Doctor Who (Season 18)

Doctor Who Season 18 was released on Blu Ray on 18 March 2019. It stars Tom Baker, Lalla Ward, Sarah Sutton, Matthew Waterhouse and Anthony Ainley and was Tom Bakers final season as the The Doctor before Peter Davison took over the role. Some might say It is nowhere near as good as previous series, although i think it still has it’s moments although it goes a bit ropey towards the end.

The Leisure hive
The Doctor (Tom Baker)and Romana (Lalla Ward) journey to Brighton beach. They then travel to the leisure planet Argolis in search of more excitement, however all is not right. Then a man is found dead, strangled by the Doctor’s scarf, so the Doctor is put on trial and as per Argolis archaic law, he’s made to “prove” his innocence by becoming a test subject in a new tachyon experiment with time. The result of which will prove his innocence or guilt, however This has a rather alarming affect on the Doctor. Then it is discovered the Tachyonic Generator has been part of many illicit schemes. Then an ambitious Leader tries to take over Argolis and uses it to create an even bigger threat….

Meglos
The Doctor, Romana and K-9 arrive on the hostile forest planet Tygella, where the native Tygellans now live in the safety of a underground city, due to the carnivorous plants on the surface. The structure of Tigellan society is based on two castes: the scientific Savants, led by the earnest Deedrix; and the religiously fanatical Deons, led by Lexa. The latter worship the Dodecahedron, a mysterious twelve-sided crystal which they see as a gift from the god Ti and which powers the City and their entire civilization. However Once he arrives of Tygella the Doctor finds he has been wrongly accused of stealing the Dodecahedron, the city’s power source and is sentenced to be sacrificed to the god Ti for stealing the dodecahedron.

Meanwhile a villainous cactus-like alien named Meglos, who is last survivor of the hostile desert planet Zolfa-Thura disguises himself as the Doctor and with help from a band of dodgy space pirates called Gaztaks led by Grugger and Brotadac, lands on Tygella, and infiltrates the city in order to the steal Dodecahedron.

Without the Dodecahedron the energy levels of the city soon start to fail and both Savants and Deons start to panic. Meanwhile Lexa uses the situation to her own ends. The Doctor discovers that Meglos’s race perished in a civil war over the control of the Dodecahedron, which can power a weapon strong enough to destroy planets. Now Meglos is plotting a deadly scheme concerning Zolfa-Thura and Tigella which needs the power of the Dodecahedron. So Doctor must prove his innocence, escape, rescue Romana, return the Dodecahedron, confront Meglos and stop his evil plans….

Full Circle
The Doctor is summoned to Gallifrey by the Time Lords, however they land on the planet Alzarius instead where they discover a Terradonian space ship which accidentally crash landed there. They also encounter a deadly phenomenon called Mistfall, which coincides with the emergence of dangerous creatures including venomous marsh spiders and Marshmen, during which the Terradonian community takes refuge. Outside the ship, Marshmen track the Doctor, then Romana is bitten by a Marsh Spider and is discovered by a Marshman. Having reached the ship The Doctor learns disturbing about the Terradons and the Marshmen….

State of Decay

The Fourth Doctor, Romana, K9, and Adric, arrive on a planet with a feudal society. The villagers live under three lords—Zargo, Camilla, and Aukon—who dwell in a shadowy Tower, and experience a yearly ritual called “the Selection”, in which a sample of young villagers are taken to the tower, never to be seen again. The Doctor and Romana discover evidence of technology considerably more advanced than the medieval level of development of the planet. Romana suggests that there is a powerful force holding the inhabitants back.

However The Doctor and Romana are seized by cloaked figures. Meanwhile, Adric comes to the village and is caught by the owners of the feeding house. However Adric is discovered and captured by Lord Aukon, who sees him as an alien and worthy of becoming one of the ‘chosen ones’. The Doctor and Romana encounter a resistance movement at a secret base filled with forbidden technology. Including a computer And also meet a scientist named Kalmar. The Doctor also learns about a lost crashed spaceship called the Hydrax, the crew of which bear an suspiciously uncanny resemblance to the Lords of the Tower. So The Doctor and Romana decide to explore the tower and make an alarming discovery before encountering Lord Aukon who offers them both Power and Eternal Life before mentioning something about “Chosen ones” “The Great one” and “The Time of Arising”. Then King Zargo and Camilla arrive and the Doctor and Romana are imprisoned.

