AVICII

Swedish musician, DJ, remixer and record producer Avicii (Tim Bergling) tragically died 20 April 2018. He was born 8 September 1989 in Stockholm, In May 2007, Avicii signed on with the Dejfitts Plays label. Bergling was a member of the Laidback Luke Forums, where he refined his craft and, at times, demonstrated his distinct deep house style. Between 2009 and 2010, Bergling was a prolific producer and was releasing music incredibly quickly. His remixes during this period were “Sound of Now”, “Muja”, “Ryu” and “Even”. Bergling explained that the name Avicii means “the lowest level of Buddhist hell” (Avīci) and he chose the moniker because his real name was already used upon creating his Myspace page. Then, in 2010, Bergling released the hit song “Seek Bromance”, He also remixed Nadia Ali’s classic single “Rapture” for her album Queen of Clubs Trilogy: Onyx Edition. In 2010, Bergling signed with the European A&R team with EMI Music Publishing

In 2011. Bergling began working with his manager and executive producer Ash Pournouri to start House for Hunger which is dedicated to alleviating global hunger. The pair wanted to showcase the giving spirit fostered by the house music community. AVICII also released his breakthrough single “Levels”. In 2012, his collaboration track “Sunshine” with David Guetta was nominated for a Grammy award under the category for Best Dance Recording and His track “Fade into Darkness” was sampled by Leona Lewis on her single “Collide”. In 2012, Bergling released the single “Last Dance”. At Ultra Music Festival 2012 in Miami, he premiered two tracks, “Girl Gone Wild” (Avicii’s UMF Remix) with Madonna and “Superlove” with Lenny Kravitz. Bergling also released the songs “Two Million” and “Silhouettes” featuring vocals from Salem Al Fakir.

In 2012 AVICII performed at Lollapalooza festival in Chicago’s Grant Park and released “Dancing in My Head” (Avicii’s ‘Been Cursed’ Mix) Featuring vocals from Eric Turner. A radio edit of the track, titled “Dancing in My Head” (Tom Hangs Mix) was also released plus an EP featuring remixes from Charlie Bernardo and Michael Woods. AVICII also headlined the world-famous Radio City Music Hall in New York City. supported by Matt Goldman and Cazzette playing his new track “Stay with You”.

His debut studio album, True was released in 2013 and featured electronic music blended with elements of several music genres and received generally positive reviews from music critics. The song was produced by Bergling and contains a vocal sample from the 1962 gospel-inspired “Something’s Got a Hold on Me” by Etta James. The same vocal sample was used first by Pretty Lights in his 2006 song “Finally Moving. This sample was also used by Drum and Bass producer Logistics on “Call Me Back” and by Flo Rida in his single “Good Feeling”, which was produced by DJ Prak and Cirkut.

His repertoire also includes the singles I’ll Be Gone” and “Let It Go”. The instrumental of “Let It Go” was mixed with the a capella of “Addicted to You” to become “Addicted to You (Avicii by Avicii), “I Could Be the One” with Nicky Romero, “You Make Me”, “X You”, “Hey Brother”, “The Days”, “The Nights”, “Waiting for Love”, “Without You” and “Lonely Together”. Bergling was nominated for Grammy Awards for his work on “Sunshine” with David Guetta in 2012 and the track “Levels”. in 2013 Bergling launched the Avicii X You project, a partnership with Ericsson, designed to create the world’s first “crowdsourced” hit song. The project enabled fans to send in basslines, effects, melodies, rhythms and vocals to Bergling as sound files over the Internet. The song features sequences from Kian Sang (melody), Naxsy (bassline), Martin Kupilas (beat), Ваня Хакси (break), Jonathan Madray, Mateusz Kolata, and Christian Westphalen (effects). Bergling acted as executive producer and created the finished song officially titled X You. AVICII also released “Three Million” featuring Negin. Bergling was nominated for a Grammy for Best Dance Recording with “Levels” at the 2013 Grammy Awards. He was nominated alongside Calvin Harris and Ne-Yo, Skrillex, Swedish House Mafia and John Martin, and Al Walser. AVICII toured Australia as one of the headline acts in the Future Music Festival alongside The Prodigy and The Stone Roses and also toured South America performing in Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil and Chil

