Doctor Who – the collection – season ten

Doctor Who: The Collection’ Season 10, is being released on Blu Ray. It features Jon Pertwee as the iconic Time Lord. All five stories over 26 episodes are newly restored for Blu-ray and the Blu Rays are packed with hours of new and existing bonus material. Episodes in season ten include:

  • The Three Doctors
  • Carnival of Monsters
  • Frontier in Space
  • Planet of the Daleks
  • The Green Death

The First episode of the classic science fiction series Doctor Who episode The three doctors was originally broadcast on 29 December 1972. It features William Hartnell, Patrick Troughton and Jon Pertwee. It begins when A powerful superluminal signal is beamed to Earth, carrying with it an unusual energy creature that cause chaos. Meanwhile Gallifrey the homeworld of the Time Lords is also under siege, with all power being drained through a black hole. Trapped and in desperation, the Time Lords summon three incarnations of Doctor Who.

Unfortunately, the First Doctor gets trapped in a time eddy, However the Second And Third Doctor are able investigate the origins of the creature and the black hole, while UNIT headquarters faces an attack by gel-like alien creatures. The black hole turns out to be a link between universes and The two Doctors Dr Tyler, Jo Grant, Sergeant Benton and Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart (Nicholas Courtney) then find themselves drawn into an antimatter universe.

Once in the Anti-Matter universe They are then captured by more gel-like alien creatures and are taken to meet a legendary Time Lord named Omega. He was a former Solar Engineer for the Time Lords who created the Supernova which powers Time-Lord Civilisation but was thought by the Time-lords to have perished in the supernovA. However instead of perishing he has managed to survive in the Anti Matter Universe by using his immense scientific knowledge to create a domain for himself. Unfortunately though he is trapped in the world of Anti-Matter and is very angry that the Time Lords abandoned him to his fate. Now Omega wants to escape and get his revenge on the Time Lords. It is then up to the three Time Lords to stop Omega’s villainous plan….
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Carnival of Monsters features the Third Doctor (Jon Pertwee) and his travelling companion Jo Grant (Katy Manning). It starts when The TARDIS apparently materialises aboard the SS Bernice, a ship that suddenly disappeared while travelling the Indian Ocean, however things are not what they seem. Upon leaving The Doctor and Jo eventually find themselves inside the circuitry of some sort of giant machine, luckily they manage to escape, however they find themselves in mortal peril when they are chased by huge swamp-dwelling carnivores, named Drashigs.

They discover that they are trapped inside a miniscope, a device used by the showman Vorg (Leslie Dwyer) and his assistant Shirna, to shrink life forms and put them on display for entertainment, which were banned by the Time Lords. Vorg and Shirna have just arrived at the planet of Inter Minor where they are suspected of being spies and are on trial. However Two of the tribunal members, Are plotting to cause the president’s resignation. By letting the Drashigs escape from the machine and wreak havoc


Planet of the Daleks was first broadcast 7 April 1973. It starts with the Doctor (Jon Pertwee) sending a distress signal to the Time Lords after a recent confrontation with The Master. Delirious, he falls into a coma, so the Time Lords control the TARDIS remotely When it lands they find themselves on a strange Jungle planet populated by aggressive and highly poisonous plants who attack Jo as she leaves the TARDIS to explore. The plants also rapidly cover the TARDIS leaving the Doctor in grave danger. Jo, in the meantime, discovers a Thal spacecraft in the jungle with a dead pilot. Elsewhere The Thal Spaceship crew includes Taron, Rebec and Codal who find the TARDIS and rescue the nearly asphyxiated Doctor and explain that they are from the planet Skaro. The Doctor learns that his old enemies The Daleks are also on the planet and he is captured and taken to the Dalek base for interrogation.

Meanwhile, Jo is found by an invisible local named Wester who treats her wound and explains that she is on the planet Spiridon and that his people were invaded by the Daleks who released deadly bacteria which killed off most of the population and the remains of his people are trying to fight back against the Daleks, who landed on Spiridon hoping to find out the secret of the Spiridon’s invisibility and reproduce it for their own evil use. He informs Jo that the Doctor and Codal have been captured and taken to the Dalek base. Jo is determined to try to free them.

The Thals meanwhile learn that there is an army of at least 10,000 Daleks in suspended Animation hidden somewhere on Spiridon, so Wester, the Third Doctor, Jo Grant, and the small group of Thals set on a dangerous mission to find the Dalek army and stop it from being revived by sabotaging the Dalek operation. The group find themselves fleeing down the corridors with the Daleks pursuing them while trying to figure out a way to keep the Dalek army from reviving. Elsewhere The Dalek Supreme arrives on Spiridon to oversee the final stages in the revival of the Dalek Army. Meanwhile The Doctor Rebec, Taron and Codal face a race against time trying to stop the Dalek army from being revived.


the Classic six part 1973 Doctor Who episode The Green Death, features The Doctor (Jon Pertwee) joins Jo Grant(Katy Manning) and The Brigadier (Nicholas Courtney) at U.N.I.T. to investigate a series of unexplained deaths and a strange green glow at a coal mine in South Wales. Their investigation leads to a multi-national petrochemical company named Global Chemicals, Which is run by a Super computer called The Boss, that seems to have a rather sinister hold on the the Managing Director Stephens (Jerome Willis), who is strangely reluctant to co-operate.

