Lol Creme (10cc)

Lol Creme, English singer, musician, and director (10cc, Godley & Creme, Art of Noise, Producers, Doctor Father, Hotlegs, and The Magic Lanterns) was born 19 September 1947. Three of the founding members of 10cc were childhood friends in the Manchester area. As boys, kevin Godley and Lol Creme knew each other; Graham Gouldman and Kevin Godley attended the same secondary school; their musical passion led to playing at the local Jewish Lads’ Brigade.They achieved their greatest commercial success in the 1970s. The band initially consisted of four musicians—Graham Gouldman, Eric Stewart, Kevin Godley, and Lol Creme—who had written and recorded together for about three years, before assuming the “10cc” name in 1972.

10cc featured two strong songwriting teams, one ‘commercial’ and one ‘artistic’, but both teams injected sharp wit into lyrically dextrous and musically varied songs. Stewart and Gouldman were predominantly pop-song-writers, who created most of the band’s accessible songs. By way of contrast, Godley and Creme were the predominantly experimental half of 10cc, featuring an Art School sensibility and cinematic inspired writing. Every member was a multi-instrumentalist, singer, writer and producer. Most of the band’s albums were recorded at their own Strawberry Studios (North) in Stockport and Strawberry Studios (South) in Dorking, with most of those engineered by Stewart. Among their best known songs is “I’m Not in Love“.

Nile Rodgers (Chic)

Nile Rodgers, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Chic) was born 19 September 1952. He is the lead guitarist and co-founding member withBernard Edwards of the band Chic, which has been active since 1976. he also recorded four solo act albums throughout the 80s and the 90s and has acted as producer and performer with many artists including Diana Ross, David Bowie, Duran Duran, Madonna, Daft Punk and Avicii. He began his career as a session guitarist in New York, touring with the Sesame Street band in his teens led by Joe Raposo, and then working in the house band at The Apollo Theater, playing behind Screaming Jay Hawkins,Maxine Brown, Aretha Franklin, Ben E. King, Betty Wright, Earl Lewis and the Channels, Parliament Funkadelic, and many other legendary R&B artists. Nile met bassist Bernard Edwards in 1970. Together they formed New York City (“I’m Doing Fine Now”). The band opened for The Jackson 5 on the American leg of their first world tour in 1973. Nile and Bernard then joined forces with drummer Tony Thompson, and worked and recorded as a Funk Rock band called The Boys.

The band continued playing mostly Local Bars. As the Big Apple Band, Rodgers and Edwards worked with Ashford & Simpson, Luther Vandross, and many others. Since another New York artist, Walter Murphy, had a band also called The Big Apple Band, Rodgers and Edwards were forced to change their band’s name to avoid confusion. Thus, in 1977 the band was renamed as Chic. Rodgers has stated that a major inspiration was a Roxy Music gig he saw in London: “It was a totally immersive artistic experience – the crowd were fly, the band were fly, the music was textual, they were saying ‘come into my world’.”Between gigs they recorded their first album with then-boss Luther Vandross, who provided background vocals on the group’s early recordings. The band scored numerous top ten hits and helped propel disco to new levels of popularity. Chic’s chart-topping songs “Le Freak”, “I Want Your Love”, “Everybody Dance”, “Dance, Dance, Dance”, “My Forbidden Lover”, and “Good Times” became club/pop/R&B standards.

Followimg The success of Chic’s first singles Rodgers and Edwards produced Sister Sledge’s 1978 album, We Are Family, which included the singles, “He’s the Greatest Dancer” and “We Are Family”. “He’s the Greatest Dancer” was also sampled in 1998 on Will Smith’s “Gettin’ Jiggy Wit It”. Rodgers and Edwards then began record production with numerous artists, together or individually.In 1980 Rodgers and Edwards wrote and produced the album Diana for Diana Ross, yielding the smash hits “Upside Down” and “I’m Coming Out”. Chic’s song “Good Times” played a pivotal role in the explosion of hip hop music, as an interpolation of the song’s bass line and the record’s string-section sample was the bedrock of The Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight”, the first multiple-platinum Hip Hop single. The Chic Organization produced the smash hit “Spacer” for French disco act Sheila and B. Devotion and Deborah Harry’s 1981 solo album Koo Koo

Chic dissolved in 1983 after their final contractual Atlantic album, Believer and Soup For One (a film soundtrack). Rodgers then began a solo career producing his first album Adventures in the Land of the Good Groove. Rodgers produced the 1983 album Talkback, by Canadian New Wave/New Romantic band Spoons, which included the hits “Old Emotions” and “The Rhythm”.Rodgers produced David Bowie’s biggest selling album Let’s Dance with several hit singles including “China Girl”, “Modern Love” and the title track, “Let’s Dance”. He produced the single “Original Sin” by INXS. Duran Duran worked extensively with Rodgers after he remixed their largest selling hit single, “The Reflex” in 1984 and followed up with “The Wild Boys” on their 1984 live album Arena. It was rumored that Rodgers had become a member of Duran Duran when they released the album “Big Thing”, but he only acted as a session musician on that album.That same year he produced Madonna’s blockbuster album Like a Virgin, including the hits “Material Girl” and, “Like a Virgin”. He also joined Robert Plant’s platinum selling studio band The Honeydrippers, on the album The Honeydrippers: Volume One. This period sparked Rodgers’ interest in soundtracks, the first of which were Alphabet City, Gremlins (“Out Out” – Peter Gabriel) Against All Odds (“Walk Through the Fire” – Peter Gabriel), That’s Dancing (“Invitation to Dance” – Kim Carnes),White Nights (numerous songs) and The Fly (“Help Me” – Bryan Ferry).

