Buchi Emecheta OBE

Nigerian-born novelist Florence Onyebuchi “Buchi” Emecheta OBE was born 21 July 1944 in Lagos, Nigeria, to Igbo parents, Alice (Okwuekwuhe) Emecheta and Jeremy Nwabudinke. Her father was a railway worker and moulder. she spent her early childhood at an all-girl’s missionary school. When she was nine years old her father died (“of complications brought on by a wound contracted in the swamps of Burma, where he had been conscripted to fight for Lord Louis Mountbatten and the remnants of the British Empire) in 1954 Emecheta received a full scholarship to Methodist Girls’ School, where she remained until the age of 16 when, in 1960, she married Sylvester Onwordi, and gave birth to a daughter in 1960 and a Son in 1961

Onwordi immediately moved to London to attend a university, and Emecheta joined him there with their first two children in 1962and gave birth to five children in six years, three daughters and two sons. Her marriage was unhappy and sometimes violent, To keep her sanity, Emecheta wrote in her spare time. However, her husband was deeply suspicious of her writing, and he ultimately burned her first manuscript. At the age of 22, pregnant with her fifth child, Emecheta left her husband And While working to support her children alone, she earned a B.Sc (Hons) degree in Sociology in 1972 from the University of London.

Her first book The Bride Price, was eventually published in 1976. A collection of pieces were also published in 1972 in a book entitled In the Ditch. This was a semi-autobiographical novel which chronicled the struggles of a main character named Adah, who is forced to live in a housing estate while working as a librarian to support her five children. Her second novel Second-Class Citizen was published in 1974 and also drew on Emecheta’s own experiences, both books were eventually published in one volume under the title Adah’s Story. In 1984 she wrote her autobiography, Head Above Water.

In addition to being autobiographical Major themes in Emecheta’s novels include the quest for equal treatment, self confidence and dignity as a woman, child slavery, motherhood, female independence, sexual discrimination, and racial prejudice and freedom through education. other novels such as Gwendolen (1989), Kehinde (1994) and The New Tribe (2000) address the issues of immigrants life in Great Britain.

Following her success as an author, Emecheta travelled widely as a visiting professor and lecturer. She visited several American universities, including Pennsylvania State University, Rutgers University, the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain. From 1980 to 1981, she was senior resident fellow and visiting professor of English at the University of Calabar, Nigeria. From 1982 to 1983, Emecheta, together with her son Sylvester, ran the Ogwugwu Afor Publishing Company, publishing her own work beginning with Double Yoke (1982). Emecheta received an Arts Council of Great Britain bursary, 1982–83,and was one of Granta′s “Best of the Young British Novelists” in 1983. In 1982, she lectured at Yale University, and the University of London. She became a Fellow at the University of London in 1986 and In 1991 Onwordi earned a PhD from the university of London.

Unfortunately Buchi Emecheta suffered a stroke in 2010,and she died in London on 25 January 2017, aged 72. however Over the years, Emecheta gained recognition from critics and received many honours and also worked with many cultural and literary organizations, including the Africa Centre, London, and with the Caine Prize for African Writing as a member of the Advisory Council. She wrote more than 20 books, including Second Class Citizen (1974), The Bride Price (1976), The Slave Girl (1977) and The Joys of Motherhood (1979) She also wrote plays and an autobiography, as well as works for childen and has been described as “the first successful black woman novelist living in Britain after 1948”.

Alita:Battle Angel

The exciting cyberpunk action film Alita: Battle Angel is out on DVD AND Bluray on Monday 22 July. It is based on Yukito Kishiro’s manga Gunnm, also known as Battle Angel Alita. Produced by James Cameron and Jon Landau, the film is directed by Robert Rodriguez from a screenplay by Cameron and Laeta Kalogridis. The film stars Rosa Salazar, Christoph Waltz, Jennifer Connelly, Mahershala Ali, Ed Skrein, Jackie Earle Haley and Keean Johnson.

