War on Poverty Day

War on Poverty day takes place annually on 8 January. The aims of War on Poverty Day are similar to The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty which is celebrated annually on October 17. The date of 8 January was chosen as it is the anniversary of the introduction of The War on Poverty. This was unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address on Wednesday, January 8, 1964. This legislation was proposed In response to a national poverty rate of around nineteen percent and led the United States Congress to pass the Economic Opportunity Act, which established the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) to administer the local application of federal funds targeted against poverty.

As a part of the Great Society, Johnson believed in expanding the federal government’s roles in education and health care as poverty reduction strategies. These policies can also be seen as a continuation of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, which ran from 1933 to 1937, and the Four Freedoms of 1941. Johnson stated, “Our aim is not only to relieve the symptom of poverty, but to cure it and, above all, to prevent it”.

The Office of Economic Opportunity was the agency responsible for administering most of the War on Poverty programs created during Johnson’s Administration, including VISTA, Job Corps, Head Start, Legal Services and the Community Action Program. The OEO was established in 1964 and quickly became a target of both left-wing and right-wing critics of the War on Poverty. Directors of the OEO included Sargent Shriver, Bertrand Harding, and Donald Rumsfeld.

The OEO launched Project Head Start as an eight-week summer program in 1965. The project was designed to help end poverty by providing preschool children from low-income families with a program that would meet emotional, social, health, nutritional, and psychological needs. Head Start was then transferred to the Office of Child Development in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (later the Department of Health and Human Services) by the Nixon Administration in 1969.

President Johnson also announced a second project to follow children from the Head Start program. This was implemented in 1967 with Project Follow Through, the largest educational experiment ever conducted. The policy trains disadvantaged and at-risk youth and has provided more than 2 million disadvantaged young people with the integrated academic, vocational, and social skills training they need to gain independence and get quality, long-term jobs or further their education. Job Corps continues to help 70,000 youths annually at 122 Job Corps centers throughout the country. Besides vocational training, many Job Corps also offer GED programs as well as high school diplomas and programs to get students into college.

In the decade following the 1964 introduction of the war on poverty, poverty rates in the U.S. dropped to their lowest level since comprehensive records began in 1958: from 17.3% in the year the Economic Opportunity Act was implemented to 11.1% in 1973. They have remained between 11 and 15.2% ever since. Although thr steep decline in poverty rates began in 1959, 5 years before the introduction of the war on poverty

The ‘absolute poverty line’ is the threshold below which families or individuals are considered to be lacking the resources to meet the basic needs for healthy living; having insufficient income to provide the food, shelter and clothing needed to preserve health. Poverty among Americans between ages 18–64 has fallen only marginally since 1966, from 10.5% then to 10.1% today. Poverty has significantly fallen among Americans under 18 years old from 23% in 1964 down to less than 17%, although it has risen again to 20% in 2009.[9] The most dramatic decrease in poverty was among Americans over 65, which fell from 28.5% in 1966 to 10.1% today.

In 2004, more than 35.9 million, or 12% of Americans including 12.1 million children, were considered to be living in poverty with an average growth of almost 1 million per year. According to the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, since the Johnson Administration, almost $15 trillion has been spent on welfare, with poverty rates being about the same as during the Johnson Administration. A 2013 study published by Columbia University asserts that without the social safety net, the poverty rate would have been 29% for 2012, instead of 16%. According to OECD data from 2012, the poverty rate before taxes and transfers was 28.3%, while the poverty rate after taxes and transfers fell to 17.4%. Although The OEO was dismantled by President Nixon in 1973, many of the agency’s programs were transferred to other government agencies.

President Johnson’s “War on Poverty” speech was delivered at a time of recovery (the poverty level had fallen from 22.4% in 1959 to 19% in 1964 when the War on Poverty was announced) and it was viewed by critics as an effort to get the United States Congress to authorize social welfare program. Some economists, including Milton Friedman, have argued that Johnson’s policies actually had a negative impact on the economy because of their interventionist nature, noting in a PBS interview that “the government sets out to eliminate poverty, it has a war on poverty, so-called “poverty” increases. It has a welfare program, and the welfare program leads to an expansion of problems. A general attitude develops that government isn’t a very efficient way of doing things.” Adherents of this school of thought recommend that the best way to fight poverty is not through government spending but through economic growth.

