Bridgnorth Music and Arts Festival

The twelfth Bridgnorth Music and Arts Festival takes place from Friday 18th August until bank holiday Monday 28th August 2017. The Bridgnorth Music And Art Festival was created to fill the void left by the Bridgnorth Folk Festival which ran a free event in the High Street on the Sunday of August bank holiday weekend. This became wildly popular and went from strength to strength until eventually they needed to find a bigger venue, so in 2006 they relocated to Shrewsbury becoming Shrewsbury Folk Festival.

Following this development Three people from Highley decided they wanted to continue with a music festival in Bridgnorth over the August Bank Holiday. So Malcolm, Alan, Mark and sound engineer Adam Harley, organised a series of great events including a festival in the High Street. This also proved popular and Since it’s inception Bridgnorth Music festival Expanded annually until In 2010 The Bridgnorth Music Festival diversified to include an art Festival too.

The main event takes place in the High Street on the Sunday before August bank holiday Monday. There is also a Rock Stage at the Edgar Davies Ground, Bridgnorth Rugby Club, on Saturday and an event on the Quayside on bank holiday Monday. There are also LOADS of other great events throughout the area including film, comedy, fine arts, photography, and many pubs will also be hosting live music throughout the week.

Friday, 18 August
10:30 Bricks and Tricks – Lego Workshop – The Seaside Special at Bridgnorth Library
20:45 Dj Sten 80’s Night @ BamBoo Wine Bar
21:00 Stuart J. Niemi (Gap Band) at the Bear
21:00 Suzanne Brown at The George
21:00 Paul Stevens at The Vine
21:00 Anna Silvers at the Black Boy

Saturday, 19 August
21:00 TBC @ Bamboo Wine Bar
21:00 Probably Roy at the Bear
21:00 Paperwing at The George

Sunday, 20 August
16:00 Re-booted at The White Lion

Monday, 21 August
10:30 Animal Fun with Exotic Zoo at Bridgnorth Library
19:00 Poetry and Gin at the Friars

Tuesday, 22 August
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church
12:00 Dudmaston Estate Cocktail of Art Tour

Wednesday, 23 August
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church
20:00 Open Mic Night with Dave Busby @ BamBoo

Thursday, 24 August
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church

Friday, 25 August
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church
19:00 Severn Seranade at St Mary’s Church
19:30 DJ Jay 80’s and 90’s Dance and RnB Revival from 8pm @ BamBoo Wine Bar
20:00 Ella Watt at The Friars
21:00 Melvin at the Bear
21:00 Clear Vinyl at The George
21:00 Kaz at The Vine
21:00 Black Smith Hill at the Black Boy

Saturday, 26 August
11:00 Maltfest at the Malt Shovel, Highley
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church

EDG Rock Stage
13:00 – Ghosts of Social Networks
14:00 – Guns for Girls
15:00 – Valous
16:00 – The Ellipsis
17:00 – Sister Shotgun
18:00 – Mason Hill

Elsewhere in Bridgnorth
14:00 Band on the roof – Sounds of the 70’s at The George
20:00 Aaron Alvey @ Bamboo Wine Bar
20:00 Vinyl Night at The Friars
20:00 The New Ruffians at The White Lion
21:00 Black Heart Angels at the Bear
21:00 Chrissi & Co at The George
21:00 TBC at The Vine

Sunday, 27 August
11:00 Maltfest at the Malt Shovel, Highley
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church

HIGH STREET STAGE
12:00 – Drought on Mars
13:00 – Two Blank Pages
14:00 – The City Hippies
15:00 – Jack In A Box
16:00 – Harry & The Howlers
17:00 – The Regulars

Plus more acoustic acts, the Bridgnorth Food Fair, Handmade Markets & unique stalls.

