Clerihew Day/ Edmund Clerihew Bentley

Clerihew Day commemorates the birth of English novelist and humorist, Edmund Clerihew Bentley who was born on 10 July 1875 in London and educated at St Paul’s School and Merton College, Oxford. His father, John Edmund Bentley, was a civil servant and a rugby union international having played in the first ever international match for England against Scotland in 1871.

Bentley is credited with creating the Clerihew when he was a 16-year-old student. A Clerihew is a type of humourous poem which should follow the following rules. It should have4 lines, 2 sets of rhyming couplets AA/BB, with person’s name in the first line, there should be something about them in the poem, and it should be whimsical and funny,Here is the original Clerihew:

Sir Humphrey Davy
Abominated gravy
He lived in the odium
Of having discovered sodium.

In 1905 he published his first published collection of poetry, titled Biography for Beginners. This was followed by two other collections, More Biography (1929) and Baseless Biography and a successful detective mystery novel entitled Trent’s Last Case. This novel had a labyrinthine and mystifying plot and was much praised, by Authors such as Dorothy L. Sayers. It was also adapted as a film in 1920, 1929, and 1952. The success of the work inspired him to write a sequel 23 years later entitled “Trent’s Own Case” (1936) and a book of Trent short stories, “Trent Intervenes”.

Although he is best known for his crime fiction and clerihews, Bentley also worked as a journalist on a number of newspapers, including the Daily Telegraph and The Outlook and wrote at least one science fiction short story entitled “Flying Visit”. Bentley also wrote some Short Non-Fiction works including “Naas”. “G. K.”. “I Am Glad I Was Born When I Was”. “Boys and Girls of Yesterday and Today”. And “The Interesting Age”.

Between 1936 and 1949 Bentley was president of the Detection Club. He contributed to two crime stories for the club’s radio serials broadcast in 1930 and 1931, these were published in 1983 as The Scoop and Behind The Screen. In 1950 he contributed the introduction to a Constable & Co omnibus edition of Damon Runyon’s “stories of the bandits of Broadway”,

Bentley sadly died 30 March 1956 in London at the age of 80. His son Nicolas Bentley was a famous illustrator. G. K. Chesterton dedicated his popular detective novel on anarchist terrorism, The Man Who Was Thursday, to Edmund Clerihew Bentley, a school friend.

Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla day, is celebrated annually on July 10 to mark the birth of Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist Nikola Tesla who was born 10 July 1856 in Smiljan, Lika county, Serbia. Tesla received an advanced education in engineering and physics in the 1870s and gained practical experience in the early 1880s working in telephony and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. In 1881, Tesla moved to Budapest, Hungary, to work under Tivadar Puskás at a telegraph company, the Budapest Telephone Exchange. Upon arrival, Tesla realized that the company, then under construction, was not functional, so he worked as a draftsman in the Central Telegraph Office instead. Within a few months, the Budapest Telephone Exchange became functional, and Tesla was allocated the chief electrician and made many improvements to the Central Station equipment including the improvement of a telephone repeater or amplifier, which was never patented nor publicly described.

In 1882, Tivadar Puskás got Tesla another job in Paris with the Continental Edison Company.Tesla began working in what was then a brand new industry, installing indoor incandescent lighting citywide in the form of an electric power utility. The company had several subdivisions and Tesla worked at the Société Electrique Edison, the division in the Ivry-sur-Seine suburb of Paris in charge of installing the lighting system. There he gained a great deal of practical experience in electrical engineering. Management took notice of his advanced knowledge in engineering and physics and soon had him designing and building improved versions of generating dynamos and motors.They also sent him on to troubleshoot engineering problems at other Edison utilities being built around France and in Germany.

He emigrated to the United States in 1884, And got a job at the Edison Machine Works in New York City however he left in 1885 and began working on patenting an arc lighting system, In March 1885, he met with patent attorney Lemuel W. Serrell, the same attorney used by Edison, to obtain help with submitting the patents. Serrell introduced Tesla to two businessmen, Robert Lane and Benjamin Vail, who agreed to finance an arc lighting manufacturing and utility company in Tesla’s name, the Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing. Tesla obtained patents for an improved DC generator, which was installed in Rahway, New Jersey. Tesla new system gained notice in the technical press, which commented on its advanced features. However the Investors decided against Tesla’s idea and formed a new utility company, abandoning Tesla’s company and leaving the inventor penniless Tesla even lost control of the patents he had generated.

