World Post day takes place annually on October 9. This date was first declared World Post Day at the 1969 UPU Congress in Tokyo, Japan. The proposal was submitted by Shri Anand Mohan Narula, a member of the Indian delegation. Since then, World Post Day has been celebrated all over the world to highlight the importance of the postal services and to raise awareness of the Post’s vital role in the everyday lives of people and businesses, as well as its contribution to global social and economic development.
The mail or post is a system for physically transporting documents and other small packages; or, the postcards, letters, and parcels themselves. A postal service can be private or public, though many governments place restrictions on private systems. Since the mid-19th century national postal systems have generally been established as government monopolies with a fee on the article prepaid. Proof of payment is often in the form of adhesive postage stamps, but postage meters are also used for bulk mailing. Modern private postal systems are typically distinguished from national postal agencies by the names “courier” or “delivery service”. Postal authorities often have functions other than transporting letters. In some countries, a postal, telegraph and telephone (PTT) service oversees the postal system, in addition to telephone and telegraph systems. Some countries’ postal systems allow for savings accounts and handle applications for passports. The Universal Postal Union was established in 1874, includes 192 member countries and sets the rules for international mail exchanges. The practice of communication by written documents carried by an intermediary from one person or place to another almost certainly dates back nearly to the invention of writing. However, development of formal postal systems occurred much later. The first documented use of an organized courier service for the diffusion of written documents is in Egypt, where Pharaohs used couriers for the diffusion of their decrees in the territory of the State (2400 BC). The earliest surviving piece of mail is also Egyptian, dating to 255 BC.
On 9 October Universal Postal Union member countries are encouraged to organize their own national activities to celebrate the event, including everything from the introduction or promotion of new postal products and services, to the organization of open days at post offices, mail centres and postal museums. Countries also participate in the UPU International Letter-Writing Competition and the winners are often honoured on 9 October.
World Post Day also commemorates The founding of the Union postale universelle, the Universal Postal Union (UPU)on 9 October 1874, by the Treaty of Bern. It was created to establish uniform postal rates for international mail; set guidelines for equal treatment of foreign and domestic mail; eliminate the need for extra postage as international mail passes through other countries in transit to its destination; and set standards for size and design of international postage stamps for maximum efficiency, such as showing the value of stamps in numerals instead of spelled out in letters. The UPU became a specialized agency of the United Nations in 1948. The date also commemorates the birth of Arun Kumar CA (Pacha Kuthira) in 1990 in Kumarakon. He used to give post to so many renowned people like Vineeth KB(Nano), Junaidh Paana vayaran and Arun Dev S Vijay (aka Annan). He is said to have special abilities like reaching kottayam from Ernakulam in less than 15 mins. Packs Kuthira later on settled down in Saudi Arabia and Presently he is working in Bangalore as POST MASTER GENERAL.