He informs the Doctor that Global Chemicals are working on a renewable and more powerful energy source to replace Petrol. However he fails to mention that the process is also creating large amounts of hazardous toxic waste as a by-product which Global Chemicals are quietly dumping down a disused mine shaft without telling anyone.

Elsewhere a dashing young environmentalist Professor has been protesting against the ecological damage and pollution caused by Global Chemicals after finding some rather alarming evidence in the soil. His suspicions are later proved correct when Jo and The Doctor discover that the hazardous toxic waste is having an alarming effect on the insects which are living underground as larvae. To make matters worse Jo and The Doctor find themselves trapped underground with the insect larvae, when the roof caves in on one of the unsafe tunnels which they are investigating and find themselves in mortal peril from giant mutant killer maggots which are gradually making their way to the surface before metamorphosing into highly aggressive adults….
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Brand new bonus features, in the Blu Ray disc set also includes:
• OPTIONAL UPDATED EFFECTS AND 5.1 SURROUND SOUND For Planet Of The Daleks
• DOCTOR WHO AND THE THIRD MAN A new feature-length documentary covering the Pertwee era
• KEEPING UP WITH THE JONES’ Katy Manning and Stewart Bevan return to Wales
• THE GREEN DEATH 1973 OMNIBUS REPEAT Available for the first time
• And more

World Chocolate Day

World Chocolate Day, sometimes referred to as International Chocolate Day, is observed globally on July 7. Celebration of the day includes the consumption of chocolate. Chocolate was introduced to Europe By Christopher Columbus and the Spanish conquistadors after They first reached the shores of the New World on 12 October 1492, initially believing that he had reached India. This voyage was carried out to expand markets by establishing new trade routes and therefore rival the Portuguese Empire, which was already well established in Asia. Following the success of that first voyage to the New World, others were organised with the intention of exploring and creating new trade routes. On his fourth voyage, Columbus, in 1502, met an unexpected storm and was forced to temporarily land on 15 August on the Bay Islands.

In their first explorations of the area, Columbus’ group came upon a boat of Mayan origin travelling from the Yucatán Peninsula. The Spaniards were surprised by the large size of the vessel. Columbus detained the vessel and examined the cargo, which contained cocoa beans that he called almonds in his diary. However, he did not attach importance to these, and after this original inspection he let the boat proceed with its cargo. from 1517 to 1519, the Spanish conquistadors Bernal Díaz del Castillo (who referred to the use of cocoa by Aztecs in his book Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España) and Hernán Cortés both tried the drink and found it to have both bitter and spicy tastes due to the use of achiote. On occasions cornmeal and hallucinogenic mushrooms were also added to the drink. After the conquest of Mexico, the Aztec emperor, Montezuma, offered Hernán Cortés and his companions fifty jars of foaming chocolate. According to the account of Francisco Cervantes de Salazar, the great emperor had a stockpile of several thousand ‘charges’ (tens of thousands of cocoa “kernels”). Surprisingly Both The Italian Girolamo Benzoni in his book La Historia del Mondo Nuovo (1565) .José de Acosta disliked the drink, comparing the frothy foam capping chocolate to feces. Despite this, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo characterised it as an interesting ingredient, while showing some reluctance to describe how some Indians, after drinking it, had stained their lips as if they had ingested human blood.

As the Spanish settlers began to run out the stocks they brought with them, they had to find substitute foods. They therefore began to plant vegetables, such as chickpeas, cereals such as wheat and fruits like oranges or pears. Additionally they introduced the cultivation of olives, grapes and sugar cane. The latter ingredient became important. From the end of the 16th century onwards, sugar cane began to be added to the cocoa paste, which led to greater acceptance of cocoa among the Spanish settlers. around the 1520s, the Spaniards had to get used to new foods and flavours while they attempted to adapt old world cultivation methods to the new climate. Equally, however, the new ingredients brought by the Spanish settlers such as wheat and chickpeas struggled to find acceptance among the native populations who preferred their own homegrown dishes. Spaniards from humble economic backgrounds often married richer Aztecs, often as concubines. Thus, they tended to eat food influenced by Aztec gastronomy. This hastened the spread of cocoa among both cultures. Bernal Díaz del Castillo mentioned that in a banquet held at the Plaza Grande in Mexico (built on the ruins of the Aztec capital) to celebrate peace between Carlos I of Spain and Francis I of France chocolate was served in golden tablets. The wide acceptance of cocoa by the Spanish conquistadors, especially the women, was also described by the Jesuit José de Acosta in his book Historia natural y moral de las Indias (published in 1590).

The Spanish modified Chocolate For example, sugar was added, mirroring the native Mexican and Mayan practice of adding honey to cacao beverages. New World spices were replaced with similar Old World spices, in part for the sake of familiarity, but also out of practicality. The Madrid physician Colmenero de Ledesma recommended substituting the rose of Alexandria for mecaxochitl flower blossoms and black pepper for Mexican chilies, when necessary. Cacao beverages containing maize, such as atole, gradually phased out because maize-less chocolate lasted longer, making it more suitable for cross-Atlantic trips. Eventually, cocoa became more popular and, supplies were sent to Spain. The second major transformation of chocolate at the hands of the Spanish was in the serving method: the cocoa was heated until it became a liquid. This was in contrast to the natives of the New World, who generally drank it cold or at room temperature.The third change was the addition of spices from the Old World like cinnamon, ground black pepper or aniseed.