13:30 Rhi & Ed at Bassa Villa
14:00 Cooper & Davies at The Friars
15:00 Butterfly Stone at Bassa Villa
16:00 Bell Aid – Support for Samos Volunteers at the Bell and Talbot
16:00 The Reporters at The White Lion
17:00 Brother Hubbard and Friends at the Bear
17:00 The Rockin’ Lord at The Vine
17:00 Bella Littlehales and Dan Morris at the Shakespeare Inn
18:00 Dan Sutton @ Bamboo Wine Bar
18:00 Electric Garden Party DJ’s at Bassa Villa
18:30 Bluzebox at The Old Castle
20:00 Clear Vinyl at The Friars
20:30 Kiss the Thief at the Black Boy
21:00 HMV at the Bear
21:00 Cooper & Davies at The George
21:15 Silent Disco at Bamboo

Monday, 28 August
11:00 Bridgnorth and District Art Society Exhibition at St. Leonard’s Church

Quayside Stage Music 12:00-18:00
12:00 – Ronnie Prudence Drumming Workshop
13:00 – Claire L Shaw
13:40 – Taylor Louise
14:40 – Jacob March
15:40 – Steepways
16:45 – Annie & The Make Believe
19:30 – Outdoor Cinema – Film TBA

14:00 Bluzebox at The George (outside weather permitting)
16:00 HMV Band at The White Lion
16:00 UB40 Tribute at The Vine
18:00 Rhi & Ed @ BamBoo Wine Bar
18:00 Wing Walkers at the Bear

V. J. Day

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is commemorated annually in the UK ON 15 August. To mark the day on 15 August 1945 on which Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war. However because of time zone differences, it is also marked on August 14, (when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands), as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II. The name, V-J Day, had been selected by the Allies after they named V-E Day for the victory in Europe. On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri. In Japan, August 15 usually is known as the “memorial day for the end of the war” (終戦記念日 Shūsen-kinenbi, the official name for the day, however, is “the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace” (戦没者を追悼し平和を祈念する日 Senbotsusha o tsuitōshi heiwa o kinensuru hi). This official name was adopted in 1982 by an ordinance issued by the Japanese government.

After the United States dropped atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th and 9 August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. Then On 10 August The Japanese government decided to surrender under the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, but with too many conditions for the offer to be acceptable to the Allies.This news was enough to begin early celebrations around the world. Allied soldiers in London danced in a conga line on Regent Street. Americans and Frenchmen in Paris paraded on the Champs-Elysées singing “Don’t Fence Me In”. American soldiers in Berlin shouted “It’s over in the Pacific”. The Germans stated that the Japanese were wise enough to—unlike themselves—give up in a hopeless situation, but were grateful that the atomic bomb was not ready in time to be used against them. Moscow newspapers briefly reported on the atomic bombings with no commentary of any kind. While “Russians and foreigners alike could hardly talk about anything else”, the Soviet government refused to make any statements. In Chungking, Chinese fired firecrackers and “almost buried Americans in gratitude”. In Manila, residents sang “God Bless America”. On Okinawa, six men were killed and dozens were wounded as American soldiers “took every weapon within reach and started firing into the sky” to celebrate; ships sounded general quarters and fired anti-aircraft guns as their crews believed that a Kamikaze attack was occurring. On Tinian island, B-29 crews preparing for their next mission over Japan were told that it was cancelled, and could not celebrate.

A little after noon in Japan Standard Time on August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito’s announcement of Japan’s acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration was broadcast to the Japanese people over the radio. Earlier the same day, the Japanese government had broadcast an announcement over Radio Tokyo that “acceptance of the Potsdam Proclamation would be coming soon”, and had advised the Allies of the surrender by sending a cable to U.S. President Harry S Truman via the Swiss diplomatic mission in Washington, D.C. A nationwide broadcast by President Truman was aired at seven o’clock p.m. (daylight time in Washington, D.C.) on August 14 announcing the communication and that the formal event was scheduled for September 2. In his announcement of Japan’s surrender on August 14, President Truman said that “the proclamation of V-J Day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan”.

