No time to Cry By James Oswald

I would like to read James Oswald’s latest fast-moving exciting crime thriller No Time to Cry. James Oswald is the author of the best selling Inspector McLean novels and No Time to Cry is the first in a new series. It features Metropolitan Policewoman Detective Constable Constance Fairchild who is working undercover on a case. However the operation goes badly wrong and when she returns to her base of operations, an anonymous office in a shabby neighbourhood, she finds the bloodied body of her boss, and friend, DI Pete Copperthwaite who has been executed by a single shot to the head.

In the aftermath, Detective Constable Constance Fairchild soon realizes that the Met fully intends to lay the blame entirely on her shoulders rather than come clean about what actually happened during their botched undercover operation. However Elements about the shooting of Detective Inspector Pete Copperthwaite make Detective Constable Constance Fairchild suspect a cover up, and the Met obviously do not expect their junior officer to offer much resistance to the closing of their ranks against her.

She is suspended and cast out from the Metropolitan Police, angry and alone with her grief, she is Under threat and under constant surveillance whilst on suspension from duties. Then a teenager from her hometown disappears, Con is happy return home and lie low from the police investigation that seems to be going nowhere. However a person from Constance’s past has been waiting for Constance’s return, and tries to put a bullet through her head and soon Constance finds that there is no time to be upset about losing her friend or job and nowhere to hide so Constance decides to find out the truth herself about the murder of her colleague and friend.

National Stress Awareness Day

National Stress Awareness Day takes place annually on 7 November, it was founded in 1998 by Carole Spiers FISMA, FPSA, MIHPE, the Chairperson of ISMAUK (International Stress Management Association of the United Kingdom. Stress Awareness Day’s 20th anniversary takes place in 2018.

Physiological or biological stress is an organism’s response to a stressor such as an environmental condition such as a threat, challenge or physical and psychological barrier. Stimuli that alter an organism’s environment are responded to by multiple systems in the body. The autonomic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are two major systems that respond to stress.

The sympathoadrenal medullary (SAM) axis may activate the fight-or-flight response through the sympathetic nervous system, which dedicates energy to more relevant bodily systems to acute adaptation to stress, while the parasympathetic nervous system returns the body to homeostasis. The second major physiological stress, the HPA axis regulates the release of cortisol, which influences many bodily functions such as metabolic, psychological and immunological functions. The SAM and HPA axes are regulated by several brain regions, including the limbic system, prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hypothalamus, and stria terminalis.

Through these mechanisms, stress can alter memory functions, reward, immune function, metabolism and susceptibility to diseases. Definitions of stress differ. One system suggests there are five types of stress labeled “acute time-limited stressors”, “brief naturalistic stressors”, “stressful event sequences”, “chronic stressors”, and “distant stressors”. An acute time-limited stressor involves a short-term challenge, while a brief natural stressor involves an event that is normal but nevertheless challenging. A stressful event sequence is a stressor that occurs, and then continues to yield stress into the immediate future. A chronic stressor involves exposure to a long-term stressor, and a distant stressor is a stressor that is not immediate.

Chronic stress and a lack of coping resources available or used by an individual can often lead to the development of psychological issues such as delusions, depression and anxiety. Chronic Stress depletes the body’s energy more quickly and usually occurs over long periods of time, especially when these microstressors cannot be avoided (i.e. stress of living in a dangerous neighborhood). When humans are under chronic stress, permanent changes in their physiological, emotional, and behavioral responses may occur. Chronic stress can include events such as caring for a spouse with dementia, or may result from brief focal events that have long term effects, such as experiencing a sexual assault. Studies have also shown that psychological stress may directly contribute to coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality.

The theme for National Stress Awareness Day 2018, is Does Hi-Tech Cause Hi-Stress? There are two sides to technology: on the one hand, technology can make a positive contribution giving people access to information, services, shopping and communication which they would not otherwise have and help us manage our lives better. On the other hand the 24/7 lifestyle that technology has brought, has had some stressful effects. Modern technology is having a greater impact on peoples lives, and the ISMA is involved in a debate about the positive and the adverse effects it can have, and how technology can be used advantageously without causing increased levels of stress.


Another aim of Stress Awareness Day is to promote wellbeing in the workplace. occupational stress in the workplace which is often caused by the complex interactions between a large system of interrelated variables, (i.e a work place with lots of people and machines to deal with) hence The workplace can often be a very stressful environment, and these Strains can be mental, physical or emotional. Occupational stress can occur when there is a discrepancy between the demands of the environment/workplace and an individual’s ability to carry out and complete these demands. Occupational stress can also be a response to imbalance between demands of one’s job and the resources he or she has to deal with those demands. It can be caused by either too much work and no proper facilities or too little work. Stress can also be bought on by the physical, psychological, social, or organizational demands of a job that require sustained physical and/or psychological effort or skills. Therefore, it is associated with expenditure of time and energy.

