Joanne Catheral (The Human League)

Joanne Catherall one of the two female vocalists of the veteran English synthpop band The Human League was born 18 September 1962. Catherall started out as an unknown 18-year old school girl when she and her best friend Susan Ann Sulley were discovered in Sheffield’s Crazy Daisy Nightclub In October 1980 by Philip Oakey, the lead singer and a founder member of English Electroni Synth Pop band The Human League. At short notice she and Sulley were invited to join the band’s European tour that was in crisis after the original group had split. The pair then joined Oakey in forming a new and commercially successful line-up of The Human League, in turn making an international pop star of Catherall.

The Human League were formed in Sheffield in 1977. The band had an early hit with “Being Boiled”, but achieved greater fame after a membership change in 1980. Dare (1981), the band’s most popular album, yielded the single “Don’t You Want Me”, a No. 1 hit in the pop charts of UK, US and many other countries. Other international hits include: “Love Action”, “Open Your Heart”, “Mirror Man”, “Fascination”, “The Lebanon”, “Human” (a US No. 1) and “Tell Me When”.

The only constant band member since 1977 is vocalist and songwriter Philip Oakey. Originally an avant-garde all-male synthesizer-based group, The Human League evolved into a commercially successful synthpop band under Oakey’s leadership. Since 1987, the band has essentially been a trio of Oakey and long-serving female vocalists Joanne Catherall and Susan Ann Sulley (who joined the ensemble in 1980).Since 1978, The Human League have released nine studio albums, four EPs, 30 singles and several compilation albums. They have had five albums and eight singles in the UKTop Ten and have sold more than 20 million records. Catherall has remained in the band ever since, working constantly over the previous 30 years. Today, she is a joint business partner in the band, which continues to record and tour.

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Dee Dee Ramone

Dee Dee Ramone, (Douglas Colvin) bass player and one of the founding members of one of the worlds most influential Punk Rock Band The Ramones was born September 18th 1952 in Fort Lee, Virginia, USA. He was the son of an American soldier and a German woman. As an infant, his family relocated to Berlin, Germany, due to his father’s military service. His father’s military career also required the family to relocate frequently. These frequent moves consequently Douglas had a lonely childhood with few real friends. His parents separated during his early teens, and he remained in Berlin until the age of 15, when he, along with his mother and sister Beverley, moved to Forest Hills, New York, in order to escape Dee Dee’s alcoholic father. There he met John Cummings and Thomas Erdelyi (Johnny and Tommy Ramone), then playing in a band called the Tangerine Puppets, named after a Donovan song. Bassist Monty Colvin from the progressive metal band Galactic Cowboys is one of Dee Dee’s cousins.

The Ramones were Formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974 and are often cited as the first punk rock group, and despite achieving only limited commercial success, the band was a major influence on the punk rock movement both in the United States and the United Kingdom. All of the band members adopted pseudonyms ending with the surname “Ramone”, though none of them were related. Colvin, later Dee Dee, and Cummings, later Johnny, quickly became friends, as they were both social outcasts in their heavily middle-class neighborhood. After an unsuccessful guitar audition for Television, Johnny convinced Dee Dee to form their own band with then-drummer Jeffrey Hyman, later Joey Ramone, in 1974. Joey took over vocal duties after Dee Dee decided that he could not sing lead vocals for longer than a few songs as his voice shredded. Dee Dee would continue, however, to count off each song’s tempo with his signature rapid-fire shout of “1-2-3-4!” Dee Dee first suggested naming the band the Ramones, after reading that Paul McCartney often signed into hotels under the alias “Paul Ramon”. He added an ‘e’ to the end of that surname and the band members all agreed to adopt the surname “Ramone” as a means of conveying their unity.

Dee Dee wrote or co-wrote much of the Ramones’ repertoire, such as “53rd and 3rd” (a song about male prostitution at 53rd Street and 3rd Avenue in Manhattan, allegedly based on personal experience), “Glad to See You Go” (written about his then-girlfriend, a stripper and fellow drug user with a volatile personality), “It’s a Long Way Back”, “Chinese Rocks” (originally recorded by Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, as guitarist Johnny Ramone was not enthusiastic about the Ramones doing songs about drugs) and “Wart Hog” (a song Dee Dee wrote in rehab). After he quit the Ramones, Dee Dee continued to write songs for them, contributing at least three songs to each of their albums. According to Mondo Bizarro’s liner notes, for example, the Ramones once bailed Dee Dee out of jail in exchange for the rights to his songs “Main Man”, “Strength to Endure” and “Poison Heart”, which would become a minor hit for the band. The band’s final studio album, 1995’s ¡Adios Amigos!, features several of Dee Dee’s solo songs, such as “I’m Makin’ Monsters for My Friends” and “It’s Not for Me to Know” from his album I Hate Freaks Like You.

Dee Dee was present when the Ramones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002, the first year they were eligible and Dee Dee humorously congratulated himself at the induction.
In total The Ramones performed 2,263 concerts, touring virtually nonstop for 22 years. In 1996, after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played a farewell concert and disbanded. Sadly Though Little more than eight years after the breakup, the band’s three founding members—lead singer Joey Ramone, guitarist Johnny Ramone died and bassist Dee Dee Ramone passed away 5 June 2002. Thier only record with enough U.S. sales to be certified gold was the compilation album Ramones Mania. However, recognition of the band’s importance built over the years, and they are now cited in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as the Rolling Stone list of the 50 Greatest Artists of All Time and VH1′s 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. In 2002, the Ramones were ranked the second-greatest band of all time by Spin magazine, trailing only The Beatles. On March 18, 2002, the Ramones—including the three founders and drummers Tommy and Marky Ramone—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011, the group was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Deadpool 2

Deadpool 2 is out on DVD. It is the eleventh installment in the X-Men film series Featuring foul mouthed, wise cracking Special Forces operative turned Mercenary turned Superhero Deadpool, a.k.a Wade Wilson, and a direct sequel to the 2016 film Deadpool. The film is directed by David Leitch from a script by Rhett Reese, Paul Wernick, and Ryan Reynolds, with Reynolds starring in the title role alongside Josh Brolin, Morena Baccarin, Julian Dennison, Zazie Beetz, T. J. Miller, Brianna Hildebrand, and Jack Kesy.

The film starts after mercenary Deadpool (Wade Wilson) fails to kill one of his targets who then kills Wade’s girlfriend Vanessa in revenge. Heartbroken Wade tries to commit suicide. Recovering at the X-Mansion, Wilson reluctantly agrees to join the X-Men as a form of healing. Later He, Colossus, and Negasonic Teenage Warhead meet An unstable young mutant Russell Collins / Firefist at an orphanage, labeled a “Mutant Reeducation Center”. However Wilson realizes that the orphanage is actually rather sinister, and tries to free Collins unfortunately both Wilson and Collins are arrested and taken to the Ice Box, an isolated prison for mutant criminals.

