Bob Mould (Sugar Hüsker Du)

Bob Mould the American musician with the alternative rock bands Hüsker Dü and Sugar and successful solo artist, was born 16th October 1960. Hüsker Dü were formed in Saint Paul, Minnesota in 1979, with guitarist/vocalist Bob Mould, bassist Greg Norton, and drummer/vocalist Grant Hart. They first gained notice as a hardcore punk band with thrashing tempos and screamed vocals, but band developed a more melodic musical style as they drifted away from their early sound, helping to develop the alternative rock sound in the process. Mould and Hart split the songwriting and singing duties; Mould’s lyrics were known for being more soul-searching and intense than the often whimsical and cryptic ones of Hart .They released a series of albums including Zen Arcade (1984) and New Day Rising (1985). Sadly Hüsker Dü broke up in 1987 without having achieved a popular breakthrough, but they influenced later pop punk and alternative rock bands. Mould released two solo albums before forming Sugar in the early 1990s, while Hart released a solo album on SST and later formed Nova Mob. Norton has been less active musically since Hüsker Dü’s demise and has focused on being a restaurateur.

Bob Mould – HUBCAP http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FvUkI6P5cEU
SUGAR – FILE UNDER EASY LISTENING http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=a8GQRO6AeT4

Sugar were Formed in 1992, by singer and guitarist Bob Mould (ex-Hüsker Dü), bassist David Barbe (ex-Mercyland) and drummer Malcolm Travis (ex-Human Sexual Response). Their first concert was on February 20, 1992, at the 40 Watt Club in Athens, Georgia, after a few weeks warming up in R.E.M.’s downtown practice space. Later in 1992, the band released the album Copper Blue, which was named Album Of The Year 1992 by the NME. The following year they released Beaster, an EP of material recorded during the Copper Blue sessions. The single “If I Can’t Change Your Mind” was a moderate success in the UK Singles Chart. After an abortive attempt to record a second album, the band regrouped and released File Under: Easy Listening in September 1994. It reached No. 7 in the UK Albums Chart.A b-side compilation album, Besides, followed in July 1995. Mould broke the band up in spring 1996, because Barbe wished to spend more time with his growing family and expand his solo career. Travis took over the drumming slot in Kustomized. Bob Mould spent the summer of 2012 touring and playing Copper Blue in its entirety. Mould has since released the splendidly rocking solo albums Hubcap, Silver Age and Patch the Sky.

Red Hot Chili Peppers🌶

Flea, a.k.a Michael Balzary, the Australian-American bass player, songwriter, and actor (Red Hot Chili Peppers, What Is This?, Atoms for Peace, and Fear) was born 16 October 1962. Formed in Los Angeles in 1983. The Red Hot Chili Peppers’ musical style is a mix of funk, alternative rock, hard rock and punk rock. The band’s influences include Defunkt, Parliament-Funkadelic, Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Gang of Four, Bob Marley, Big Boys, Sly and the Family Stone, Ohio Players, Queen, Stevie Wonder, Elvis Presley, The Beatles, The Beach Boys, Black Flag, Ornette Coleman, Led Zeppelin, Bad Brains, Fugazi, Fishbone, Marvin Gaye, Billie Holiday, Santana, Elvis Costello, The Stooges, The Clash, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Devo, and Miles Davis. Live, they incorporate many aspects of jam rock due to the improvised nature of much of their performances. Currently, the band consists of founding members Anthony Kiedis (vocals) and Michael “Flea” Balzary (bass), longtime drummer Chad Smith, and guitarist Josh Klinghoffer, who joined in late 2009, following the departure of John Frusciante.