Since the European Axis Powers had surrendered three months earlier (V-E Day), V-J Day would be the official end of World War II. In Australia and most other allied nations, the name V-P Day was used from the outset. The Canberra Times of August 14, 1945, refers to VP Day celebrations, and a public holiday for VP Day was gazetted by the government in that year according to the Australian War Memorial. After news of the Japanese acceptance and before Truman’s announcement, Americans began celebrating “as if joy had been rationed and saved up for the three years, eight months and seven days since Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941”, as Life magazine later reported. In Washington, D.C. a crowd attempted to break into the White House grounds as they shouted “We want Harry!”In San Francisco two women jumped naked into a pond at the Civic Center to soldiers’ cheers.

More seriously, thousands of drunken people, the vast majority of them Navy enlistees who had not served in the war theatre, embarked in what the San Francisco Chronicle summarized in 2015 as “a three-night orgy of vandalism, looting, assault, robbery, rape and murder” and “the deadliest riots in the city’s history”, with more than 1000 people injured, 13 killed and at least six women raped. Elsewhere the largest crowd in the history of New York City’s Times Square gathered to celebrate.The victory itself was announced by a headline at One Times Square, which read
“*** OFFICIAL TRUMAN ANNOUNCES JAPANESE SURRENDER ***”;
The six asterisks represented the branches of the U.S. Armed Forces. In the Garment District, workers threw out cloth scraps and ticker tape, leaving a pile five inches deep on the streets. A “coast-to-coast frenzy of servicemen kissing” occurred, with Life publishing photographs of such kisses in Washington, Kansas City, Los Angeles, and Miami.

International Left-handers day

International Left-Handers Day Takes place annually on the 13th of August, to promote awareness of the inconveniences faced by left-handers and increase public awareness of the advantages and disadvantages of being left handed in a predominantly right-handed world and to celebrate Left-handers’ creativity, adaptability and sporting prowess. It was founded by the Left-Handers Club in 1992, with the club itself having been founded in 1990. It celebrates their uniqueness and differences. Left-handed people make up approximatelyseven to ten percent of the world’s population. Hundreds of millions of left-handed people in today’s society have to adapt to use right handed tools and objects. The firs Left-handers Day took place on August 13, 1997.( I myself am left handed and i used to find whenever i drew something with a pencil, i used to end up smudging what I had already drawn GRRRRR!)

Right-handedness is most common. Right-handed people are more skillful with their right hands when performing tasks. Studies suggest that 88–92% of the world population is right-handed. Left-handedness is far less common than right-handedness. Left-handed people are more skillful with their left hands when performing tasks. Studies suggest that approximately 10% of the world population is left-handed. ambidexterity (the ability to use both hands )occurs in about a 1% of the population and is quite rare, although it can be learned. A truly ambidextrous person is able to do any task equally well with either hand. Those who learn it still tend to favor their originally dominant hand.
Ambilevous or ambisinister people demonstrate awkwardness with both hands. Ambisinistrous motor skills or a low level of dexterity can be the result of a debilitating physical condition or injury.

There are several theories of how handedness develops in individual humans. Occurrences during prenatal development may be important; researchers studied fetuses in utero and determined that handedness in the womb was a very accurate predictor of handedness after birth. In a 2013 study, 39% of infants (6 to 14 months) and 97% of toddlers (18 to 24 months) demonstrated a hand preference.One common theory, as to how hand preference affects the hemispheres, is the brain hemisphere division of labor. Since speaking and handiwork require fine motor skills, its presumption is that it would be more efficient to have one brain hemisphere do both, rather than having it divided up. Since in most people, the left side of the brain controls speaking, right-handedness predominates. This theory also predicts that left-handed people have a reversed brain division of labor.

Verbal processing in right-handed individuals takes place mostly in the left hemisphere, whereas visuospatial processing is mostly done in the opposite hemisphere. Left-handed individuals have a heterogeneous brain organization in which their brain hemisphere is either organized in the same way as right-handers (but with the hemispheres reversed) or even such that both hemispheres are used for verbal processing. When the average is taken across all types of left-handedness, it shows that left-handers are less lateralized. Left handedness can also be inherited. To date, two theoretical single gene models have been proposed to explain the patterns of inheritance of handedness, by Marian Annett of the University of Leicester and by Professor Chris McManus of UCL. However evidence from linkage and genome-wide association studies suggests that genetic variance in hand preference cannot be explained by a single genetic locus and that it is polygenic and at least 40 loci contribute to determining this trait.