Then Cable, a cybernetic soldier from the future, travels back in time to kill Collins as revenge for killing His family and breaks into the Ice Box attacking Collins while Wilson tries to stop him. Later Wilson organizes a team called X-Force to break Collins out of a prison-transfer convoy and the X-Force Members Deadpool and Domino confront Cable while Collins frees fellow inmate Juggernaut, who agrees to help Him.

Meanwhile Cable offers to work with Wilson and Domino to prevent Collins from going off the rails and killing more people. At the orphanage, they are overpowered by Juggernaut while Collins attacks the headmaster, however Colossus intervenes. Then Cable attempts to shoot Collins/Firefist however Deadpool intervenes. Then Collins/Firefist decides not to kill the headmaster which alters the future for Cable who then uses his time-traveling device to help Wilson/Deadpool instead of returning to the future. Then Karma intervenes and the Headmaster still gets his comeuppance.

Batman Day

Part One

Batman day takes place annually on 17 September to celebrate fictional crime fighting hero Batman. Batman was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics #27, in 1939. Originally named the “Bat-Man”, the character is also referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, and the World’s Greatest Detective. Batman’s secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Wayne Enterprises. After witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce Wayne trains himself physically and intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime. Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Gordon, and vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any superpowers; rather, he relies on his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and indomitable will. A large assortment of villains make up Batman’s rogues gallery, including his archenemy, the Joker.

Batman was created In 1939, when, after the success of Superman in Action Comics prompted editors at National Comics Publications (the future DC Comics) to request more superheroes for its titles. In response, Bob Kane created “the Bat-Man”. Collaborator Bill Finger recalled that “Kane had an idea for a character called ‘Batman,’ and he’d like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane’s, and he had drawn a character who looked very much like Superman with kind of … reddish tights, I believe, with boots … no gloves, no gauntlets … with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings. And under it was a big sign … BATMAN”. The bat-wing-like cape was suggested by Bob Kane, inspired as a child by Leonardo Da Vinci’s sketch of an ornithopter flying device Finger suggested giving the character a cowl instead of a simple domino mask, a cape instead of wings, and gloves. Finger said he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character’s secret identity: “Bruce Wayne’s first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot. Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism. I tried Adams, Hancock … then I thought of Mad Anthony Wayne.” He later said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk’s popular The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic-strip character with which Kane was also familiar. Kane and Finger drew upon contemporary 1930s popular culture for inspiration regarding much of the Bat-Man’s look, personality, methods, and weaponry.

Batman is an aristocratic hero with a double identity, inspired by the Scarlet Pimpernel (created by Baroness Emmuska Orczy, 1903) and Zorro (created by Johnston McCulley, 1919). Like them, Batman performed his heroic deeds in secret, averted suspicion by playing aloof in public, and marked his work with a signature symbol. Kane noted the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro (1920) and The Bat Whispers (1930) in the creation of the character’s iconography. Finger, drawing inspiration from pulp heroes like Doc Savage, The Shadow, Dick Tracy, and Sherlock Holmes, made the character a master sleuth.

Kane signed away ownership in the character in exchange for, among other compensation, a mandatory byline on all Batman comics. This byline did not originally say “Batman created by Bob Kane”; his name was simply written on the title page of each story. The name disappeared from the comic book in the mid-1960s, replaced by credits for each story’s actual writer and artists. In the late 1970s, when Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster began receiving a “created by” credit on the Superman titles, along with William Moulton Marston being given the byline for creating Wonder Woman, Batman stories began saying “Created by Bob Kane” in addition to the other credits.

Finger did not receive the same recognition. While he had received credit for other DC work since the 1940s, he began, in the 1960s, to receive limited acknowledgment for his Batman writing; in the letters page of Batman #169 (February 1965) for example, editor Julius Schwartz names him as the creator of the Riddler, one of Batman’s recurring villains. However, Finger’s contract left him only with his writing page rate and no byline. Kane wrote, “Bill was disheartened by the lack of major accomplishments in his career. He felt that he had not used his creative potential to its fullest and that success had passed him by.”[17] At the time of Finger’s death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator. Jerry Robinson, who also worked with Finger and Kane on the strip at this time, has criticized Kane for failing to share the credit. Kane initially rebutted Finger’s claims at having created Batman. However Finger eventually received credit for his role in Batman’s creation on the 2016 superhero film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and the second season of Gotham after a deal was worked out between the Finger family and DC. Finger received credit as a creator of Batman for the first time in a comic in October 2015 with Batman and Robin Eternal #3 and Batman: Arkham Knight Genesis #3.

Batman made his debut in Detective Comics #27 (May 1939) in the story, “The Case of the Chemical Syndicate”, which was originally written in the style of the pulps with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals. Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in 1940 while continuing to star in Detective Comics. By that time, Detective Comics was the top-selling and most influential publisher in the industry; Batman and the company’s other major hero, Superman, were the cornerstones of the company’s success. The two characters were featured side-by-side as the stars of World’s Finest Comics, (World’s Best Comics) whose Creators included Jerry Robinson and Dick Sprang. Elements were gradually added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved. Batman’s utility belt was introduced in Detective Comics #29 (July 1939), followed by the boomerang-like batarang and the first bat-themed vehicle, the Batplane, in #31 (Sept. 1939). The character’s origin was revealed in #33 (Nov. 1939), establishing the brooding persona of Batman/ Bruce Wayne, who after witnessing his parents’ tragic murder at the hands of a mugger vows to avenge their deaths by spending the rest of his life fighting criminals”.

PART TWO

In 1940 Batman’s junior counterpart Robin was introduced in Detective Comics #38 and The first issue of the solo spin-off series Batman also introduced two of his most persistent enemies, the Joker and Catwoman. By 1942, the writers and artists behind the Batman comics had established most of the basic elements of the Batman mythos. In the years following World War II, DC Comics “adopted a postwar editorial direction removing the bleak and menacing social commentary in favour of lighthearted juvenile fantasy and Batman was instead portrayed as a respectable citizen and paternal figure that inhabited a “bright and colorful” environment.

During the Silver and Bronze ages of the 1950s and early 1960s Batman became one of the few superhero characters to be continuously published. In the story “The Mightiest Team in the World” in Superman #76 (June 1952), Batman teams up with Superman for the first time and the pair discover each other’s secret identity. World’s Finest Comics was subsequently revamped so it featured stories starring both heroes together, instead of separate Batman and Superman stories.