In 1886, Tesla met Alfred S. Brown, a Western Union superintendent, and New York attorney Charles F. Peck andbased on Tesla’s new idea’s for electrical equipment, including a thermo-magnetic motor idea,they agreed to back the inventor financially and handle his patents. Together they formed the Tesla Electric Company in1887, And set up a laboratory for Tesla at 89 Liberty Street in Manhattan. In 1887, Tesla developed an induction motor that ran on alternating current, a power system format that was rapidly expanding in Europe and the United States because of its advantages in long-distance, high-voltage transmission. The motor used polyphase current, which generated a rotating magnetic field to turn the motor. This innovative electric motor, patented in May 1888, was a simple self-starting design that did not need a commutator, thus avoiding sparking and the need for constantly servicing and replacing mechanical brushes. Physicist William Arnold Anthony tested the motor and Electrical World magazine editor Thomas Commerford Martin arranged for Tesla to demonstrate his alternating current motor on 16 May 1888 at the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. George Westinghouse was also working on a device similar device To Tesla’s polyphase induction motor and transformer and Westinghouse also hired Tesla for one year to be a consultant at the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company’s Pittsburgh labs. His alternating current (AC) induction motor and related polyphase AC patents, licensed by Westinghouse Electric in 1888, earned him a considerable amount of money and became the cornerstone of the polyphase system which that company would eventually market.

In 1889, Tesla traveled to the 1889 Exposition Universelle in Paris and learned of Heinrich Hertz’ 1886–88 experiments that proved the existence of electromagnetic radiation, including radio waves. Tesla decided to explore it by repeating and then expanding on these experiments, Tesla tried powering a Ruhmkorff coil with a high speed alternator he had been developing as part of an improved arc lighting system but found that the high frequency current overheated the iron core and melted the insulation between the primary and secondary windings in the coil. To fix this problem Tesla came up with his Tesla coil with an air gap instead of insulating material between the primary and secondary windings and an iron core that could be moved to different positions in or out of the coil.

After 1890, Tesla experimented with transmitting power by inductive and capacitive coupling using high AC voltages generated with his Tesla coil. He attempted to develop a wireless lighting system based on near-field inductive and capacitive coupling and conducted a series of public demonstrations where he lit Geissler tubes and even incandescent light bulbs from across a stage. In 1893 at St. Louis, Missouri, the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the National Electric Light Association, Tesla told onlookers that he was sure a system like his could eventually conduct “intelligible signals or perhaps even power to any distance without the use of wires” by conducting it through the Earth. Tesla served as a vice-president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers from 1892 to 1894, the forerunner of the modern-day IEEE (along with the Institute of Radio Engineers).

Tesla also conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He also built a wireless-controlled boat, one of the first ever exhibited. Tesla became well known as an inventor And Throughout the 1890s, Tesla experimented with wireless lighting and worldwide wireless electric power distribution in his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs. In 1893, he Worked on a device enabling wireless communication and tried to put these ideas to practical use in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project, an intercontinental wireless communication and power transmitter.

After Wardenclyffe, Tesla went on to try and develop a series of inventions in the 1910s and 1920s with varying degrees of success. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. Tesla gained experience in telephony and electrical engineering before emigrating to the United States in 1884 to work for Thomas Edison. He soon struck out on his own with financial backers, setting up laboratories/companies to develop a range of electrical devices. His patented AC induction motor and transformer were licensed by George Westinghouse, who also hired Tesla as a consultant to help develop apower system using alternating current. Tesla is also known for his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs which included patented devices and theoretical work used in the invention of radiocommunication, for his X-ray experiments, and for his ill-fated attempt at intercontinental wireless transmission in his unfinished Wardenclyffe Towerproject.

Tesla’s achievements and his abilities as a showman demonstrating his seemingly miraculous inventions made him world-famous.Although he made a great deal of money from his patents, he spent a lot on numerous experiments. He lived for most of his life in a series of New York hotels although the end of his patent income and eventual bankruptcy led him to live in diminished circumstances. Despite this Tesla still continued to invite the press to parties he held on his birthday to announce new inventions he was working and make (sometimes unusual) statements. Because of his pronouncements and the nature of his work over the years, Tesla gained a reputation in popular culture as the archetypal “mad scientist”.