In 1985 Rodgers produced albums for Sheena Easton, Jeff Beck, Thompson Twins, Mick Jagger, and many others, he also performed at Live Aid with the Thompson Twins. He was awarded No. 1 Singles Producer In the World in Billboard magazine to close out the year.In 1986, he produced Duran Duran’s Notorious album, which yielded a No. 2 title track hit, “Notorious”. During a live set, Simon Le Bon introduced Rodgers by saying, “Well, this band went through a difficult time and it might not have made it if it weren’t for this gentleman.” Rodgers contributed to numerous other projects and appearances with members of the band throughout the 1980s. He also produced albums for Grace Jones, Earth Wind and Fire’s vocalist Phillip Bailey, and Al Jarreau. Rodgers performed on “Higher Love” with Steve Winwood, and records for Cyndi Lauper, Howard Jones, and David Sanborn. He then worked on the soundtrack forLaurie Anderson’s Home of the Brave. Rodgers formed the short-lived experimental band Outloud in 1987, with David Letterman’s guitarist, composer, and vocalist Felicia Collins and acclaimed French session musician, producer, composer, and keyboardist Philippe Saisse; the trio released a single album, Out Loud.In 1988 Rodgers composed his first orchestral soundtrack for the film Coming to America starring Eddie Murphy. Rodgers followed this with soundtracks for White Hot and Earth Girls Are Easy with The B-52’s. In 1989 he co-produced their comeback multi-platinum album Cosmic Thing, which had the hit singles “Love Shack”, “Roam”, “Cosmic Thing” and “Deadbeat Club”, he also produced Workin’ Overtime by, Diana Ross’, Dan Reed Network, Slam, and Duran Duran’s compilation, Decade.

In September 1990, Epic Records released the Rodgers produced album,Family Style, shortly after the untimely death of guitar virtuoso Stevie Ray Vaughan. He also produced projects for David Bowie, Eric Clapton, The B-52s, David Lee Roth, Ric Ocasek, The Dan Reed Network, Cathy Dennis, Patty Griffin, jimmie Vaughan, The Stray Cats and many other artists, along with continuing soundtrack work on Thelma and Louise, Cool World and The Beavis and Butt-head Experience (co-writer of “Come to Butt-head”). After a 1992 birthday party where Rodgers, Bernard Edwards, Paul Shaffer and Anton Fig played old Chic hits to rapturous response. Rodgers and Edwards reformed a new version of Chic. They recorded a fresh crop of material for the album Chic-Ism and performed live worldwide.In 1995, he plays on the track Money from Michael Jackson’s album HIStory.In 1996, Rodgers was honored as the JT Super Producer of the year.

He performed with Edwards, Sister Sledge, Steve Winwood, Simon Le Bon and Slash in a series of commemorative concerts in Japan, which provided a career retrospective. Unfortunately, his longtime musical partner and close friend Bernard Edwards died of pneumonia during the trip, a blow that Rodgers took very hard. A year later Rodgers returned to Japan to pay homage to his fallen partner.He started playing live concerts again while composing and producing music for film soundtracks: Beverly Hills Cop III, Blue Chips, The Flintstones and Feeling Minnesota (working with Bob Dylan) to name but a few.In 1998, Rodgers founded Sumthing Else Music Works record label and Sumthing Distribution, an independent music label distributor. Sumthing focuses on distributing a fast-growing new genre: video game soundtracks. Its titles include the complete Halo and Resident Evil franchises and other well-known Triple-A game soundtracks like Gears of War and Borderlands. Rodgers focused on many soundtrack projects, film and video games alike. Among them were: Rush Hour 2, Snow Dogs and Semi-Prostarring Will Ferrell, who co-wrote the title song “Love Me Sexy” with Rodgers.

In 2002–2003 he co-produced Astronaut, with the original five members of Duran Duran.Also in 2002, Rodgers appeared on the Red Hot Organization’s compilation CD, Red Hot and Riot. The CD, a tribute to the music and positive social message of afropop pioneer, Fela Kuti, featured Rodgers on remakes of Kuti songs, “Water No Get Enemy” and “Zombie (Part Two).” He appeared on “Water No Get Enemy” alongside influential hip hop and R&B artists, D’Angelo, Macy Gray, and The Soultronics and on “Zombie (Part Two)” with famous jazz trumpeteer, Roy Hargrove. All proceeds of the CD were donated to charities working towards greater AIDS awareness.The September 11 attacks prompted Rodgers to create the We Are Family Foundation (WAFF) to help promote the healing process. To begin, he organized a re-recording of the song he and Edwards wrote for Sister Sledge called “We Are Family” with more than 200 musicians, celebrities, and personalities. Director Spike Lee filmed the “We Are Family” music video and director Danny Schechterfilmed a documentary depicting the recording sessions called The Making and Meaning of We Are Family. The film was chosen as aSundance Film Festival Special Selection in 2002.