Genome-wide association studies have been carried out to measure of relative hand skill these found that genes involved in the determination of left/right asymmetry in the body play a key role in determining hand preference. This suggest that the same mechanisms that determine left/right asymmetry in the body (e.g. Nodal signaling and ciliogenesis) also play a role in the development of brain asymmetry (hand preference is an indication of of brain asymmetry for motor function). Studies also indicate that genetic factors explain 25% of the variance in handedness, while environmental factors explain the remaining 75%. Asymmetric methylation of CpG sites is also thought to plays a key role in gene expression asymmetries. studies also indicate that individuals who have had in-utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (a synthetic estrogen-based fertility drug) were more likely to be left-handed. Diethylstilbestrol animal studies “suggest that estrogen affects the developing brain, including the part that governs sexual behavior and right and left dominance”. There is evidence that the position of the fetus in the final trimester and a baby’s subsequent birth position can also affect hand preference.  About two-thirds of fetuses present with their left occiput (back of the head) present at birth grew up to be left handed. This partly explains why prematurity results in a decrease in right-handedness. asymmetric prenatal positioning can also create asymmetric stimulation of the vestibular system, which is involved in the development of hand preference. Every major disorder in which patients show reduced right-handedness is associated with either vestibular abnormalities or delay, and asymmetry of the vestibular cortex is strongly correlated with hand preference. Some suggest that ultrasound may affect the brains of unborn children, causing higher rates of left-handedness in children whose mothers received ultrasounds during pregnancy, although research does not corroborate this. Some scientific papers suggested the life expectancy of left-handed people was nine years less than that of right-handed people, although these findings were quickly discredited.

Historically Left-handed people as a group have historically produced an above-average quota of high achievers. left-handers’ brains are structured differently (in a way that increases their range of abilities) and the genes that determine left-handedness also govern development of the language centers of the brain This allows them to process language, spatial relations and emotions in more diverse and potentially creative ways, Many left-handers are also gifted in music and math. The development of hand preference in toddlers (18-24months) also correlates with language abilities. Lower-birth-weight and complications at birth are positively correlated with left-handness and A variety of neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, and alcoholism has been associated with left-handed people. many people with cerebral palsy are also left-handed. Research suggests that there is also an increased risk of suffering bone fractures, developing Breast Cancer, heart disease, Parkinson’s Disease or multiple sclerosis in left-handed women. However, left-handers enjoy an advantage in fighting and sports and many left-handers take part in Interactive sports such as table tennis, badminton, cricket, and tennis. In fencing, about half the participants are left-handed.

In cricket, a bowler’s left-handedness can give them an advantage because a left-handed bowler challenges A right-handed batsman more than a right-handed bowler does, because the angle of a bowler’s delivery to an opposite-handed batsman is much more penetrating than that of a bowler to a same-handed batsman  While In baseball, a right-handed pitcher’s curve ball will break away from a right-handed batter and towards a left-handed batter and left-handed batters have a slight advantage over right-handed batters when facing right-handed pitchers. Left-handed batters have a slightly shorter run from the batter’s box to first base than right-handers. This gives left-handers a slight advantage in beating throws to first base on infield ground balls. Defensively in baseball, left-handedness is considered an advantage for first basemen because they are better suited to fielding balls hit in the gap between first and second base, and because they do not have to pivot their body around before throwing the ball to another infielder. A left-handed catcher would have a potentially more dangerous time tagging out a baserunner trying to score.In four wall handball, typical strategy is to play along the left wall forcing the opponent to use their left hand to counter the attack. In water polo the centre forward position has an advantage in turning to shoot on net when rotating the reverse direction. Ice hockey typically uses a strategy in which a defence pairing includes one left-handed and one right-handed defender. However in most sports hand preference has little or no advantage. Golf and miniature golf feature occasional situations when obstacles on one side of the ball but not the other interfere with the stance or swing of a right- or left-handed player. Paraphilias (atypical sexual interests) have also been linked to higher rates of left-handedness.