By the 15th century, the Aztecs gained control of a large part of Mesoamerica and adopted cacao into their culture. They associated chocolate with Quetzalcoatl, who, according to one legend, was cast away by the other gods for sharing chocolate with humans,and identified its extrication from the pod with the removal of the human heart in sacrifice. In contrast to the Maya, who liked their chocolate warm, the Aztecs drank it cold, seasoning it with a broad variety of additives, including the petals of the Cymbopetalum penduliflorum tree, chile pepper, allspice, vanilla, and honey. The Aztecs were not able to grow cacao themselves, as their home in the Mexican highlands was unsuitable for it, so chocolate was a luxury imported into the empire. Those who lived in areas ruled by the Aztecs were required to offer cacao seeds in payment of the tax they deemed “tribute”. Cocoa beans were often used as currency.

Chocolate has been prepared as a drink for nearly all of its history. For example, one vessel found at an Olmec archaeological site on the Gulf Coast of Veracruz, Mexico, dates chocolate’s preparation by pre-Olmec peoples as early as 1750 BC. On the Pacific coast of Chiapas, Mexico, a Mokaya archaeological site provides evidence of cacao beverages dating even earlier, to 1900 BC.The residues and the kind of vessel in which they were found indicate the initial use of cacao was not simply as a beverage, but the white pulp around the cacao beans was likely used as a source of fermentable sugars for an alcoholic drink. Around 400 AD. Documents in Maya hieroglyphs stated chocolate was used for ceremonial purposes, in addition to everyday life. The Maya grew cacao trees in their backyards, and used the cacao seeds the trees produced to make a frothy, bitter drink.

By the 15th century, the Aztecs gained control of a large part of Mesoamerica and adopted cacao into their culture. They associated chocolate with Quetzalcoatl, who, according to one legend, was cast away by the other gods for sharing chocolate with humans, and identified its extrication from the pod with the removal of the human heart in sacrifice. In contrast to the Maya, who liked their chocolate warm, the Aztecs drank it cold, seasoning it with a broad variety of additives, including the petals of the Cymbopetalum penduliflorum tree, chile pepper, allspice, vanilla, and honey. The Aztecs were not able to grow cacao themselves, as their home in the Mexican highlands was unsuitable for it, so chocolate was a luxury imported into the empire. Those who lived in areas ruled by the Aztecs were required to offer cacao seeds in payment of the tax they deemed “tribute”. Cocoa beans were often used as currency. For example, the Aztecs used a system in which one turkey cost 100 cacao beans and one fresh avocado was worth three beans.

Chocolate is derived from Theobroma cacao seeds, roasted and ground, often flavored, as with vanilla. It is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. Cacao has been cultivated by many cultures for at least three millennia in Mesoamerica. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Mokaya (Mexico and Guatemala), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating back to 1900 BC. In fact, the majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs, who made it into a beverage known as xocolātl Nahuatl . The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste and must be fermented to develop the flavor. After fermentation, the beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted. The shell is removed to produce cacao nibs, which are then ground to cocoa mass, pure chocolate in rough form. Because the cocoa mass is usually liquefied before being molded with or without other ingredients, it is called chocolate liquor. The liquor also may be processed into two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter. Unsweetened baking chocolate (bitter chocolate) contains primarily cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate consumed today is in the form of sweet chocolate, a combination of cocoa solids, cocoa butter or other fat, and sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids. Cocoa solids are a source of flavonoids and alkaloids, such as theobromine, phenethylamine and caffeine.

Chocolate has become one of the most popular food types and flavors in the world, and a vast number of foodstuffs involving chocolate have been created, particularly desserts including cakes, pudding, mousse, chocolate brownies, and chocolate chip cookies. Many candies are filled with or coated with sweetened chocolate, and bars of solid chocolate and candy bars coated in chocolate are eaten as snacks. Gifts of chocolate molded into different shapes (e.g., eggs, hearts) have become traditional on certain Western holidays, such as Easter and Valentine’s Day. Chocolate is also used in cold and hot beverages such as chocolate milk and hot chocolate and in some alcoholic drinks, such as creme de cacao. Although cocoa originated in the Americas, in the 2000s, Western Africa produces almost two-thirds of the world’s cocoa, with Ivory Coast growing almost half of it. In 2009, Salvation Army International Development stated that child labor and the human trafficking and slavery of child laborers are used in African cocoa cultivation. In the United States International Chocolate Day is celebrated on 13 September, so Chocolate Ice-cream Day is observed on 7 July instead. Various other more specific chocolate-themed days are celebrated throughout the world and on various dates, including Milk Chocolate Day on 28 July.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Scottish physician and prolific novelist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle sadly passed away on 7 July 1930. after having a heart attack at the age of 71. His last words were directed toward his wife: “You are wonderful.” The epitaph on his gravestone in the churchyard reads, in part: “Steel true/Blade straight/Arthur Conan Doyle/Knight/Patriot, Physician, and man of letters”. A statue honours Conan Doyle at Crowborough Cross in Crowborough, where he lived for 23 years and There is also a statue of Sherlock Holmes in Picardy Place, Edinburgh, close to the house where Conan Doyle was born.