Rodgers then produced another “We Are Family” music video involving more than 100 beloved children’s television characters. The children’s music video airs as a public service announcement on Disney Channel,Nickelodeon, and PBS stations promoting a common humanity and celebrating the vision of a global family.Rodgers received the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) NY Chapter’s Governor’s Lifetime Achievement Award and the Heroes Award. On September 19, 2005, he was honored at the Dance Music Hall of Fame in New York when he was inducted for his many outstanding achievements as a producer, along with former bandmate Bernard Edwards.Chic has been nominated to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame four times – 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008. Rodgers served as co-musical director for the tribute concert to Ahmet Ertegün at the Montreux Jazz Festival in the summer of 2006. The concert included performances by Chic, Robert Plant, Steve Winwood, Stevie Nicks, Kid Rock, Ben E. King, Chaka Khan, George Duke (co-music director),Paolo Nutini and many other artists who were signed to Ertegün’s Atlantic Records. A PBS documentary, Atlantic Records: The House That Ahmet Built, uses footage from this show, as it was one of the last times Ertegün would be captured on video.Rodgers wrote an autobiography entitled Le Freak: An Upside Down Story of Family, Disco, and Destiny that was published in late 2011.

He has additionally stayed active in music since the reunion of The Chic Organization by touring and producing live events. In recent years, he has continued to collaborate with an array of musicians.In October 2011, Rodgers worked with singer Adam Lambert in New York on a song entitled “Shady” for Lambert’s second album, Trespassing. Both Rodgers and Lambert tweeted enthusiastically about the collaboration, and Rodgers also mentioned it on his blog Planet C.In February 2012, Rodgers announced that he is collaborating with electronic band Daft Punkfor their latest album, “teasing out their R&B influences”.During a live interview for the UMFTV at the 2013 Ultra Music Festival in Miami, Rodgers confirmed that he was working with Daft Punk as well as recording multiple tracks with Avicii, and mentioned work with Chase & Status and Felix da Housecat .On March 31, BBC Four broadcast a documentary about his music life, Nile Rodgers: The Hitmaker., starting from the point that Chic was formed until now, with the stories about how he was involved in producing numerous hits and albums for some of the world`s best artist and bands.In 2013, Rodgers appeared on Daft Punk’s chart-topping album, Random Access Memories. Rodgers co-wrote and played guitar on three tracks: “Give Life Back to Music”, “Lose Yourself to Dance”, and “Get Lucky” Which rose to number 1 in the UK on the 28 April 2013 and went on to be certified as Rodgers’ first million-selling single. Rodgers also appears in televised trailer advertising the album. Rodgers has expressed a wish to perform the song live alongside Daft Punk, but that he will not perform it in his own shows as he feels it is not “his” song to play. In August 2013, the track “Mandou Bem” was released by the Brazilian band Jota Quest. In January 2011, Rodgers revealed on his website that he has prostate cancer, which was diagnosed in October 2010. As a result, he has started a “Cancer Blog”, detailing his status and upcoming projects, as of 2013, he was pronounced all clear.

Jarvis Cocker (Pulp)

Jarvis Cocker, English singer-songwriter, Musician, and actor (Pulp and Relaxed Muscle) was born 19 September 1963 in Sheffield, growing up in the Intake area of the city. His father, Mac, a DJ and actor, moved to Sydney when Jarvis was seven and had no contact with him or his sister Saskia. Jarvis Cocker credits his upbringing, almost exclusively in female company, for his interest in how women think and what they have to say. He wrote a song (“A Little Soul” on This Is Hardcore) about being abandoned by his father, and in 1998 travelled with his sister to Australia to meet him for the first time in nearly 30 years. Mac Cocker had a successful radio DJ career in Sydney beginning withDouble J in the 1970s and then Triple J in the 1980s, and did not counter a common impression there that he was Joe Cocker’s brother or cousin (despite both being from Sheffield, they are not related in any way).

Cocker founded “Arabacus Pulp” (named after a tradeable commodity he saw in an economics class) at the age of 15 while he was still at The City School. After numerous line-up changes, and a shortening of the name to “Pulp”, they eventually found fame in the 1990s with the success of the albums His ‘n’ Hers (1994) and Different Class (1995). As Pulp’s front-man, part of his trademark image was his glasses, which seemed to “stay magically on his face” no matter his antics on stage. Pulp released two more albums (This Is Hardcore and We Love Life). After releasing a greatest hits album, the band was on hiatus from 2003 to 2010, but returned to activity in 2011. Cocker is also renowned for his wit and observations of the cultural scene. He was a frequent guest on TV shows in the 1990s, and hosted the Channel 4 channel 4 Program “Journeys into the Outside” meeting so-called “outsider artists”. Cocker’s penchant for TV appearances was reflected in a parody of “Common People” (“Showbiz People”) which was featured on the satirical comedy show Spitting Image in 1996.