Unfortunately The comic book industry came under scrutiny when psychologist Fredric Wertham published the book book Seduction of the Innocent in 1954 in which Wertham postulated that children imitated crimes committed in comic books, and that these works corrupted the morals of the youth, particularly Batman and Superman. Wertham’s criticisms raised a public outcry during the 1950s, eventually leading to the establishment of the now defunct Comics Code Authority. Scholars have suggested that the characters of Batwoman and the pre-Barbara Gordon Bat-Girl were introduced to allay the allegation that Batman and Robin were gay, and the stories took on a campier, lighter feel. In the late 1950s, Batman stories gradually became more science fiction-oriented, And New characters such as Batwoman, Ace the Bat-Hound, and Bat-Mite were introduced. Batman’s adventures started to include odd transformations or bizarre space aliens. In 1960, Batman debuted as a member of the Justice League of America in The Brave and the Bold #28 (Feb. 1960), before appearing in several Justice League comic series.

Sadly By 1964, sales of Batman titles had fallen drastically and DC was planning to kill Batman off altogether. In response editor Julius Schwartz made drastic changes, beginning with 1964’s Detective Comics #327 (May 1964), when Schwartz introduced more detective-oriented stories. The Batmobile was redesigned, and Batman’s costume was modified to incorporate a yellow ellipse behind the bat-insignia. The space aliens, time travel, and characters of the 1950s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired. Bruce Wayne’s butler Alfred was killed off and a new female relative for the Wayne family, Aunt Harriet, came to live with Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson.

Batman made it’s television debut in 1966. This had a profound influence on the character. The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry. Elements such as the character of Batgirl and the show’s campy nature were introduced and Alfred returned. Predictably Although both the comics and TV show were initially successful the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in 1968, and the Batman comics themselves also lost popularity.

In response writer Dennis O’Neil and artist Neal Adams made a deliberate effort to distance Batman from the campy portrayal of the 1960s TV series and return him to The “grim avenger of the night”. O’Neil and Adams first collaborated on the story “The Secret of the Waiting Graves” in Detective Comics #395 (Jan. 1970). Which featured a grimmer, darker Batman. Detective Comics #471–476 (Aug. 1977 – April 1978), subsequently influenced the 1989 movie Batman and be adapted for Batman: The Animated Series, which debuted in 1992.

During 1986 Frank Miller’s limited series The Dark Knight Returns returned the character to his darker roots, both in atmosphere and tone. The comic book, which tells the story of a 55-year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated interest in the character and sparked a major resurgence in the character’s popularity. In 1986 Dennis O’Neil took over as editor of the Batman titles and set the template for the portrayal of Batman following DC’s status quo-altering miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths. In the 1987 “Year One” storyline in Batman #404–407 Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli redefined the character’s origins. Alan Moore and artist Brian Bolland continued this dark trend with Batman: The Killing Joke, in which the Joker, attempting to drive Commissioner Gordon insane, cripples Gordon’s daughter Barbara, and then kidnaps and tortures the commissioner, physically and psychologically. In 1988 The Batman comics garnered major attention, when DC Comics asked readers to vote on whether Jason Todd, the second Robin, lived or died. The 1993 “Knightfall” story arc introduced a new villain, Bane, who critically injures Batman after pushing him to the limits of his endurance. Jean-Paul Valley, known as Azrael, is called upon to wear the Batsuit during Bruce Wayne’s convalescence.

Writers Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant worked on “Knightfall”, plus Batman crossovers Cataclysm” and 1999’s “No Man’s Land”, storylines which featured the effects of an earthquake-ravaged Gotham City. Another writer who rose to prominence on the Batman comic series, was Jeph Loeb. Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two miniseries (“The Long Halloween” and “Dark Victory”) that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogues gallery (including The Joker, Penguin, catwoman, bane, The Riddler, Poison Ivy and Two-Face). Jeph Loeb and artist Jim Lee then began work on: “Batman: Hush” Which has Batman and Catwoman teaming up against all of Batman’s other enemies whilst pursuing the mysterious supervillain Hush. Bob Schreck also replaced O’Neil as editor. Writer Judd Winick wrote another multi-issue story, “Under the Hood”. In 2005, DC launched All-Star Batman and Robin, a stand-alone comic series set outside the main DC Universe continuity. Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee.

From 2006, Grant Morrison and Paul Dini were the regular writers of Batman and Detective Comics, and Morrison began reincorporating controversial elements of Batman lore including the science fiction element from the 1950’s. Morrison’s run climaxed with “Batman R.I.P.”, in which Batman confronts the villainous “Black Glove” organization, which sought to drive Batman into madness. “Batman R.I.P.” segued into Final Crisis (also written by Morrison), in which Batman confronts Darkseid. In the 2009 miniseries Batman: Battle for the Cowl, Wayne’s former protégé Dick Grayson becomes the new Batman, and Wayne’s son Damian becomes the new Robin while Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne saw Bruce travel through history. The story Batman Incorporated features Bruce taking his crime-fighting cause globally. DC Comics announced that Grayson would be the main character in Batman, Detective Comics, and Batman and Robin, while Wayne would be the main character in Batman Incorporated. Bruce also appeared in, Batman: The Dark Knight.

In September 2011, DC Comics’ entire line of superhero comic books, including its Batman franchise, were canceled and relaunched with new #1 issues as part of the New 52 reboot. Bruce Wayne is the only character to be identified as Batman and is featured in Batman, Detective Comics, Batman and Robin, and Batman: The Dark Knight. Dick Grayson returns to the mantle of Nightwing and appears in his own ongoing series. Batman Incorporated was relaunched in 2012–2013 to complete the “Leviathan” storyline. Starting with the New 52, Scott Snyder was the writer of the Batman title. He wrote “Night of the Owls”, where Batman confronts the Court of Owls, a secret society that has controlled Gotham for centuries. “Death of the Family”, where the Joker returns to Gotham and simultaneously attacks each member of the Batman family and “Batman: Zero Year”, which redefined Batman’s origin in The New 52. This followed Batman #0, which explored the character’s early years. The final storyline before the “Convergence” (2015) storyline was “Endgame”, where Batman again confronts the Joker.