Prof. Tony Judt, the late historian, said in reference to the earlier proposed title of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act that “a more Orwellian title would be hard to conceive” and attributed the decline in the popularity of the Great Society as a policy to its success, as fewer people feared hunger, sickness, and ignorance. Additionally, fewer people were concerned with ensuring a minimum standard for all citizens and social liberalism.

Conservative Research Fellow at the Independent Institute James L. Payne followed this line of thinking when he wrote that “the war on poverty was a costly, tragic mistake because abolishing poverty did not seem far-fetched to the activists and it was a perspective that led to intolerance … The simple economic theory of poverty led to a single underlying principle for welfare programs … In adopting the handout approach for their programs, the war-on-poverty activists failed to notice – or failed to care – that they were ignoring over a century of theory and experience in the social welfare field … The war-on-poverty activists not only ignored the lessons of the past on the subject of handouts; they also ignored their own experience with the poor.”

Economist Thomas Sowell also criticized the War on Poverty’s programs, writing “The black family, which had survived centuries of slavery and discrimination, began rapidly disintegrating in the liberal welfare state that subsidized unwed pregnancy and changed welfare from an emergency rescue to a way of life.

In 1967, Martin Luther King “criticized Johnson’s War on Poverty in his book Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community? for being too piecemeal, saying that programs created under the “war on poverty” such as “housing programs, job training and family counseling” all had “a fatal disadvantage because the programs have never proceeded on a coordinated basis and noted that at no time has a total, coordinated and fully adequate program been conceived. In his speech on April 4, 1967 at Riverside Church in New City, King connected the war in Vietnam with the “war on poverty”:

The legacy of the War on Poverty policy initiative remains in the continued existence of such federal programs as Head Start, Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA), TRiO, and Job Corps. Deregulation, growing criticism of the welfare state, and an ideological shift to reducing federal aid to impoverished people in the 1980s and 1990s culminated in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996, which President Bill Clinton claimed, “ended welfare as we know it.”

Events and National Days happening on 8 January

NATIONAL ARGYLE DAY

National Argyle Day takes place annually on 8 January. The argyle pattern comes from the tartan of Clan Campbell, which originated in Argyll in western Scotland. While this pattern was used by members of Clan Campbell for kilts and plaids, the argyle pattern has been worn in the form of patterned socks by various clans in Scotland from the 17th century.

After WWI, the pattern became popular first in Britain and then in the United States because of its association with the Duke of Windsor. The Duke used the argyle pattern for his golf clothing, incorporating it for both his jerseys as well as the long socks that were commonly used as part of golf costumes during that period. Since then, argyle has been adopted by other golf enthusiasts.

  • Show and Tell at Work Day
  • Argyle Day
  • Bubble Bath Day
  • Earth’s Rotation Day
  • National English Toffee Day
  • National Joygerm Day
  • War on Poverty Day
  • World Typing Day

Steve Clark (Def Leppard)

Steve Clark, the former Guitarist with Def Leppard sadly passed away on 8th January 1993. Formed in 1977 in Sheffield as part of the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement.Def Leppard ’s strongest commercial success came between the early 1980s and the early 1990s. Their 1981 album High ‘n’ Dry was produced byRobert John “Mutt” Lange, who helped them begin to define their style, and the album’s stand out track “Bringin’ On the Heartbreak” became one of the first metal videos played on MTV in 1982. The band’s next studio album Pyromania in 1983, with the singles Photograph and Rock of Ages, turned Def Leppard into a household name. In 2004, the album ranked number 384 on Rolling Stone’s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.

Def Leppard’s fourth album Hysteria, released in 1987, topped the U.S a nd UK album charts. As of 2009 it has 12x platinum sales in the United States, and has gone on to sell over 20 million copies worldwide. The album contained loads of great songs, including the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 nummber one “Love Bites”, alongside Pour Some Sugar on Me , “Hysteria”,Armaggeddon It , “Animal” Rocket“., Gods of War and Women.

Their next studio album Adrenalize reached number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 and UK Album Chart in 1992, and contained several hits including, “Let’s Get Rocked” and “Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad”. Their 1993 album Retro Active contained the acoustic hit song “Two Steps Behind”, while their greatest hits album Vault released in 1995 featured track “When Love & Hate Collide. Sadly though Clark died 8 January 1993 however he was replaced by Vivian Campbell who has remained with Def Leppard ever since.