Alita Battle angel takes place In 2563, in a dystopian post apocalyptic future 300 years after Earth is devastated by a catastrophic interplanetary war known as “The Fall” or “The Great War”. This has destroyed much of the Earth and rendered most of it uninhabitable. Rich people now live in a Utopia called Zalem built high in the clouds while poor people live in Iron Town below salvaging whatever they can to eke out a living in the desolate wasteland. Iron Town is ruled by an evil entrepreneur named Vector (Marhershala Ali) who organises deadly gladiatorial combat matches called Motorball Tournaments which are held between Cyborg and Robot for the entertainment of the inhabitants of Iron Town.

Alita : Battle Angel follows the story of the titular Alita (Rosa Salazar) a disembodied “core” who has been disposed of and awakens in Iron Town with no memory. However the kindly Dr. Ido (Waltz) finds her discarded remains and attaches a new cyborg body to the brain and names her “Alita”. Alita also meets Dr. Chiren, Ido’s estranged ex-wife, and befriends Hugo, who dreams of moving to the wealthy sky city of Zalem. Hugo introduces Alita to Motorball, a battle royale racing sport played by cyborg gladiators.

One night, Alita follows Ido; however they are ambushed by cyborg serial killers led by Grewishka. Alita confronts Grewishka before Ido reveals that he is a Hunter-Warrior. Then afterwards Grewishk seeks help from Dr. Chiren, who is in fact secretlyworking for Vector. Meanwhile after making an important discovery Alita asks ido to do a favour. When Ido refuses Alita leaves and registers as a Hunter-Warrior with the aim of taking down Grewishka herself. Unfortunately she is involved in more trouble however Ido intervenes. Then An upgraded Grewishka shows up and reveals that he has been sent by Zalem’s technocrat overlord, Nova, to destroy Alita. However Ido, Hugo and Hunter-Warrior McTeague arrive to help Alita confront Grewishka.

Alita then decides to enters a Motorball tryout race for the prize money. Hugo also makes a momentous decision unfortunately he also encounters the villainous Tanji and Zapan with dangerous results. Then Chiren offers to help Hugo however Zapan intervenes. Later Ido informs Alita how citizens of Iron Town can earn a place in Zalem however this is fraught with danger, Nevertheless Hugo has a go at reaching Zalem himself. Then, after having killed many of Alita’s friends Vector and Grewishka are confronted by an vengeful Alita in an exciting climax…

Ernest Hemingway

American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway was Born July 21, 1899. Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. Ernest Hemingway’s mother Grace Hall Hemingway began writing about him, in a series of scrapbooks documenting the future author’s childhood, She began by describing how the sun shone and robins sang on the day in July 1899 when Hemingway was born. The scrapbooks also contain childhood paintings and tell of Hemingway playing the cello, suiting up for a ‘lightweight’ football squad and taking up boxing. During his junior year of high school, he was on his school’s prom committee and, according to a report card note from his Latin teacher, showed ‘improvement both in attitude and work.’

By the time Hemingway was five, his mother noted that he was collecting war cartoons and had an appreciation for characters with courage.’He loves stories about Great Americans,’ she wrote.The scrapbooks have a plethora of family photos from the Hemingway family’s home in Oak Park, Illinois, and their vacation cottage on a lake in Northern Michigan, including shots of a bare-bottomed baby Hemingway playing in the water by a canoe.They include letters to Hemingway and others he wrote as a child, including a note of contrition in which he confessed to bad behavior in church.’My conduct tomorrow will be good,’ 13-year-old Hemingway promised.

As Hemingway matured, the scrapbooks showcased his earliest attempts at the craft that would come to define his professional life. Among them were a short story from his high school’s literary magazine, clippings from some of his first assignments as a high school newspaper reporter and a sonnet in which 16-year-old Hemingway seemed to poke fun at himself.’Nobody likes Ernest, that, is straight stuff,’ he said, ‘and when he writes stories – we all cry “Enough.”

After high school he reported for a few months for The Kansas City Star, before leaving for the Italian front to enlist with the World War I ambulance drivers. However In 1918, he was seriously wounded and returned home. His wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms. In 1922, he married Hadley Richardson, the first of his four wives. The couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent, and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s “Lost Generation” expatriate community. The Sun Also Rises, Hemingway’s first novel, was published in 1926.

Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short story collections and two non-fiction works. Three novels, four collections of short stories and three non-fiction works were published posthumously. Many of these are considered classics of American literature and . His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image also influenced later generations.

In 1927 Hemingway divorced his first wife Hadley Richardson and married Pauline Pfeiffer, However They also divorced after he returned from the Spanish Civil War where he had acted as a journalist, and after which he wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940. They separated when he met Mary Welsh in London during World War II; during which he was present at the Normandy Landings and liberation of Paris. Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952, Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in two successive plane crashes that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway had permanent residences in Key West, Florida, and Cuba during the 1930s and 1940s, but in 1959 he moved from Cuba to Ketchum, Idaho, where sadly he committed suicide on July 2, 1961. However A farewell to Arms remains a popular novel and ‘The scrapbooks his Mother created are part of the collection that Hemingway’s widow, Mary, gifted to the JFK Library and Museum after the author’s 1961 suicide and The contents of five Hemingway scrapbooks are also available online, giving fans and scholars the chance to follow the life of one of the 20th century’s literary greats from diapers to high school degree.

Michael Connelly

Prolific American author Michael Connelly was born 21 July 1956. He writes very exciting detective novels and other crime fiction, notably those featuring LAPD Detective Hieronymus “Harry” Bosch and criminal defense attorney Mickey Haller. After graduating from the University of Florida in 1980, Connelly got a job as a crime beat writer at the Daytona Beach News Journalwhere he worked for almost two years until he got a job at the Fort Lauderdale News and Sun-Sentinel in 1981. There, he covered the crime beat during the South Florida cocaine wars, an era that brought with it much violence and murder. He stayed with the paper for a few years and in 1986, he and two other reporters spent several months interviewing survivors of the 1985 Delta Flight 191 plane crash, a story which earned Connelly a place as a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. the honor also brought Connelly a job as a crime reporter at the Los Angeles Times. He moved to California in 1987 with his wife Linda McCaleb, whom he met while in college and married in April 1984. After moving to Los Angeles, Connelly went to see the High Tower Apartments where Raymond Chandler’s famous character, Philip Marlowe, had lived (in The High Window), and Robert Altman had filmed. Connelly got the manager of the building to promise a phone call in case the apartment ever became available.

Ten years later, the manager tracked Connelly down and he decided to rent the place. This apartment served as a place to write for several years, but it was more based on the nostalgia of the place than the comfort of it (for example, it didn’t have air conditioning).After three years at the Los Angeles Times, Connelly wrote his first published novel The Black Echo, after previously writing two unfinished novels that he had not attempted to get published. The novel was sold to Little, Brown to be published in 1992 and won theMystery Writers of America’s Edgar Award for best first novel.The book is partly based on a true crime and is the first one featuring Connelly’s primary recurring character, Los Angeles Police Department Detective Hieronymus “Harry” Bosch, a man who, according to Connelly, shares few similarities with the author himself. Connelly named Bosch after the Dutch painter Hieronymus Bosch, known for his paintings full of sin and redemption, including a painting called “Hell”, a copy of which hangs on the office wall behind Connelly’s computer. Connelly describes his own work as a big canvas with all the characters of his books floating across it as currents on a painting. Sometime they are bound to collide creating cross currents. This is something that Connelly himself creates by bringing back characters from previous books and letting them play a part in books written five or six years after first being introduced.[3]Connelly went on to write three more novels about Detective Bosch — The Black Ice (1993), The Concrete Blonde (1994), and The Last Coyote (1995) — before quitting his job as a reporter to write full-time.

In 1996, Connelly wrote The Poet, his first book not to feature Bosch; the protagonist was reporter Jack McEvoy. The book was a success and earned Connelly comparisons to author Thomas Harris by reviewers. In 1997, Connelly returned to Bosch in Trunk Musicbefore writing another book, Blood Work (1998) about a different character, FBI agent Terry McCaleb. The book was made into a film in 2002, directed by Clint Eastwood, who also played McCaleb. The story features McCaleb, an agent with a transplanted heart, in pursuit of his donor’s murderer. The book came together after one of Connelly’s friends had a heart transplant and he saw what his friend was going through with survivor’s guilt after the surgery.When asked if he had anything against the changes made to fit the big screen, Connelly simply said; “If you take their money, it’s their turn to tell the story”.Connelly wrote another book featuring Bosch, Angels Flight (1999), before writing Void Moon (2000), a free-standing book about Cassie Black, a Las Vegas thief. In 2001, A Darkness More Than Night was released, in which Connelly united Bosch and McCaleb to solve a crime together, before releasing two books in 2002. The first, City of Bones, was the eighth Harry Bosch novel, and the other was Chasing the Dime, a non-series novel.

