Nylon Stocking Day

Nylon Stockings Day takes place annually on 15 May. The event commemorates the date of 15 May 1940 when Nylon fabric and nylon stockings first went on sale shortly after being introduced to the public at the New York World’s Fair in 1939 by DuPont.

Historically, stockings referred to the garment which men normally wore. The word stock used to refer to the bottom “stump” part of the body, and by analogy the word was used to refer to the one-piece covering of the lower trunk and limbs of the 15th century—essentially tights consisting of the upper-stocks (later to be worn separately as knee breeches) and nether-stocks (later to be worn separately as stockings). Before the 1590s, stockings were made of woven cloth. The first knitting machines were for making stockings. The stockings themselves were made of cotton, linen, wool or silk. A polished cotton called lisle was common, as were those made in the town of Balbriggan. Before the 1920s, stockings, if worn, were worn for warmth. Women, particularly during the pioneer days, wore long underwear (longjohns) underneath their long dresses. In the 1920s, as hemlines of dresses rose, and churches were not heated, women began to wear flesh-colored stockings over their longjohns to cover their exposed legs. Those stockings were sheer, first made of silk or rayon (then known as “artificial silk”) and after 1940 of nylon.

The first full-scale nylon manufacturing plant went into production at the end of 1939, and nylon stockings were first offered for sale on 15 May There was a large demand for nylon Stockings in the United States with up to 4 million pairs being purchased in one day and 64 million pairs of nylons being sold the first year. Nylon stockings were cheap, durable, and sheer compared to their cotton and silk counterparts. When America entered World War II, DuPont ceased production of nylon stockings and retooled their factories to produce parachutes, airplane cords, and rope. This led to a shortage and the creation of a black market for stockings. At the end of the war DuPont announced that the company would return to producing stockings, but could not meet demand. This led to a series of disturbances in American stores known as the nylon riots until DuPont was able to ramp up production.

During the 1940s and 1950s, film and theater productions had stockings sewn to the briefs of actresses and dancers, according to actress-singer-dancer Ann Miller and they were seen in popular films such as Daddy Long Legs. Today, stockings are commonly made using knitted wool, silk, cotton or nylon (see hosiery). The introduction of commercial pantyhose in 1959 gave an alternative to stockings, and the use of stockings declined dramatically. A main reason for this was the trend towards higher hemlines on dresses (see minidress). In 1970, U.S. sales of pantyhose exceeded stockings for the first time, and has remained this way ever since. Beginning in 1987, sales of pantyhose started a slight decline due to the newly invented hold-ups, but still remain the most sold kind of hosiery

International day of families

The International Day of Families is observed by the United Nations annually on the 15th of May. It Was introduced by the UN General Assembly on 15 May 1993. Families are the foundation of society and Some of the most formative years of our lives are spent growing up with our families. So The purpose of the International Day of Families is to highlight the importance of families both traditional and non-traditional, in society, to remind people that not all families look alike, Every family is different—family can be defined many different ways, and International Day of Families recognizes that. Some families consist of children; some do not. Some consist of one parent; others more than one. International Day of Families is about more than just celebrating those who share DNA with you—it’s about celebrating all of the people you love.

Each year International Day of Families has a different family focussed them (past themes have included “Building Families Based on Partnership” and “Families, education and well-being”). If there are stronger families, there will be stronger schools and stronger communities. A strong family unit can help each member feel more fulfilled and better about themselves and the world. It also provides a real-life example of how the human family can work together to create a better world. International Day of Families also provides an opportunity to have critical conversation concerning the challenges faced by many families, and to celebrate the importance of families, people, societies and cultures around the world.