Sadly Tesla passed away on 7 January 1943 in room 3327 of the New Yorker Hotel and his work fell into relative obscurity after his death, but since the 1990s, his reputation has experienced a comeback in popular culture. His work and reputed inventions are also at the center of many conspiracy theories and have also been used to support various pseudosciences, UFO theories and New Age occultism. In 1960, in honor of Tesla, the General Conference on Weights and Measures for the International System of Units dedicated the term “tesla” to the SI unit measure for magnetic field strength. There is also an Electric Car named after him.

John Wyndham

English Science Fiction Author John Wyndham was born 10 July 1903 in the village of Dorridge near Knowle, Warwickshire (now West Midlands), England, the son of George Beynon Harris, a barrister, and Gertrude Parkes, the daughter of a Birmingham ironmaster. His early childhood was spent in Edgbaston in Birmingham, but when he was 8 years old his parents separated and he and his brother, the writer Vivian Beynon Harris, spent the rest of their childhood at a number of English preparatory and public schools, including Blundell’s School in Tiverton, Devon, during World War I. His longest and final stay was at Bedales School near Petersfield in Hampshire (1918–21), where he blossomed and was happy.

He left Bedales School at the age of 18 and after leaving school, Wyndham tried several careers, including farming, law, commercial art and advertising, but mostly relied on an allowance from his family. He eventually turned to writing for money in 1925 and, by 1931, was selling short stories and serial fiction to American science fiction magazines, most under the pen names “John Beynon” and “John Beynon Harris”, although he also wrote some detective stories including The Secret People (1935), as John Beynon, Foul Play Suspected (1935), as John Beynon and Planet Plane (1936), as John Beynon (a.k.a The Space Machine and Stowaway to Mars).

During World War II, Wyndham first served as a censor in the Ministry of Information, then joined the British Army, serving as a Corporal cipher operator in the Royal Corps of Signals. He participated in the Normandy landings, although he was not involved in the first days of the operation. After the war, Wyndham returned to writing, inspired by the success of his brother, who had four novels published. He altered his writing style; and, by 1951, using the John Wyndham pen name for the first time, he wrote the novel The Day of the Triffids. His pre-war writing career was not mentioned in the book’s publicity, and people were allowed to assume that it was a first novel from a previously unknown writer.

Novels published by John Wyndham include The Day of the Triffids (1951), also known as Revolt of the Triffids, The Kraken Wakes (1953), published in the US as Out of the Deeps, The Chrysalids (1955), The Midwich Cuckoos (1957), filmed twice as Village of the Damned, The Outward Urge (1959), Trouble with Lichen (1960) and Chocky, the Web and Plan for Chaos. Wyndham also published many Short story collections including Jizzle, The Seeds of Time, Tales of Gooseflesh and Laughter, Consider Her Ways and Others, The Infinite Moment, Sleepers of Mars, Worlds to Barter, Invisible Monster, The Man from Earth, the Third Vibrator, Wanderers of Time, Derelict of Space, Child of Power, The Last Lunarians, The Puff-ball Menace (a.k.a. Spheres of Hell), Exiles on Asperus, No Place Like Earth, The Lost Machine, The Venus Adventure” (1932), The Stare, The Moon Devils, The Cathedral Crypt, The Perfect Creature, Judson’s Annihilator and The Trojan Beam

In 1963, he married Grace Isobel Wilson, whom he had known for more than 20 years; the couple remained married until he died. He and Grace lived for several years in separate rooms at the Penn Club, London and later lived near Petersfield, Hampshire, just outside the grounds of Bedales School. He died 11 March 1969, aged 65, at his home in Petersfield, survived by his wife and his brother. Subsequently, some of his unsold work was published; and his earlier work was re-published. His archive was acquired by Liverpool University. On 24 May 2015 an alley in Hampstead that appears in The Day of the Triffids was formally named Triffid Alley as a memorial to him.