In 2001, Connelly left California for Tampa Bay, Florida together with his wife and daughter, so that both he and his wife could be closer to their families. But even though Connelly moved from one coast to the other, his novels still took place in Los Angeles; he feels no desire to write books set in Florida.[4]In 2003, another Bosch novel, Lost Light, was published. With this book, a CD was released, Dark Sacred Night, the Music of Harry Bosch, featuring some of the jazz music Bosch listens to.Connelly himself says he prefers listening to rock and roll, jazz and blues. While writing he listens exclusively to instrumental jazz, though, because it does not have intrusive vocals and because the improvisational playing inspires his writing. The Narrows was published in 2004. This book was a sequel to The Poet, but featured Bosch instead of McEvoy. Together with this book, a DVD was released called Blue Neon Light: Michael Connelly’s Los Angeles. In the film, Connelly presents some of the places in Los Angeles that are frequently featured in his books.[1]The Closers was published in May 2005 and was the eleventh Bosch novel. It was followed by The Lincoln Lawyer in October, Connelly’s first legal novel. It featured defense attorney Mickey Haller, Bosch’s half-brother. The book was made into a film in 2011, directed by Brad Furman; Matthew McConaughey played Mickey Haller.

After releasing Crime Beat in 2006, a non-fiction book about Connelly’s experiences as a crime-reporter, He wrote Echo Park, which begins in the High Tower Apartment that Connelly rented and wrote from. His next Bosch story, The Overlook, was originally published as a multipart series in the New York Times Magazine. After some editing, it was published as a novel in 2007. In October 2008, Connelly wrote The Brass Verdict, which brought together Bosch and Mickey Haller for the first time. He followed that in May 2009 with The Scarecrow, which brought back McEvoy as the lead character. 9 Dragons, a novel taking Bosch to Hong Kong, was released in October 2009. The Reversal, released in October 2010, reunites Bosch & Haller as they work together under the banner of the state on the retrial of a child murderer. The Mickey Haller novel The Fifth Witness was released in 2011.The Drop, which refers, in part, to the “Deferred Retirement Option Plan” that was described in the 2008 novel The Brass Verdict. was published on November 28, 2011. Some of his most recent novels include The Black Box, Wrong side of goodbye, the Crossing, The Late Show and Two Kinds of Truth

Connelly was one of the creators and executive producers of Level 9, a science fiction action TV series that aired for 13 episodes in the 2000-2001 season on the UPN television network. His novel Blood Work was adapted into a film in 2002 with a screenplay by Brian Helgeland and direction by Clint Eastwood, who also played the lead role.Connelly was the subject of the 2004 video documentary Blue Neon Night: Michael Connelly’s Los Angeles. He occasionally makes guest appearances as himself in the ABC comedy/drama TV series Castle. Along with Stephen J. Cannell, James Patterson, and Dennis Lehane, he is one of Castle’s poker buddies. Connelly’s novel The Lincoln Lawyer was made into a film in 2011, with Matthew McConaughey playing defense lawyer Michael “Mickey” Haller. Following the commercial success of the film, the ABC network had commissioned a pilot for a TV series featuring Haller from the production studios Lions Gate & Lakeshore. His books, have also been translated into 36 languages, and have garnered him many awards icluding the Edgar Award, Anthony Award, Macavity Award, Los Angeles Times Best Mystery/Thriller Award, Shamus Award, Dilys Award, Nero Award, Barry Award,Audie Award, Ridley Award, Maltese Falcon Award (Japan), 38 Caliber Award (France), Grand Prix Award (France) and Premio Bancarella Award (Italy) and he was also the President of theMystery Writers of America from 2003 to 2009.