He was born at 11 Picardy Place, Edinburgh, Scotland and was sent to the Roman Catholic Jesuit preparatory school Hodder Place, Stonyhurst, at the age of nine (1868-1870). He then went on to Stonyhurst College until 1875. From 1875 to 1876 he was educated at the Jesuit school Stella Matutina in Feldkirch, Austria. From 1876 to 1881 he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, including periods working in Aston in Birmingham, Sheffield and Ruyton-XI-Towns in Shropshire .While studying, Conan Doyle began writing short stories. His earliest extant fiction, “The Haunted Grange of Goresthorpe”, was unsuccessfully submitted to Blackwood’s Magazine. His first published piece “The Mystery of Sasassa Valley”, a story set in South Africa, was printed in Chambers’s Edinburgh Journal on 6 September 1879. Later that month, on 20 September, he also published his first non-fictional article, “Gelsemium as a Poison” in the British Medical Journal.

In 1882 he joined a former classmate at a medical practice in Plymouth, but Conan Doyle soon left to set up an independent practice. Arriving in Portsmouth in June of that year, he set up a medical practice in Southsea, and While waiting for patients, Conan Doyle again began writing stories and composed his first novels, The Mystery of Cloomber, not published until 1888, and the unfinished Narrative of John Smith, which would go unpublished until 2011. He amassed a portfolio of short stories including “The Captain of the Pole-Star” and “J. Habakuk Jephson’s Statement”, both inspired by Doyle’s time at sea.His first significant piece, A Study in Scarlet, appeared later that year in the Beeton’s Christmas Annual and received good reviews. The story featured the first appearance of Dr Watson and Sherlock Holmes. A sequel to A Study in Scarlet called The Sign of the Four appeared in Lippincott’s Magazine in February 1890. Conan Doyle then went on to write many more Sherlock Holmes short stories including A Scandal in Bohemia, A Case of identity, The Red Headed league, The Boscombe Valley Mystery, The Man wth the Twisted Lip and The Five Orange Pips

In 1890 after studying ophthalmology in Vienna, Conan Doyle moved to London, first living in Montague Place and then in South Norwood. He set up a practice as an ophthalmologist. He wrote in his autobiography that not a single patient crossed his door. This gave him more time for writing, and in November 1891 he wrote to his mother: “I think of slaying Holmes… and winding him up for good and all. He takes my mind from better things.” His mother responded, “You won’t! You can’t! You mustn’t!” In December 1893, in order to dedicate more of his time to what he considered his more important works (his historical novels), Conan Doyle had Holmes and Professor Moriarty apparently plunge to their deaths together down the Reichenbach Falls in the story “The Final Problem”. However the subsequent Public outcry, led him to bring the character back in 1901, in The Hound of the Baskervilles, though this was set at a time before the Reichenbach incident. In 1903, Conan Doyle published his first Holmes short story in ten years, “The Adventure of the Empty House”, in which it was explained that only Moriarty had fallen; but since Holmes had other dangerous enemies—especially Colonel Sebastian Moran—he had arranged to also be perceived as dead.

During his life Arthur Conan Doyle was a prolific writer whose other works include science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novelS, his detective Sherlock Holmes, is generally considered a milestone in the field of crime fiction, And ultimately was featured in a total of 56 short stories and four Conan Doyle novels. Sherlock Holmes has since appeared in many novels and stories by other authors including The Silk House and Moriaty by Anthony Horowitz. ‘The Final Problem’ was published in 1913 and ‘The Valley of Fear’ was serialised in 1914. Many Sherlock Holmes novels have also been adapted for screen and Television, with Basil Rathbone, Ian Richardson, Peter Cushing and Robert Downey Junior among others, playing the role of Sherlock Holmes


Ringo Starr

English drummer, singer, songwriter, and actor Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey,) MBE was born 7 July 1940 in Dingle, Liverpool. In 1944, his family moved to 10 Admiral Grove; and soon afterwards, his parents separated, and divorced within the year. At age six Starkey developed appendicitis. Following a routine appendectomy he contracted peritonitis, causing him to fall into a coma that lasted for three days. His recovery took twelve months, which he spent away from his family at Liverpool’s Myrtle Street Children’s hospital.

Upon his discharge in May 1948, his mother allowed him to stay home, causing him to miss school. At age eight, he remained illiterate, with a poor grasp of mathematics and his lack of education contributed to a feeling of alienation at school, and he regularly played truant at Sefton Park. However After several years of twice weekly tutoring Starkey had nearly caught up. However in 1953, he contracted tuberculosis and was admitted to a sanatorium, where he remained for the next two years. During his stay the medical staff made an effort to stimulate motor activity and relieve boredom by encouraging their patients to join the hospital band, leading to his first exposure to a percussion instrument; a makeshift mallet made from a cotton bobbin that he used to strike the cabinets next to his bed. Starkey grew increasingly interested in drumming, receiving a copy of the Alyn Ainsworth song “Bedtime for Drums”. Starr said My grandparents gave me a mandolin and a banjo, but I didn’t want them. My grandfather gave me a harmonica … we had a piano but I only wanted to play the drums.

Starkey attended St Silas, a Church of England primary school near his house where his classmates nicknamed him “Lazarus”, and later Dingle Vale Secondary modern school, where he showed an aptitude for art, drama and mechanics. As a result of the prolonged hospitalisations, he fell behind his peers scholastically and was ineligible for the 11-plus qualifying examination required for attendance at a grammar school. Starkey then became interested in recordings by Dinah Shore, Sarah Vaughan and Billy Daniels from his mother’s second husband Harry Graves who was an impassioned fan of big band music and their vocalists. Then After another extended hospital stay following Starkey’s recovery from tuberculosis, he did not return to school, preferring instead to stay at home and listen to music while playing along by beating biscuit tins with sticks.