In 2013, AVICII released the album True which included the new bluegrass-tinged song “Wake Me Up”. Plus his new album promo mix on SoundCloud. containing songs from True, some non-album singlesPlus some of his ID’s such as “Black and Blue” and “Enough is Enough (Don’t Give Up On Us)”. AVICII also composed the anthem for the Eurovision Song Contest 2013 along with ex-ABBA members Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson. AVICII ‘s next single, “Wake Me Up”, featuring Aloe Blacc was released 2013 which become the UK’s fastest selling single of 2013 after overtaking Robin Thicke’s “Blurred Lines”, having sold 267,000 copies in its first week on sale. In 2013, AVICII was ranked no.3 in the DJ Mag’s 2013 Top 100 DJs List he also released the single “Hey Brother” featuring Dan Tyminski. In 2013 AVICII won the award “Best Electronic” at the MTV EMA’s And the American Music Award for favorite Electronic Dance Music Artist and released thefourth single off the album True, “Addicted to You”featuring Audra Mae, who also sings on “Shame on Me” Dreaming of Me”,and “Long Road to Hell”. AVICII also released the single “Lay Me Down”, featuring vocals from Adam Lambert and guitar from Nile Rodgers. In 2014, French radio station NRJ released a web radio station called “NRJ AVICII”.

In 2014, AVICII released a remixed edition of his album True titled True: Avicii By Avicii containing remixes by himself of all the tracks, excluding “Heart Upon My Sleeve”. AVICII Also collaborated with Carlos Santana, Wyclef Jean and Alexandre Pires for the official FIFA World Cup Anthem titled “Dar um Jeito (We Will Find a Way)”. He was due to perform at the 2014 Ultra Music Festival, but was hospitalised on March, 2014 and was unable to playHe also released his single “Lay Me Down” and produced and collaborated with Chris Martin from Coldplay, co-writing and co-producing the track “A Sky Full of Stars” from the 2014 album Ghost Stories. AVICII also co-produced Lovers on the Sun” with David Guetta and collaborated with Wyclef Jean on a single titled “Divine Sorrow” from the album Clefication

AVICII worked on 70 songs foR the album Stories, which would include collaborations with Jon Bon Jovi, Serj Tankian of System of a Down, Chris Martin, Wyclef Jean and Matisyahu. During his tour for True, he also performed the single “No Pleasing a Woman” with vocals from Billie Joe Armstrong of American rock band Green Day. AVICII performed No Pleasing a Woman”. “In Love with Your Ghost” with Daniel “Danne” Adams-Ray, “Love to Fall” with Tom Odell and “Million Miles” with LP, which is the demo version of “Trouble”, a song from Stories with vocals from Wayne Hector. He released Lose Myself”, in collaboration with Chinese singer Wang Leehom.

On 8 September 2014, his 25th birthday, Bergling decided to cancel all of his remaining performances of 2014 due to health concerns. He also released “The Days” In collaboration with Robbie Williams, He also released a brand new track called “The Nights” on FIFA 15. That November Wyclef Jean released a track titled “Divine Sorrow” featuring Avicii. On 2 March 2015, Bergling performed the song “Heaven” live at Australia’s Future Music Festival , featuring Coldplay frontman Chris Martin, However, the vocals were later resung by singer Simon Aldred from Cherry Ghost; although Chris Martin received writing credits. Much of AVICII ‘s UMF set 2015 was released on the Internet including “Heaven”, “Waiting For Love,” and some of his ID’s “For A Better Day”, “City Lights”, “Can’t Catch Me”, “True Believer”, “What Would I Change It To”, “Can’t Love You Again” and “Attack”.