Following Pulp’s hiatus, Cocker has led a successful solo career, and currently presents his own radio show on BBC Radio 6 Music, Jarvis Cocker’s Sunday Service. He has also had a successful solo career and at the 2006 Reading festival, the video for “Running the World” was played on the main video screens of the main stage throughout the day, notably before the headline act, Muse, performed. This video contained a karaoke-like presentation of the song’s lyrics to encourage the crowd to sing along.Cocker is now following a solo career – his debut album, Jarvis, came out in the UK on 13 November 2006. In March 2007, he appeared on French band Air’s album Pocket Symphony.On 14 February 2007, he was chosen to give the award for Best British Newcomer (awarded to the Fratellis) at the Brit Awards.He curated the 2007 Meltdown Festival at the South Bank Centre in London. The acts he chose include Motörhead, Roky Erickson and the Explosives with Clinic, Devo with Drumsize, Iggy & The Stooges, Cornershop and The Jesus and Mary Chain.In March 2008, Cocker made a small tour of Latin America (México, Argentina and Chile) where he presented a new song called “Girls Like It Too”..”Cocker debuted another new song, “Angela”, on BBC2’s “The Summer Exhibition: A Culture Show Special”, on 13 June 2008.

In 2009 Cocker’s released a solo album Further Complications, In Which, Cocker embraced an altogether more muscular sound, while retaining his trademark witticisms (on ‘Leftovers’, he sings “I met her in the Museum of Palaeontology / “And I make no bones about it”). Cocker also participated in a project raising the question, “What is Music?” Which was designed to enter into the debate over the future of the music industry. “Does this mean,” asked the singer, “that music can now go back to being an art form again? Also, what happens if you get a band to rehearse in an art gallery instead of a rehearsal space?” Consequently, Cocker and his band installed themselves in an art gallery in Paris for five days. Each day, Cocker and his musicians performed a variety of different tasks. These included soundtracking a relaxation class, inviting local musicians to join them in a jam, and arranging activities with local school-children. The events were organised around Jarvis’s public rehearsals for his forthcoming live dates. In June 2011, Cocker was chosen as poetry guest editor for The Mays Anthology, a collection of new writing from students at the University of Oxford and University of Cambridge.

Cocker has also collaborated with many other artists and sang a duet, “Ciao!”, with Miki Berenyi on British shoegazing band Lush’s 1996 album Lovelife. In 1997, he collaborated withDavid Arnold on a cover of All Time High by Rita Coolidge, the theme from Octopussy. Furthermore, he gained co-writing credits for several songs (“Walk Like A Panther”, “1st Man in Space”, “Drive Safely Darlin’”, “Stars On Sunday”, and “Happy Birthday Nicola”) on TheAll Seeing I’s album Pickled Eggs & Sherbet, released in 1999. He contributed lead vocals to “Drive Safely Darlin’”. He also performed live with The All Seeing I on Top Of The Pops, singing “Walk Like A Panther” in place of Tony Christie, who sang on the recorded version.In 2001 he contributed “Everybody Loves The Underdog” to the soundtrack for Mike Bassett: England Manager. He re-emerged in 2003 to promote a new album, under the pseudonym “Darren Spooner”, for his new band Relaxed Muscle. The same year, he appeared on theRichard X album Richard X Presents His X-Factor Vol. 1. In 2004, Cocker collaborated with Nancy Sinatra on her new album, as well as with Marianne Faithfull on her album Kissin’ Time, with the song “Sliding through Life on Charm.”In 2005 Cocker co-wrote three tracks (“La Degustation”, “Basque Country” and “Fred de Fred”) on Sheffield-based electronica duo The Lovers’ self-titled debut album. That same year he also covered “I Can’t Forget” by Leonard Cohen as part of the tribute show for the film Leonard Cohen: I’m Your Man

Cocker also contributed to the soundtrack for Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, writing and performing three tracks: “This Is the Night”, “Do the Hippogriff” and “Magic Works”. He appeared briefly in the film as lead singer of the band The Weird Sisters. The fictitious group also featured Jonny Greenwood and Phil Selway from Radiohead, Steve Mackey from Pulp, Jason Buckle from Relaxed Muscle and Steve Claydon from Add N to (X).In 2006 Cocker appeared on albums Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited (song “I Just Came to Tell You That I’m Going”, (co-performed withKid Loco) and Rogue’s Gallery: Pirate Ballads, Sea Songs, and Chanteys (song “A Drop of Nelson’s Blood”). His song “Running the World” appears in the film Children of Men. Also in 2006, along with Steve Mackey, he ‘curated’ the two-CD compilation, The Trip, which featured a wide selection of tracks by artists as varied as The Fall, Gene Pitney, The Beach Boys, and The Polecats. He also co-wrote lyrics on the Charlotte Gainsbourg album 5:55, with Neil Hannon and members of Air. Cocker and Beth Ditto(The Gossip) recently collaborated on a cover version of Heaven 17’s “Temptation” at the NME Awards in London. In 2007, Cocker contributed to two songs on French electronica group Air’s album “Pocket Symphony” – performing on “One Hell of a Party” and (with Charlotte Gainsbourg) “The Duelist”. In 2008, Cocker contributed Born to Cry, (originally a Pulp song released on the Notting Hillsoundtrack CD – though not featured in the film and co-written by Richard Hawley) to Tony Christie’s album of songs by Sheffield based songwriters, Made in Sheffield. In 2010, he worked with the National Trust to produce an album of sounds recorded at 11 of Britain’s historically significant sites. In 2010 he also narrated Prokofiev’s Peter and the Wolf at the Royal Festival Hall. Jarvis sang vocals on the single “Synchronize” by Discodeine.