Starting with Batman vol. 2, #41, Commissioner James Gordon takes over Bruce’s mantle as a new, state-sanctioned, robotic-Batman, debuting in the Free Comic Book Day special comic Divergence. However, Bruce Wayne is soon revealed to be alive, albeit now suffering almost total amnesia of his life as Batman and only remembering his life as Bruce Wayne through what he has learned from Alfred. Bruce Wayne finds happiness and proposes to his girlfriend, Julie Madison. However the villainous Mr. Bloom heavily injures Jim Gordon and takes control of Gotham City and threatens to destroy the city by energizing a particle reactor to create a “strange star” to swallow the city. However With help from Alfred, Bruce wayne/Batman returns to help Jim Gordon against Mr. Bloom. In 2015, DC Comics released The Dark Knight III: The Master Race, the sequel to Frank Miller’s The Dark Knight Returns and The Dark Knight Strikes Again. In 2016, DC Comics’ entire line of comic book titles was relaunched and Batman was rebooted in Batman: Rebirth #1. Which introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. The Batman series Detective Comics resumed its original numbering system starting with June 2016’s #934, which featured a team consisting of Tim Drake, Stephanie Brown, Cassandra Cain, and Clayface, led by Batman and Batwoman. While The New 52 series was labeled volume 2 and went from issues #1-52. In 2017 DC Comics ended the Rebirth branding, opting to include everything under a larger “DC Universe” banner.

Batman has become An American cultural icon garnering enormous popularity and is among the most identifiable comic book characters. Batman has been licensed and featured in various adaptations, from radio to television and film, and appears in merchandise sold around the world, such as apparel, toys, and video games. The character has also intrigued psychiatrists, with many offering interpretations of his psyche. In 2015, FanSided ranked Batman as number one on their list of “50 Greatest Super Heroes In Comic Book History”. Kevin Conroy, Rino Romano, Bruce Greenwood, Peter Weller, Anthony Ruivivar, Jason O’Mara, and Will Arnett, among others, have provided the character’s voice for animated adaptations. Batman has been depicted in both film and television by Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, and Ben Affleck.

Australian Citizenship Day

Australian citizenship day takes place annually of 17 September. It was introduced by the Australian Government in 2001 in response to a recommendation by the Australian Citizenship Council (established in 1998) in their 2000 report Australian Citizenship for a New Century. The recommendation came from a proposal of the 1999 National Schools Constitutional Convention that a citizenship day be established to allow all Australians to celebrate their Australian citizenship. The Australian Citizenship Council noted that an annual citizenship day would increase community awareness of Australian citizenship while providing a focal point for citizenship-related activities and celebrations.

The date of 17 September was chosen as Australian Citizenship Day as it is the anniversary of the renaming, in 1973, of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 to the Australian Citizenship Act 1948. The first Australian Citizenship Day was celebrated in 2001, coinciding with the Centenary of Federation. Since 2001, the department has promoted Australian Citizenship Day by holding special citizenship ceremonies, affirmation ceremonies and other events around the country highlighting the day. Local government councils are encouraged to hold special citizenship ceremonies and affirmation ceremonies on or around this day. Across Australia, thousands of people become Australian citizens each year at special Australian Citizenship Day ceremonies.

During the event, schools, organisations and community groups are encouraged to organise special events and activities. Many schools in Australia build on the theory learnt by students in their civics and citizenship education by holding celebrations on Australian Citizenship Day. For example, by holding a school assembly where students speak about what it means to them to be Australian, hosting an Australian citizenship affirmation ceremony or partnering with local councils to attend, or host, an Australian citizenship ceremony.

Constitution Day

Constitution Day (or Citizenship Day) is an American federal observance that recognizes the adoption of the United States Constitution and those who have become U.S. citizens. It is normally observed on September 17, the day in 1787 that delegates to the Constitutional Convention signed the document in Philadelphia. If Constitution Day should fall on a weekend or on another holiday, schools and other institutions observe the holiday on an adjacent weekday. The law establishing the present holiday was created in 2004 with the passage of an amendment by Senator Robert Byrd to the Omnibus spending bill of 2004. Before this law was enacted, the holiday was known as “Citizenship Day”. In addition to renaming the holiday “Constitution Day and Citizenship Day,” the act mandates that all publicly funded educational institutions, and all federal agencies, provide educational programming on the history of the American Constitution on that day. In May 2005, the United States Department of Education announced the enactment of this law and that it would apply to any school receiving federal funds of any kind. Iowa schools first recognized Constitution Day in 1911. In 1917, the Sons of the American Revolution formed a committee to promote Constitution Day. The committee would include members such as Calvin Coolidge, John D. Rockefeller, and General John Pershing.

I am an American Day was inspired by Arthur Pine, the head of a publicity-public relations firm in New York City bearing his name. At the New York World’s Fair, the writers of a new song called “I am an American” brought their manuscript to the attention of Arthur Pine who handled publicity for the band leader, Gray Gordon, and a music publisher. Arthur Pine had the song introduced on NBC, Mutual, and ABC by the orchestra leader, arranged for an “I am an American Day” at the 1939 New York World’s Fair, and had a local New York newspaper tie-in with “I am an American Day” in the city. The promotion proved so successful that a newspaper chain promoted “I am an American Day” on a nationwide basis and had President Roosevelt name it as an official day. In 1939, William Randolph Hearst advocated, through his chain of daily newspapers, the creation of a holiday to celebrate citizenship. In 1940, Congress designated the third Sunday in May as “I am an American Day.” In 1944 “I am an American Day” was promoted through the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service. A 16-minute film, I Am an American, was featured in American theaters as a short feature. In 1947 Hearst Newsreels featured the event on News of the Day. By 1949, governors of all 48 states had issued Constitution Day proclamations. In 1952, Congress moved the “I am an American Day” observation to September 17 and renamed it “Citizenship Day”.

Louisville, Ohio, calls itself “Constitution Town”, and credits one of its own for getting the holiday national recognition. In 1952, resident Olga T. Weber petitioned municipal officials to establish Constitution Day, in honor of the creation of the US Constitution in 1787. Mayor Gerald A. Romary proclaimed September 17, 1952, as Constitution Day in the city. The following April, Weber requested that the Ohio General Assembly proclaim September 17 as statewide Constitution Day. Her request was signed into law by Governor Frank J. Lausche. In August 1953, she took her case to the United States Senate, which passed a resolution designating September 17–23 as Constitution Week. The Senate and House approved her request and it was signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. On April 15, 1957, the City Council of Louisville declared the city Constitution Town. The Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society later donated four historical markers, located at the four main entrances to the city, explaining Louisville’s role as originator of Constitution Day.

Mrs. A.B. (Clara) Vajda, a Hungarian immigrant to the United States, was recognized in the U.S. Congressional Record as the Founder of Citizenship Day on March 27, 1941. On May 3, 1940, the President of the United States approved a joint resolution of both Houses of Congress, setting aside the third Sunday of May of each year as Citizenship Day. The purpose of this Act was to give recognition to all those who, by coming of age or naturalization, have attained the status of citizenship…I wonder how many people in this country really know the true story of the origin of this day. I wonder how many people know that a simple act of charity of a foreign-born citizen was the motivating spark which has set in motion this movement to teach all citizens to appreciate the great honor and privilege which has been bestowed upon them when they assume their sovereign rights of citizenship.