Neil Tennant (Pet Shop Boys)

English musician, singer, songwriter, music journalist and co-founder of the synthpop duo Pet Shop BoysNeil Tennant was born 10 July 1954. As a child, Tennant attended St. Cuthbert’s Grammar School, an all-boys’ Catholic school in Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. Tennant’s songs “This Must Be the Place I Waited Years to Leave” and “It’s a Sin” refer to his early life in Catholic school and the strict upbringing there While at school, Tennant played guitar and cello. At age 16, he played in a folk music group called Dust, whose most popular song was called “Can You Hear the Dawn Break?” They were heavily influenced by The Incredible String Band. During his teenage years, he was a member of the youth theatre at the People’s Theatre, Newcastle upon Tyne.

In 1975, having completed a degree in history at North London Polytechnic (now London Metropolitan University), Tennant worked for two years as London editor for Marvel UK, the UK branch of Marvel Comics. He was responsible for anglicising the dialogue of Marvel’s catalogue to suit British readers, and for indicating where women needed to be redrawn for the British editions. He also wrote occasional features for the comics, including interviews with pop stars Marc Bolan and Alex Harvey. In 1977, he moved to Macdonald Educational Publishing where he edited The Dairy Book Of Home Management and various illustrated books about cookery, playing the guitar, and other home interests. Then he moved to ITV Books where he edited TV tie-in books. After having commissioned Steve Bush, then the designer of Smash Hits and The Face, to design a book about the group Madness, he was offered a job at Smash Hits as news editor of the British teen pop magazine in 1982. The following year he became Assistant Editor. He also edited the 1982, 1983 and 1984 editions of The Smash Hits Yearbook.

While working At Smash Hits, an opportunity arose for him to go to New York to interview The Police. Meanwhile Tennant formed the band Pet Shop Boys in London with Chris Lowe in 1981 whom he had met in an electronics shop on Kings Road in Chelsea, London, and who had a mutual interest in dance music. they began to work together on material, and produced “It’s a Sin”, “West End Girls”, “Rent” and “Jealousy”. Their big break came in August 1983, when Tennant was assigned by Smash Hits to interview The Police in New York. The duo were obsessed with a stream of Hi-NRG records made by New York producer Bobby Orlando, simply known as Bobby O. After hearing a demo tape that Tennant had brought along with him, Orlando suggested making a record with the Pet Shop Boys and Between 1983–84, Orlando recorded eleven tracks with Tennant and Lowe including; “West End Girls”, “Opportunities (Let’s Make Lots of Money”), “It’s A Sin”, “I Want A Lover”, “I Get Excited”, “Two Divided By Zero”, “Rent”, “Later Tonight”, “Pet Shop Boys”, “A Man Could Get Arrested” and “One More Chance.

In March 1985, after long negotiations, Pet Shop Boys cut their contractual ties with Bobby O. Tennant left Smash Hits (where he had progressed to the position of deputy editor) and released the single, “Opportunities (Let’s Make Lots of Money)”/”In the Night”, “West End Girls” was rereleased in 1986 becoming a hit. followed by, “Love Comes Quickly” and the debut album, Please. New versions of their second single, “Opportunities (Let’s Make Lots of Money)”, and the album track “Suburbia” were also released in 1986, followed by a remix album, Disco. Pet Shop Boys also performed “Love Comes Quickly” and “West End Girls” at the 1986 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles. In 1987 The Pet Shop Boys received both BRIT Awards and Ivor Novello Awards for “West End Girls” and released “It’s a Sin followed by “What Have I Done to Deserve This?” featuring Dusty Springfield which appeared on the second album Actually featuring the songs “Rent” , “King’s Cross”

Pet Shop Boys also appeared on Love Me Tender, a UK television programme, on ITV, commemorating the tenth anniversary of Elvis Presley’s death. They were asked to perform one of their favourite Elvis tracks and played “Always on My Mind”, which was re-released in a 12″ version with “In My House” which was included on the 1988 album, Introspective. Pet Shop Boys started work on an film It Couldn’t Happen Here, with director Jack Bond, starring Barbara Windsor, Joss Ackland and Gareth Hunt. In 1988. The Pet Shop Boys wrote and produced the song “I’m Not Scared” for Patsy Kensit’s band, Eighth Wonder. The song became her biggest hit single and the Pet Shop Boys included their own extended version of the track on their Introspective album. The Pet Shop Boys released “Heart”, Which was included on their first and third greatest hits albums, Discography: The Complete Singles Collection and Ultimate. whereas the album version was on their second retrospective, the double PopArt: Pet Shop Boys – The Hits. The video to the single, directed by Jack Bond, starred Ian McKellen as a vampire who steals Neil Tennant’s wife.