In 2015 the album Def Leppard was released as part of a limited edition Fan Pack containing Magazines, Prints, a keyring as well as a CD of the album itself containing the songs  Let’s Go, Dangerous, Man Enough, We Belong, Invincible, Sea of Love, Energized, All Time High, Battle of My own, Broke’n Brokenhearted, Forever Young, Last Dance, Wings of an Angel and Blind Faith plus two alternative Mixes of We Belong and Let’s Go. In November 2018 Def Leppard released the career spanning retrospective album ” The best of Def Leppard- The Story So far” this three CD collection contains Remastered versions of all the hits, plus out takes, demos and rare and alternative mixes of all Def Leppard best songs.

And now for something completely different…

The Late, Great comedian Graham Chapman was born 8 January 1941, in Stoneygate, Leicester. He started out in the 1960′s writing professionally for the BBC alongside John Cleese, initially for David Frost, but also for Marty Feldman. Chapman also contributed sketches to the BBC radio series I’m Sorry, I’ll Read That Again and television programmes such as The Illustrated Weekly Hudd (starring Roy Hudd), Cilla Black, This is Petula Clark, and This Is Tom Jones. Chapman, Cleese, and Tim Brooke-Taylor later joined Feldman in the television comedy series At Last the 1948 Show. There, Chapman displayed a gift for deadpan comedy (particularly evident in the sketch “The Minister Who Falls to Pieces”) and for imitating various British dialects. Chapman and Cleese also wrote for the long-running television comedy series Doctor in the House. Chapman also co-wrote several episodes with Bernard McKenna and David Sherlock.

Chapman joined British sketch comedy series Monty Python alongside Eric Idle, John Cleese, Terry Jones and Michael Palin, which was first aired on BBC One on the 5th October 1969. The shows were composed of surreality, risqué or innuendo-laden humour, sight gags and observational sketches without punchlines. It also featured Terry Gilliam’s wonderful and imaginatively bizarre animations, often sequenced or merged with live action. Broadcast by the BBC. with 45 episodes airing over four series from 1969 to 1974, The show often targets the idiosyncrasies of British life, especially that of professionals, and is at times politically charged, and over the years many of the sketches have attained classic status including The Lumberjack Song, Ministry of Silly Walks, Upper class twit of the Year,Spam song, The Dead Parrot Sketch and Bicycle Repair Man. The members of Monty Python were all highly educated. Terry Jones and Michael Palin are Oxford University graduates; Eric Idle, John Cleese, and Graham Chapman attended Cambridge University; and American-born member Terry Gilliam is an Occidental College graduate. Chapman also played the lead roles in two of the Python’s Films – Monty Python and The Holy Grail, Life of Brian

After reuniting with the other Pythons in Monty Python’s The Meaning of Life, Chapman began a lengthy series of American college tours where he would tell the audience anecdotes about Monty Python, the Dangerous Sports Club, Keith Moon, and other subjects. In 1988, he appeared in the Iron Maiden video Can I Play with Madness. Chapman also secured funding for his much cherished pirate project Yellowbeard in 1982. Once again, Chapman collaborated with writer Bernard McKenna and for the first time with Peter Cook. The film, which starred Chapman as the eponymous pirate, also featured appearances from Peter Cook, Marty Feldman, Cleese, Idle, Spike Milligan, and Cheech & Chong. It marks the last appearance of Feldman, who suffered a fatal heart attack during shooting. It was released in 1983 to mixed reviews. His final project was to have been a TV series called Jake’s Journey. Although the pilot episode was made, there were difficulties selling the project. Chapman was also to have played a guest role as a television presenter in the Red Dwarf episode “Timeslides”, but tragically died 4 October 1989 in Maidstone, before filming was to have started.

Elvis Presley

Often referred to as the “King of Rock and Roll” or simply “the King”, Elvis Presley was born 8th January, 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi. At the age of 13 Presley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family and began his career there in 1954, working with Sun Records owner Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was one of the originators of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country and rhythm and blues. Presley’s rise to national attention in 1956 transformed the field of popular music and had a huge effect on the broader scope of popular culture.

