National Anthem day takes place annually on 3 March in the United States to commemorate the anniversary of the day on which the United States adopted the Star Spangled Banner by Francis Scott Key as their National Anthem.
The story behind “The Star Spangled Banner” concerns an Attorney named Francis Scott Key who was serving in the Georgetown Light Field Artillery during the War of 1812. In 1814 his negotiation skills as a lawyer were called upon to release Dr. William Beane who was a prisoner on the British naval ship, Tonnant. So Key traveled to Baltimore in the company of Colonel John Skinner to begin negotiations. Key and Skinner subsequently secured Beane’s release, however since the British navy had begun attacking Baltimore, the trio had to wait at sea to return to Georgetown.
The British navy eventually abandoned Baltimore and began to bombard Fort McHenry instead. This is built on a peninsula of the Patapsco River, and the city of Baltimore is just across the Northwest Branch. In 1814, the population of Baltimore was roughly 50,000 people, As the 190-pound shells began to shake the fort, a thunderstorm occurred. There were reports of the explosions being felt as far away as Philadelphia. It was a long night of fear, worry and providing comfort to one another, Key was a religious man, who believed the war could have been avoided, For 25 hours the star-shaped fort manned by approximately 1,000 American soldiers endured over 1,500 cannon shots. The Fort answered with their own with almost no effect.
Finally on September 14th, Major George Armistead’s troops managed to stop the British landing party then ordered the oversized American flag raised in all its glory over Fort McHenry. This had been Sewn a few months previously by Mary Pickersgill and her daughter. As the conflict died down Key was greeted by the inspiring sight of his country’s flag fully unfurled and the fort standing firm.