Lewis and Clark day

Lewis and Clark Day takes place annually on 14 May To commemorate the date of 14 May 1804 when Meriwether Lewis & William Clark’s expedition (also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition) set out from St Louis Missouri. The expedition was commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. One of Thomas Jefferson’s goals was to to explore and to map the newly acquired territory, and find “the most direct and practicable water communication across the western half of the continent, for the purposes of commerce.” He also placed special importance on declaring US sovereignty over the land occupied by the many different Indian tribes along the Missouri River, and getting an accurate sense of the resources in the recently completed Louisiana Purchase and to establish an American presence in this territory before Britain and other European powers tried to claim it. The campaign’s secondary objectives were scientific and economic: to study the area’s plants, animal life, and geography, and to establish trade with local American Indian tribes and the expedition also made notable contributions to science.

It was the first American expedition to cross the western portion of the United States. It began in Pittsburgh, Pa, made its way westward, and passed through the Continental Divide of the Americas to reach the Pacific coast. The Corps of Discovery was a selected group of US Army volunteers under the command of Captain Meriwether Lewis and his close friend Second Lieutenant William Clark. The expedition finally returned to St. Louis in September 1806 to report its findings to Jefferson, with maps, sketches, and journals in hand.

During the 19th century, references to Lewis and Clark “scarcely appeared” in history books, even during the United States Centennial in 1876, and the expedition was largely forgotten Lewis and Clark began to gain attention around the start of the 20th century. Both the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis and the 1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in Portland, Oregon showcased them as American pioneers. However, the story remained relatively shallow until mid-century as a celebration of US conquest and personal adventures, but more recently the expedition has been more thoroughly researched. In 2004, a complete and reliable set of the expedition’s journals was compiled by Gary E. Moulton. In the 2000s, the bicentennial of the expedition further elevated popular interest in Lewis and Clark.

Eurovision song contest final

Despite all the troubles in the world, The final of the the Eurovision song contest took place in Turin, Italy on 14 May 2022. Here aRe the results

🇺🇦 Ukraine won Eurovision 2022 with an enormous 631 points​

🇬🇧 United Kingdon Sam Ryder finished second with 466 points

🇪🇸 Spain finish third,

🇸🇪 Sweden fonished fourth

🇷🇸 Serbia finished fifth

🇮🇹 Italy finished sixth

🇲🇩 Moldova finished seventh

🇬🇷 Greece finished eighth

——————————————————————

Czech Republic – Lights Off – We Are Domi

Romania – lámame – WRS

Portugal – Saudade, saudade – Maro

FinlandJezebel -The Rasmus

SwitzerlandBoys Do Cry – Marius Bear

FranceFulenn  – Alvan & Ahez

Norway – GIve That Wolf a Banana – Subwoolfer

ArmeniaSnap  – Rosa Linn

ItalyBrividi  – Mahmood & Blanco

Spain – SloMo – Chanel

Netherlands -De Diepte – S10

UkraineStefania – Kalush Orchestra

GermanyRockstars – Malik Harris

LithuaniaSentimental – Monika Liu

AzerbaijanFade To Black  – Nadir Rustamlo

BelgiumMiss You – Jérémie Makiese–

Greece – Die Together – Amanda Georgiadi Tenfjord

IcelandMeð hækkandi sól – Systur

MoldovaTrenuleţul – Zdob şi Zdub & Advahov Brothers

SwedenHold Me Closer – Cornelia Jakobs

AustraliaNot the Same  – Sheldon Riley

United Kingdom – Space Man – Sam Ryder

PolandRiver – Ochman–

Serbia – In Corpore Sano – Konstrakta

EstoniaHope – Stefan

International nurses day

International Nurses’ Day is celebrated annually on 12 May to mark the contributions nurses make to society, in addition International Nurses’ week (IND) is also celebrated around the world in early May of each year. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) has celebrated this day since 1965. In 1953 Dorothy Sutherland, an official with the US. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, proposed that President Dwight D. Eisenhower proclaim a “Nurses’ Day”; he did not approve it.In January 1974, 12 May was chosen to celebrate the day as it is the anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale, who is widely considered the founder of modern nursing. Each year, ICN prepares and distributes the International Nurses’ Day Kit.