AVICII also previewed his bootleg of Kings of Tomorrow’s song “Finally” and “Papa Was a Rolling Stone” with ASH, he also released his rework of Nina Simone’s version of “Feeling Good”, and previewed the song “I’ll Be Gone”. He previewed the song Waiting for Love” featuring vocals from Simon Aldred of Cherry Ghost and co-produced by fellow DJ and producer Martin Garrix. He also previewed “Tracks of My Tears”, “Sorry Mr. Atari” and “Time to Get lll”. AVICII previewed two tracks from his album Stories on episode 37 of his LE7ELS podcast: “Broken Arrows” featuring Zac Brown Band and “Can’t Catch Me” featuring Wyclef Jean and Matisyahu. AVICII then released “For a Better Day” featuring American singer Alex Ebert and “Pure Grinding” featuring vocals from Kristoffer Fogelmark and Earl St. Clair. His next album Stories was released in 2015 alongside 3 promotional singles: “Broken Arrows” with Zac Brown, “Ten More Days” with Zak Abel and “Gonna Love Ya” with Sandro Cavazzi. Avicii was also mentioned in the song “I Took a Pill in Ibiza” by American singer and songwriter Mike Posner.

In 2016, Bergling released his remix of Morten’s “Beautiful Heartbeat” and partnered with Coca-Cola For the global campaign anthem “Taste the Feeling” featuring Conrad Sewell. AVICII teamed up again with Coldplay to co-produce the band’s single “Hymn for the Weekend” from their album A Head Full of Dreams. HE also performed live at Ultra Music Festival and premiered new IDs such as “Without You (feat. Sandro Cavazza)”, “We Burn (Faster Than Light)”, and a collaboration with Australian pop star Sia (which he first played in Dubai). He also released his collaboration with Otto Knows titled “Back Where I Belong” and a remix of his own song, “Feeling Good” entitled “Feeling Good (Avicii by Avicii) On 28 August 2016, Bergling performed his final live performance in Ibiza, before retiring from touring citing health concerns. Avicii also parted ways with long-time manager Ash Pournouri and At Night Management along with Ash’s record label PRMD and signed with Universal Music Sweden.

In 2017, British singer Rita Ora debuted a semi-acoustic version of “Lonely Together” at a private event at Annabel’s in London and Bergling released the six-track EP Avīci (01) in August 2017. Avicii made a documentary entitled Avicii: True Stories chronicling his retirement from tour, and featuring interviews from his colleagues David Guetta, Tiësto, Wyclef Jean, Nile Rodgers and Chris Martin of Coldplay. Sadly In 2016, Bergling’s health deteriorated, and he was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis caused by excessive alcohol use. He subsequently stopped performing live. He died on 20 April 2018 near Muscat, Oman, at the age of 28.

Bram Stoker

Irish novelist and short story writer Abraham “Bram” Stoker Sadly passed away on 20 April 1912 after suffering a number of strokes. He was Born 8th November 1847 in Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland. Stoker was bedridden until he started school at the age of seven, when he made a complete recovery. He was educated in a private school run by the Rev. William Woods. After his recovery, he grew up without further major health issues, even excelling as an athlete (he was named University Athlete) at Trinity College, Dublin, which he attended from 1864 to 1870. He graduated with honours in mathematics. He was auditor of the College Historical Society (‘the Hist’) and president of the University Philosophical Society, where his first paper was on “Sensationalism in Fiction and Society.