After his return home from the sanatorium in late 1955, Starkey entered the UK workforce in 1955, he worked at British Rail before securing an apprenticeship at a Liverpool equipment manufacturer. , but lacking motivation and discipline, his initial attempts at gainful employment proved unsuccessful. In an effort to secure himself some warm clothes, he briefly held a position at British Rail, who supplied their employees with suits. They gave him a hat, but no uniform, and unable to pass the physical examination, he was laid off and granted unemployment benefits.He then found work as a waiter serving drinks on a day boat that travelled from Liverpool to North Wales, but his fear of conscription into military service led him to quit the job, not wanting to give the Royal Navy the impression that he was suitable for seafaring work. In mid-1956, Graves secured Starkey a position as an apprentice machinist at a Liverpool equipment manufacturer.

While working at the facility Starkey befriended Roy Trafford, and the two bonded over their shared interest in music.Trafford introduced him to skiffle, and he quickly became a fervent admirer. In 1957, he cofounded his first band, the two began rehearsing songs in the manufacturing plant’s cellar they were joined by Starkey’s neighbour and co-worker, the guitarist Eddie Miles, forming the Eddie Miles Band, later renamed Eddie Clayton and the Clayton Squares after a Liverpool landmark. Performing popular skiffle songs such as “Rock Island Line” and “Walking Cane”. On Christmas Day 1957, Graves gave Starkey a second-hand drum kit consisting of a snare drum, bass drum and a makeshift cymbal fashioned from an old rubbish bin lid. Starr had been a devoted fan of skiffle and blues music, He was also influenced by country artists, including Hank Williams, Buck Owens and Hank Snow, and jazz drummers such as Chico Hamilton and Yusef Lateef, whose compositional style inspired Starr’s fluid and energetic drum fills and grooves Gene Autry and Lee Dorsey Were also among Starr’s first musical heroes.

He joined Al Caldwell’s Texans, a skiffle group who were looking for someone with a proper drum kit so that the group could transition from one of Liverpool’s best-known skiffle acts to a full-fledged rock and roll band. About this time he adopted the stage name Ringo Starr; derived from the rings he wore and also because it implied a country western influence. His drum solos were billed as Starr Time. By early 1960 the Hurricanes had become one of Liverpool’s leading bands and were offered a three-month residency at a Butlins holiday camp in Wales. The Butlins gig led to other opportunities for the band, including an unpleasant tour of US Air Force bases in France. The Hurricanes became so successful that when initially offered a highly coveted residency in Hamburg, they turned it down because of their prior commitment with Butlins. However They eventually accepted, joining the Beatles at Bruno Koschmider‍ ’s Kaiserkeller on 1 October 1960, where Starr first met the Beatles. Storm’s Hurricanes were given top-billing over the Beatles, however Starr performed with the Beatles during a few stand-in engagements while in Hamburg.

On 15 October 1960, he drummed with John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison, recording with them for the first time while backing Hurricanes singer Lu Walters on the George Gershwin aria “Summertime”.During Starr’s first stay in Hamburg he also met Tony Sheridan, who valued his drumming abilities to the point of asking Starr to leave the Hurricanes and join his band. So Starkey quit the Hurricanes in January 1962 and briefly joined Sheridan in Hamburg before finally joining the Beatles in August 1962, replacing Pete Best. Starr first performed as a member of the band on 18 August 1962, at a horticultural society dance at Port Sunlight and an appearance at the Cavern Club the following day. Starr’s first recording session as a member of the Beatles took place on 4 September 1962. The Beatles next singles were Please Please Me and Love Me Do and performed on Thank Your Lucky Stars and The Ed Sullivan Show in the United States. During live performances, the Beatles continued the Starr Time routine that had been popular among his fans: Lennon would place a microphone in front of Starr’s kit in preparation for his spotlight moment and audiences would erupt in screams.

Starr also played key roles in the Beatles’ films and appeared in numerous other films. He sang lead vocals on the songs “With a Little Help from My Friends”, “Yellow Submarine” and their cover of “Act Naturally”. He also wrote the Beatles’ songs “Don’t Pass Me By” and “Octopus’s Garden”, and is credited as a co-writer of others, such as “What Goes On” and “Flying”. When the Beatles made their film debut in A Hard Day’s Night, Starr garnered much praise from critics, who considered both his delivery of deadpan one-liners and his non-speaking scenes highlights of the movie. After the release of the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! (1965), Starr won a Melody Maker poll for his performance as the central character in the film.

Sadly In 1964 Starr contracted pharyngitis and tonsillitis, shortly before a tour ofDenmark, the Netherlands, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, and was temporarily replaced for five concert dates by 24-year-old session drummer Jimmie Nicol, before rejoining the band in Melbourne on 15 June. On 11 February 1965, Starr married Maureen Cox. In August 1966, the Beatles released Revolver, their seventh UK LP featuring the song “Yellow Submarine”, with Starr as lead singer. Starr also sang lead vocals on “With a Little Help from My Friends” on the 1967 album, Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. Sadly though the Beatles Manager Brian Epstein died August 1967 and Soon afterwards, the band began filming the Magical Mystery Tour. Then In February 1968, Starr became the first Beatle to sing during another artist’s show without the other three present when he sang the Buck Owens hit “Act Naturally”. He also performed a duet with Cilla Black, “Do you Like Me Just a Little Bit?” on her BBC One television programme, Cilla.