Occupational Stress can be caused by a lack of decent work environment, attitudes, facilities or resources in the workplace. The worker must also have an aptitude for that particular job, otherwise it can cause stress. For healthy conditions, it is also necessary that employees’ attitudes, skills, abilities and resources match the demands of their job, and that work environments should meet workers’ needs, knowledge, and skills potential. Lack of decent environment, attitudes, facilities or resources can cause problems, and the greater the gap or misfit (either subjective or objective) between the person and their environment, the greater the strain as demands exceed abilities, and need exceeds supply. These strains can relate to health related issues, lower productivity, and other work problems. Defense mechanisms, such as denial, reappraisal of needs, and coping, also operate in the model, to try and reduce subjective misfit”. can be caused by lack of Job resources: these are the physical, psychological, social, or organizational aspects of the job that aid in achieving work goals; reduce job demands and the associated physiological and psychological cost; proper resources can stimulate personal growth, learning, increase job satisfaction and development

Stress can be caused by an Imbalance in the relationship between efforts and rewards at work. “More specifically, the ERI Model claims that work characterized by both high efforts and low rewards represents a reciprocity deficit between high ‘costs’ and low ‘gains’, which could elicit negative emotions in exposed employees. The accompanying feelings may cause sustained strain reactions. So, working hard without receiving adequate appreciation or being treated fairly are examples of a stressful imbalance. Another assumption of the ERI Model concerns individual differences in the experience of effort-reward imbalance. It is assumed that employees characterized by a motivational pattern of excessive job-related commitment and a high need for approval (i.e., overcommitment) will respond with more strain reactions to an effort-reward imbalance, in comparison with less overcommitted people.”

Reducing occupational stress and increasing job satisfaction in the workplace pays dividends and can increase productivity and prosperity.

Sharleen Spiteri (Texas)

Best Known as the lead singer of the rock band Texas the scottish recording artist and songwriter Sharleen Spiteri was born 7 November 1967. Texas are a rock/pop band from Glasgow, Scotland. They were co-founded by Spiteri while She worked at the Irvine Rusk salon as a hairdresser in Glasgow & Johnny McElhone (formerly of the bands Altered Images and Hipsway) in 1986 and feature Sharleen Spiteri on lead vocals Johnny McElhone (bass guitar) and Ally McErlaine (lead guitar). Spiteri’s musical influences include Blondie, Marvin Gaye, Prince, Diana Ross and The Clash (the main reason she plays a black Fender Telecaster).

Texas made their performing debut in March 1988 at the University of Dundee. They took their name from the 1984 Wim Wenders movie Paris, Texas.The band released their debut album Southside in 1989, along with the debut single “I Don’t Want a Lover” which was an international hit, reaching the top ten in the UK and other high charting positions in Europe. Despite the success of Southside, the follow-up albums Mothers Heaven (1991) featuring the songs “Why Believe In You” “Alone With You” & “In My Heart” and Ricks Road (1993) featuring the Songs “So Called Friend” “You’ve Got To Give a Little” “Fade Away” & “You Owe It All To Me” were less successful.

The band’s fortunes changed in 1997 with the release of their White on Blonde album which featured the songs “Say What You Want” “Black Eyed Boy” “Put Your Arms Around Me” “Halo”&. became their biggest seller. In 1999, Texas song “In Our Lifetime” was included on the Notting Hill soundtrack. The Follow up album,The Hush (1999) featuring the Songs “Summer Son” & “When We Are Together”was also successful, The band’s Greatest Hits album, released in 2000, contained the single “Inner Smile” & was another big seller, Texas would go on to release a further two studio albums, Careful What You Wish For in 2003, and Red Book in 2005, both of which were certified gold in the UK. After the release of Red Book and a tour to support the album’s release, Texas went on hiatus.

In September 2002, Spiteri gave birth to her daughter Mysty Kyd, although this did not prevent her from working on a sixth album Careful What You Wish For featuring the song “Carnival Girl” & I’ll See It Through.The band returned in 2005 with the Songs “Getaway”, “Can’t Resist” The band’s seventh studio album; Red Book ‘ featured the song’ “Sleep” & “What About Us” .2007 the band released The BBC Sessions, including radio sessions spanning from 1989 to 2005 Cover songs include Elmore James’s “It Hurts Me Too”, The Beatles’ “I’ve Got a Feeling”, and Ashford & Simpson’s “You’re All I Need to Get By. In 2008 Spiteri performed as guest vocalist on Rammstein’s “Rosenrot” album & launched a solo career, releasing her debut solo album, Melody featuring the singles “All The Times I Cried” “Stop, I Don’t Love You Anymore” “It Was You” & “Don’t Keep Me Waiting”. Her second solo studio album, The Movie Songbook consists of movie covers chosen by Spiteri herself including the Song “Xanadu” To promote the album, she performed in front of 55,000 fans supporting Paul McCartney on his Up and Coming Tour at Glasgow’s Hampden Park. Spiteri also appeared as a judge in the Sky1 show Must Be The Music.