Presley’s first RCA single, “Heartbreak Hotel“, was released in January 1956, and was a number one hit. He became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll with a series of network television appearances and chart-topping records. His energized interpretations of songs, many from African American sources, and his uninhibited performance style made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. He was Conscripted into military service in 1958, and relaunched his recording career two years later with some of his most commercially successful work. He staged few concerts however, and guided by Colonel Tom Parker, he proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood movies and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, after seven years away from the stage, he returned to live performance in a celebrated comeback television special that led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973 Presley staged the first concert broadcast globally via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii, seen by approximately 1.5 billion viewers.

Presley is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century popular culture. He had a versatile voice and unusually wide success encompassing many genres, including country, pop ballads, gospel, and blues. He is the best-selling solo artist in the history of popular music. Nominated for 14 competitive Grammys, he won three, and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36. He has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame, and is regarded As the catalyst for the cultural revolution that was rock and roll, he was central not only to defining it as a musical genre but in making it a touchstone of youth culture and rebellious attitude. His name, image, and voice are instantly recognizable around the globe, and in In polls and surveys, he is recognized as one of the most important popular music artists and influential Americans.

“Elvis Presley is the greatest cultural force in the twentieth century”, said composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein. “He introduced the beat to everything and he changed everything—music, language, clothes. It’s a whole new social revolution—the sixties came from it.” Bob Dylan described the sensation of first hearing Presley as “like busting out of jail”. A New York Times editorial on the 25th anniversary of Presley’s death observed, “All the talentless impersonators and appalling black velvet paintings on display can make him seem little more than a perverse and distant memory. But before Elvis was camp, he was its opposite: a genuine cultural force. … Elvis’s breakthroughs are underappreciated because in this rock-and-roll age, his hard-rocking music and sultry style have triumphed so completely.” Not only Presley’s achievements, but his failings as well, are seen by some cultural observers as adding to the power of his legacy.

Sadly Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and this together with poor diet led to his sudden death in August 1977 at the age of 42. Despite this Elvis Presley remains a supreme figure in American life, one whose presence, no matter how banal or predictable, brooks no real comparisons, The cultural range of his music has expanded to the point where it includes not only the hits of the day, but also patriotic recitals, pure country gospel, and really dirty blues. Elvis emerged as a great artist, a great rocker, a great purveyor of schlock, a great heart throb, a great bore, a great symbol of potency, a great ham, a great nice person, and a great American.

David Bowie

English musician, actor, record producer and arranger David Bowie A.K.A David Robert Jones was born 8 January in 1947. He has been A major figure for over four decades in the world of popular music, and is is also regarded as an innovator, particularly for his work in the 1970s. He is known for his distinctive voice, and the intellectual depth and eclecticism of his work.

He changed his name to Bowie in the 1960s, to avoid confusion with the then well-known Davy Jones (lead singer of The Monkees), During the 1960′s He tried music and other art forms such as acting, mime, painting, and playwriting. Then In July 1969 he released the song “Space Oddity” which was used by the BBC in their coverage of the moon landing. two albums followed Space Oddity including the song “The Man Who Sold The World,” which was covered by Lulu and Nirvana). His next album was the classic 1972 GlamRock Concept Album the Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars, about a flamboyant androgynous space-age rock star named Ziggy Stardust. This contained Stardust and Ziggy Stardust and challenged the core belief of the rock music of its day” and “creating the biggest cult in popular culture.”

In 1975, Bowie released the song “Fame” and the album Young Americans, which he described as “plastic soul” before releasing the minimalist album Low in 1977-the first of three collaborations with Brian Eno called The Berlin Trilogy. Bowie’s next hit was Ashes to Ashes in1980 from the album Scary Monsters( and Super Creeps) and Under Pressure with Queen. Then In 1983 he released the album Let’s Dance. throughout the 1980’s 90’s and 2000’s Bowie continued to experiment with new styles, and this continual reinvention, music innovation and Striking visual presentation has helped Bowie remain awesome. In 2003 he released the album Reality then to celebrate his 66th birthday in 2013 he released His 30th, album The Next Day, and then released a career spanning retrospective entitled Nothing Has Changed in 2014.