The kit contains educational and public information materials, for use by nurses everywhere.In 1999 the British public sector union UNISON voted to ask the ICN to transfer this day to another date, saying Nightingale does not represent modern nursing. As of 1998, 8 May was designated as annual National Student Nurses’ Day. As of 2003, the Wednesday within National Nurses Week, between 6 and 12 May, is National School Nurse Day. Each year a service is held in Westminster Abbey in London. During the Service, a symbolic lamp is taken from the Nurses’ Chapel in the Abbey and handed from one nurse to another, thence to the Dean, who places it on the High Altar. This signifies the passing of knowledge from one nurse to another. At St Margaret’s Church at East Wellow in Hampshire, where Florence Nightingale is buried, a service is also held on the Sunday after her birthday.

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE OM RRC

Celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician Florence Nightingale OM, RRC was born 12 May 1820 at the Villa Colombaia, near the Porta Romana at Bellosguardo in Florence, Italy, and was named after the city of her birth. Inspired by a call from God she announced her decision to enter nursing in 1844, and rebelled against the expected role for a woman of her status, which was to become a wife and mother. Nightingale worked hard to educate herself in the art and science of nursing, .In Rome she met Sidney Herbert, a brilliant politician who was instrumental in facilitating Nightingale’s nursing work in the Crimea, and she became a key adviser to him in his political career. Later in 1850, she visited a Lutheran religious community where she observed The Pastor and the deaconesses working for the sick and the deprived. , based on this experience She published her first book The Institution of Kaiserswerth on the Rhine, for the Practical Training of Deaconesses, and also received four months of medical training at the institute which formed the basis for her later career.

Florence Nightingale’s most famous contribution came during the Crimean War, which became her central focus in changing the horrific conditions present. On 21 October 1854, she and a staff of 38 women volunteer nurses, were sent to the Ottoman Empire, approx. 546 km (339 miles) across the Black Sea from Balaklava in the Crimea, where the main British camp was based. She arrived early in November 1854 and found wounded soldiers being badly cared for by overworked medical staff in the face of official indifference. Medicines were in short supply, hygiene was neglected, conditions were unsanitory, and there was no equipment to process food for the patients.This prompted Nightingale to send a plea to The Times for the government to produce a solution to the poor conditions, the British Government commissioned Isambard Kingdom Brunel to design a prefabricated hospital, which could be built in England and shipped to the Dardanelles. The result was Renkioi Hospital, a civilian facility which under the management of Dr Edmund Alexander Parkes had a death rate less than 1/10th that of Scutari. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was asserted that Nightingale reduced the death rate from 42% to 2% either by making improvements in hygiene herself or by calling for the Sanitary Commission. .

During her first winter at Scutari, 4,077 soldiers died. Ten times more soldiers died from illnesses such as typhus, typhoid, cholera and dysentery than from battle wounds.Conditions at the temporary barracks hospital were so fatal because of overcrowding, defective sewers and lack of ventilation. A Sanitary Commission had to be sent out by the British government to Scutari in March 1855, and effected flushing out the sewers and improvements to ventilation. Death rates were sharply reduced. During the war she did not recognise hygiene as the predominant cause of death, and she never claimed credit for helping to reduce the death rate. Nightingale continued believing the death rates were due to poor nutrition and supplies and overworking of the soldiers. It was not until after she returned to Britain and began collecting evidence before the Royal Commission on the Health of the Army that she realised most of the soldiers at the hospital were killed by poor living conditions and advocated sanitary living conditions as of great importance. Consequently, she reduced deaths in the army during peacetime and turned attention to the sanitary design of hospitals. During the Crimean war, Florence Nightingale gained the nickname “The Lady with the Lamp”, deriving from a phrase in a report in The Times and The phrase was further popularised by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s 1857 poem “Santa Filomena”.

While she was in the Crimea, the Nightingale Fund for the training of nurses was established. Nightingale pioneered medical tourism as well, and wrote of spas in the Ottoman Empire, and directed less well off patients there (where treatment was cheaper than in Switzerland). Nightingale also set up the Nightingale Training School at St. Thomas’ Hospital. (Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery at King’s College London.) and campaigned for the Royal Buckinghamshire Hospital in Aylesbury. She also wrote Notes on Nursing, a slim 136-page book that served as the cornerstone of the curriculum at the Nightingale School and other nursing schools,and though written specifically for the education of those nursing at home, it sold well to the general reading public and is considered a classic introduction to nursing.