Many tools and procedures are designed to facilitate use by right-handed people, often without even realizing difficulties placed on the left-handed. During the Industrial Revolution, workers needed to operate complex machinery that was almost certainly designed with right-handers in mind. This would have made left-handers more visible and at the same time appear less capable and more clumsy. Children were taught to write with a dip pen. While a right-hander could smoothly drag the pen across paper from left to right, a dip pen could not easily be pushed across by the left hand without digging into the paper and making blots and stains.even today Thousands of left-handed people  have to adapt to use right handed tools and objects.

Left-handed people have been considered unlucky or even malicious for their difference by the right-handed majority. In many European languages, including English, the word for the direction “right” also means “correct” or “proper”. Throughout history, being left-handed was considered negative. The Latin adjective sinister means “left” as well as “unlucky”, and this double meaning survives in European derivatives of Latin, including the English word “sinister”. There are many negative connotations associated with the phrase “left-handed”: clumsy, awkward, unlucky, insincere, sinister, malicious, and so on. A “left-handed compliment” is also considered one that is unflattering or dismissive in meaning. In French, gauche means both “left” and “awkward” or “clumsy”, while droit(e) (cognate to English direct and related to “adroit”) means both “right” and “straight”, as well as “law” and the legal sense of “right”. The name “Dexter” derives from the Latin for “right”, as does the word “dexterity” meaning manual skill.  Black magic is sometimes referred to as the “left-hand path”. In Taiwan and China, left-handed people are strongly encouraged to switch to being right-handed, or at least switch to writing with the right hand. Due to the importance of stroke order, developed for the comfortable use of right-handed people. It is more difficult to write legible Chinese characters with the left hand than it is to write Latin letters because it can cause smudging if the outward side of the hand is allowed to drag across the writing, writing in the Latin alphabet might possibly be less feasible with the left hand than the right under certain circumstances. Conversely, right-to-left alphabets, such as the Arabic and Hebrew, Are easier to write with the left hand in general.

 

 

World Elephant Day

World Elephant Day is an international annual event on August 12, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world’s elephants. Conceived in 2011 by Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clark of Canazwest Pictures, and Sivaporn Dardarananda, Secretary-General of the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation in Thailand, it was officially founded, supported and launched by Patricia Sims and the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation on August 12, 2012. Since that time, Patricia Sims continues to direct World Elephant Day, which is now supported by over 65 wildlife organizations and many individuals in countries across the globe.

The goal of World Elephant Day is to create awareness around the urgent plight of African and Asian elephants, and to share knowledge and positive solutions for the better care and management of captive and wild elephants. Both African and Asian elephants face extinction, with African elephants being “Vulnerable” and Asian elephants being “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of threatened species. The current population estimates are about 400,000 for African elephants and 40,000 for Asian elephants, although it has been argued that these numbers are much too high.

Elephants face a number of issues which affects their survival. Among these is The demand for ivory, which is highest in China, this has lead to the illegal poaching of both African and Asian elephants. One of the world’s largest elephants, Satao, was recently murdered for his iconic tusks. Another iconic Kenyan elephant, Mountain Bull, was also killed by poachers, and with the street value for ivory now exceeding that of gold, African elephants face a poaching epidemic. Elephants are also poached for meat, leather, and body parts, with the illegal wildlife trade putting elephants in grave danger, because it is perceived to be a low risk and high profit endeavor.

Elephants are also adversely affected by The loss of habitat due to deforestation, increases in mining, and agricultural activities which have become problematic, especially for Asian elephants.The fragmentation of habitat also creates isolation – this makes breeding more difficult, and allows poachers to find the elephants and set traps more easily. Human-elephant conflict is also a significant concern, as human populations increase and forest cover decreases, this forces elephants into close proximity with human settlements. Incidents include crop damage and economic losses, as well as both elephant and human casualties occur. Another major issue affecting Elephants is Mistreatment in captivity, where A lack of legislation regarding the care and treatment of elephants in zoos, circuses, and tourism often leads to their mistreatment. Captivity can be a serious threat to elephants, and Asian elephants are often illegally captured in the wild and trafficked into the lucrative tourism industry.