In 1988, Pet Shop Boys released, “Domino Dancing” followed by the third album, Introspective-a six-track album of previously unheard remixes and extended tracks. Followed by “Left to My Own Devices”, and a cover version of the Sterling Void single “It’s Alright”. In 1990, Pet Shop Boys released, “So Hard”, followed by the’ fourth album Behaviour, containing the song “Being Boring”. In 1991, Pet Shop Boys released a cover of U2’s “Where the Streets Have No Name” as a medley with “Can’t Take My Eyes Off You”, together with a remix of the album track “How Can You Expect to Be Taken Seriously?” by Brothers in Rhythm. In 1991 the Pet Shop Boys embarked on World Tour visiting Tokyo, United States, Canada, France, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Ireland, and the United Kingdom. The Pet Shop Boys also released an 18-track compilation called Discography, which included all of their single releases up until then, two new singles—”DJ Culture” and “Was It Worth It?

The Pet Shop Boys also collaborated with many musicians. Including Dusty Springfield, on the singles “Nothing Has Been Proved” From the film Scandal about the Profumo political scandal starring John Hurt and “In Private”. The duo later went on to produce half of the tracks on her 1990 solo Reputation album. Pet Shop Boys were also asked to write and produce an album for Liza Minnelli, in 1989. The album, Results, generated four singles, including the hit single “Losing My Mind”, a cover version of the Stephen Sondheim song from the 1971 Broadway musical “Follies”. In 1989 Neil Tennant formed Electronic with Bernard Sumner and Johnny Marr and co-wrote and co-produced the song “Getting Away with It”. Lowe also contributed to the chord sequence to “The Patience of a Saint” on Electronic’s 1991 album. In 1992, Tennant sang lead vocals on the song “Disappointed”, for the soundtrack for the film Cool World. A remix of “So Hard”, by The KLF, led to Tennant re-recording his vocals for the song. Pet Shop Boys set up the Spaghetti Records label in 1991. Their most successful release was the soundtrack to the 1992 film The Crying Game, which featured Boy George performing the title song “The Crying Game”.

In 1992, Pet Shop Boys were the subjects of a South Bank Show program on ITV. This included interviews with Neil and Chris, and contributions from Liza Minnelli, Simon Frith, David Alden and David Fielding. In 1993, Pet Shop Boys released the song “Can You Forgive Her?” and covered the Village People single “Go West which was adopted into a football chant at Arsenal Football Club (which Chris Lowe supports) and is heard at grounds throughout Europe. Pet Shop Boys released their fifth studio album, Very, featuring the songs “I Wouldn’t Normally Do This Kind of Thing”, “Liberation” and “Yesterday, When I Was Mad”. Pet Shop boys also released the album, Relentless, which was composed of six all-new darker progressive house tracks. In 1994, Pet Shop Boys remixed Blur’s single “Girls & Boys” and released the Comic Relief single, “Absolutely Fabulous” featuring Jennifer Saunders and Joanna Lumley. The Pet Shop Boys also released Disco 2 a follow-up to their 1986 remix album Disco featuring club remixes of songs from Very and Behaviour, in a continuous megamix by Danny Rampling. The subsequent Discovery Tour visited Singapore, Australia, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Argentina and Brazil. In 1995 Pet Shop Boys released a new version of “Paninaro”.