In 1968 The Beatles, released the classic “White Album” inspired by a visit to the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at his ashram in Rishikesh, India where they had of their most prolific writing periods, composing some fantastic songs including “Don’t Pass Me By”. Sadly During the recording of the White Album, relations within the band deteriorated to the point where Starr quit the band for two weeks, taking a holiday with his family in Sardinia on a boat loaned by Peter Sellers. During this time Ringo was served octopus, and A subsequent conversation with the ship’s captain regarding the behaviours of the animal served as the inspiration for the song “Octopus’s Garden”. He returned to the studio two weeks later and the Beatles began production of their’ fourth feature film, Let It Be, and its accompanying LP, featuring the song “I Want You (She’s So Heavy)”. Sadly relations deteriorated again within the the band until September 1969, when Lennon quit the Beatles followed by McCartney On 10 April 1970,

After the Beatles break-up in 1970, Starr released two solo albums Sentimental Journey, featuring renditions of songs by Quincy Jones, Maurice Gibb, George Martin and Paul McCartney, and the country-inspired Beaucoups of Blues, featuring Nashville session musician Pete Drake. He also released successful singles including “It Don’t Come Easy”,”Photograph” and “You’re Sixteen”. Starr played drums on Lennon’s John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band (1970), Ono’s Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band (1970), and on Harrison’s albums All Things Must Pass (1970) and Living in the Material World.Starr participated in the Concert for Bangladesh, organised by Harrison, and made his directorial debut with the T. Rex documentary Born to Boogie. In 1972, he released his most successful UK single, “Back Off Boogaloo”. In 1973 he released the album Ringo and the songs Photograph”, co-written with Harrison, and “You’re Sixteen”, written by the Sherman Brothers and featuring writing and musical contributions from Harrison, Lennon and McCartney including “Oh My My”. Next He released The album Goodnight Vienna in 1974 featuring a cover of the Platters’ “Only You (And You Alone)”and “No No Song”.

He became romantically involved with Lynsey de Paul after playing tambourine on a song she wrote and produced for Vera Lynn, “Don’t You Remember When”, and inspiring another De Paul song, “If I Don’t Get You the Next One Will” and founded the record label Ring O’Records in 1975. Then in 1976 Starr appeared as a guest in the Band’s farewell concert, featured in the 1978 Martin Scorsese documentary The Last Waltz and released Ringo’s Rotogravure, featuring compositions by McCartney, Lennon and Harrison which contained the songs A Dose of Rock ‘n’ Roll” and a cover of “Hey Baby”. Starr’s next album was a curious blend of disco and 1970s pop, entitled Ringo the 4th. Following Lennon’s murder in 1980, Harrison modified the lyrics of a song he had originally written for Starr, “All Those Years Ago”, as a tribute to their former bandmate which included vocal contributions from both Paul and Linda McCartney and Starr’s original drum part. In 1981, Starr released the album Stop and Smell the Roses, containing the Harrison composition “Wrack My Brain”.

From 1984 to 1986, Starr narrated the first two series of the children’s series Thomas & Friends, based on the books by the Reverend W. Awdry and also portrayed the character Mr. Conductor in the programme’s American spin-off Shining Time Station, In 1985, he performed with his son Zak as part of Artists United Against Apartheid on the recording, Sun City. In 1987 Starr played drums on the song “When We Was Fab”, from Harrison’s album Cloud no. 9 co-written by Harrison and Jeff Lynne. I’m 1987 Starr, Harrison and Lynne joined Eric Clapton, Elton John, Phil Collins and Ray Cooper in a performance for the Prince’s Trust charity. In 1989, Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band performed in front of an audience of ten thousand in Dallas, Texas. The album Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band featured a compilation of live performances. Starr also recorded a version of the song “I Call Your Name” for a television special marking the 10th anniversary of John Lennon’s death and the 50th anniversary of Lennon’s birth which was performed by a supergroup composed of Lynne, Tom Petty, Joe Walsh and Jim Keltner.

In 1991 Starr made a cameo appearance on The Simpsons episode “Brush with Greatness” and contributed an original song, “You Never Know”, to the soundtrack of the John Hughes film Curly Sue. In 1992, Starr released the album Time Takes Time, featuring guest appearances by Brian Wilson and Harry Nilsson. In 1995 Starr, McCartney and Harrison released the Beatles Anthology for which They recorded two new Beatles songs built around solo vocal and piano tapes recorded by Lennon “Free as a Bird” and “Real Love”. Starr guested on two songs from McCartney’s 1997 album, Flaming Pie. McCartney had written a song about Starr’s ex-wife Maureen, who died in 1994, called “Little Willow” and asked Starr if he would play on another song, “Beautiful Night”. They also recorded a jam session, which became, “Really Love You”, In 1998, he released the album Vertical Man featuring Producer Mark Hudson, and his band the Roundheads, plus many famous guests including Martin, McCartney and George Harrison.