Tommy Thayer (Kiss)

Tommy Thayer, American guitarist and songwriter (Kiss) Was born 7 November 1960 . Formed in New York City in January 1973. Kiss rose to prominence in the mid to late 1970s on the basis of the members’ white and black face paint and flamboyant stage outfits and elaborate live performances, which featured fire breathing, blood spitting, smoking guitars, shooting rockets, The 1973–’80 original lineup of Paul Stanley (vocals and rhythm guitar), Gene Simmons (vocals and bass guitar), Ace Frehley (lead guitar) and Peter Criss (drums) is the most successful. With their makeup and costumes, they took on the personas of comic book-style characters: Starchild (Stanley), The Demon (Simmons), Spaceman or Space Ace (Frehley) and Catman (Criss) and the performances included levitating drum kits and pyrotechnics.

The band explains that the fans were the ones who ultimately chose their makeup designs. Stanley became the “Starchild” because of his tendency to be referred to as the “starry-eyed lover” and “hopeless romantic”. The “Demon” makeup reflected Simmons’ cynicism and dark sense of humor, as well as his affection for comic books. Frehley’s “Spaceman” makeup was a reflection of his fondness for science fiction and supposedly being from another planet. Criss’ “Catman” makeup was in accordance with the belief that he had nine lives because of his rough childhood in Brooklyn.

KISS LIVE IN PRAGUE 2013 http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=rkTtvQeoLC8

Because of creative differences, both Criss and Frehley had left the group by 1982. The band’s commercial fortunes had waned considerably by that point.However Buoyed by a wave of Kiss nostalgia in the 1990s, the band announced a reunion of the original lineup in 1996. The resulting Kiss Alive/Worldwide reunion Tour was the top-grossing act of 1996 and 1997. Criss and Frehley have since left Kiss again, but the band continues with Eric Singer and Tommy Thayer.

Stanley and Simmons have remained the only two constant members.Kiss have also been named in many “Top” lists. They include Number 10 on VH1′s ’100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock’,9th on ‘The Greatest Metal Bands’ list by MTV, number one on Hit Paraders’s “Top 100 Live Bands”, 56th on VH1′s “100 Greatest Artists Of All Time”, and 26th on Gibson’s “50 Greatest American Rock Bands” and Counting the 1978 solo albums, Kiss has been awarded 28 gold albums to date, and have sold more than 40 million albums in the United States, of which 20 million have been certified by the RIAA and their worldwide sales exceeds 100 million albums.

Marie Curie

Best known for her pioneering research in the field of radioactivity, the World famous Polish–French physicist and chemist Marie Skłodowska Curie was born 7th Novemer in 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Maria’s paternal grandfather, Józef Skłodowski, had been a respected teacher in Lublin, where he taught the young Bolesław Prus,who became a leading figure in Polish literature.Her father, Władysław Skłodowski, taught mathematics and physics, subjects that Maria was to pursue, and was also director of two Warsaw gymnasia for boys.After Russian authorities eliminated laboratory instruction from the Polish schools, he brought much of the laboratory equipment home, and instructed his children in its use.

The father was eventually fired by his Russian supervisors for pro-Polish sentiments, and forced to take lower-paying posts. the family also lost money on a bad investment, and eventually chose to supplement their income by lodging boys in the house. Maria’s mother Bronisława operated a prestigious Warsaw boarding school for girls; she resigned from the position after Maria was born.She died of tuberculosis in May 1878, when Maria was ten years old. Less than three years earlier, Maria’s oldest sibling, Zofia, had died of typhus contracted from a boarder.

When she was ten years old, Maria began attending the boarding school of J. Sikorska; next she attended a gymnasium for girls, from which she graduated on 12 June 1883 with a gold medal. After an illness she spent the following year in the countryside with relatives of her father, and the next year with her father in Warsaw, where she did some tutoring. Unable to enroll in a regular institution of higher education because she was a woman, she and her sister Bronisława became involved with the clandestine Flying University, a Polish patriotic institution of higher learning that admitted women students.

At a Warsaw laboratory, in 1890–91, Maria Skłodowska did her first scientific work and made an agreement with her sister, Bronisława, that she would give her financial assistance during Bronisława’s medical studies in Paris, in exchange for similar assistance two years later. Maria took a position as governess: first as a home tutor in Warsaw; then for two years as a governess in Szczuki with a landed family, the Żorawskis, who were relatives of her father and fell in love with their son, Kazimierz Żorawski, a future eminent mathematician.Who soon earned a doctorate and pursued an academic career as a mathematician, becoming a professor and rector of Kraków University. Sadly his parent rejected his relationship with Maria.