Nightingale was an advocate for the improvement of care and conditions in the military and civilian hospitals in Britain. One of her biggest achievements was the introduction of trained nurses into the workhouse system from the 1860s onwards. This meant that sick paupers were now being cared for by properly trained nursing staff and was the forerunner of the National Health Service in Britain. By 1882, Nightingale nurses had a growing and influential presence in the embryonic nursing profession. Some had become matrons at leading hospitals, including, in London, St Mary’s Hospital, Westminster Hospital, St Marylebone Workhouse Infirmary and the Hospital for Incurables at Putney, Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley; Edinburgh Royal Infirmary; Cumberland Infirmary and Liverpool Royal Infirmary, as well as at Sydney Hospital in New South Wales, Australia. In 1883, Nightingale was awarded the Royal Red Cross by Queen Victoria. In 1904, she was appointed a Lady of Grace of the Order of St John (LGStJ) and in 1907, she became the first woman to be awarded the Order of Merit. In 1908, she was given the Honorary Freedom of the City of London.

Florence Nightingale sadly Passed away on 13th August 1910, however She laid the foundation of professional nursing with the establishment of her nursing school at St Thomas’ Hospital in London, the first nursing school in the world, now part of King’s College London and her contributions to medical science, nursing care and sanitary conditions have improved hospitals the world over and are still in use today and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world on her birthday which is also celebrated as International CFS Awareness Day.

International CFS Awareness Day

Myalgic encephalomyelitis/Chronic fatigue syndrome and Fibromyalgia International Awareness Day takes place annually on May 12. The purpose of ME/CFS and Fibromyalgia International Awareness Day is to educate the public and healthcare professionals concerning the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of ME/CFS, as well as the need for a better understanding of this complex illness. This date was chosen because it is the birthday of Florence Nightingale, who had a disease with an infection-associated onset that could have been a neuroimmune disease such as ME/CF

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/ myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), is a medical condition characterized by long-term fatigue and other persistent symptoms that limit a person’s ability to carry out ordinary daily activities. Although the cause is not understood, causes may include biological, genetic, infectious, and psychological. Diagnosis is based on a person’s symptoms because there is no confirmed diagnostic test. The fatigue in CFS is not due to strenuous ongoing exertion, is not much relieved by rest and is not due to a previous medical condition. Fatigue is a common symptom in many illnesses, but the unexplained fatigue and severity of functional impairment in CFS is comparatively rare. The symptoms of CFS may include:

  • Reduced ability to participate in activities that were routine before the onset of the condition,
  • Increased Difficulty with Physical or mental activity
  • Sleep problems
  • Difficulty with thinking and remembering
  • Difficulty standing or sitting
  • Muscle pain, joint pain, and headache
  • Tender lymph nodes in the neck or armpits
  • Sore throat
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Night sweats
  • Sensitivities to foods, odors, chemicals, or noise.

The functional capacity of individuals with CFS varies greatly. Some persons with CFS lead relatively normal lives; others are totally bed-ridden and unable to care for themselves, work, school, and family activities can be significantly reduced for extended periods of time with many people experiencing strongly disabling chronic pain leading to critical reductions in levels of physical activities. Symptoms are comparable to other fatiguing medical conditions including late-stage AIDS, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and end-stage kidney disease. CFS may also affect a person’s functional status and well-being more than major medical conditions such as multiple sclerosis, congestive heart failure, or type II diabetes mellitus. Often, People may feel better for a period and may overextend their activities, and the result can be a worsening of their symptoms with a relapse of the illness. People with CFS have decreased quality of life, with regard to vitality, physical functioning, general health, physical role and social functioning. Mental agility, Memory, reactions and cognitive functions may also be effected.