Keith Flint (The Prodigy)

Keith Flint , the rather scary looking English singer-songwriter from English electronic dance music group the Prodigy was born september 17th 1969. The Prodigy were Formed by Liam Howlett in 1990 in Braintree, EsseX and the first emerged on the underground rave scene in the early 1990s after Liam Howlett created an initial 10-track demo, put together on a Roland W-30 music workstation in Essex, England. XL Recordings picked up the demo after Howlett played several tracks to XL boss Nick Halkes in a meeting, and an initial 12″ pressing of “What Evil Lurks” was released in February 1991. The Prodigy’s name was chosen by Liam as a tribute to his first analogue synthesiser, the Moog Prodigy. The first single”Charly”, became a huge hit in the rave scene at the time.The release reached number 3 in the UK Singles Chart, catapulting the band into the wider public attention. The Kaos Theory compilation series featured “G Force (Energy Flow)”, from their third single, “Everybody in the Place”. The band also released the album, Experience, featuring the songs: “Charlie”, “Everybody in the Place”, “Fire/Jericho”, “Out of Space”, and “Wind It Up (Rewound)”. Following this The rave scene was beginning to move on from its hardcore phase, with the Criminal Justice Act’s “anti-rave” legislation on the horizon, calling rave music “repetitive beats”. So The Prodigy responded to the bill by writing “Their Law”. In 1993, Howlett released “Earthbound I” featuring a hypnotic, hard-edged sound, which which was later officially released as “One Love”.

The Prodigy’s second album, Music for the Jilted Generation, Was released In 1984, this contained heavy breakbeat and electro-industrial tracks like The Narcotic Suite and a rock-oriented inclination, “Their Law”, featuring Pop Will Eat Itself and was described as a “complex, powerful record that propelled dance music into stadiums with rock’n’roll swagger”. The album was nominated for a Mercury Music Prize. Howlett Intended the Prodigy to be a ‘hard dance band’, commercially successful but without compromise and To date, their only studio appearance on British television came when they appeared on the BBC2 series Dance Energy in 1991, performing “Everybody in the Place”. In the ensuing years, their videos received a strong level of support by MTV Europe, which boosted their popularity across the continent. Keith Flint himself hosted an episode of the MTV show 120 Minutes in 1995. The guitarist Jim Davies joined The Prodigy in 1995 for tracks such as “Their Law”, “Break and Enter 95”, but he was replaced by Gizz Butt of the band Janus Stark, who remained with the band for the next three years.

in 1996,The Prodigy released the single Firestarter featuring vocals courtesy of a new-look Keith Flint, and also headlined the prestigious Lollapalooza festival. The long-awaited third Prodigy album, The Fat of the Land, was released in 1997 Featuring simplified melodies,bone-jarring breaks and buzzsaw synths, sparser sampling, less rave music influences, and punk-like vocals supplied by a shockingly madeover Flint. It featured the songs “Firestarter”and Smack My Bitch Up” which caused controversy among the The National Organization for Women (NOW) who criticized the song and its music video. The music video for “Smack My Bitch Up”, directed by Jonas Åkerlund, featured a first-person point of view of someone going clubbing and indulging in large amounts of drugs and alcohol. Other content shown includes the protagonist getting into fist fights with men, abusing women, vomiting repeatedly, and picking up a lap dancer (played by British glamour model Teresa May) and having sex with her. The band did not actually write the lyric, but rather, sampled it from the hip hop Ultramagnetic MCs’ track “Give the Drummer Some”. the Prodigy also headlined the Glastonbury Festival. The Prodigy also sampled another Ultramagnetic MCs song “Critical Beatdown” on the song “Out of Space” which caused more controversy

In 1997, the Prodigy performed “Breathe” at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, and won the Viewer’s Choice Award. During a performance at the Reading Festival In 1998, the Prodigy and the Beastie Boys had an onstage disagreement over the track, with the Beastie Boys requesting the song should be pulled from their set as it could be considered offensive to those who had suffered domestic abuse. Choosing to ignore the Beastie Boys plea, Maxim introduced “Smack My Bitch Up” Which later won two awards; Best Dance Video and Breakthrough Video At the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles. “Smack My Bitch Up” saw the release of the Prodigy’s The Dirtchamber Sessions Volume One, a DJ mix album by Howlett, produced as an official record of a successful guest appearance on the British Radio 1. guitarist Gizz Butt also left The Prodigy. In 1999, Thornhill departed from the group after splitting up with Sara Cox due to the risk of nervous breakdown.

In 2002, after a break from touring The Prodigy released the single “Baby’s Got a Temper” which courted controversy by including references to the so-called “date rape” drug Rohypnol in the song’s lyrics. The song’s music video was also controversial, which featured barely covered women milking cows in a suggestive fashion. in 2002 Q magazine also named the Prodigy one of the “50 Bands to See Before You Die”. Liam Howlett also married All Saints’ Natalie Appleton Their son, Ace Billy, was born on 2 March 2004.

The Prodigy’s fourth studio album, Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned, was released in 2004, Featuring A precursory and experimental single, “Memphis Bells”, and a remix of “Girls”, entitled “More Girls”. 5,000 digital copies of “Memphis Bells” were sold over the Internet. Each copy was a combination of customer-chosen instrumental, rhythmic, and melodic options, of which 39,600 choices were available. Five mixes were sold in three file formats, WAV, two audio mixes in MP3, and a 5.1 DTS surround sound mix, and all were free of digital rights management. In 2005, they released a compilation, Their Law: The Singles 1990–2005, which spawned a single containing new remixes of the songs “Out of Space” (the “Audio Bullys Remix”) and “Voodoo People” (the “Pendulum Remix”) and featuring guitar by Tom Morello. The song “You’ll be under my wheels” from the “Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned” album was added to the soundtrack of “Need for Speed: Most Wanted and the soundtrack of “The Fast And The Furious: Tokyo Drift”.