In 2016 David Bowie released his final album Black Star to clebrate his 69th birthday. Sadly though he tragically died two days later on 10 January 2016 at his Lafayette Street home, in Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. having suffered from liver cancer for 18 months. Bowie kept his illness private, and friends and fans alike were surprised by his death. Makeshift memorials were created in London, New York City, Berlin, and other cities in which Bowie had lived; sales of his albums and singles saw a significant increase.

David Bowie’s contribution to music, fashion and culture is immense and he is one of the most influential musical artists of all time, having influenced the course of popular music several times and inspired several generations of musicians. His promotional videos in the 1970s and 80s are regarded as ground-breaking, as are his theatrical live concerts. In the BBC’s 2002 poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, Bowie was placed at number 29 In the UK, he has been awarded nine Platinum album certifications, 11 Gold and eight Silver, and in the US, five Platinum and seven Gold certifications and In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked him 39th on their list of the “100 Greatest Artists of All Time”, and 23rd on their list of the best singers of all-time.

Dame Shirley Bassey DBE

Dame Shirley Bassey, DBE was born 8th January in 1937). She found fame in the late 1950s and is best known for recording the theme songs to the James Bond films Goldfinger, Diamonds Are Forever, and Moonraker and is a UNESCO Artist for Peace. She attended Moorland Road School where her strong voice. was noticed by teachers and students alike She also sung in the school choir. After leaving Splott Secondary Modern School at the age of 14, Bassey first found employment packing at a local factory while singing in local public houses and clubs in the evenings and weekends.

In 1953, she signed her first professional contract, to sing in a touring variety show Memories of Jolson, a musical based on the life of Al Jolson. She next took up a professional engagement in Hot from Harlem, which ran until 1954. In 1955, a chance recommendation of her to Michael Sullivan, a booking agent, put her firmly on course for her destined career. He saw talent in Bassey, and decided he would make her a star. She toured various theatres until Jack Hylton put her firmly on the road to stardom. She starred in in Al Read’s Such Is Life at the Adelphi Theatre in London’s West End. During the show’s run she was offered a recording deal & her first single was “Burn My Candle”/“Stormy Weather”, and was banned by the BBC. in 1957, she had her first hit with “The Banana Boat Song” (DAAAAY OH!) which was followed by “If I Had a Needle and Thread” b/w “Tonight My Heart She Is Crying”. In 1958 she released “As I Love You”, “Hands Across the Sea” and “Kiss Me, Honey Honey, Kiss Me”. During the 1960′s she released “As Long As He Needs Me” from Lionel Bart’s Oliver! In 1962 she released the album produced the album Let’s Face the Music and the singles “What Now My Love”, “Reach for the Stars”/”Climb Ev’ry Mountain”, “I’ll Get By”, “I (Who Have Nothing)”. She also sang at a Washington gala celebrating the end of President Kennedy’s second year in office. In 1965, Bassey released the title song of the James Bond film, Goldfinger. In 1967 she released “Big Spender“.In 1968, she performed “La vita” at the Sanremo Festival

In 1970 Bassey released the album Something, (The single of the same name was more successful in the UK charts than the original Beatles recording – the only artist to have achieved this) plus the singles “For All We Know”and “Never Never Never”. She also released the albums Something Else, And I Love You So, , I Capricorn, Never Never Never, Good, Bad but Beautiful, Love, Life and Feelings, You Take My Heart Away and Yesterdays. Two compilations, The Shirley Bassey Singles Album (1975) and 25th Anniversary Album (1978) were also released. Between 1970 and 1979, Bassey had 18 hit albums in the UK Albums Chart.In 1973, her sold-out concerts at New York’s Carnegie Hall were recorded and released as a two-LP set, Shirley Bassey: Live at Carnegie Hall. This album and the majority of her recordings from this period have been re-mastered and released on CD by EMI and BGO Records. In 1971, she recorded the theme song for the James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever, which also featured as part of Sydney’s 2007 New Year’s celebration.In 1976 & 1979 Bassey starred in the Shirley Bassey Show which featured guests including Neil Diamond, Michel Legrand, The Three Degrees and Dusty”. in 1979 Bassey sung her third title theme for the Bond films, Moonraker. Throughout most of the 1980s, Bassey focused on charitable work and performing occasional concert tours throughout Europe, Australia, and the United States. In 1982 Bassey recorded an album entitled All by Myself and made a TV special for Thames Television called A Special Lady with guest Robert Goulet.In 1986, she released a single and video to support the London Tourist Board, “There’s No Place Like London”and in 1987 she recorded an album of James Bond themes, The Bond Collection. She also provided vocals for Swiss artists Yello on “The Rhythm Divine” and her 1991 album Keep the Music Playing displayed a grand, operatic pop style. In 1994 EMI released the five-CD box set Bassey – The EMI/UA Years 1959 – 1979.