She lived inWarsaw until the age of 24, when she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She was also the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes—in both physics and chemistry, In 1903 she won the Nobel Prize in Physics which She shared with her husband Pierre Curie (and with Henri Becquerel), and In 1911 She became the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry which she shared with Her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie and son-in-law, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, and is the only woman to date to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences.

Among her many achievements are the theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), She also developed techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and discovered two radioactive elements, polonium (Which was named after her native country) and radium. She was also the first female professor at the University of Paris andUnder her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. In 1932, she founded a Radium Institute (now the Maria Skłodowska–Curie Institute of Oncology) in her home town, Warsaw. Which was headed by her physician-sister Bronisława.

Unfortunately though Marie Curie died on 4th July 1934 of aplastic anemia, a condition which was undoubtedly brought on by her lifelong exposure to radiation, however her pioneering research has led the way for many improvements in the fields of Science, Chemistry and Medicine and in 1995 she became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Paris Panthéon.

Diwali

Diwali (or Deepawali, the “festival of lights”) is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in autumn (northern hemisphere) or spring (southern hemisphere) every year. Diwali is one of the largest and brightest festivals in India. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of good over evil. The preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.

Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate, and decorate their homes and offices. On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow, then a family feast including mithai (sweets), and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Deepavali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.

The five-day festival originated in the Indian subcontinent and is likely a fusion of harvest festivals in ancient India. It is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana both of which were completed in the second half of the 1st millennium CE. The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in Skanda Purana as symbolising parts of the sun, describing it as the cosmic giver of light and energy to all life and which seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. King Harsha refers to Deepavali, in the 7th century Sanskrit play Nagananda, as Dīpapratipadotsava (dīpa = light, pratipadā = first day, utsava = festival), where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and grooms received gifts.[49][50] Rajasekhara referred to Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorated homes, streets and markets in the night.

Diwali was also described by numerous travellers from outside India. In his 11th century memoir on India, the Persian traveller and historian Al Biruni wrote of Deepavali being celebrated by Hindus on the day of the New Moon in the month of Kartika. The Venetian merchant and traveller Niccolò de’ Conti visited India in the early 15th-century and wrote in his memoir, “on another of these festivals they fix up within their temples, and on the outside of the roofs, an innumerable number of oil lamps… which are kept burning day and night” and that the families would gather, “clothe themselves in new garments”, sing, dance and feast. The 16th-century Portuguese traveler Domingo Paes wrote of his visit to the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, where Dipavali was celebrated in October with householders illuminating their homes, and their temples, with lamps. Islamic historians of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire era also mentioned Diwali and other Hindu festivals. A few, notably the Mughal emperor Akbar, welcomed and participated in the festivities, whereas others banned such festivals as Diwali and Holi, as Aurangzeb did in 1665.

Publications from the British colonial era also mention Diwali. Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages published a paper on The Lunar Year of the Hindus in 1799 and noted four of the five days of Diwali in the autumn months of Aswina-Cartica  as the following: Bhutachaturdasi Yamaterpanam (2nd day), Lacshmipuja dipanwita (the day of Diwali), Dyuta pratipat Belipuja (4th day), and Bhratri dwitiya (5th day). The Lacshmipuja dipanwita, remarked Jones, was a “great festival at night, in honor of Lakshmi, with illuminations on trees and houses”.

The names of the festive days of Diwali, as well as the rituals, vary by region. Diwali is usually celebrated eighteen days after the Dussehra (Dasara, Dasain) festival with Dhanteras, or the regional equivalent, marking the first day of the festival when celebrants prepare by cleaning their      homes and making decorations on the floor, such as rangoli. The second day is Choti Diwali, or equivalent in north India, while for Hindus in the south of India it is Diwali proper. Western, central, eastern and northern Indian communities observe Diwali on the third day and the darkest night of the traditional month. In some parts of India, the day after Diwali is marked with the Govardhan Puja and Diwali Padva, which is dedicated to the relationship between wife and husband. Some Hindu communities mark the last day as Bhai Dooj, which is dedicated to the bond between sister and brother, while other Hindu and Sikh craftsmen communities mark this day as Vishwakarma Puja and observe it by performing maintenance in their work spaces and offering prayers.

Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India, the festivities start with Dhanteras (in Northern & Western part of India), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Deepavali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra. On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas and some Buddhists also celebrate Diwali remembering Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism. Diwali is an official holiday in Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore and Fiji.

Some other faiths in India also celebrate their respective festivals alongside Diwali. The Jains observe their own Diwali, which marks the final liberation of Mahavira, the Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison, while Newar Buddhists, unlike other Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshiping Lakshmi.The festival of Diwali is an official holiday in Fiji, Guyana, India, Malaysia (except Sarawak), Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.