In 2002 Starr was inducted into the Percussive Arts Society Hall of Fame and On 29 November 2002 (the first anniversary of Harrison’s death), Starr performed “Photograph” and a cover of Carl Perkins’ “Honey Don’t” at the Concert for George held in the Royal Albert Hall, London. In 2003, Starr served as an honorary Santa Tracker and voice-over personality during the London stop in Father Christmas’s annual Christmas Eve journey, as depicted in the annual NORAD tracks Santa program. According to NORAD officials, he was “a Starr in the east” who helped guide North American Aerospace Defense Command’s Santa-tracking. In 2005, Liverpool’s City Council announced plans to demolish Starr’s birthplace, 9 Madryn Street, stating that it had “no historical significance”. However after protests the LCC later announced that the building would be taken apart brick by brick and preserved. In 2008 Starr released the album Liverpool 8 produced by David A. Stewart, Mark Hudson and Starr. In 2009, Starr reunited with McCartney at the David Lynch “Change Begins Within” Benefit Concert at Radio City Music Hall. After a separate performance from Starr he later joined McCartney to perform “With a Little Help from My Friends”, “I Saw Her Standing There” and “Cosmically Conscious”. Starr also promoted The Beatles: Rock Band video game and in 2009, Starr once again performed the voice of Thomas the Tank Engine for “The Official BBC Children in Need Medley”.

In 2010 Starr self-produced and released his fifteenth studio album, Y Not, which included the track “Walk with You” featuring a vocal contribution from McCartney he also appeared during Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief. On 7 July 2010, Starr celebrated his 70th birthday at Radio City Music Hall, New York with another All-Starr Band concert, with friends and family joining him on stage including Yoko Ono and his son Zak: McCartney made a surprise appearance. Starr also recorded a cover of Buddy Holly’s “Think It Over” for the tribute album Listen to Me: Buddy Holly, which was released in 2011. In 2012, he released the album Ringo 2012. In2014, Starr reunited with Paul McCartney for a special performance at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards performing the song “Queenie Eye” at the Staples Centre in Los Angeles, he was also featured alongside McCartney in the programme The Night That Changed America: A Grammy Salute to The Beatles. In 2014, Starr toured Canada and the US with an updated version of the Twelfth All-Starr Band. He also became involved in “#peacerocks”, an anti-violence campaign started by fashion designer John Varvatos, in conjunction with the David Lynch Foundation.In September 2014, Starr won at the GQ Men of the Year Awards for his humanitarian work with the David Lynch Foundation. Starr”s latest album, Postcards from Paradise was released 2015. In 2011, Rolling Stone readers named Starr the fifth-greatest drummer of all time. Starr, who was previously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a Beatle in 1988, was inducted for his solo career in 2015, making him one of 21 performers inducted more than once.


Jon Pertwee

Best known for starring as the Third Doctor in the science-fiction series Doctor Who between 1970 and 1974, the English actor, entertainer and cabaret performer John Pertwee was born 7 July 1919. Pertwee was educated at Frensham Heights School, an independent school in Rowledge, near Farnham in Surrey, at Sherborne School in Sherborne in Dorset, and at some other schools from which he was expelled. After school, he went to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA), from which he was also expelled after he refused to play a Greek “wind” during one of the lessons, feeling it was a waste of both his time and his father’s money. He was also accused of writing graffiti about the tutors on the lavatory walls.

During the Second World War, Pertwee spent six years in the Royal Navy. He was a crew member of HMS Hood and was transferred off the ship for officer training shortly before she was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck, losing all but three men in May 1941. Later, he was attached to the highly-secretive Naval Intelligence Division, working alongside future James Bond author Ian Fleming, and reporting directly to Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and Deputy Prime Minister, Clement Attlee. Teaching commandos how to use escapology equipment, compasses in brass buttons, secret maps in white cotton handkerchiefs, pipes you could smoke that also fired a .22 bullet.

After the war, he made a name for himself as a comedy actor on radio in Waterlogged Spa, alongside Eric Barker, and Puffney Post Office in which he played a hapless old postman with the catch-phrase “It doesn’t matter what you do, as long as you tears them up.” On 15 November 1948, at the Wood Green Empire, he was billed as ‘The Most Versatile Voice in Radio. He also appeared in the Radio Shows “Merry-go-Round” and “Up the Pole”‘. From 1959 to 1977, he had a long-running role as the conniving Chief Petty Officer Pertwee in The Navy Lark on BBC Radio. He was known as a Danny Kaye look-alike, Whom he impersonated in the film Murder at the Windmill (1949).In 1953, he played Charlie Sterling in Will Any Gentleman…?. Alongside Future Doctor Who actor William Hartnell as Inspector Martin.

On stage, he played the part of Lycus in the 1963 London production of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum with Frankie Howerd and appeared in the smaller role of Crassus in the 1966 film version. He appeared as Sidney Tait in the comedy film Ladies Who Do (1963). In 1966, Pertwee starred alongside Donald Sinden in the West End production of There’s a Girl in My Soup and also appeared in four Carry On films: Carry On Cleo (1964, as the soothsayer), Carry On Cowboy (1965, as Sheriff Earp), Carry On Screaming! (1966, as Dr. Fettle), and Carry On Columbus (1992, as the Duke of Costa Brava). In 1967 Pertwee had been producer David Croft’s choice for the role of Captain George Mainwaring in Dad’s Army.

His television career had started off with small parts in children’s shows featuring Richard Hearne’s Mr Pastry character. Later he made an appearance in The Avengers episode ‘From Venus With Love’ (1967) as Brigadier Whitehead, and in the 1970s, he guest-starred as a vicar in The Goodies’ episode “Wacky Wales”. In 1969, Pertwee was selected by outgoing producer Peter Bryant and the series’ next producer Derrick Sherwin to take over as the Doctor from Patrick Troughton in the television series Doctor Who. Pertwee had asked his agent to apply for the role for him and was surprised to find he was already on the shortlist. In a departure from the Doctor’s first two incarnations, Pertwee played the character as an active crusader with a penchant for action and fancy clothes, even while the character was exiled on Earth and serving with UNIT. He played the Doctor for five seasons from early 1970 to mid-1974, a longer stint than either of his predecessors in the role, William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton, although the Pertwee era of Doctor Who ‘only’ had 128 episodes compared to the Hartnell era having had 134 episodes, as the BBC relaxed its shooting schedule from 39–45 episodes per season to 25–26 episodes per season at the start of Pertwee’s tenure as Doctor Who. He stayed until 1974, When he retired as the Doctor to resume his stage career in The Bedwinner.