Dee Dee Ramone

Dee Dee Ramone, (Douglas Colvin) bass player and one of the founding members of one of the worlds most influential Punk Rock Band The Ramones was born September 18th 1952 in Fort Lee, Virginia, USA. He was the son of an American soldier and a German woman. As an infant, his family relocated to Berlin, Germany, due to his father’s military service. His father’s military career also required the family to relocate frequently. These frequent moves consequently Douglas had a lonely childhood with few real friends. His parents separated during his early teens, and he remained in Berlin until the age of 15, when he, along with his mother and sister Beverley, moved to Forest Hills, New York, in order to escape Dee Dee’s alcoholic father. There he met John Cummings and Thomas Erdelyi (Johnny and Tommy Ramone), then playing in a band called the Tangerine Puppets, named after a Donovan song. Bassist Monty Colvin from the progressive metal band Galactic Cowboys is one of Dee Dee’s cousins.

The Ramones were Formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974 and are often cited as the first punk rock group, and despite achieving only limited commercial success, the band was a major influence on the punk rock movement both in the United States and the United Kingdom. All of the band members adopted pseudonyms ending with the surname “Ramone”, though none of them were related. Colvin, later Dee Dee, and Cummings, later Johnny, quickly became friends, as they were both social outcasts in their heavily middle-class neighborhood. After an unsuccessful guitar audition for Television, Johnny convinced Dee Dee to form their own band with then-drummer Jeffrey Hyman, later Joey Ramone, in 1974. Joey took over vocal duties after Dee Dee decided that he could not sing lead vocals for longer than a few songs as his voice shredded. Dee Dee would continue, however, to count off each song’s tempo with his signature rapid-fire shout of “1-2-3-4!” Dee Dee first suggested naming the band the Ramones, after reading that Paul McCartney often signed into hotels under the alias “Paul Ramon”. He added an ‘e’ to the end of that surname and the band members all agreed to adopt the surname “Ramone” as a means of conveying their unity.

Dee Dee wrote or co-wrote much of the Ramones’ repertoire, such as “53rd and 3rd” (a song about male prostitution at 53rd Street and 3rd Avenue in Manhattan, allegedly based on personal experience), “Glad to See You Go” (written about his then-girlfriend, a stripper and fellow drug user with a volatile personality), “It’s a Long Way Back”, “Chinese Rocks” (originally recorded by Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, as guitarist Johnny Ramone was not enthusiastic about the Ramones doing songs about drugs) and “Wart Hog” (a song Dee Dee wrote in rehab). After he quit the Ramones, Dee Dee continued to write songs for them, contributing at least three songs to each of their albums. According to Mondo Bizarro’s liner notes, for example, the Ramones once bailed Dee Dee out of jail in exchange for the rights to his songs “Main Man”, “Strength to Endure” and “Poison Heart”, which would become a minor hit for the band. The band’s final studio album, 1995’s ¡Adios Amigos!, features several of Dee Dee’s solo songs, such as “I’m Makin’ Monsters for My Friends” and “It’s Not for Me to Know” from his album I Hate Freaks Like You.

Dee Dee was present when the Ramones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002, the first year they were eligible and Dee Dee humorously congratulated himself at the induction. In total The Ramones performed 2,263 concerts, touring virtually nonstop for 22 years. In 1996, after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played a farewell concert and disbanded. Sadly Though Little more than eight years after the breakup, the band’s three founding members—lead singer Joey Ramone, guitarist Johnny Ramone died and bassist Dee Dee Ramone passed away 5 June 2002. Thier only record with enough U.S. sales to be certified gold was the compilation album Ramones Mania. However, recognition of the band’s importance built over the years, and they are now cited in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as the Rolling Stone list of the 50 Greatest Artists of All Time and VH1′s 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock. In 2002, the Ramones were ranked the second-greatest band of all time by Spin magazine, trailing only The Beatles. On March 18, 2002, the Ramones—including the three founders and drummers Tommy and Marky Ramone—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011, the group was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Joanne Catherall

Joanne Catherall one of the two female vocalists of the veteran English synthpop band The Human League was born 18 September 1962. Catherall started out as an unknown 18-year old school girl when she and her best friend Susan Ann Sulley were discovered in Sheffield’s Crazy Daisy Nightclub In October 1980 by Philip Oakey, the lead singer and a founder member of English Electroni Synth Pop band The Human League. At short notice she and Sulley were invited to join the band’s European tour that was in crisis after the original group had split. The pair then joined Oakey in forming a new and commercially successful line-up of The Human League, in turn making an international pop star of Catherall.

The Human League were formed in Sheffield in 1977. The band had an early hit with “Being Boiled”, but achieved greater fame after a membership change in 1980. Dare (1981), the band’s most popular album, yielded the single “Don’t You Want Me”, a No. 1 hit in the pop charts of UK, US and many other countries. Other international hits include: “Love Action”, “Open Your Heart”, “Mirror Man”, “Fascination”, “The Lebanon”, “Human” (a US No. 1) and “Tell Me When”.