There is no cure, with treatment being symptomatic. No medications or procedures have been approved in the United States. Evidence suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a gradual increase in activity suited to individual capacity can be beneficial in some cases. In a systematic review of exercise therapy, no evidence of serious adverse effects was found, however data was insufficient to form a conclusion Some patient support groups have criticized the use of CBT and graded exercise therapy (GET). Tentative evidence supports the use of the medication rintatolimod. This evidence, however, was deemed insufficient to approve sales for CFS treatment in the United States. CFS has a negative effect on health, happiness and productivity, but there is also controversy over many aspects of the disorder. Physicians, researchers and patient advocates promote different names and diagnostic criteria, while evidence for proposed causes and treatments is often contradictory or of low quality.

Eurovision song contest

Semi-final 1

The first semi-final for the Eurovision song contest takes place on 10 May 2022 at 21:00 Seventeen countries will participate in the first semi-final. Those countries plus France and Italy will vote in this semi-final. Russia was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the first semi-final, but was excluded from the contest due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. here is the list of competitors (Country -Name of singer/band -Song title)

🇦🇱 Albania-Ronela Hajati -Sekret

🇱🇻 Latvia – Citi Zēni-Eat your Salad

🇱🇹 Lithuania – Monika Liu – Sentimental

🇨🇭Switzerland- Marius Bear – Boys do cry

🇸🇮 Slovenia – LPS – Disko

🇺🇦 Ukraine – Kalush OrchestrA – Stephania

🇧🇬 Bulgaria -Intelligent music project – Intention

🇳🇱 Netherland – S10 – De diepte

🇲🇩 Moldova – Zdob și Zdub and Advahov Brothers – Trenulețul”

🇵🇹 Portugul – Maro – Saudade Saudade

🇭🇷 Croatia – Mia Dimšic – Guilty pleasure

🇩🇰 Denmark – Reddi – The show

🇦🇹 Austria -Lumix (Pia Maria) -Halo

🇮🇸 Iceland -Sistur – “Með hækkandi sól”

🇬🇷Greece – Amanda Georgiadi Tenfjord -Die together

🇳🇴 Norway – Subwoolfer -Give that Wolf a banana

🇦🇲 Armenia – Rosa Linn – Snap

Europe day

Europe Day is an annual celebration of peace and unity in Europe. There are two separate designations of Europe Day: 5 May for the Council of Europe, and 9 May for the European Union. The latter is the EU’s flag day and has a greater visibility. The Council of Europe’s day reflects its own establishment in 1949, while the European Union’s day is also known as Schuman Day and celebrates the historical declaration by French foreign minister Robert Schuman in 1950. Europe Day is designed to foster unity among Europeans.

The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949, and hence it chose that day for its celebrations when it established the holiday in 1964. In 1985, the European Communities (which later became the European Union) adopted the European symbols of the Council of Europe such as the Flag of Europe. However, the Community leaders decided to hold their Europe Day in commemoration of the Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950. The declaration proposed the pooling of French and West German coal and steel industries, leading to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community, the first European Community, and hence is considered a principal founding moment. Hence, at the 1985 Milan European Council, 29 September was adopted as the EU’s flag day. The European Constitution would have legally enshrined all the European symbols in the EU treaties, however the treaty failed The Constitution’s replacement, the Treaty of Lisbon, contains a declaration by sixteen members supporting the symbols. The European Parliament formally recognised the 9 May holiday in October 2008.

Nowadays 9 May is celebrated in various forms in most member states of the European Union and EU candidate countries such as Turkey. people are taught about the European Union and speaking in support of European integration.The flag as another symbol plays a major role in general celebrations. Despite a preference for 9 May, with the European Union’s greater visibility, 5 May is still observed by some Europeans due to the Council’s role in seeking to defend human rights, parliamentary democracy, and the rule of law. In contrast, the Schuman declaration was merely proposing the pooling of French and West German coal and steel. Since 2003, Ukraine has celebrated Europe Day on the third Saturday of May although given current events….