While a student Stoker became interested in the theatre & became the theatre critic for the Dublin Evening Mail, co-owned by the author of Gothic tales Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. After giving a favourable review of Henry Irving’s Hamlet Irving invited him to dinner and the two became friends. Stoker also wrote stories, and in 1872 “The Crystal Cup” was published by the London Society, followed by “The Chain of Destiny” in four parts and “The Shamrock”. while a civil servant in Dublin, Stoker wrote a non-fiction book (The Duties of Clerks of Petty Sessions in Ireland. Stoker was also interested in art, and founded the Dublin Sketching Club. In 1874 The Stokers moved to London, where he became acting manager and then business manager of Henry Irving’s Lyceum Theatre, London, a post he held for 27 years. The collaboration with Irving was important for Stoker and through him he became involved in London’s high society, where he met James Abbott McNeill Whistler and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (to whom he was distantly related)

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DRACULA http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=CVb2q0eNFxI ===========================================================
Working for Irving, the most famous actor of his time, and managing one of the most successful theatres in London made Stoker a notable if busy man. He was dedicated to Irving and his memoirs show he idolised him. In London Stoker also met Hall Caine, who became one of his closest friends – he dedicated Dracula to him. In the course of Irving’s tours, Stoker travelled the world, although he never visited Eastern Europe, a setting for his most famous novel, and began writing novels beginning with The Snake’s Pass in 1890 and Dracula in 1897. Stoker was also part of the literary staff of the London Daily Telegraph and wrote other fiction, including the horror novels The Lady of the Shroud (1909) and The Lair of the White Worm (1911)

Stoker also met Ármin Vámbéry who was a Hungarian writer and traveler and the story may have been inspired by Vámbéry’s dark stories set among the Carpathian mountains. He also spent several years researching European folklore and mythological stories of vampires, particularly That of Vlad Tepes, a.k.a Vlad III Dracula, the ruler of Targoviste, in Wallachia, Romania, whose brutal regime And predilection for impaling his enemies gave him a fearsome reputation. He may also have learnt about Hoia Baciu forest which is said to be haunted and is well known for its disturbing and inexplicable Paranormal phenomenon. Stoker also visited Whitby Abbey, Slains Castle in Aberdeenshire and the crypts of St. Michan’s Church in Dublin and also read the novella Carmilla by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. All of which gave him plenty of inspiration for his novel Dracula.

Following his untimely death Stoker was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium where his ashes were place in a display urn . To visit his remains at Golders Green, visitors must be escorted to the room the urn is housed in, for fear of vandalism. Nevertheless his Gothic novels, especially Dracula remain popular and have been adapted for film and television numerous times.

George Takei

Best known for his role as Hikaru Sulu, helmsman of the USS Enterprise in the 60′s television series Star Trek and numerous Star Trek Movies Amercan Actor George Takei was born 20th April 1937. Takei began his career in Hollywood in the late 1950s, His first role was providing voiceover for several characters in the English dub of Japanese monster films such as Godzilla Raids Again and Rodan, followed by an appearance in the Emmy award winning television series Playhouse 90 and Perry Mason The Case of the Blushing Pearls.He originated the role of George in the musical Fly Blackbird!, but when the show traveled from Los Angeles to Broadway the west coast actors were forced to audition and the role went to William Sugihara instead. Eventually Sugihara had to give up the role and Takei closed out the show’s final months.Takei subsequently appeared alongside such actors as Frank Sinatra in Never So Few (uncredited), Richard Burton in Ice Palace, Jeffrey Hunter in Hell to Eternity, Alec Guinness in A Majority of One, James Caan in Red Line 7000 and Cary Grant in Walk, Don’t Run. He featured in a lead role in “The Encounter” (1964), an episode of The Twilight Zone He had an uncredited role in the film PT-109 (1963) and also guest-starred in an episode of Mission: Impossible (1966). He also appeared in two Jerry Lewis comedies, The Big Mouth and Which Way to the Front? In 1969 Takei narrated the award winning documentary The Japanese Sword as the Soul of the Samurai.