Luckily the Doctor is rescued by a villager named Tarak and Romana and Tarak search for Adric. Meanwhile the Doctor makes another alarming discovery concerning Lord Zargo, Lord Aukon, Lady Camilla and the Great One. Romana and Adric are captured again and Aukon again offers Adric Power and Eternal Life. Eventually, Ivo, the village Scientist gets Frustrated and decides to attack the tower With assistance from The Doctor. Meanwhile Lord Zargo, Lord Aukon, Lady Camilla attempt to summon the Great One and Romana finds herself being sacrificed at the Arising….

Warriors Gate
The Doctor and Romana attempt to escape E-Space, However the TARDIS and K-9 are both damaged . They encounter an alien Tharil named Biroc. The TARDIS is found by a damaged bulk freighter commanded by Commander Rorvik, who Romana begrudgingly assists and learns more about Biroc and the damaged freighter. Meanwhile the Doctor learns more of the Tharil’s past from Biroc and also discovers a gateway, guarded by deadly robot soldiers named Gundans. Then Commander Rorvik, endangers everyone by making a rather questionable decision and it is up to the Doctor and Romana save the Freighter and the Tharil race.

Keeper of Traken
Returning to N-Space, The Doctor and Adric are summoned to Traken, a planet of peace and harmony. The Keeper of Traken is nearing the end of his 1000-year-old reign and one of the Traken consuls is to become the next Keeper. Meanwhile the Melkur, a calcified figure believed to be a “Source of Evil” is trying to control the Source of Trakens Power and destroy the Traken Union. So The Doctor, Adric, Tremas (the Keeper Nominate) and Nyssa (his daughter) set about to stop the merciless Melkur from seizing control of Traken…

Logopolis
The Doctor lands on Earth meanwhile A mysterious figure in white is following him. The Doctor and Adric then visit Logopolis unaware that they have inadvertently picked up a stowaway whilst they were on Earth. Nyssa from Traken rejoins them and Adric assists the Monitor of Logopolis.

Elsewher a villainous renegade Timelord called The Master plots to ensnare the Doctor in a diabolical trap before revealing his latest evil scheme, unfortunately this has a catastrophic effect on the entire universe which begins to collapse …

Rudolf Diesel

Famous for inventing the Diesel engine, the German inventor and mechanical engineer Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was born 18 March 1858 in Paris, France. Only few weeks after his birth, Diesel was given away to a Vincennes farmer family, where he spent his first nine months. When he was returned to his family, they moved into the flat 49 in the Rue Fontaineau-Roi. When he wad young Rudolf Diesel worked in his father’s workshop delivering leather goods to customers using a barrow. He attended a Protestant-French school and soon became interested in social questions and technology. When he was 12-year-old Diesel received the Société l’Instruction Elémentaire bronze medal and had plans to enter Ecole Primaire Supérieure in 1870.

However At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian in 1870 his family was forced to leave, as were many other Germans. They settled in London, England, where Diesel attended an English school. Then Diesel’s mother sent 12-year-old Rudolf to Augsburg to live with his aunt and uncle, Barbara and Christoph Barnickel, to become fluent in German and to visit the Königliche Kreis-Gewerbeschule (Royal County Vocational College), where his uncle taught mathematics. At the age of 14, Diesel wrote a letter to his parents saying that he wanted to become an engineer. After finishing his basic education at the top of his class in 1873, he enrolled at the newly founded Industrial School of Augsburg. Two years later, he accepted a merit scholarship from the Royal Bavarian Polytechnic of Munich.

One of Diesel’s professors in Munich was Carl von Linde. Diesel was unable to graduate with his class in July 1879 because he fell ill with typhoid fever. While waiting for the next examination date, he gained practical engineering experience at the Gebrüder Sulzer Maschinenfabrik (Sulzer Brothers Machine Works) in Winterthur, Switzerland. Diesel graduated in January 1880 with highest academic honours and returned to Paris, where he assisted his former Munich professor, Carl von Linde, with the design and construction of a modern refrigeration and ice plant. Diesel became the director of the plant one year later. In 1883, Diesel married Martha Flasche, and continued to work for Linde, gaining numerous patents in both Germany and France.

In early 1890, Diesel moved to Berlin with his wife and children, Rudolf Jr, Heddy, and Eugen, to assume management of Linde’s corporate research and development department and to join several other corporate boards there. Diesel diversified beyond the field of refrigeration, and began working with steam, researching thermal efficiency and fuel efficiency leading him to build a steam engine using ammonia vapour. Sadly this exploded hospitalising him and causing long-term health problems

So Benz began designing a safer and more efficient engine based on the Carnot cycle, and in 1893, soon after Karl Benz was granted a patent for his invention of the motor car in 1886, Diesel published a treatise entitled Theorie und Konstruktion eines rationellen Wärmemotors zum Ersatz der Dampfmaschine und der heute bekannten Verbrennungsmotoren [Theory and Construction of a Rational Heat-engine to Replace the Steam Engine and The Combustion Engines Known Today] which formed the basis for his invention of the Diesel engine.