In 2008 The Prodigy’s first two albums, 1992’s Experience and 1994’s Music for the Jilted Generation, were re-released in expanded, remastered deluxe editions featuring a bonus disc including mixes, rarities, live tracks and expanded artwork. In 2008 The Prodigy played the new tracks “Worlds on Fire”, “Warriors Dance”, “Mescaline”, and “First Warning”, at the Rainbow Warehouse Birmingham, the Oxegen Festival and Plug in Sheffield. They were also featured in the gangster movie Smokin’ Aces and The Electronic Arts video game Need for Speed: Undercover. The Prodigy’s fifth studio album Invaders Must Die was a return to the Prodigy’s old-school but cutting edge” roots and was released in 2009 as a CD, CD-DVD set, double vinyl, digital download, and a luxury 7-inch vinyl box set including five 7-inches, CD-DVD, bonus CD, poster, stickers, and stencils. The album featured drummer Dave Grohl on drums for “Run with the Wolves”. The songs “Omen” and “Invaders Must Die” were co-produced with Does It Offend You, Yeah? frontman James Rushent.. The single “Omen” also won the Kerrang! Award for Best Single followed by the singles, “Warrior’s Dance”, “Take Me to the Hospital” and, “Invaders Must Die (Liam H Reamped Version)”. Howlett also co-produced the song “Immunize” on Pendulum’s third album, Immersion. The Prodigy also embarked on a nine-date UK arena tour, with support from Dizzee Rascal, Noisia, Herve, and DJ Kissy Sell Out. They also played Glastonbury in 2009.

in 2011 the Prodigy released World’s on Fire, a film consisting mostly of footage of the Warrior’s Dance festival from July 2010, for one night only in selected cinemas across Europe. Recorded before 65,000 fans, World’s on Fire is the debut live film of the Prodigy, documenting their biggest concert to date. 2011, the Prodigy headlined the Przystanek Woodstock in Poland, and premiered two new tracks: “A.W.O.L” and “Dogbite” in Brazil. They headlined the 2012 Download Festival Performing three new songs, “Jetfighter”, “Dogbite” and “A.W.O.L”. to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the release of their third studio album The Fat of the Land, the album was re-released in 2012 alongside a remix EP, The Added Fat EP, featuring remixes By Major Lazer, Noisia, and Zeds Dead. New track “The Day” was debuted at Warrior’s Brixton while “Rockweiler” was debuted at Rock am Ring in 2013. In 2014 The band headlined the Sonisphere Festival at Knebworth. in 2015 the Prodigy released “Nasty” from their next album The Day Is My Enemy Which featured an “angry, energetic sound” band-album where Flint and Maxim worked in tandem with Howlett. In 2015 The band played at Future Music Festival Australia, toured Germany, France and the UK and also performed at the Rock Werchter, Rock am Ring/Rock im Park, Benicàssim and Isle of Wight festivals. The Prodigy then released “Wild Frontier” featuring a Stop-motion animation video which was directed by the Dutch filmmaker Mascha Halberstad and animator Elmer Kaan. The Cover Art was designed by Austrian artist and designer Moritz Resl.The Prodigy announced a winter 2015 UK and mainland Europe tour on 26 May, with Public Enemy as support. The song The Day Is My Enemy was featured in the Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare multiplayer reveal trailer, and the mission in the Watch Dogs 2 video game.

Along with The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim, and others, The Prodigy are credited as pioneers of the big beat genre, which achieved mainstream popularity in the 1990s. They have sold over 30 million records worldwide, and won numerous music awards during their career, including two Brit Awards for Best British Dance Act, three MTV Video Music Awards, two Kerrang! Awards, five MTV Europe Music Awards, and two Grammy Awards nominations.They earned titles like “the premiere dance act for the alternative masses” and “the Godfathers of Rave”, and remain one of the most successful electronic acts of all time.

Stirling Moss/Damon Hill

Former English race car driver Stirling Moss OBE FIE (Fellow of the Institute of Engineers) , was born September 17th 1929 . Moss was a pioneer in the British Formula One racing scene and placed second in the Drivers’ Championship four times in a row from 1955 to 1958 and won 212 of the 529 races he entered, including 16 Formula One Grands Prix.Moss’s first Formula One win was in 1955 at his home race, the British Grand Prix at Aintree. His Mercedes-Benz W196 led home a 1–2–3–4 win for the German marque. This victory made Moss the first British driver to win the British Grand Prix. It was the first race where he finished in front of Juan Manuel Fangio, his teammate, friend, mentor, and arch rival at Mercedes.One of his best remembered drives was in the 1955 Mille Miglia, which he won in the record time of 10 hours 7 minutes 48 seconds, finishing almost half an hour ahead of teammate Fangio in second place. In 1957 Moss won on the longest circuit to ever hold a Grand Prix, the daunting 25 km (16 mi) Pescara Circuit, again demonstrating his skills at high speed, long distance driving. He beat Fangio, who started on pole, by a little over 3 minutes over the course of a gruelling 3 hour event. In the 1960 Formula One season, Moss took the top step of the podium at Monaco, winning in Rob Walker’s Coventry-Climax-powered Lotus 18. For the 1961 F1 season, which was run under the new 1.5-litre rules, Enzo Ferrari rolled out his state-of-the-art “sharknose” Ferrari 156 with an all-new V6. Moss was stuck with an underpowered Climax-engined Lotus, but managed to win the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix by 3.6 seconds (beating the 156s of Richie Ginther, Wolfgang von Trips, and Phil Hill).

Sadly though, I n 1962, Moss was badly injured in a crash at Goodwood in a Lotus in the Glover Trophy. The accident put him in a coma for one month and partially paralyzed the left side of his body for six months. He recovered but decided to retire from racing after a private test session in a Lotus 19 the next year. He would compete in as many as 62 races in a single year and drove 84 different makes of car over the course of his racing career, including Lotus, Vanwall, Maserati, Jaguar, Ferrari and Porsche. Like many drivers of the era, he competed in several formulae—very often on the same day and was as gifted at the wheel of a sports car as he was in a Grand Prix car. For three consecutive years (1958–1960) he won the gruelling 1,000 km (620 mi) race at Germany’s Nürburgring, the first two years in an Aston Martin (where he won almost single-handedly) and the third in the memorable Tipo 61 “birdcage” Maserati, co-driving with young American prospect Dan Gurney. Moss was also a competent rally driver and is one of only three people to have won a Coupe d’Or (Gold Cup) for three consecutive penalty-free runs on the Alpine Rally (Coupe des Alpes). In addition, he finished second in the 1952 Monte Carlo Rally driving a Sunbeam-Talbot 90 with co-driver John Cooper. He retired in 1962 after a crash left him in a coma for a month, as afterwards he felt unable to continue driving at a professional level. In spite of this early retirement he has remained a well-known figure.

Retired Formula One driver Damon Graham Devereux Hill OBE was also born 17 September, in 1960. He is the son of the late Graham Hill, and is the only son of a world champion to win the title. His father died in an aeroplane crash when Hill was 15. He started racing on motorbikes in 1981 and after minor success, he moved on to single-seater racing cars and progressed steadily up the ranks to the International Formula 3000 championship by 1989, where, although often competitive, up until that point he never won a race.