However Many notable celebrities have spoken out about the urgency of elephant protection, including Leonardo DiCaprio, Kristin Davis, William Shatner, Yao Ming, Prince William, Jorja Fox, Alec Baldwin, Stephen Fry, Ashley Judd, Jada Pinkett Smith, and politicians such as Barack Obama, and Hillary and Chelsea Clinton.

International Day of the world’s Indigenous people

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is observed on August 9 each year to promote and protect the rights of the world’s indigenous population. This event also recognizes the achievements and contributions that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection. It was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, marking the day of the first meeting of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, in 1982.

The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, to be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (1995–2004). In 2004, the Assembly proclaimed a Second International Decade, from 2005–2015, with the theme of “A Decade for Action and Dignity”. People from different nations are encouraged to participate in observing the day to spread the UN’s message on indigenous peoples. Activities may include educational forums and classroom activities to gain an appreciation and a better understanding of indigenous peoples.

By resolution 49/214 of 23 December 1994, the United Nations General Assembly decided that the International Day of the World’s Indigenous People shall be observed on 9 August every year during the International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People. The date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.

Artwork by Rebang Dewan, a Chakma boy from Bangladesh, was chosen as the visual identifier of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. It has also been seen on material to promote the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. It features two ears of green leaves facing each other and cradling a globe resembling planet earth. Within the globe is a picture of a handshake (two different hands) in the middle and above the handshake is a landscape background. The handshake and the landscape background are encapsulated by blue at the top and bottom within the globe.

Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony

On 6 August 1945, at 8:15 a.m., the nuclear weapon “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima by an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, flown by Colonel Paul Tibbets. directly killing an estimated 70,000 people, including 20,000 Japanese combatants and 2,000 Korean slave laborers. By the end of the year, injury and radiation brought the total number of deaths to 90,000–166,000. The population before the bombing was around 340,000 to 350,000. About 70% of the city’s buildings were destroyed, and another 7% severely damaged.

To mark the occasion the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony is an annual Japanese vigil which takes place annually on August 6 to Pay homage to the victims of the atomic bombs and pray for the realization of lasting world peace. The ceremony is held in front of the Memorial Cenotaph in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park. Participants include the families of the deceased and people from all over the world. This traditional ceremony began in 1947 by the then Hiroshima Mayor Shinzo Hamai.

The city of Hiroshima Hiroshima (広島市 Hiroshima-shi, Japanese: [çiɾoɕimaɕi]) is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu – the largest island of Japan. The city’s name, 広島, means “Broad Island” in Japanese. Hiroshima gained city status on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1980, Hiroshima became a designated city. As of August 2016, the city had an estimated population of 1,196,274. The GDP in Greater Hiroshima, Hiroshima Metropolitan Employment Area, is US$61.3 billion as of 2010. Kazumi Matsui has been the city’s mayor since April 2011. Hiroshima is best known as the first city in history to be targeted by a nuclear weapon when the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped an atomic bomb on the city (and three days later, another on Nagasaki) at 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War II.

During World War II, the 2nd General Army and Chugoku Regional Army were headquartered in Hiroshima, and the Army Marine Headquarters was located at Ujina port. The city also had large depots of military supplies, and was a key center for shipping. During World war II Tokyo and other cities in Japan WEre heavily bombed causing widespread destruction and hundreds of thousands of civilian deaths.[15] There were no such air raids on Hiroshima. However, a real threat existed and was recognized. In order to protect against potential firebombings in Hiroshima, school children aged 11–14 years were mobilized to demolish houses and create firebreaks. The public release of film footage of the city following the attack, and some of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission research about the human effects of the attack, was restricted during the occupation of Japan, and much of this information was censored until the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951, restoring control to the Japanese.