In 1965, producer Gene Roddenberry cast him as Hikaru Sulu in the second Star Trek pilot and eventually the Star Trek television series. It was intended that Sulu’s role be expanded in the second season, but Takei’s role as Captain Nim, a South Vietnamese Army officer, alongside John Wayne’s character in The Green Berets meant that he only appeared in half the season, with Walter Koenig as Pavel Chekov substituting for him in the other episodes. When Takei returned, the two men had to share a dressing room and a single episode script. Takei also appeared in the first six Star Trek motion pictures, and today he is a regular on the science fiction convention circuit throughout the world. He has also acted and provided voice acting for several science fiction computer games, including Freelancer and numerous Star Trek games. In 1996, in honor of the 30th anniversary of Star Trek, he reprised his role as Captain Hikaru Sulu on an episode of Star Trek: Voyager, appearing as a memory of Lt. Tuvok, who served on the USS Excelsior under Sulu, during the events of Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. He appeared alongside Shatner on the 2006 Comedy Central Roast of William Shatner in which the two mocked each other in good humor and embraced, Takei is also one of six actors (the other actors being Jonathan Frakes, Kate Mulgrew, Michael Dorn, Avery Brooks and Majel Barrett) to lend his voice to Star Trek: Captain’s Chair, reprising his role of Captain Hikaru Sulu when users visit the bridge of the original Enterprise in the computer game. In 2007, Takei also reprised his role of Sulu in the fan-made Internet based series Star Trek New Voyages: Phase II.

Aside from his film and television career with Star Trek, He also has a lengthy record of public service through his involvement with organizations such as the Japanese American Citizens League and the Human Rights Campaign.He is a proponent of gay rights and active in state and local politics as well as continuing his acting career. He has won several awards and accolades in his work on human rights and Japanese American relations, including his work with the Japanese American National Museum. In 2004, the government of Japan conferred the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette, which represents the fourth highest of eight classes associated with the award. This decoration was presented in acknowledgment of his contributions to US-Japanese relations. George Takei also has an Asteroid named after him.


Andy Serkis

English Actor, Director and Author Andy Serkis, was born April 20th 1964. Serkis is known for his performance capture roles comprising motion capture acting, animation and voice work for such computer-generated characters as: Gollum in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012), King Kong in the eponymous 2005 film, Caesar in Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011), Captain Haddock in Steven Spielberg’s The Adventures of Tintin (2011) and Snoke in Star Wars the Force Awakens.

Serkis’ film work in motion capture has been critically acclaimed, earning him recognition from many associations that do not traditionally recognise motion capture as “real acting”. Serkis has received an Empire Award, a National Board of Review Award, two Saturn Awards and a Screen Actors Guild Award for his motion capture work. Serkis also earned a Golden Globe Award nomination for his portrayal of serial killer Ian Brady in the British television film Longford (2006); and he was nominated for a BAFTA Award for his portrayal of New Wave and punk musician Ian Dury in the biopic Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010). Serkis also reprised his role as the villainous Gollum in Peter Jackson’s three part Tolkien film adaptation “The Hobbit” – An unexpected Journey, The Desolation of Smaug and “The Battle of Five Armies”.

Harold Lloyd

American silent film actor and producer Harold Lloyd was Born April 20th 1893. He is best remembered for his silent black and White films which contained a mixture of slapstick comedy combined with many entertaining but dangerous stunts. Among his best known films is “Safety Last!” durng which he dangles precariously from a clock tower whilst trying to escape his pursuers. This film also inspired Jackie Chan who did a similar stunt during the film“Project A” – Which is another entertaining film.

Harold Lloyd ranks alongside Charlie Chaplin Laurel & Hardy and Buster Keaton as one of the most popular and influential film comedians of the era. Lloyd made nearly 200 comedy films, both silent and “talkies”, between 1914 and 1947. He is best known for his “Glasses Character”, a resourceful, success-seeking go-getter who was perfectly in tune with 1920s era America. His films frequently contained “thrill sequences” of extended chase scenes and daredevil physical feats, for which he is best remembered today. Lloyd hanging from the hands of a clock high above the street in Safety Last! (1923) is one of the most enduring images in all of cinema.