Hill became a test driver for the Formula One title-winning Williams team in 1992. He was promoted to the Williams race team the following year after Riccardo Patrese’s departure and took the first of his 22 victories at the 1993 Hungarian Grand Prix. During the mid-1990s, Hill was Michael Schumacher’s main rival for the Formula One Drivers’ Championship. The two clashed on and off the track. Their collision at the1994 Australian Grand Prix gave Schumacher his first title by a single point. Hill became champion in 1996 but was dropped by Williams for the following season. He went on to drive for the less competitive Arrows and Jordan teams, and in 1998 gave Jordan its first win.

Hill retired from racing after the 1999 season. He has since launched several businesses and has made appearances playing the guitar with celebrity bands. In 2006, he became president of the British Racing Drivers’ Club, succeeding Jackie Stewart. Hill stepped down from the position in 2011 and was succeeded by Derek Warwick. He presided over the securing of a 17-year contract for Silverstone to hold Formula One races, which enabled the circuit to see extensive renovation work.

Lord of the Flies by William Golding

The novel Lord of the Flies by by Nobel Prize-winning British author William Golding was first published 17 September 1954. The book focuses on a group of British boys stranded on an uninhabited island after a British aeroplane crashes in a remote region of the Pacific Ocean. The only survivors include Two boys—the fair-haired Ralph and an overweight, bespectacled boy nicknamed “Piggy”— who find a conch, which Ralph uses as a horn to convene all the survivors to one area. Ralph is optimistic, believing that grown-ups will come to rescue them but Piggy realizes the need to organize: And Ralph is elected “chief”.

The members of a boys’ choir, led by the red-headed Jack Merridew, form a separate clique of hunters. Ralph establishes three primary policies: to have fun, to survive, and to constantly maintain a smoke signal that could alert passing ships to their presence on the island and thus rescue them. The boys establish a form of democracy by declaring that whoever holds the conch shall also be able to speak at their formal gatherings and receive the attentive silence of the larger group. Jack organises his choir into a hunting party responsible for discovering a food source. Ralph, Jack, and a quiet, dreamy boy named Simon soon form a loose triumvirate of leaders with Ralph as the ultimate authority. The boys discover fruit and wild pigs for food. They use Piggy’s spectacles to create a fire.

Despite this promising start the situation gradually get worse and The semblance of order quickly deteriorates as the majority of the boys turn idle. Piggy is quickly made into an outcast by the older boys. Simon, in addition to supervising the project of constructing shelters, feels an instinctive need to protect the “littluns” (younger boys). The older boys give little aid in building shelters, spend their time having fun and begin to develop paranoias about the island. Jack, who has started a power struggle with Ralph, gains a level of control over the group. A ship travels by the island, however the signal fire goes out and vessel continues without stopping. Ralph angrily confronts Jack about his failure to maintain the signal. Jack assaults Piggy, breaking his glasses. Piggy persuades Ralph to remain leader in order to protect him from Jack.

One night, an aerial battle occurs near the island while the boys sleep, during which a fighter pilot ejects from his plane and dies in the descent. the twins Sam and Eric, now assigned to the maintenance of the signal fire, find the dead pilot. Later Jack leads tRalph and Roger, to explore the other side of the island, where they discover a mountain of stones, Castle Rock, and they also discover the dead parachutist” Jack then tries unsuccessfully to turn the others against Ralph, before forming his own tribe. Roger and the older boys abandon Ralph to join Jack’s tribe. Jack’s tribe continues to lure recruits from the main group by promising feasts of cooked pig. Jack’s tribe begin to paint their faces and enact bizarre rites, including sacrifices to the beast.

Ralph and Piggy decide to go to one of Jack’s feasts and witness Jack and his followers conducting a sacrifice to the imaginary Beast who rules the island whom he dubs “Lord of the Flies”. The boys start displaying feral, warlike behaviour as any semblance of order breaks down. Simon discovers the truth behind “The Beast” but finds himself in great danger from the other tribe members. Jack and his rebel tribe steal Piggy’s glasses the only means the boys have of starting a fire. Ralph, journeys to Castle Rock to confront Jack over Piggy’s glasses accompanied by Piggy, Sam, and Eric. However the tribe capture and bind the twins under Jack’s command. Then Ralph confronts Jack, while Roger confronts Piggy with tragic consequences. Ralph manages to escape, but Sam and Eric are tortured by Roger until they agree to join Jack’s tribe. Sam and Eric warn Ralph that Jack and Roger intend to hunt him and behead him. Jack orders his tribe to begin a hunt for Ralph and Ralph faces a fight for survival as he tries to escape Jack’s rampaging savages.

Big Brother UK

A new series of Big Brother UK started 14 September on channel 5. It is hosted by Emma Willis, narrated by Marcus Bentley with Rylan Clark-Neal hosting Channel 5’s spin-off show Bit on the Side.

It started in 2000 with good intentions as a so-called interesting social experiment, however it soon deteriorated as desperate “wannabes” enrolled and turned it into a bit of a circus with their unsavoury antics. The situation was not helped by Big Brother socially engineering dangerous situations such as the Bedsit wherein two former housemates were hidden and listened to everyone talk about them until being reintroduced into the house whereupon a massive punch up broke out. Now Having caused large amounts of controversy and outrage and been something of a poisoned chalice for many of the the housemates, Producers have finally had enough and it has been announced that, following falling ratings, this would be the final series, however i’m sure some other masochistic Freeview channel is bound to pick it up.

This series has already courted controversy when it was revealed that current housemate Ellis Hillon had already been removed from the Big Brother house after it was revealed that she had allegedly posted offensive, racist and inappropriate tweets on her Twitter account. However Ellis’s sister denied the allegations. The latest series of Celebrity Big Brother also made headlines after Roxanne Platt, a former Emmerdale star, quit the house after claiming eventual winner Ryan Thomas “punched” her “repeatedly, unprovoked, and completely deliberately”. Human Ken Doll’ Rodrigo Alves was also removed by producers in the most recent celebrity Big Brother after he received a final warning for using the n-word twice.

The first series of Big Brother aired in 2000 and was hosted by Davina McCall and saw 11 housemates stuck together for 64 days, attracting an average audience of 4.5 million. The series’ popularity lasted until 2008, viewers slowly dropping off towards the end of the show’s run on Channel 4. Channel 5 picked up the series in 2011 but failed to bring viewers back, an average 1.6 million people tuning into the 12th series. The first series of Celebrity Big Brother aired in 2001, featuring such famous faces as Jack Dee, Chris Eubank and Vanessa Feltz.