VE day

VE (Victory in Europe) Day takes place anually on 8 May. It Commemorates the Anniversary of the formal unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany’s Armed Forces following the signing of the act of military surrender on 7 May in Reims, France and on 8 May in Berlin, Germany by Hitler’s successor, Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz of the Flensburg Government following the suicide of Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler on 30 April 1945 during the Battle of Berlin.

It marked the end of World War II in Europe and Upon the defeat of the Nazis, celebrations erupted throughout the world. From Moscow to Los Angeles, people celebrated. In the United Kingdom, more than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the European part of the war. In London, crowds massed in Trafalgar Square and up the Mall to Buckingham Palace, where King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, accompanied by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, appeared on the balcony of the palace before the cheering crowds. Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the celebrations.

In the United States, the victory happened on President Harry Truman’s 61st birthday. He dedicated the victory to the memory of his predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had died of a cerebral hemorrhage less than a month earlier, on 12 April. Flags remained at half-mast for the remainder of the 30-day mourning period. Truman said of dedicating the victory to Roosevelt’s memory and keeping the flags at half-mast that his only wish was “that Franklin D. Roosevelt had lived to witness this day.”Massive celebrations also took place in Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami and especially in New York’s Times Square.

Meanwhile in Russia As the Soviet representative in Reims had no authority to sign the German instrument of surrender, the Soviet leadership proposed to consider Reims surrender as a “preliminary” act. The surrender ceremony was repeated in Berlin on 8 May, where the instrument of surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel, by Georgy Zhukov and Allied representatives. Since the Soviet Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May Moscow time when the German military surrender became effective, which is why Russia and most of the former Soviet republics commemorate Victory Day on 9 May instead of 8 May 1945.

Commemorative public holidays are also held in many other countries including Italy on (25 April where it is known as “Festa della Liberazione” (Liberation Holiday). Denmark on 5 May known as “Befrielsen” (The Liberation) in the Netherlands on 5 May where it is known as “Bevrijdingsdag” (Liberation Day). In East Germany it was originally known as Tag der Befreiung (Day of Liberation), a public holiday from 1950 to 1966 and between 1975 and 1990, as Tag des Sieges (Victory Day which was celebrated on 9 May. In Slovakia it is known as Deň víťazstva nad fašizmom (Victory over Fascism Day) and in the Czech Republic it is known as Den vítězství (Day of Victory) or Den osvobození (Day of Liberation). In Poland it is known as “Dzień Zwycięstwa” (Day of Victory and Soviet occupation in Poland). In Norway it is known as “Frigjøringsdagen” (Liberation Day),  in Ukraine it is known as “День пам’яті та примирення” (Memorial Day or День перемоги над нацизмом у Другій світовій війні” (Victory Day over Nazism in World War II. In Georgia 9 May is known as “ფაშიზმზე გამარჯვების დღე” (Victory over Fascism Day, While in Belarus 9 May is called) “Дзень Перамогі” (Victory Day) In Russia 9 May is celebrated as “День победы” (Victory Day and in Kazakhstan 9 May is celebrated as “Жеңіс күні” or “День победы” (Victory Day) while On the British Channel Islands Liberation Day takes place 9 May on Jersey and Guernsey and 10 May on Sark.

Free Comic book day🦸🏻🦹🏼‍♀️🗯🧟‍♂️🧟‍♀️

The 20th Free Comic Book Day (FCBD) takes place 7 May. Free Comic book day is an annual promotional event held by the North American comic book industry in order to attract new readers to independent comic book stores. It usually takes place on the first Saturday of May and is often cross-promoted with the release of a superhero film. 