Lloyd did many of these dangerous stunts himself, despite having injured himself in August, 1919 while doing publicity pictures for the Roach studio. An accident with a bomb mistaken as a prop resulted in the loss of the thumb and index finger of his right hand (the injury was disguised on future films with the use of a special prosthetic glove. Although Lloyd’s individual films were not as commercially successful as Charlie Chaplin’s on average, he was far more prolific (releasing twelve feature films in the 1920s while Chaplin released just three), and made more money overall ($15.7 million to Chaplin’s $10.5 million). Lloyd Sadly passed away March 8 1971 but hs legacy lives on.

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Passover

Passover (or Pesach) is an important Biblically-derived Jewish festival and is the first of Judaism’s Three Pilgrimage Festivals (שלוש רגלים), the other two being Shavuot (“Pentecost”) and Sukkot (“Tabernacles”).The Jewish people celebrate Passover as a commemoration of their liberation over 3,300 years ago by God from slavery in ancient Egypt that was ruled by the Pharaohs, and their birth as a nation under the leadership of Moses. It commemorates the story of the Exodus as described in the Hebrew Bible especially in the Book of Exodus, in which the Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt.

Passover commences on the 15th of the Hebrew month of Nisan and lasts for either seven days (in Israel) or eight days (in other Jewish Communities). In Judaism, a “day” commences from dusk to dusk, thus the first day of Passover only begins after dusk of the 14th of Nisan and ends at dusk of the 15th day of the month of Nisan. The rituals unique to the Passover celebrations commence with the Passover Seder when the 15th of Nisan has begun. In the Northern Hemisphere Passover takes place in spring as the Torah prescribes it “in the month of spring”(בחדש האביב Exodus 23:15). It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays.

In the narrative of the Exodus, the Bible tells that God helped the Children of Israel escape slavery in Egypt by inflicting ten plagues upon the ancient Egyptians before the Pharaoh would release his Israelite slaves; the tenth and worst of the plagues was the death of the Egyptian first-born. The Israelites were instructed to mark the doorposts of their homes with the blood of a spring lamb and, upon seeing this, the spirit of the Lord knew to pass over the first-born in these homes, hence the name of the holiday. There is some debate over where the term is actually derived from. When the Pharaoh freed the Israelites, it is said that they left in such a hurry that they could not wait for bread dough to rise (leaven). In commemoration, for the duration of Passover no leavened bread is eaten, for which reason it is called “The Festival of the Unleavened Bread” and Matzo (flat unleavened bread) is used as a symbol of the holiday. Historically, together with Shavuot (“Pentecost”) and Sukkot (“Tabernacles”), Passover is one of the three pilgrimage festivals (Shalosh Regalim) during which the entire population of the kingdom of Judah made a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem. Samaritans still make this pilgrimage to Mount Gerizim, but only men participate in public worship.


International and National days and holidays happening April 20

  • Lima Bean Respect Day
  • Chinese Language Day
  • National Look Alike Day
  • National Pineapple Upside-down Cake Day

Sabbatum Sanctum

Holy Saturday (Latin: Sabbatum Sanctum), the Saturday of Holy Week, is also known as Great Sabbath, Black Saturday, Easter Eve, “Joyous Saturday” or “the Saturday of Light” among Coptic Christians. It is the day after Good Friday and the day before Easter and the last day of Holy Week in which Christians prepare for Easter. It commemorates the day that Jesus Christ’s body lay in the tomb and the Harrowing of Hell. Holy Saturday is sometimes referred to as Easter Saturday. Some authorities consider that usage incorrect, holding that the term is only correctly applied to the Saturday in Easter Week. However, using the term “Easter Saturday” to refer to the day between Good Friday and Easter Sunday is used in legislation in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland,and is in common use in Australia, including by government agencies. On this day, the Blessed Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Sorrows is assigned the title Our Lady of Solitude, referring to her solace and grief at the death of her son Jesus.