In 2000 contestantNick Bateman attempted to cheat in the game and pass notes between contestants to sway nominations. Until He was confronted by eventual winner Craig Phillips. The second series was won by Brian Dowling. However School teacher Penny Ellis came under fire in the outside world after she was seen showering in the nude on-screen. Season three aired in 2002 it was won by Kate Lawler, from Beckenham, London who went on to enjoy success on the outside world as she forged a career as a DJ, glamour model and enjoying further reality work – including an appearance in the original version of Love Island in 2005. However it was the introduction of Jade Goody from Essex to UK TV screens which caused viewers to cringe, and they cringed even more when In 2007, Jade returned to the house in Celebrity Big Brother 5 and became embroiled in one of the most shocking reality TV rows of all time. Jade along with her housemates Jo O’Meara and Danielle Lloyd were accused of racism against their Bollywood actress co-star Shilpa Shetty. Jade passed away in 2009 from cervical cancer. Season four aired in 2003 and was won by devoutly Christian fish traderCameron Stout, from Stromness, Orkney.

Season five aired in 2004 and was won by: Nadia Almada, from Ribeira Brava, Madeira, Portugal, who was the only even transgender winner of Big Brother. This series featured a host of shocking moments, including the moment Emma and Michelle Bass re-entered the house after a false eviction landed them in ‘The Bedsit’, where they watched on as their housemates bitched about them. Predictably Upon their return all hell broke loose, Nadia slapped Jason Cowan, Emma and Michelle confronted Victor and guards were called in to break up the fight. Season six which aired in 2005 was equally controversial when eventual winner Anthony Hutton and co-star Makosi Musambasi had a boozy night in the pool, and 48 hours after the incident she claimed she was pregnant with his child. half Polish, half Kuwaiti market researcher Kinga Karolczak also caused a stir after she found a rather novel use for a wine bottle. Contestant Maxwell Ward was also given a warning by Big Brother for throwing a glass of water over co-star Kemal Shahin’s head and putting scabs into Kieron “Science” Harvey’s food. Season Seven aired in 2006 and was won by Pete Bennett who has Bennett’s Tourette’s syndrome and had originally auditioned for the fifth season of Big Brother. Outrageous star Nikki Grahame stole the show with her temper tantrums which left the others bemused. Season Eight aired in 2007 and was won by ditzy but loveable Brian Belo. Controversy came when housemate Emily Parr was removed for using the n-word while talking to housemate Charley Uchea.

Season Nine aired in 2008 and was won by actress and model Rachel Rice, from Pontypool, Wales who is now a fully-qualified at Abersychan Comprehensive School. The runner-up was Michael Hughes. Lisa Appleton and Mario Marconi became the first couple to enter the house. Housemate Dennis McHugh was ejected from the house for spitting in Mohamed ‘Mo’ Mohamed’s face during an argument. Season 10 aired in 2009 and was won by Sophie Read a buxom blonde glamour model from Cheshire. Season 11 aired in 2010 and was won by Josie Gibson, from Bristol. After the show she enjoyed huge success as a fitness guru and has just had her first child.

Season 12 aired in 2011 and was won by Contract Manager Aaron Allard-Morgan, from Weston-super-Mare. Since the show he has enjoyed success elsewhere with various TV appearances and opened a bar. This series featured an appearance by Pamela Anderson and Big Brother threw a party for previous stars Paddy Doherty, Bobby Sabel, Lucien Laviscount, Nikki Grahame and Imogen Thomas. Hollyoaks actors Kieron Richardson and Bronagh Waugh, singer Michelle Heaton and reality star Katie Price also appeared (I think they were getting desperate by this stage to keep Big Brother going). Season 13 took place in 2012 and was won by Luke Anderson, a South African chef from Flintshire who became the second transgender contestant to win after Nadia. Controversy was caused by housemate Aaron Frew who repeatedly flashed and made unwanted sexually-charged advances towards fellow housemate Joel Williams until he was removed from the house for ‘inappropriate behaviour’. Season fourteen aired in 2013 an was won by Sam Evans, from Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, South Wales. Housemate Jemima Slade caused offence after making offensive comments towards fellow housemate Gina Rio and was issued a formal warning by Big Brother. Season 15 aired in 2014 and was won by Helen Wood, from Bromley Cross, Bolton who had previously been involved in a threesome with married footballer Wayne Rooney. Elsewher Housemates Steven Goode and Kimberly Kisselovich got together in the Big Brother house,However, just a few weeks after they shared their first kiss and moved their relationship on to a sexual level, Kimberly had to leave the house on Day 44 because of ‘illness’ which was later revealed to be pregnancy. Sadly Kimberly miscarried due to an ectopic pregnancy. However Steven later proposed to Kimberly in the Big Brother house.
Winner:

Season sixteen aired in 2015 and was won by office administrator Chloe Wilburn from Doncaster. Former winner Helen Wood also appeared but caused controvery when she described another former winner, Brian Belo, as ‘looking like a murderer and rapist’. Then During the 2015 series of Celebrity Big Brother Tila Tequila was kicked out of CBB mere hours after arriving, when pictures emerged of her dressed as a Nazi concentration camp guard. Season 17 aired in 2016 and was won by 45 year old the property developer and salon owner Jason Burrill from Brighton. Controversy was caused by Housemate Laura Carter, who previously claimed to have bedded Justin Bieber, when she had an on-screen romp with Marco Pierre White Jr. Season 18 aired in 2017 and was won by Isabelle Warburton from Warrington. Contorversy was caused by fellow housemate Ex On The Beach star Kayleigh Morris who was kicked out of the house for making ‘violent threats’ against fellow EOTB star Chanelle McCleary. Later in an epic Instagram outburst, she criticized Big Brother, Geordie Shore cast members and the general culture of reality TV. Housemates for this season of Big Brother are

  • 23 year old Customer Service Agent mobile gaming company CIAN CARRIGAN from Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, Ireland
  • 31 year oldSpiritual Adviser ANAMÉLIA SILVA from London (born in Brazil)
  • 27 year old Bartender LEWIS FLANAGAN from Stockton-on Tees
  • 24 year old Call Centre Worker KENALEY AMOS-SISSONS from Nottingham
  • 31 year old cleaner TOMASZ WANIA from London (born in Poland)
  • 18 year old video Blogger CAMERON COLE from Norwich
  • 25 year old Waitress SÎAN HAMSHAW from Barnsley
  • 19 year old fast food worker ELLIS HILLON from Glasgow
  • 23 year old former footballer/ club promoter ISAAC JAGROOP from Birmingham
  • 21 year old Freelance graphic designer BROOKE BERRY from London
  • 26 year old Training consultant AKEEM GRIFFITHS from the Rhondda Valley
  • 32 year old Artist KAY LOVELLE from London
  • 31 year old Carer ZOE JONES from Halifax
  • 26 year old Bricklayer LEWIS GREGORY from London
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