Diesel understood thermodynamics and the theoretical and practical constraints on fuel efficiency. He knew that as much as 90% of the energy available in the fuel is wasted in a steam engine. His work in engine design was driven by the goal of much higher efficiency ratios. Following his experiments with a Carnot cycle engine, he developed it further and obtained a patent for his design for a compression-ignition engine. In his engine, fuel was injected at the end of compression and the fuel was ignited by the high temperature resulting from compression. The Diesel engine has the benefit of running more fuel-efficiently than gasoline engines due to much higher compression ratios and longer duration of combustion. Diesel was interested in using coal dust or vegetable oil as fuel, and his engine was run on peanut oil. Between 1893 and 1897, Heinrich von Buz, director of MAN AG in Augsburg, gave Rudolf Diesel the opportunity to test and develop his ideas.

On the evening of 29 September 1913, Diesel boarded the GER steamer SS Dresden in Antwerp on his way to a meeting of the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing company in London, England. He took dinner on board the ship and then retired to his cabin and was never seen alive again. Then Ten days later, the crew of the Dutch boat Coertzen came upon the corpse of a man floating in the North Sea near Norway. the crew retrieved personal items (pill case, wallet, I.D. card, pocketknife, eyeglass case) from the corpse and On 13 October, these items were identified by Rudolf’s son, Eugen Diesel, as belonging to his father. Then On 14 October 1913 it was reported that Diesel’s body was found at the mouth of the Scheldt by a boatman. Shortly after Diesel’s disappearance, his wife Martha opened a bag that her husband had given to her just before his ill-fated voyage, with directions that it should not be opened until the following week. She discovered 200,000 German marks in cash (US$1.2 million today). There are many theories concerning Diesels disappearance including suicide or murder, however evidence is limited and his disappearance and death remain unsolved.

Following Diesel’s tragic and unexplained death, his engine underwent much development and became a very important replacement for the steam piston engine in many applications. Because the Diesel engine required a heavier, more robust construction than a gasoline engine, it saw limited use in aviation. However the Diesel engine was widely used in stationary engines, agricultural machines, submarines, ships, locomotives, trucks, and in modern automobiles and thanks to his pioneering work He was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1978.

Transit Driver Appreciation Day

Transit Driver Appreciation Day was originally Bus Driver Appreciation Day. It was started 18 March 2009 by Hans Gerwitz and Shannon E. Thomas on the anniversary of the first “bus” line, started in Paris.

A bus lane or bus-only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion. Bus lanes are a key component of a high-quality bus rapid transit (BRT) network, improving bus travel speeds and reliability by reducing delay caused by other traffic. A dedicated bus lane may occupy only part of a roadway which also has lanes serving general automotive traffic; the related term busway describes a roadway completely dedicated for use by buses.

The world’s first designated bus lane was created in Chicago in 1940. The first bus lanes in Europe were established in 1963 in the German city of Hamburg, when the tram system was closed and the former segrated tram tracks were converted for bus travel. Other large German cities soon followed, and the implementation of bus lanes was officially sanctioned in the German highway code in 1970. Many experts from other countries (Japan among the first) studied the German example and implemented similar solutions. On 15 January 1964 the first bus lane in France was designated along the quai du Louvre in Paris and the first contraflow lane was established on the old pont de l’Alma on 15 June 1966.

On 26 February 1968 the first bus lane in London was put into service on Vauxhall Bridge. The first contraflow bus lane in the UK was introduced in King’s Road, Reading as a temporary measure when the road was made one-way (eastwards to Cemetery Junction) on 16 June 1968. The initial reason was to save the expense of rerouting the trolleybus, which was due to be scrapped on 3 November of that year. However the experiment proved so successful that it was made permanent for use by motor buses. By 1972 there were over 140 kilometres (87 mi) of with-flow bus lanes in 100 cities within OECD member countries, and the network grew substantially in the following decades. The El Monte Busway between El Monte and Downtown Los Angeles was the first dedicated busway in the US, constructed in 1974. In 2014 the name was changed to Transit Drivers Appreciation Day in order to include rail operators, but not drivers of Ford Transit Mini Buses, and it is now observed by Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU) in the United States and Canada

Other events and holidays happening on 18 March
Awkward Moments Day
National Biodiesel Day
National Lacy Oatmeal Cookie Day
Transit Drivers Day