 Australian film Long John Silver and the title character in the 1952 film Blackbeard the Pirate, Newton was born in Dorset and educated in Cornwall, and it was his native West Country dialect, which he used in his portrayal of Long John Silver and Blackbeard, that some contend is the origin of the standard “pirate accent”. This was parodied in the 1950s and 1960s by British comedian Tony Hancock.

The archetypal pirate word “Arrr!” (alternatively “Rrrr!” or “Yarrr!”) first appeared in fiction as early as 1934 in the film Treasure Island starring Lionel Barrymore, and was used by a character in the 1940 novel Adam Penfeather, Buccaneer by Jeffrey Farnol. However, it was Robert Newton’s use of it in the classic 1950 Disney film Treasure Island that popularized the interjection and made it widely remembered. It has been speculated that the rolling “rrr”, a distinctive element of the speech of the West Country of England, has been associated with pirates because of the West Country’s strong maritime heritage, where for many centuries fishing was the main industry (and smuggling a major unofficial one), and where there were several major ports. As a result, West Country speech in general, and Cornish speech in particular, may have been a major influence on a generalized British nautical speech. The statement “Arrr!” Is a meaningful reply, not just a grunt or mumble. In West Country parlance it means “yes and is historically common in nautical circles.

The US state of Michigan has also officially recognized the occasion. Krispy Kreme also used to give out free doughnuts to people who talk and/or dress like pirates on September 19, although As of 2017, they stopped giving out free donuts. Long John Silver’s has a similar promotion. Google Search and Facebook both have the option to choose “Pirate” as a language choice.Antivirus provider Avast has, since 2011, permitted users to select “Pirate Talk” as a language option. The option was added on International Talk Like a Pirate Day of that year. In 2006, it was described as a holiday for members of the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster religion (Pastafarians). World of Warcraft also holds an event with special achievements for the holiday. In 2012, Minecraft also added a “Pirate Speak” language option with many humorous word choices.