In 1996 The Pet Shop Boys remix of the David Bowie song “Hallo Spaceboy” (co-written by Brian Eno), from the album Outside, was released, The Pet Shop Boys then joined Bowie at the 1996 BRIT Awards and released the singles, “Before” and Se a vida é (That’s the Way Life Is)”, from the sixth Pet Shop Boys album Bilingual. Tina Turner also released her Wildest Dreams album, featuring a Pet Shop Boys-produced track “Confidential”. 1996, Neil appeared live with Suede, singing the Suede song “Saturday Night” and Pet Shop Boys track “Rent” alongside Brett Anderson. In 1997 Pet Shop Boys had a three-week residency at the Savoy Theatre, in London, featuring a cover of the song “Somewhere” from the musical West Side Story featuring projections filmed by the artist Sam Taylor-Wood. Pet Shop Boys collaborated with Sam Taylor-Wood again in 1998, recording a version of “Je t’aime… moi non plus”, by Serge Gainsbourg, and also covered the Donna Summer track “Love to Love You Baby”. In 1998 thePet Shop Boys performed a series of live dates and released a charity album of Noël Coward songs, called Twentieth Century Blues. The album included Pet Shop Boys’ version of “Sail Away”, along with songs performed by Elton John, Texas, Marianne Faithfull, The Divine Comedy, Suede, Damon Albarn, Vic Reeves and Robbie Williams. Tennant provided backing vocals on Robbie Williams’ “No Regrets” single, along with Neil Hannon from The Divine Comedy.

Pet Shop Boys also worked with playwright Jonathan Harvey on a stage musical project. In 1999, many of the tracks recorded ended up on the duo’s seventh studio album, Nightlife, including “I Don’t Know What You Want But I Can’t Give It Any More”,”New York City Boy”, “You Only Tell Me You Love Me When You’re Drunk”, and”Closer to Heaven” which became the title of Pet Shop Boys’ musical.

PART TWO

Tennant also sang “In Denial”, with Kylie Minogue about a father coming out to his daughter. Minogue also performed the track live, during her 2005 Showgirl tour. The Pet Shop Boys also toured during 1999 and 2000 playing in the United States, Canada, Japan, Europe and the UK. they also played a series of festival dates in Europe, including Glastonbury. They also won their third Ivor Novello Award, honouring their “Outstanding Contribution” to music. The musical, Closer to Heaven, opened at the Arts Theatre in London, in 2001. Tennant also wanted Closer to tour Europe and New York. in 2005, a series of performances were staged in the Brisbane Powerhouse, Australia. In 2002, Pet Shop Boys released their eighth album Release featuring the songs “London”, “I Get Along” and “Home and Dry”, this album has a stripped back acoustic sound and is a complete change from dance music and featuresJohnny Marr on guitar. They embarked on a less lavish tour, with no dancers, backing singers, or outrageous costumes which also included Bristol University, Keele University, University of East Anglia in Norwich, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough and De Montfort University, Leicester. They used two extra guitarists, Bic Hayes and Mark Refoy, a percussionist (Dawne Adams) and regular programmer (Pete Gleadall) alongside Chris Lowe (keyboards) and Neil Tennant (vocals and guitar).

They also toured Germany, the U.S., Canada, Spain, Italy, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong and Thailand. In 2003 The Pet Shop Boys released Disco 3, Which included new songs as well as remixes. They also launched two new labels, Olde English Vinyl and Lucky Kunst. The first release on Olde English Vinyl was Atomizer’s “Hooked on Radiation”, followed by Pete Burns’ “Jack and Jill Party”. They also remixed Yoko Ono’s “Walking on Thin Ice” and Rammstein’s “Mein Teil”. In 2003, Pet Shop Boys released a second greatest hits album, PopArt: Pet Shop Boys – The Hits, a double compilation with two new singles: “Miracles” and “Flamboyant”. In 2004, Pet Shop Boys appeared at a free concert in Trafalgar Square in London , with the Dresdner Sinfoniker orchestra Performing a new soundtrack to accompany the 1925 silent film Battleship Potemkin. There were four more live performances in Germany in 2005. The Pet Shop Boys also played at the Prince’s Trust concert with other artists who had worked with the British producer Trevor Horn, including Grace Jones, ABC, Seal and Frankie Goes to Hollywood. In 2005, Pet Shop Boys headlined the Moscow Live 8 concert, in Red Square. They were also asked to put together music for the Back to Mine series, an ongoing anthology showcasing artists’ favourite music selections, with an emphasis on afterhours chill-out music. In 2006 Pet Shop Boys remixed Madonna’s single “Sorry”. The Pet Shop Boys also released “I’m with Stupid”, parodying the relationship between George W. Bush and Tony Blair. The promo video featured Matt Lucas and David Walliams as Tennant and Lowe, parodying, “Go West”, and “Can You Forgive Her?”.