The Red Hot Chili Peppers have won seven Grammy Awards and sold over 80 million albums worldwide. In 2012 they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.The band’s original line-up featured guitarist Hillel Slovak and drummer Jack Irons, alongside Kiedis and Flea. Because of commitments to other bands, the two did not play on the debut album, The Red Hot Chili Peppers (1984). Cliff Martinez was the drummer for the first two records (Irons played on the third), and guitarist Jack Sherman played on the first. Slovak performed on two albums with the band (the second and third), Freaky Styley (1985) and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan (1987); he died of a heroin overdose in 1988, resulting in drummer Irons’ departure. Parliament-Funkadelic guitarist DeWayne McKnight was brought in to replace Slovak though his tenure was short and he was replaced by John Frusciante in 1988. Former Dead Kennedys drummer D.H. Peligro was brought in to replace Irons though after a short tenure with the band he was out and replaced by Chad Smith that same year. The line-up of Flea, Kiedis, Frusciante and Smith was the longest-lasting, and recorded five studio albums starting with 1989′s Mother’s Milk.In 1990, the group signed with Warner Bros. Records and recorded under producer Rick Rubin the album Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991), which became the band’s first commercial success. Frusciante grew uncomfortable with the success of the band and left abruptly in 1992, in the middle of the album tour. His use of heroin increased. After recruiting guitarist Arik Marshall to complete the tour, Kiedis, Flea, and Smith employed Jesse Tobias though after a few weeks he was replaced by Dave Navarro of Jane’s Addiction for their subsequent album, One Hot Minute (1995). Although commercially successful, the album failed to match the critical or popular acclaim of Blood Sugar Sex Magik, selling less than half as much as its predecessor.

Navarro left the band in 1998. Frusciante, fresh out of drug rehabilitation, rejoined the band that same year at Flea’s request. The reunited quartet returned to the studio to record “Californication(“1999), which became the band’s biggest commercial success with 15 million copies worldwide. That album was followed three years later by “By the Way” (2002), and then four years later by the double album “Stadium Arcadium” (2006), their first number one album in America. After a world tour, the group went on an extended hiatus. Frusciante announced he was amicably leaving the band to focus on his solo career. Josh Klinghoffer, who had worked both as a sideman for the band on their Stadium Arcadium tour and on Frusciante’s solo projects, joined as lead guitarist in 2009. Their tenth studio album, “I’m with You”, was released in 2011 and their Eleventh Album “The Getaway” was released in 2016.

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S.Lewis🦁🚪🧙‍♀️

The first book in the Chronicles of Narnia series “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe” was published by C.S. Lewis on October 16 1950. It starts In 1940, and concerns four siblings – Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy Pevensie  who are evacuated from London during World War II In order to escape the Blitz and are sent to the countryside to live with professor Digory Kirke. Whilst exploring the professor’s house, Lucy finds a wardrobe which doubles as a magic portal in a mythical land called Narnia. Which is under the spell of an evil White witch called Jadis.

In Narnia Lucy meets Tumnus, a faun, who invites her to tea in his home. There the faun confesses that he invited her not out of hospitality, but with the intention of betraying her to the White Witch. The witch has ruled Narnia for years, using magic to keep it frozen in a perpetual winter. She has ordered all Narnians to turn in any humans (“Sons of Adam” or “Daughters of Eve”) they come across. But now that he has come to know and like a human, Tumnus decides to escort Lucy back to the lamppost instead. Lucy returns through the wardrobe and finds that only a few seconds have passed in normal time during her absence. Her siblings do not believe her story about another world inside the wardrobe, which is now found to have a solid back panel.

During another game of hide-and-seek, Lucy again passes into Narnia. This time her brother Edmund follows her. In Narnia Edmund meets Jadis, who calls herself Queen of Narnia and acts friendly. When she learns that he is human and has two sisters and a brother. She urges him to bring his siblings to her castle, promising in return to make him her heir, however she has a sinister ulterior motive. When Lucy and Edmund return together through the wardrobe, Edmund realizes that the queen he met and the witch Lucy describes are one and the same. He denies to the others that he has been in Narnia at all. Peter and Susan are puzzled by Lucy’s insistence, and consult the Professor.