In 1996, Bassey collaborated with Chris Rea in the film La Passione, appearing in the film as herself and releasing the single “‘Disco’ La Passione”, the remix proving a major club hit throughout Europe. In 1995 Bassey colaborated with The Propellorheads and released “History Repeating“. Bassey celebrated her 60th birthday in 1997 with two open-air concerts, at Castle Howard and Althorp Park, and another TV special, then in 1998 Bassey performed for a benefit at an open air concert close to the Sphinx and the Great Pyramid in Egypt. Bassey was one of three central figures In the 1998 film Little Voice, along with Marilyn Monroe and Judy Garland. The following year, she performed the official song for the rugby World Cup, “World in Union”, with Bryn Terfel at the opening ceremony at The Millennium Stadium, Cardiff and also contributed two more songs to the official album Land of My Fathers. In 2001, Bassey was principal artiste at the Duke of Edinburgh’s 80th Birthday celebration. On 3 June 2002 Shirley Bassey was one of a prestigious line up of artists including Elton John, Paul McCartney, Queen, The Corrs, Annie Lennox, Eric Clapton, Tony Bennett, Cliff Richard, Joe Cocker, Rod Stewart, Ricky Martin, Phil Collins and Tom Jones who performed at the Queen’s 50th Jubilee Party at Buckingham Palace. A gala charity auction of her stage costumes was also held at Christie’s, called Dame Shirley Bassey: 50 Years of Glittering Gowns, it raised £250,000 (US$500,000) for the Dame Shirley Bassey Scholarship at the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama and the Noah’s Ark Children’s Hospital Appeal. Bassey also topped the bill at the 2005 Royal Variety Performance, introducing her new song “The Living Tree”. Bassey also performed at five arenas around the UK culminating at Wembley & also performed a concert in front of 10,000 people at the Bryn Terfel Faenol Festival in North Wales. Bassey performed a 45 minute set at the 2007 Glastonbury Festival wearing a pink Julien Macdonald dress, and customised Wellington boots and also released A new album, Get the Party Started. Bassey performed “Big Spender” with Elton John at his annual White Tie and Tiara Ball to raise money for The Elton John AIDS Foundation. In 2007, Bassey performed in Fashion Rocks in aid of The Prince’s Trust at the Royal Albert Hall.

Throughout her long and distinguished carreer Dame Shirley Bassey has won many awards for her music. In 1974 she was voted Best Female Entertainer by the American Guild of Variety Artists. In 1976 she won the EMI Award for twenty years as a recording artist. In 1977 she won a BRIT Award for being Best British Female Solo Artist in the previous 25 years. In 1977 she garnered a Golden Rose of Montreux nomination. In 1991 a plaque unveiled in Rotterdam’s Walk of Fame, Star Boulevard, Commemorating Dame Shirley Bassey. In 1993 Bassey was awarded a CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) in the New Years honours List and in 1995 she won the Variety Club of Great Britain’s award for Showbusiness Personality of the Year, In 1997 she recieved a Grammy nomination for the The Birthday Concert (recorded live at Althorp Park) and in 1998 she was also given an award for the Longest run by a solo artist at th Royal Festival Hall, London. on 31 December 1999 . Bassey was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) by Queen Elizabeth II “For services to entertainment” and was invited to perform in 2002 at the Party at the Palace, a public celebration of the Queen’s Golden Jubilee. She was awarded France’s top honour, the Legion d’Honneur.She is also the Most Successful British Female Singer according to the Guinness Book of Records. She was given an award for Outstanding Contribution to Music at the National Music Awards, UK and in 2003 she was given a Lifetime Achievement Award (inaugural award) – Western Mail Welsh Woman of the Year. in that same yearShe also became UNESCO’s Artist for Peace and in 2005 a Plaque was unveiled on the Avenue of Stars in London and In 2008 the song “Goldfinger”was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.