The Pet Shop Boys released their ninth studio album, Fundamental, with a remix album called Fundamentalism, which included a version of “In Private” as a duet with Elton John and “Fugitive”, “Minimal”. A Channel 4 documentary, titled Pet Shop Boys – A Life in Pop, was also broadcast directed by George Scott and produced by Nick de Grunwald. With Contributions from Robbie Williams, Brandon Flowers, Tim Rice-Oxley, Jake Shears and Bruce Weber. Pet Shop Boys toured Europe in support of Fundamental in 2006 at assorted festivals and outdoor venues. They also played two dates at the Tower of London and at Thetford Forest. There were also performances of Battleship Potemkin, in Germany and Spain and at the Swan Hunter shipyard, in Newcastle upon Tyne, accompanied by the Northern Sinfonia orchestra. The Pet Shop Boys also worked with Robbie Williams on the album, Rudebox, producing two tracks: a cover version of “We’re the Pet Shop Boys”, written by My Robot Friend and “She’s Madonna”, a duet with Tennant, allegedly about Guy Ritchie’s affair with Tania Strecker, prior to his relationship with Madonna. They also toured Canada, the United States and Mexico, A DVD of the show in Mexico City titled Cubism was also released.

A book called “catalogue” was published, containing their entire visual output (photography, as well as the design of albums, videos, tours, books and fan club magazines) from 1984 to 2004. A small exhibition of Pet Shop Boys Artwork also opened in the Bookshop Gallery of London’s National Portrait Gallery. The song, “Numb”, was also released. the album Concrete was released in 2006. It is a double CD of the complete Mermaid Theatre concert, with the BBC Concert Orchestra (musical director: Trevor Horn), featuring Rufus Wainwright, Frances Barber and Robbie Williams. The Pet Shop Boys were also nominated for two 2007 Grammy Awards for “I’m with Stupid”, and ‘Best Electronic/Dance Album’ for Fundamental. Neil Tennant served as executive producer on Rufus Wainwright’s new album, Release the Stars, and also sang backing vocals on “Do I Disappoint You”, and “Tiergarten”. Pet Shop Boys’ released the Stars Are Blazing’ remix of The Killers’ “Read My Mind”. Pet Shop Boys continued their world tour, performing in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, New Zealand and Australia (as co-headliners of the V Festival 2007), Norway, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Germany, Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, Italy, Romania, Spain, Belgium and Singapore.

In 2007, Pet Shop Boys released Disco 4, Comprising remixes, completed by Pet Shop Boys, of other artists’ work including The Killers, David Bowie, Yoko Ono, Madonna, Atomizer and Rammstein. Plus two remixed PetShop Boys “Integral” and “I’m with Stupid”. In 2008, the Pet Shop Boys released the single “I’m in Love with a German Film Star” featuring photographer Sam Taylor-Wood on vocals, to coincide with her exhibition in London, this was remixed by Gui Boratto, Juergen Paape and Mark Reeder. The Pet Shop Boys next album Yes was released in 2009featuring “Beautiful People” “Love etc” and “Did You See Me Coming?” They also appeared on Girls Aloud’s new album Out of Control, collaborating on the Song “The Loving Kind”. In 2009, Pet Shop Boys received the British Phonographic Industry’s most prestigious accolade, the award for outstanding contribution to British music, at the 2009 Brit Awards ceremony atEarls Court’ London. During the show the Pet Shop Boys collaborated with Lady Gaga and Brandon Flowers (The Killers). following the new album and tour a new official website was released

in 2009 Pet Shop Boys began their Pandemonium Tour playing Saint Petersburg, Russia, Tel Aviv, Israel, the Manchester Apollo and the O2 Arena in London, the Metropolis, in Montreal, Canada. This tour included songs such as “West End Girls”, “It’s a Sin” and “Always on My Mind”,” Two Divided by Zero”, “Why Don’t We Live Together?” and the B-side “Do I Have To?” InBrazil the Pet Shop Boys released a compilation titled Party, including songs that were heavily featured in the following TV Globo soap operas: “Being boring” (Meu Bem Meu Mal OST), “Domino dancing” (O Salvador da Patria OST), “West End Girls” (Selva de Pedra OST) and “King of Rome” (Viver a Vida). On 14 December 2009, Pet Shop Boys released an EP of covers, remixes, and new material, titled Christmas.