Soon afterward, all four children enter Narnia together after hiding in the wardrobe to avoid the professor’s dour housekeeper, Mrs. Macready. Remembering the winter cold ahead, they take coats from the wardrobe before exploring. Lucy guides them to Tumnus’s cave, but they find it ransacked, with a notice from Jadis (the White Witch) proclaiming his arrest for harbouring humans. A talking beaver intercepts them, proves himself a friend, and hides the children in his den. There, he and Mrs. Beaver tell them of a prophecy that Jadis’s power will fail when two Sons of Adam and two Daughters of Eve fill the four thrones at Cair Paravel. Aslan, the great lion and the rightful King, has been absent for many years but is now “on the move again” in Narnia. Edmund creeps away unseen to Jadis’s castle, which is filled with statues of Narnian victims she has turned to stone. Jadis is furious when Edmund appears alone and angrier still to learn that Aslan may have returned. She takes him on her sledge to catch the others or to reach Aslan’s court before them.

Meanwhile, Mr Beaver realises that Edmund has betrayed them, and they set off at once to seek Aslan at the Stone Table. As they travel, the Witch’s spell over Narnia begins to break: Father Christmas (who has not been seen in Narnia for a hundred years) arrives with magical presents: a sword for Peter, a horn and a bow with arrows for Susan, a knife and a bottle of healing cordial for Lucy. As the snow starts to thaw they meet Aslan who welcomes the children and the Beavers to his camp near the Stone Table. Upon hearing Edmund’s situation, he orders a rescue party of loyal Narnians.

Despite his treachery, Edmund is eventually rescued and reunited with his siblings. Jadis approaches in truce to parley with Aslan. She insists that, according to “deep magic from the dawn of time”, she holds the right to kill Edmund following his treason And Aslan pays a heavy price for Edmunds treachery. Now confident of victory, Jadis the White Witch, leads her army away to battle. However Much to Jadis’s surprise The Stone Table breaks and Aslan unexpectedly reappears. Then Aslan, Susan and Lucy travel to Jadis’s Castle to rescue everyone who has been turned to stone by Jadis. Meanwhile, Peter and Edmund lead the rest of the Narnians against Jadis, however Edmund is seriously wounded. Then Aslan arrives with  reinforcements and Aslan, Edmund, Susan, Peter and Lucy all lead the Narnians in an exciting Battle against Jadis and the forces of evil…

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë

The novel Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë was published October 16 1847. it takes place in the north of England, during the reign of George III (1760–1820). It features a character named Jane Eyre who spent her childhood at Gateshead Hall, with her maternal uncle’s family, the Reeds, Where she is emotionally and physically abused by her aunt and cousins. The nursemaid Bessie proves to be Jane’s only ally in the household, even though Bessie sometimes harshly scolds Jane. Excluded from the family activities, Jane is incredibly unhappy, with only a doll and books for comfort. One day, she has an altercation with her cousin John Reed and is locked in the red room where her uncle died; there, she faints from panic after she thinks she has seen his ghos

She is subsequently attended to by the kindly apothecary Mr. Lloyd to whom Jane reveals how unhappy she is living at Gateshead Hall. He recommends to Mrs. Reed that Jane should be sent to school. So she is sent to Lowood Institution, a harsh charity school for girls under the sinister Mr. Brocklehurst, where she befriends an older girl, Helen Burns and Miss Temple, the caring superintendent, who helps Jane’s self-defence against Brocklehurst’s accusations. The 80 pupils at Lowood are subjected to cold rooms, poor meals, and thin clothing. Many students fall ill when a typhus epidemic strikes, and Jane’s friend Helen dies. When Mr. Brocklehurst’s maltreatment of the students is discovered, several benefactors erect a new building and install a sympathetic management committee to moderate Mr. Brocklehurst’s harsh rule. Conditions at the school then improve dramatically.