News of the terrible consequences of the atom bomb attacks on Japan was deliberately withheld from the Japanese public by US military censors during the Allied occupation—even as they sought to teach the natives the virtues of a free press. Casualty statistics were suppressed. Film shot by Japanese cameramen in Hiroshima and Nagasaki after the bombings was confiscated. “Hiroshima”, the account written by John Hersey for The New Yorker, had a huge impact in the US, but was banned in Japan. In the localities themselves, suffering was compounded not merely by the unprecedented nature of the catastrophe … but also by the fact that public struggle with this traumatic experience was not permitted. The US occupation authorities obtained scientific and medical information about the effects of the atomic bomb through the work of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, which treated the data gathered in studies of hibakusha as privileged information rather than making the results available for the treatment of victims or providing financial or medical support to aid victims. The US also stood by official denial of the ravages associated with radiation. Finally, not only was the press tightly censored on atomic issues, but literature and the arts were also subject to rigorous control.

The book Hiroshima by John Hersey was originally featured in article form and published in The New Yorker in 1946. It is reported to have reached Tokyo, in English, at least by January 1947 and the translated version was released in Japan in 1949. Despite the fact that the article was planned to be published over four issues, “Hiroshima” made up the entire contents of one issue of the magazine. Hiroshima narrates the stories of six bomb survivors immediately prior to and for months after the dropping of the Little Boy bomb.The oleander is the official flower of the city of Hiroshima because it was the first to bloom again after the explosion of the atomic bomb in 1945.

Burwarton Show

The 126th Burwarton Agricultural show took place 3 August 2017 in Burwarton, Shropshire. The event has won many awards including the Queen’s Award for Voluntary Service which was created in 2002 during Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee, in order to recognize excellence in Voluntary Services carried out by groups in the community. The show includes displays of Livestock pigs, Poultry and Horses. Judging of Pig classes with the Kune Kune pig Society providing active demonstrations of Pig Handling and a sheep-shearing competition. In the main arena there are Magnificent Shire Horses Doing Ploughing Demonstrations, Show Jumping, the Hawkeye Falconry Display, the Devils Horsemen Cossack trick riding, a vintage Tractor Parade, Vintage Land Rovers, decorated Heavy Horses, Mounted Fancy Dress, a Wild West Spectacular, the Young Farmers Tug o’War, The Royal Logistic Corps musical ensemble, Show Jumping, the Bob Hoag Sheep dog display, The White Helmets Royal Signals Motorcycle display Team, A Cavalcade of Vintage tractors courtesy of Bridgnorth Vintage Machinery Club, a parade of decorated Heavy Horses, grand Parade of Livestock and Horses, a Grand Parade of Carriages, Parade of Foxhounds and the Inter Hunt relay team, A sheep-shearing competition will be taking place. The Knowles Vintage Diary will also be demonstrating. There is also a vintage Bentley and the KLSI Military Vehicle Display. There are also lots of Stationary Engines on Display.

Trade stands, include agricultural machinery, food, shopping, crafts, conservation, handicrafts, horticulture, home produce and Honey. Other attractions included the opportunity of taking an alpaca on a mini-trek around the Mill Pool in the conservation area, the Knowles Vintage Diary, a vintage Bentley and the KLSI Military Vehicle Display. There were also plenty of vintage Tractors and Stationary Engines on Display. The British Ironwork Centre, created a pop-up charity garden featuring metalwork flowers and There was also a Scarecrow trail raising funds for Oak Farm in Ditton Priors.

There is also plenty to eat and drink, The public catering facilities include local food producers, G&R Tudge from Richards Castle, Keysells Farm from Tenbury Wells and P Faulkner from Richards Castle. Severn Valley Roasts with their popular pig roast, Ascari from Hereford, providing dining facilities, and the Ludlow Brewing Company providing bar facilities in the Members Pavilion. There is also Entertainment for the children at various times throughout the day, including the Jill Fielding Band, The Bell Inn Brass Band, Puppetree – Punch & Judy show, Magic Russ and the Itchy Feet Appalacian dance group