The only constant band member since 1977 is vocalist and songwriter Philip Oakey. Originally an avant-garde all-male synthesizer-based group, The Human League evolved into a commercially successful synthpop band under Oakey’s leadership. Since 1987, the band has essentially been a trio of Oakey and long-serving female vocalists Joanne Catherall and Susan Ann Sulley (who joined the ensemble in 1980).Since 1978, The Human League have released nine studio albums, four EPs, 30 singles and several compilation albums. They have had five albums and eight singles in the UKTop Ten and have sold more than 20 million records. Catherall has remained in the band ever since, working constantly over the previous 30 years. Today, she is a joint business partner in the band, which continues to record and tour.

Jimi Hendrix

Considered to be the greatest guitarist in popular music, The late great Guitar legend James Marshall “Jimi” Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix) sadly died 18 September 1970. He was born November 27, 1942 in King County Hospital in Seattle, Washington, Hendrix began playing guitar at the age of 15. In 1961, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and trained as a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division; he was granted an honorable discharge the following year. Soon afterward, he moved to Clarksville, Tennessee, and began playing gigs on the Chitlin’ Circuit, earning a place in the Isley Brothers’ backing band and later with Little Richard, with whom he continued to work through mid-1965. He then played with Curtis Knight and the Squires before moving to England in late 1966 after being discovered by Linda Keith, who in turn interested bassist Chas Chandler of the Animals in becoming his first manager. Within months, Hendrix had earned three UK top ten hits with the Jimi Hendrix Experience: “Hey Joe”, “Purple Haze”, and “The Wind Cries Mary”. He achieved fame in the U.S. after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and in 1968 his third and final studio album, Electric Ladyland, reached number one in the U.S.; it was Hendrix’s most commercially successful release and his first and only number one album. The world’s highest-paid performer,

Hendrix was inspired musically by American rock and roll and electric blues. He favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain, and was instrumental in popularizing the previously undesirable sounds caused by guitar amplifier feedback. He was also one of the first guitarists to make extensive use of tone altering effects units, such as fuzz tone, Octavia, wah-wah, and Uni-Vibe in mainstream rock. He was the first artist to use stereophonic phasing effects in music recordings. Holly George-Warren of Rolling Stone commented: “Hendrix pioneered the use of the instrument as an electronic sound source. Players before him had experimented with feedback and distortion, but Hendrix turned those effects and others into a controlled, fluid vocabulary every bit as personal as the blues with which he began.”

He is Widely hailed by music fans and critics alike as the greatest electric guitarist of all time, and remains the most influential rock guitarist and songwriter in recording history. He was influenced by blues artists such as B.B. King, Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, Albert King and Elmore James, rhythm, blues and soul guitarists Curtis Mayfield and Steve Cropper, and the jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery.Hendrix was mostly self-taught on the guitar. He was ambidextrous but chose to play the guitar upside-down and re-strung for playing left-handed, which suggests that he was more comfortable left-handed. As a guitarist, he built upon the innovations of blues stylists such as B.B. King, Albert King, Buddy Guy, T-Bone Walker, and Muddy Waters, as well as those of rhythm and blues and soul music guitarists such as Curtis Mayfield.

Hendrix’s music was also influenced by jazz; he often cited Rahsaan Roland Kirk as his favourite musician. In addition, Hendrix extended the tradition of rock guitar; although previous guitarists, such as The Kinks’ Dave Davies, Jeff Beck, and The Who’s Pete Townshend, had employed techniques such as feedback, distortion and other effects as sonic tools,Hendrix was able to exploit them to a previously undreamed-of extent, and made them an integral part of his own private, unique genre, which he called “Red”. The Hendrix sound combined high volume and high power, feedback manipulation, and a range of cutting-edge guitar effects, especially the UniVibe-Octavia combination, which can be heard to full effect on the Band of Gypsies’ live version of “Machine Gun”. He was also known for his trick playing, which included playing with only his right (fretting) hand, using his teeth or playing behind his back, although he soon grew tired of audience demands to perform these tricks. Hendrix was also an innovative record producer, and utilised the recording studio as an extension of his musical ideas. Hendrix was notably one of the first to experiment with stereo effects during the recording process. Hendrix was also an accomplished songwriter whose compositions have been performed by countless artists. At Woodstock, Larry Lee was a member of Hendrix’ Band of Gypsies, and also played a Gibson Les Paul Studio model and sung with Hendrix as well.

RAINBOW BRIDGE
http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=2Cg-UFaOR3

In 1969 he headlined the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970. Sadly though he died shortly afterwards from barbiturate-related asphyxia on 18 September 1970, at the age of 27. During his lifetime and posthumously Hendrix won many of the most prestigious rock music awards, In 1967, readers of Melody Maker voted him the Pop Musician of the Year, and in 1968, Rolling Stone declared him the Performer of the Year. Disc and Music Echo honored him with the World Top Musician of 1969 and in 1970, Guitar Player named him the Rock Guitarist of the Year. There is also An English Heritage blue plaque was erected in his name on his former residence at Brook Street, London, in September 1997. A star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (at 6627 Hollywood Blvd.) was dedicated in 1994. In 2003 Rolling Stone ranked the band’s three studio albums, Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love, and Electric Ladyland, among the 100 greatest albums of all time, The Jimi Hendrix Experience was also inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. Hendrix was named as the greatest guitarist on the Rolling Stone list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all-time and In 2006, his debut US album, Are You Experienced, was inducted into the United States National Recording Registry.