After six years as a student and two as a teacher at Lowood, Jane leaves Lowood and advertises her services as a governess and receives one reply, from Alice Fairfax, housekeeper at Thornfield Hall. Jane takes the position, teaching Adèle Varens, a young French girl. Jane encounters Edward Rochester, master of Thornfield Hall and discovers that Adèle is his ward, left in his care when her mother abandoned her. Odd things start to happen at the house, such as a strange laugh, a mysterious fire in Mr. Rochester’s room (from which Jane saves Rochester), and an attack on a house guest named Mr. Mason. Then Jane learns that her aunt Mrs. Reed is calling for her, after suffering a stroke when her son John died, so Jane returns to Gateshead to attend to her dying aunt. The villainous Mrs. Reed gives Jane a letter from Jane’s paternal uncle, Mr. John Eyre, in which he asks for her to live with him and be his heir. Mrs. Reed admits to telling Mr. Eyre that Jane had died of fever at Lowood.

Back at Thornfield, Mr. Rochester is betrothed to the beautiful and talented, but snobbish and heartless, Blanche Ingram. However Jane reveals her feelings for him. Rochester learns that Jane is in love with him, so he proposes, however Jane is sceptical at first but eventually believes him and gladly agrees to marry him. As she prepares for her wedding, a strange woman sneaks into Jane’s room one night and rips her wedding veil in two. Mr. Rochester attributes the incident to Grace Poole, one of his servants. During the wedding ceremony, Mr. Mason and a lawyer declare that Mr. Rochester cannot marry because he is already married to Mr. Mason’s sister, Bertha. Mr. Rochester admits this is true but discovered that she was rapidly descending into congenital madness, so he locked her away in Thornfield, hiring Grace Poole as a nurse to look after her. When Grace got drunk, Rochester’s wife escaped and caused the mysterious events at Thornfield. Jane also discovers that her uncle, Mr. John Eyre, is a friend of Mr. Mason’s. Mr. Rochester asks Jane to go with him to the south of France, and live with him as husband and wife, even though they cannot be married. Refusing to go against her principles, and despite her love for him, Jane leaves Thornfield.

Jane leaves Thornfield. Tired and hungry She eventually arrives at the home of Diana and Mary Rivers, but is turned away by the housekeeper. She collapses on the doorstep. Luckily St. John Rivers, Diana, Mary’s brother and a clergyman, save her. After she recovers Jane gets a teaching position at a nearby village school. St. John learns Jane’s true identity and astounds her by telling her that her uncle, John Eyre, has died and left her his entire fortune of 20,000 pounds (equivalent to over £1.3 million in 2011 and reveals more about John Eyre. Jane, discover that she has more living family members, and Diana and Mary come back to live at Moor House. St. John then asks Jane to marry him and to go with him to India. Jane initially accepts going to India but suggests they travel as brother and sister instead. Jane then returns to Thornfield but discovers that tragedy has befallen Mr Rochester…

World Spine Day

World Spine day takes place annually on 16 October. It is Organized by the World Federation of Chiropractic on behalf of the Global Alliance for Musculoskeletal Health. The aims of World Spine day are to Raise awareness about spinal health and spine disorders to individuals, communities, professionals and all stakeholders associated with spine care, To provide a forum for ongoing discussion about the burden of spinal disorders and the sharing of best practices and To promote an interdisciplinary, collaborative approach to easing the burden of spinal disorders. World Spine Day has become a focus in raising awareness of back pain and other spinal issues. With health professionals, exercise and rehabilitation experts, public health advocates, schoolchildren and patients all taking part.