The event was proposed by California-based comics retailer, And event promoter Joe Field in the August 2001 issue of Comics & Games Retailer magazine, Who noted how successful feature films based on comic book franchises were providing the comic book industry with a positive cultural and financial turnaround from the speculator bust of the mid-1990s. Inspired by Free Scoop Night at the Baskin-Robbins ice cream parlor next to his store, Field proposed Free Comic Book Day in his August 2001 “Big Picture” column in Comics & Games Retailer magazine. The column received positive reaction and Image Comics co-founder Jim Valentino suggested having the first FCBD coincide with the opening weekend of the 2002 Spider-Man feature film, in order to take advantage of the film’s heavy promotion and related press about the comic book medium and so Free Comic Book Day was launched in 2002. The first four free comic books for FCBD were Marvel Comics’ Ultimate Spider-Man#1 (a reprint of its issue published in 2000), Dark Horse Comics’ one-shot Star Wars Tales: A Jedi’s Weapon, Image Comics/Top Cow Productions’ one-shot Tomb Raider #1 and the first issue of DC Comics’ Justice League Adventures comic book

The event is coordinated by Diamond Comic Distributors and is guided by a committee representing publishers, industry journalists, retailers, and its own management.This committee selects the titles from publishers with the aim of providing a wide variety of what the industry has to offer. FCBD has become an official Children’s Book Week event and has inspired similar events for German- and Dutch-language comics industries.

Cartoonists day💬

Cartoonists’ Day takes place on 5 May. A cartoon is a type of illustration, possibly animated, typically in a non-realistic or semi-realistic style. It was founded by the National Cartoonists Society on 5 May 1990 to commemorate the date of 5 May 1895 when a man named Richard F. Outcault first introduced a small bald kid in a yellow nightshirt to the world in an incredibly popular publication called, the New York World. The Yellow Kid was an archetype of the world, rather than a particular person and was Based on people Outcault encountered as he walked the slums of the city on his rounds, he would discover the kid walking out of houses, or sitting and hanging about on doorsteps. The archetypical “kid” was always warm and sunny, friendly, generous, and free of malice and selfishness. Although the paper itself was derided by so-called ‘real’ journalists, the yellow kid was embraced by people everywhere and led to a revolution in how stories were told and presented in sequential art pieces (Frames) and became a new standard piece of content for newspapers everywhere.

The concept originated in the Middle Ages, and first described a preparatory drawing for a piece of art, such as a painting, fresco, tapestry, or stained glass window. In the 19th century, beginning in Punch magazine in 1843, cartoon came to refer – ironically at first – to humorous illustrations in magazines and newspapers. In the early 20th century, it began to refer to animated films which resembled print cartoons. In print media, a cartoon is an illustration or series of illustrations, usually humorous in intent. This usage dates from 1843, when Punch magazine applied the term to satirical drawings in its pages, particularly sketches by John Leech. The first of these parodied the preparatory cartoons for grand historical frescoes in the then-new Palace of Westminster. The original title for these drawings was Mr Punch’s face is the letter Q and the new title “cartoon” was intended to be ironic, a reference to the self-aggrandizing posturing of Westminster politicians.

Cartoons can be divided into gag cartoons, editorial cartoons, comic strips and single-panel gag cartoons. Editorial cartoons are found almost exclusively in news publications and news websites. Although they also employ humor, they are more serious in tone, commonly using irony or satire. The art usually acts as a visual metaphor to illustrate a point of view on current social or political topics. Editorial cartoons often include speech balloons and sometimes use multiple panels. Editorial cartoonists of note include Herblock, David Low, Jeff MacNelly, Mike Peters, and Gerald Scarfe.

Comic strips, also known as cartoon strips in the United Kingdom, are found daily in newspapers worldwide, and are usually a short series of cartoon illustrations in sequence. In the United States, they are not commonly called “cartoons” themselves, but rather “comics” or “funnies”. Nonetheless, the creators of comic strips—as well as comic books and graphic novels—are usually referred to as “cartoonists”. Although humor is the most prevalent subject matter, adventure and drama are also represented in this medium. Some noteworthy cartoonists of humorous comic strips are Scott Adams, Steve Bell, Charles Schulz, E. C. Segar, Mort Walker and Bill Watterson. Other Well known cartoonists include Mel Calman, Bill Holman, Gary Larson, George Lichty, Fred Neher, Peter Arno, Charles Addams, Charles Barsotti, Chon Day, Bill Hoest, Jerry Marcus, Richard Thompson, Chester “Chet” Brown and Virgil Patch.