Keith Flint(The Prodigy)

Keith Flint , the rather scary looking English singer-songwriter from English electronic dance music group the Prodigy was born september 17th 1969. The Prodigy were Formed by Liam Howlett in 1990 in Braintree, EsseX and the first emerged on the underground rave scene in the early 1990s after Liam Howlett created an initial 10-track demo, put together on a Roland W-30 music workstation in Essex, England. XL Recordings picked up the demo after Howlett played several tracks to XL boss Nick Halkes in a meeting, and an initial 12″ pressing of “What Evil Lurks” was released in February 1991. The Prodigy’s name was chosen by Liam as a tribute to his first analogue synthesiser, the Moog Prodigy. The first single”Charly”, became a huge hit in the rave scene at the time.The release reached number 3 in the UK Singles Chart, catapulting the band into the wider public attention. The Kaos Theory compilation series featured “G Force (Energy Flow)”, from their third single, “Everybody in the Place”. The band also released the album, Experience, featuring the songs: “Charlie”, “Everybody in the Place”, “Fire/Jericho”, “Out of Space”, and “Wind It Up (Rewound)”. Following this The rave scene was beginning to move on from its hardcore phase, with the Criminal Justice Act’s “anti-rave” legislation on the horizon, calling rave music “repetitive beats”. So The Prodigy responded to the bill by writing “Their Law”. In 1993, Howlett released “Earthbound I” featuring a hypnotic, hard-edged sound, which which was later officially released as “One Love”.

The Prodigy’s second album, Music for the Jilted Generation, Was released In 1984, this contained heavy breakbeat and electro-industrial tracks like The Narcotic Suite and a rock-oriented inclination, “Their Law”, featuring Pop Will Eat Itself and was described as a “complex, powerful record that propelled dance music into stadiums with rock’n’roll swagger”. The album was nominated for a Mercury Music Prize. Howlett Intended the Prodigy to be a ‘hard dance band’, commercially successful but without compromise and To date, their only studio appearance on British television came when they appeared on the BBC2 series Dance Energy in 1991, performing “Everybody in the Place”. In the ensuing years, their videos received a strong level of support by MTV Europe, which boosted their popularity across the continent. Keith Flint himself hosted an episode of the MTV show 120 Minutes in 1995. The guitarist Jim Davies joined The Prodigy in 1995 for tracks such as “Their Law”, “Break and Enter 95”, but he was replaced by Gizz Butt of the band Janus Stark, who remained with the band for the next three years.

in 1996,The Prodigy released the single Firestarter featuring vocals courtesy of a new-look Keith Flint, and also headlined the prestigious Lollapalooza festival. The long-awaited third Prodigy album, The Fat of the Land, was released in 1997 Featuring simplified melodies,bone-jarring breaks and buzzsaw synths, sparser sampling, less rave music influences, and punk-like vocals supplied by a shockingly madeover Flint. It featured the songs “Firestarter”and Smack My Bitch Up” which caused controversy among the The National Organization for Women (NOW) who criticized the song and its music video. The music video for “Smack My Bitch Up”, directed by Jonas Åkerlund, featured a first-person point of view of someone going clubbing and indulging in large amounts of drugs and alcohol. Other content shown includes the protagonist getting into fist fights with men, abusing women, vomiting repeatedly, and picking up a lap dancer (played by British glamour model Teresa May) and having sex with her. The band did not actually write the lyric, but rather, sampled it from the hip hop Ultramagnetic MCs’ track “Give the Drummer Some”. the Prodigy also headlined the Glastonbury Festival. The Prodigy also sampled another Ultramagnetic MCs song “Critical Beatdown” on the song “Out of Space” which caused more controversy

In 1997, the Prodigy performed “Breathe” at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, and won the Viewer’s Choice Award. During a performance at the Reading Festival In 1998, the Prodigy and the Beastie Boys had an onstage disagreement over the track, with the Beastie Boys requesting the song should be pulled from their set as it could be considered offensive to those who had suffered domestic abuse. Choosing to ignore the Beastie Boys plea, Maxim introduced “Smack My Bitch Up” Which later won two awards; Best Dance Video and Breakthrough Video At the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards in Los Angeles. “Smack My Bitch Up” saw the release of the Prodigy’s The Dirtchamber Sessions Volume One, a DJ mix album by Howlett, produced as an official record of a successful guest appearance on the British Radio 1. guitarist Gizz Butt also left The Prodigy. In 1999, Thornhill departed from the group after splitting up with Sara Cox due to the risk of nervous breakdown.