PART THREE

In 2010, Pet Shop Boys released a live album/DVD double-pack called Pandemonium. Containing the soundtrack and footage recorded from their 21 December 2009 show at the O2 Arena in London. The Pet Shop Boys also released a cover of “Love life”, as part Record Store Day 2010, which was originally recorded during the Release sessions in 2001 and given to Swedish band Alcazar. The B-side was “A Powerful Friend”, which was composed in the early 1980s and appears on the Disco 3 album. The Pet Shop Boys also headlined the Other Stage at the Glastonbury Festival. They also released The greatest hits album “Ultimate” preceded by the single “Together”. The Pet Shop Boys’ also produced a ballet based on The Most Incredible Thing by Hans Christian Andersen. It was adapted by Matthew Dunster with choreography by Javier de Frutos and features former Royal Ballet star Ivan Putrov, with animated films created by Tal Rosner, and orchestrations by German composer Sven Helbi. In 2012 the album, Format, was released featuring the duo’s B-sides from 1996 to 2009, as a sequel to their earlier B-side collection Alternative. In 2011, the Beyond Theatre Award, was presented to Pet Shop Boys and the director of The Most Incredible Thing, Javier de Frutos.

The Pet Shop Boys next album Elysium included the song “winner” which was featured heavily during the 2012 London Olympic Games. Pet Shop Boys also performed three songs before the Olympic tennis games in Henman Hill, Wimbledon: “Always On My Mind”, “What Have I Done to Deserve This?”, and “Winner. Pet Shop Boys performed “West End Girls” in the closing ceremony of the 2012 Olympic Games in August. Elysium contained the songs “Winner” “Leaving” and, “Memory of the Future” and the b-side “Listening” which was written for Morten Harkett (Aha). The Pet Shop Boys also played a free concert in the recently opened MediaCityUK BBC facilities accompanied by the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra and the Manchester Chamber Choir. Performing ‘Miracles’,”The Survivors’ and “He Dreamed of Machines”. In 2013 The Pet Shop Boys twelfth album, “Electric”, was released. In 2014 The Pet Shop Boys new orchestral work A Man from the Future received its world premiere at the BBC Proms. Performed by the BBC Singers, BBC Concert Orchestra Sven Helbi and the Pet Shop Boys, the work was inspired by the life of WW2 code breaker Alan Turing. The concert also included Overture to Performance, an orchestral arrangement of Pet Shop Boys songs used to open their 1991 Performance tour, and four Pet Shop Boys songs arranged by Angelo Badalamenti and sung by Chrissie Hynde – “Vocal”, “Love is a Catastrophe”, “Later Tonight” and “Rent”.

the Pet Shop Boys released that their thirteenth album, Super, in 2016 containing the songs “Inner Sanctum”& “The Pop Kids”. They performed the ‘Inner Sanctum’ tour, for four nights at the Royal Opera House in London. The subsequent Super Tour started in October 2016. In 2017, the Pet Shop boys announced their latest ‘Further Listening’ reissues project, called ‘Catalogue: 1985-2012’. Featuring remasters of ‘Nightlife’, ‘Release’ and ‘Fundamental’. ‘Further Listening’ ‘Yes’ and ‘Elysium’.

The Pet Shop Boys have sold more than 50 million records worldwide, and are listed as the most successful duo in UK music history by The Guinness Book of Records Three-time Brit Award winners and six-time Grammy nominees, since 1985 they have achieved forty-two Top 30 singles and 22 Top 10 hits in the UK Singles Chart, including four UK number ones: “West End Girls” (also number one on the US Billboard Hot 100), “It’s a Sin”, an acclaimed cover of “Always on My Mind” and “Heart”. Other hit songs include a cover of “Go West”, “Opportunities (Let’s Make Lots of Money)” (satire of Thatcherism) and “What Have I Done to Deserve This?” in a duet with Dusty Springfield. At the 2009 Brit Awards in London, Pet Shop Boys received an award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2016, Billboard magazine named Pet Shop Boys the No. 1 Billboard Dance duo/group over the 40 years since the chart’s inception in 1976. In 2017 the duo received NME’s Godlike Genius Award