In the Roman Catholic Church, the chancel remains stripped completely bare (following the Mass on Maundy Thursday) while the administration of the sacraments is severely limited. Holy Communion, except for the Good Friday service, is given only as Viaticum to the dying. Baptism, Penance, and Anointing of the Sick may be administered because they, like Viaticum, are helpful to ensuring salvation for the dying. All Masses are severely limited. No Mass at all appears in the normal liturgy for this day, although Mass can be said on Good Friday and on Holy Saturday for an extremely grave or solemn situation with a dispensation from the Vatican or the local bishop. Many of the churches of the Anglican Communion as well as Lutheran, Methodist, and some other Churches observe most of the same; however, their altars may be covered in black instead of being stripped.

In some Anglican churches, including the Episcopal Church in the United States, provision is made for a simple Liturgy of the Word on this day, with readings commemorating the burial of Christ. Daily Offices are still observed. In the Moravian churches in North America, the day is known as Great Sabbath. The Anglican Book of Common Prayer uses Easter Eve to designate the day. Liturgically speaking, Holy Saturday lasts until 6pm or dusk, after which the Easter Vigil is celebrated, marking the official start of the Easter season. The rubrics state that the Easter Vigil must take place in the night; it must begin after nightfall and end before dawn. The service may start with a fire and the lighting of the new Paschal candle. In Roman Catholic and some Anglican observance, the Mass is the first Mass since that of Maundy Thursday, and during it, the “Gloria” — which has been absent during Lent — is used as the statues and icons, covered with purple veils during Passiontide, are dramatically unveiled. Some Anglican churches prefer to celebrate Easter and the lighting of the new Paschal candle at dawn on Easter Day. Baptisms may take place in this service and Baptism vows are often renewed.

In Eastern Orthodoxy this day, is known as Holy and Great Saturday or The Great Sabbath since it is on this day that Christ “rested” physically in the tomb. But it is also believed that it was on this day he performed in spirit the Harrowing of Hades and raised up to Paradise those who had been held captive there. In the Coptic, Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Churches, this day is known as Joyous Saturday. Matins of Holy and Great Saturday takes the form of a funeral service for Christ. The entire service takes place around the Epitaphios, an icon in the form of a cloth embroidered with the image of Christ prepared for burial. The first part of the service consists of chanting Psalm 118, as usual at both Saturday matins and at funerals, but interspersed with hymns (enkomia or lamentations) between the verses. The predominant theme of the service is not so much one of mourning, but of watchful expectation.

On Saturday, a vesperal Divine Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great is celebrated, called the First Resurrection Service (Greek: Ἡ Πρώτη Ἀνάστασις), named so because chronologically it was composed earlier than the Pascal Canon by St John Damascene, rather than because it occurs earlier. This is the longest Divine Liturgy of the entire year and the latest. After the Little Entrance there are 15 Old Testament readings which recall the history of salvation. In the Russian tradition, just before the Gospel reading (Matthew 28:1–20) the hangings, altar cloths and vestments are changed from dark to bright and the deacon performs a censing of the church. In the Greek tradition, the clergy strew laurel leaves and flower petals all over the church to symbolize the shattered gates and broken chains of hell and Jesus’ victory over death. While the liturgical atmosphere changes from sorrow to joy at this service, the faithful continue to fast and the Paschal greeting, “Christ is risen!”, is not exchanged until after midnight during the Paschal Vigil since this service represents the proclamation of Jesus’ victory over death to those in Hades, but the Resurrection has not yet been announced to those on earth which takes place during the Paschal Vigil.

Great Lent was originally the period of catechesis for new converts in order to prepare them for baptism and chrismation and when there are converts received, that occurs during the Old testament readings during the vesperal divine liturgy. Before the midnight service, the faithful gather in church for the reading of the Acts of the Apostles in its entirety. Preceding midnight the Paschal Vigil begins with the Midnight Office, during which the Canon of Holy Saturday is repeated, toward the end of which the epitaphios is removed from the center of the church and placed on the altar table where it remains until the Ascension. Then, all of the candles and lights in the church are extinguished, and all wait in darkness and silence for the proclamation of the Resurrection of Christ.