In 2002, after a break from touring The Prodigy released the single “Baby’s Got a Temper” which courted controversy by including references to the so-called “date rape” drug Rohypnol in the song’s lyrics. The song’s music video was also controversial, which featured barely covered women milking cows in a suggestive fashion. in 2002 Q magazine also named the Prodigy one of the “50 Bands to See Before You Die”. Liam Howlett also married All Saints’ Natalie Appleton Their son, Ace Billy, was born on 2 March 2004.

The Prodigy’s fourth studio album, Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned, was released in 2004, Featuring A precursory and experimental single, “Memphis Bells”, and a remix of “Girls”, entitled “More Girls”. 5,000 digital copies of “Memphis Bells” were sold over the Internet. Each copy was a combination of customer-chosen instrumental, rhythmic, and melodic options, of which 39,600 choices were available. Five mixes were sold in three file formats, WAV, two audio mixes in MP3, and a 5.1 DTS surround sound mix, and all were free of digital rights management. In 2005, they released a compilation, Their Law: The Singles 1990–2005, which spawned a single containing new remixes of the songs “Out of Space” (the “Audio Bullys Remix”) and “Voodoo People” (the “Pendulum Remix”) and featuring guitar by Tom Morello. The song “You’ll be under my wheels” from the “Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned” album was added to the soundtrack of “Need for Speed: Most Wanted and the soundtrack of “The Fast And The Furious: Tokyo Drift”.

In 2008 The Prodigy’s first two albums, 1992’s Experience and 1994’s Music for the Jilted Generation, were re-released in expanded, remastered deluxe editions featuring a bonus disc including mixes, rarities, live tracks and expanded artwork. In 2008 The Prodigy played the new tracks “Worlds on Fire”, “Warriors Dance”, “Mescaline”, and “First Warning”, at the Rainbow Warehouse Birmingham, the Oxegen Festival and Plug in Sheffield. They were also featured in the gangster movie Smokin’ Aces and The Electronic Arts video game Need for Speed: Undercover. The Prodigy’s fifth studio album Invaders Must Die was a return to the Prodigy’s old-school but cutting edge” roots and was released in 2009 as a CD, CD-DVD set, double vinyl, digital download, and a luxury 7-inch vinyl box set including five 7-inches, CD-DVD, bonus CD, poster, stickers, and stencils. The album featured drummer Dave Grohl on drums for “Run with the Wolves”. The songs “Omen” and “Invaders Must Die” were co-produced with Does It Offend You, Yeah? frontman James Rushent.. The single “Omen” also won the Kerrang! Award for Best Single followed by the singles, “Warrior’s Dance”, “Take Me to the Hospital” and, “Invaders Must Die (Liam H Reamped Version)”. Howlett also co-produced the song “Immunize” on Pendulum’s third album, Immersion. The Prodigy also embarked on a nine-date UK arena tour, with support from Dizzee Rascal, Noisia, Herve, and DJ Kissy Sell Out. They also played Glastonbury in 2009.

in 2011 the Prodigy released World’s on Fire, a film consisting mostly of footage of the Warrior’s Dance festival from July 2010, for one night only in selected cinemas across Europe. Recorded before 65,000 fans, World’s on Fire is the debut live film of the Prodigy, documenting their biggest concert to date. 2011, the Prodigy headlined the Przystanek Woodstock in Poland, and premiered two new tracks: “A.W.O.L” and “Dogbite” in Brazil. They headlined the 2012 Download Festival Performing three new songs, “Jetfighter”, “Dogbite” and “A.W.O.L”. to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the release of their third studio album The Fat of the Land, the album was re-released in 2012 alongside a remix EP, The Added Fat EP, featuring remixes By Major Lazer, Noisia, and Zeds Dead. New track “The Day” was debuted at Warrior’s Brixton while “Rockweiler” was debuted at Rock am Ring in 2013. In 2014 The band headlined the Sonisphere Festival at Knebworth. in 2015 the Prodigy released “Nasty” from their next album The Day Is My Enemy Which featured an “angry, energetic sound” band-album where Flint and Maxim worked in tandem with Howlett. In 2015 The band played at Future Music Festival Australia, toured Germany, France and the UK and also performed at the Rock Werchter, Rock am Ring/Rock im Park, Benicàssim and Isle of Wight festivals. The Prodigy then released “Wild Frontier” featuring a Stop-motion animation video which was directed by the Dutch filmmaker Mascha Halberstad and animator Elmer Kaan. The Cover Art was designed by Austrian artist and designer Moritz Resl.The Prodigy announced a winter 2015 UK and mainland Europe tour on 26 May, with Public Enemy as support. The song The Day Is My Enemy was featured in the Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare multiplayer reveal trailer, and the mission in the Watch Dogs 2 video game.

Keith Flint tragically died 3 March 2019, nevertheless the Prodigy along with The Chemical Brothers, Fatboy Slim, and others, are credited as pioneers of the big beat genre, which achieved mainstream popularity in the 1990s. They have sold over 30 million records worldwide, and won numerous music awards during their career, including two Brit Awards for Best British Dance Act, three MTV Video Music Awards, two Kerrang! Awards, five MTV Europe Music Awards, and two Grammy Awards nominations.They earned titles like “the premiere dance act for the alternative masses” and “the Godfathers of Rave”, and remain one of the most successful electronic acts of all time.