The spine, The vertebral column or backbone is part of the axial skeleton. The vertebral column is the defining characteristic of a vertebrate in which the notochord (a flexible rod of uniform composition) found in all chordates has been replaced by a segmented series of bone: vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs. In a human’s vertebral column there are normally thirty-three vertebrae; the upper twenty-four are articulating and separated from each other by intervertebral discs, and the lower nine are fused in adults, five in the sacrum and four in the coccyx or tailbone. The articulating vertebrae are named according to their region of the spine. There are seven cervical vertebrae, twelve thoracic vertebrae and five lumbar vertebrae. The number of vertebrae in a region can vary but overall the number remains the same. The number of those in the cervical region however is only rarely changed.There are ligaments extending the length of the column at the front and the back, and in between the vertebrae joining the spinous processes, the transverse processes and the vertebral laminae.

The vertebral column houses the spinal canal, a cavity that encloses and protects the spinal cord. There are about 50,000 species of animals that have a vertebral column. In a human’s vertebral column there are normally thirty-three vertebrae; the upper twenty-four are articulating and separated from each other by intervertebral discs, and the lower nine are fused in adults, five in the sacrum and four in the coccyx or tailbone. The articulating vertebrae are named according to their region of the spine. There are seven cervical vertebrae, twelve thoracic vertebrae and five lumbar vertebrae. The number of vertebrae in a region can vary but overall the number remains the same. The number of those in the cervical region however is only rarely changed. There are ligaments extending the length of the column at the front and the back, and in between the vertebrae joining the spinous processes, the transverse processes and the vertebral laminae. The vertebral column surrounds the spinal cord which travels within the spinal canal, formed from a central hole within each vertebra.

The Spine is designed to protect The spinal cord which is an important part of the central nervous system that supplies nerves and receives information from the peripheral nervous system within the body. The spinal cord consists of grey and white matter and a central cavity, the central canal. Adjacent to each vertebra emerge spinal nerves. The spinal nerves provide sympathetic nervous supply to the body, with nerves emerging forming the sympathetic trunk and the splanchnic nerves. The spinal canal follows the different curves of the column; it is large and triangular in those parts of the column which enjoy the greatest freedom of movement, such as the cervical and lumbar regions; and is small and rounded in the thoracic region, where motion is more limited. The spinal cord terminates in the conus medullaris and cauda equina.

#LoveYourSpine will also be celebrated to highlight the importance of spinal health and wellbeing. Promotion of physical activity, good posture, responsible lifting and healthy working conditions will all feature as people are encouraged to look after their spines and stay active.

With an estimated one billion people worldwide suffering from back pain, it affects all age groups, from children to the elderly. It is the biggest single cause of disability on the planet, with one in four adults estimated to suffer from back pain during their lives. Prevention is therefore key and this year’s World Spine Day will be encouraging people to take steps to be kind to their spines. Populations in under-serviced parts of the world often have no access to conventional healthcare resources to care for spinal pain and disability. Often relying on traditional healers, even those who are seen in hospital are often only given anti-inflammatory medication. Dedicated spinal health professionals do not exist in many parts of the world, so education and self-help is key. Even in high-income countries, back pain afflicts many millions of people, resulting in an enormous impact on industry and the economy.

World Food Day🥘

World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. The day is celebrated widely by many other organisations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development. The World Food Day theme for 2014 is Family Farming: “Feeding the world, caring for the earth” World Food Day (WFD) was established by FAO’s Member Countries at the Organization’s 20th General Conference in November 1945. The Hungarian Delegation, led by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food Dr. Pál Romány, played an active role at the 20th Session of the FAO Conference and suggested the idea of celebrating the WFD worldwide.

It has since been observed every year in more than 150 countries, raising awareness of the issues behind poverty and hunger. Since 1981, World Food Day has adopted a different theme each year in order to highlight areas needed for action and provide a common focus. Past themes have included agriculture, biodiversity food security, rural youth, poverty, fishermen, trees, the environment, water and sustainable food supplies. Most of the themes have revolved around agriculture because only investment in agriculture, from both the Private and Public sector, together with support for education and health – will turn this situation around. In spite of the importance of agriculture as the driving force in the economies of many developing countries, it is frequently starved of investment, and particular, foreign aid to agriculture has shown marked declines over the past 20 years.