The main reason for his departure was the death of his good friend and co-star Roger Delgado (The Master) and the departures of co-star Katy Manning and producer Barry Letts. His last full-time appearance in the series was in the story Planet of the Spiders in June 1974, which finished with Tom Baker replacing him in the role. He also starred in The House That Dripped Blood (1971) as an arrogant horror film star named Paul Henderson, who meets his doom thanks to a genuine vampire cloak. In 1973, Pertwee endorsed the Co-op’s Baking Your Cake and Eating it, a recipe book written by Sarah Charles. Pertwee later reprised his role as The Doctor in the 20th anniversary story The Five Doctors and the Children in Need story Dimensions in Time, in two radio adventures and on stage in Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure. On 14 April 1971, Pertwee was the subject of Thames Television’s This Is Your Life.between 1974 and 1978 Pertwee was the host of the murder-mystery game show Whodunnit?,

Pertwee then took the starring role in Worzel Gummidge, based on the books written by Barbara Euphan Todd. First aired in 1979 on ITV, the series saw Pertwee as a scarecrow, and continued until 1981. In 1987 Worzel Gummidge Down Under aired until 1989 and was screened in the UK on Channel 4. In 1995, Pertwee played the role one last time in a one-off special for ITV, which celebrated 40 years of the channel. Pertwee played the title character in Worzel Gummidge, the musical, book and lyrics by Keith Waterhouse and Willis Hall, music by Denis King, which opened at London’s Cambridge Theatre in December 1981, co-starring Una Stubbs and Geoffrey Bayldon. Pertwee also recorded an album, Worzel Gummidge Sings, as well as a Christmas single. In 1976, Pertwee voiced and appeared in the television advertisement which promoted the Green Cross Code and also starred with Australian actress Julie Anthony in a West End production of the musical IRENE playing the camp fashion-designer “Madame Lucy”. Pertwee also features on the cast recording album. He also voiced the character of “Spotty” in the 1980s cartoon series SuperTed and in 1985 he starred in Do You Know The Milkyway? Portraying Dr. Neuross and another nine characters. In 1995 Pertwee also had the key voice of Death and other voice characterisations in the PC and PlayStation renditions of “Discworld”. And also played General Von Kramer in the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles episode “Attack of the Hawkmen”. In 1975 he portrayed The Colonel’ in “One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing .

He returned to the role of the Doctor in the 1983 20th anniversary television special The Five Doctors and in the 1993 charity special Dimensions in Time for Children in Need. He also portrayed the Doctor in the stage play Doctor Who – The Ultimate Adventure. He made a guest appearance in the “Lords and Ladies” episode of the BBC Radio 4 comedy series Harry Hill’s Fruit Corner, playing a Time Lord and also spoofed the role in the Radio 4 comedy The Skivers. He also presented the Doctor Who video releases The Troughton Years. In 1993, Pertwee was featured in the unofficial 30th anniversary release of Doctor Who entitled 30 Years of Time Travel and Beyond. Pertwee portrayed the Third Doctor in two further audio productions for BBC Radio, The Paradise of Death and The Ghosts of N-Space. In April 1995, he appeared in Devious, an amateur video drama set between the second Doctor’s trial at the end of The War Games and before the start of Spearhead From Space. Pertwee’s final film role was in a short film entitled Cloud Cuckoo and also appeared
on Cilla’s Surprise, Surprise, in 1996.

Pertwee sadly died in his sleep from a heart attack in Connecticut on 20 May 1996, at the age of 76. He was survived by his wife Ingeborg Rhoesa, and two children who had followed him into the acting profession, Sean Pertwee and Dariel Pertwee. Many Doctor Who actors payed tribute including Tom Baker and Colin Baker His body was cremated at Putney Vale Crematorium with a toy Worzel Gummidge affixed to the coffin, following the instructions in his will. His death came six days after the American broadcast of the Doctor Who television film, which used a logo based on the one from his era of the television series and featured a dedication to Pertwee at its end. Pertwee’s voice was used in the 40th Anniversary Doctor Who audio drama, Zagreus, as the TARDIS helps a corrupted Eighth Doctor (voiced by Paul McGann). Pertwee also wrote two autobiographies: Moon Boots and Dinner Suits and the posthumously published Doctor Who: I Am the Doctor – Jon Pertwee’s Final Memoir. In 2000, Jon Pertwee: The Biography by Bernard Bale (was published by André Deutsch, and included a few chapters by Pertwee’s widow Ingeborg.

Archival footage of Pertwee has been used several times in the revived Doctor Who. Including “The Next Doctor” when the Tenth Doctor shows Jackson Lake an infostamp about himself, “The Eleventh Hour” when the Eleventh Doctor rhetorically asks the Atraxi how previous alien invasion attempts were stopped, “The Name of the Doctor” and “The Day of the Doctor” which shows the Third Doctor assisting his other incarnations in sending Gallifrey to a pocket universe to protect it from the Daleks.